A serious shortage of teachers was also indicated in this report.
The report concluded that the expectations had drastically declined. Teachers had become relaxed on homework, courses lacked difficulty and rigor, enrollment in less demanding classes had increased, and outdated textbooks had been used throughout the country.
It was recommended that schools adopt more rigorous and measurable standards, and higher expectations, for academic performance using challenging materials in an environment that supports learning and authentic accomplishment.
Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994(IASA)
Restructured the Elementary & Secondary Education Act of 1965(ESEA).
ESEA was designed to focus federal funding on poor schools with low achieving students.
Title I focus shifted from poor students to all students.
Paradigm shift begin to occur in the Education industry.
Many states implemented content standards and performance standards.
Data was collected and used for improvement
Implementation of large scale assessment programs.
No Child Left Behind Act of 2001(NCLB)
Reauthorize ESEA in dramatic ways.
Importance of achievement testing of students in kindergarten through high school.
Accountability in schools.
Set standards for grade-level achievement and develop a system to measure the progress of ALL students and subgroups of students in meeting those state determined grade level standards.
Four themes of NCLB
Improving academic achievement of the economically disadvantage.
Highly qualified teachers & principals.
Making education more accountable.
U.S. Education Process ??? NCLB Improving America’s School Act Of 1994 (IASA) A Nation at Risk The Education Act of 1965
Jorgensen, M, & Hoffman, Jenny. (2003, December). History of the no child left behind act . Retrieved from http://www.pearsonassessments.com/NR/rdonlyres/D8E33AAE-BED1-4743-98A1-BDF4D49D7274/0/HistoryofNCLB.pdf .
Sam Dillon, 02-21-2010, Obama to Seek Sweeping Change in :”No Child” Law, Retrieved June 29, 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/01/education/01child.html .