The Renaissance
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The Renaissance

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The Renaissance The Renaissance Presentation Transcript

  • The Renaissance
  • • Masaccio (ma-saht-chee-oh) • Fra Angelico (frah ann-jay-lee-coe) • Lorenzo Ghiberti (loh-ren-zo gee-bair-tee) • Filippo Brunelleschi (fee-leep-poh brew-nell-less-key) • Paolo Uccelo (pah-oh-lo oo-chell-loh) • Pierro della Francesca (pee-air–oh dell-ah Fran-chess-kah)
  • • Donatello (doh-nah-tell-oh) • Sandro Boticelli (sand-roe bought-tee-chel-lee) • Leonardo da Vinci (lay-oh-nar-doe da vinn-chee) • Michaelangelo Buonarroti (my-kel-an-jay-loe bwon-nar-roe-ti) • Raphael Sanzio (rah-fa-yell sahn-zee-oh) • Sofonisba Anguissola (so-foe-niss-bah ahn-gue-iss-sole-ah)
  • The Return to Humanism • If in the Middle Ages, people did not see themselves as important, or at the center of things, the Renaissance brought about a refocusing on humanity by the beginning of the 15th century • Florence became the capital of cloth trade and had the richest bank • Their was a revival of the classical aesthetics of ancient of Greek and Rome
  • • Gutenberg invented the printing press • The Ancient works of the Greeks and Romans were made available in great numbers
  • Masaccio • Regarded as the first important artist of the Renaissance • Was also known as ‘Clumsy Thomas’ because he did not pay attention to his appearance despite his skill with the brush
  • Masaccio The Holy Trinity. Fresco c.1428
  • The Holy Trinity • One of Masaccio’s greatest works in Santa Maria Novella in Florence • Painted when he was just 21 years old • Like Giotto, M ignored unnecessary detail and focused his attention on mass and depth • Figures overlapping and modeled in light and shadow to look real • Illusion of a small chapel makes the work more lifelike
  • • Inside the chapel is the Holy Trinity, St.John, and the Virgin Mary. • The two figures who commissioned the work are found on each side • Made good use of Filippo Brunelleschi discovery of linear perspective
  • Linear Perspective • geometric system that showed artists how to create the illusion of depth on a flat surface • Using this system, an artist is able to paint figures and objects so that they seem to move deeper into a work rather than across it. • Slanting the lines of buildings and other objects in the picture inward makes them appear to extend back into space • If these lines are lengthened they would eventually meet at a point along an imaginary horizontal line representing the eye level. • The point at which these lines meet is called a vanishing point
  • Masaccio.The Tribute Money. Fresco. C.1427
  • The Tribute Money • Shows 3 scenes; Jesus telling St. Peter about a coin, St. Peter finding the coin in the mouth of a fish, and St. Peter paying a tax collector • Makes use of aerial or atmospheric perspective. • This involves making distant objects bluer, lighter, and duller • Hue, value and intensity are used to create depth
  • Blending ideas of Early Renaissance and Gothic • Blend of progressive ideas of the early Renaissance and conservative ideas of the Gothic Period • Fra Angelico and Lorenzo Ghiberti worked in this styles
  • Fra Angelico.The Annunciation. Fresco. C. 1440-45
  • Fra Angelico • Paintings shows familiarity with Masaccio’s work • However, unlike Masaccio, he was not greatly interested in creating depth and deep space
  • Lorenzo Ghiberti. The Sacrifice of Isaac. C.1401-02
  • Filippo Brunelleschi. The Sacrifice of Isaac. 1401-1402
  • • Designed the Baptistry doors for the cathedral in Florence • His works form a unified whole in contrast with his competitor Brunelleschi, whose work could be divided into three panels
  • Leonardo da Vinci • Had gracious manners, a fine sense of humor, and great physical strength • Possessed a curiosity that drove him to explore everything • Studied architecture, mathematics, sculpture, painting , anatomy, poetry, literature, music, geology, b otany, and hydraulics
  • Leonardo da Vinci. The Last Supper, c.1495-98
  • Mona Lisa
  • The Last Supper • One of Leonardo’s greatest ‘failures’ • The painting began to flake off the wall shortly after he finished it • Shows an unusual composition which includes Judas among the apostles
  • Michaelangelo • Ranked alongside Leonardo as one of the greatest artists of the Renaissance • Gifted in many fields including sculpture, painting, and poetry
  • Pieta
  • • Depicts the Virgin holding the lifeless form of Christ • Body is much larger than that of Christ
  • Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
  • The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel • Commissioned by Pope Julius the II • Finished in four years • Toiled day and night and lay on his back on top of very high scaffolding just to finish the piece • Food sent up to him and he only went down to sleep • Claimed that he was never able to walk upright again after painting this ceiling
  • Raphael Sanzio • Successful, wealthy, and admired in comparison to Michaelangelo • Considered to be the artist that would best represent the Renaissance
  • Raphael. The Alba Madonna, c.1510
  • The Alba Madonna • Shows the Virgin, Christ, and John the Baptist staring at the cross • Gradual change from light to dark values add a feeling of roundness and mass to the shapes • Makes use of a trapezoidal composition
  • Sofonisba Anguissola Double Portrait of a Boy and a Girl of the Attavanti Family
  • Sofonisba Anguissola • The first Italian woman to gain a world-wide reputation as an artist • Painted portraits for the royal family at the court of Philip II of Spain