006 Pr 05 Management Of Inland Fisheries In The PhilipinesPresentation Transcript
Dr. Adelaida L. Palma, Phd National Inland Fisheries Technology Center Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Tanay, Rizal Nheden Amiel D. Sarne Livestock and Fisheries Division, Agriculture Staff National Economic and Development Authority Pasig City Inland Fisheries Management in the Philippines Seminar on Inland Fisheries Management New Delhi, India, 21- 26 September 2005
Outline of Presentation
Overview of the Philippine Fisheries
Inland Fisheries Situationer
Plans, Programs and Strategies
Issues and Constraints
Conclusion and Recommendations
Overview of Philippine Fisheries
Commercial Fishing - involves the use of passive or active gears utilizing fishing vessels of 3.1 gross tons up to 150 gross tons
Municipal Fishing - may or may not involve the use of fishing vessels of 3 gross tons or less
Aquaculture - involves all forms of raising and culturing fish and other aquatic species in fresh, brackish and marine water areas using tanks, ponds, cages and pens
Fisheries Production among member countries of the ASEAN
ranked eleventh (11th) in world fisheries production also
ranked eleventh in world aquaculture production of fish, crustaceans and mollusks
ranked second next to China in the production of aquatic plants.
Percent share to Gross National Product and Gross Domestic Product by industrial origin, 2002 – 2004 INDUSTRY AT CURRENT PRICES AT CONSTANT PRICES 2002 2003 2004 2002 2003 2004 AGRI., FISH, FORESTRY 14.15 13.81 14.28 18.71 18.4 18.19 a. Agriculture 11.97 11.69 12.08 14.87 14.48 14.17 b. Fishery 2.14 2.07 2.13 3.78 3.84 3.93 c. Forestry 0.04 0.05 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.09 INDUSTRY SECTOR 29.8 29.72 29.68 31.5 30.96 30.75 SERVICE SECTOR 49.81 49.58 49.25 43.1 43.18 43.67 GDP 93.76 93.11 93.22 93.31 92.53 92.61 GNP 100 100 100 100 100 100
Contribution of fisheries to total agricultural gross value added (GVA), 2002 – 2004
Volume of fish production, by sector 1990 – 2003 (in MT)
In terms of employment, the fishing industry has provided employment to around 1.6 million or 5% of the country’s labor force (NSO, 2002)
INLAND FISHERIES : a situationer Major Inland Fishery Resources Name of Lakes Location Area (ha) 1. Laguna de Bay Laguna and Riza l 90,000 2. Lake Lanao Lanao del Sur 34,700 3. Taal Lake Batangas 23,400 4. Lake Mainit Surigao del Norte 14,000 Agusan del Norte 5. Naujan Lake Oriental Mindoro 10,900 6. Lake Buluan Maguindanao 6,500 Sultan Kudarat 7. Lake Bato Camarines Sur 3,800 8. Lake Buhi Camarines Sur 1,800 9. Lake Dapao Lanao del Sur 1,000 10. Lake Sebu South Cotabato 964 TOTAL 187,064
Contribution of inland fisheries to the total fisheries production, 2003. Type of Inland Fisheries Production (MT) % of total Value ('000) PhP % of total INLAND FISHERIES PRODUCTION 221,999 6.13 7,504,714 6.26 Inland Aquaculture 88,707 2.45 3,925,956 3.28 Fish Cage 52,832 1.46 2,597,983 2.17 Fish Pen 35,875 0.99 1,327,973 1.11 Capture Fisheries 133,292 3.68 3,578,758 2.99 TOTAL Fisheries Production 3,619,282 119,866,236
Inland Fisheries Production, 1994 – 2003.
Inland municipal fisheries production of mollusk and tilapia, 1992 – 2001.
The Medium Term Philippine Development Plan 2004-2010 (MTPDP) PLANS, PROGRAMS AND STRATEGIES
cost-effectively develop at least two million hectares of new land for agribusiness in order to contribute two million out of the ten million jobs targeted as a legacy by 2010
make food plentiful at competitive prices where the cost of priority "wage goods" such as rice, sugar, vegetables, poultry, pork and fish and other important non-wage goods such as corn must be reduced. Thus all efforts to develop agriculture and fisheries are directed towards the attainment of these two goals.
Broodstock and Fingerling Production and Dispersal Project and Inland Fisheries Management Project
Inland Fisheries Management Project
Ginintuang Masaganang Ani for Fisheries (GMA Fisheries) Provide national directions and framework to develop and manage the country’s fisheries resources. Among its important objectives is to alleviate poverty among municipal fisherfolks and provide supplementary livelihood
Strategies for the Management of Inland Waters September 15, 2009
Strategies for the Management of Inland Waters
The national Integrated Protected Areas System (Republic Act 7586) have classified some lake as protected areas in view of their unique flora and fauna particularly lakes with endemic fishes.
The Local Government Code (RA 7160) gave the local government units management jurisdictions over municipal waters not covered by the NIPAS Act.
The Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998 (RA 8550) providedfor the creation of the Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Management Council; and defined the rights, ownership and access to inland fishery resources.
The Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act of 1997 (RA 8435) mandated government institutions to provide enabling mechanisms to strengthen the capacity of people’s organization, non- government organizations and the local government units to participate in decision making and in the implementation of programs related to inland fisheries management.
Administrative orders and local ordinances regulating mesh size, limiting the selectivity of certain fishing gear and establishing fish sanctuaries.
2. Enhancement of Fisheries by open water stocking
Fish dispersal and stocking in lakes rivers and reservoirs
National Carp Dispersal Program utilizing the various species of carps to fill vacant niches and establish stocks of desirable species to enhance the fisheries of inland waters
3. Promoting Sustainable Culture-based fisheries and establishment of aquaculture zones
Establishment of fishpens and fish cages for the culture of tilapia, milkfish and carps have greatly boost production in the Philippines.
Fishpen culture started in 1970 for the culture of milkfish
The culture of Tilapia in cages started in 1967 with a yield of 4-6 t/crop it has expanded tremendously over the succeeding years and spurred the development of similar ventures in other lakes and reservoirs.
Positive impacts of aquaculture are the enhancement of open water fisheries from the escapement of cultured species from the aquaculture enclosures and the protection and conservation of some indigenous species.
4. User see
Polluters must pay scheme as economic measures to reduced water pollution
establishment are charged to pay environment user see for every unit of pollution discharged into the lake
5. Strengthening of the institutional and organizational arrangements among the various agencies involved in inland fisheries management.
6. Capacity building of the local government units to improve their skills and institutional capability, in partnership with other sectoral stakeholders to manage their fishery resources.
7. Community mobilization and participatory resource management which involves the development at the community level to ensure the integration of fisheries in the whole frame of local development. Creation of the Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Management Councils (FARMC) to advise and assist the local government units in the management, conservation and protection of the fishery resources within the respective municipal waters.
Issues and constraints on the development of inland fisheries
1. The lack of complete data base on the fishery resources
Paucity of information on status of the re source including the existing fish population, their biology and sustainable yield due to the lack of sustained fishery assessment surveys and monitoring system on standard procedure in gathering of production data from fishery.
2. Competition of fisheries with other Uses of Inland waters
the open access regime usually prevails due to (i) the need to harness the inland fishery resources for socio-economic development; (ii) the traditional values and perception of the lake and its fisheries as a “common resource”; ”; (iii) the absence of necessary enabling mechanism to invoke the state property right; and (iv) the lack of political will to implement the existing laws and regulations. From these open access stems the various anthropogenic activities for the multiple uses of the inland waters which can have direct or indirect effects on the inland fisheries.
A. Resource allocation
Inequitable allocation of the resource results to conflicts among the competing users.
Fishes requires certain condition of water which is classified as Class C under the Philippine water quality standard. The sustainability of the inalnd fisheries resources is threatened by pollution from:
Pesticides and fertilizer residues from upland and marginal land agricultural activities
Domestic waste from human settlements
Residues from mining activities
Excessive nutrient loading from intensive aquaculture leading to hypernutrification and anoxic conditions; the introduction of chemicals through the enclosure materials, hormones and growth promoters; and development of antibiotic resistant microbial communities
3. Introduction of invasive exotic species
Negative interaction with the indigenous species.
4. Traditional and religious beliefs
Some fishery resources of inland waters within ancestral domains have remained untapped or undeveloped because of traditional and religious belief
3. Conclusion and recommendation
Inland fisheries remains to be an important contributor to food security poverty alleviation and rural development
Its sustainability strengthened by continuos degradation of the inland water resources, poor enforcement of conservation measure lack of technical capability, financial resources and political will of Institution involved in inland resource management
Concrete effort should be directed towards sustained resource inventory rational economic valuation
Concrete effort should be directed towards sustained resource inventory rational economic valuation
Risk analysis on species introduction and translocation
Continues strengthening through capacity building
Integrated approach to inland fishery management which is ecosystem based and multi-sectoral
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Concrete efforts should be directed towards resolving the major issues and constraints affecting inland fisheries primarily on sustained resource inventory and monitoring including a rational economic valuation
proper zoning of the inland waters
risk analysis on species introduction and translocation and pollution abatement.
continuous strengthening of the LGUs and the FARMCs through capacity building
ecosystem based and multi-sectoral approach for the management of inland fishery resources