Unit 1 nouns

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Unit 1 nouns

  1. 1. LCD 120: The Syntactic Structure of English I <ul><li>Prof. Nadav Sabar ( [email_address] ) </li></ul><ul><li>Office hours: by appointment </li></ul><ul><li>Text: English Grammar: Understanding the Basics , by Evelyn P. Altenberg and Robert M. Vago, Cambridge University Press, 2010 </li></ul>
  2. 2. LCD 120: The Syntactic Structure of English I <ul><li>Objective: To achieve familiarity and control over the major concepts of English grammar. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Syllabus <ul><li>Week Topic </li></ul><ul><li>1 Unit 1: Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>2 Unit 2: Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>3 Unit 3: Determiners </li></ul><ul><li>4 Unit 4: Adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>Unit 5: Prepositions </li></ul><ul><li>5 Unit 6: Conjunctions </li></ul><ul><li>Unit 8: Adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>6 Unit 7: Pronouns </li></ul><ul><li>7 Unit 9: Noun Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Unit 10: Prepositional Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Unit 11: Verb Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>8 & 9 Unit 12: Auxiliary Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>10 & 11 Unit 13: Subjects and Objects </li></ul><ul><li>12 Unit 14: Compound Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Unit 15: The Functions of Sentences </li></ul><ul><li>13 Unit 16: Combining Sentences </li></ul><ul><li>14 Unit 17: Related Sentences </li></ul>
  4. 4. Course Requirements <ul><li>Attendance – TWO absences at most are allowed. </li></ul><ul><li>Latenesses – three latenesses count as an absence. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular homework assignments – Answer keys are in the book or in Blackboard (under “course materials”) for the “More practice” section. </li></ul><ul><li>Come to class prepared with any questions or difficulties arising from the homework. </li></ul><ul><li>Series of 12 quizzes on Wednesdays starting Sep. 7 th (no quiz on Oct. 12 th )  worth 70% of final grade. TWO quizzes with lowest grade will not be counted. </li></ul><ul><li>Final Exam- worth 30% of final grade. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Jabberwocky Lewis Carroll
  6. 7. It was brillig, and the slithy toves  gyred and gimbled in the wabe.
  7. 8. It was brillig , and the slithy toves   gyred and gimbled in the wabe .
  8. 9. <ul><li>Snowing </li></ul><ul><li>Raining </li></ul><ul><li>Eating </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping </li></ul>Verbs It was _______ , and the slithy toves   gyred and gimbled in the wabe .
  9. 10. <ul><li>Monsters </li></ul><ul><li>Dragons </li></ul><ul><li>Dog </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Toad </li></ul>Nouns It was brillig , and the slithy _______   gyred and gimbled in the wabe .
  10. 11. <ul><li>Dirty </li></ul><ul><li>Hungry </li></ul><ul><li>Drunk </li></ul><ul><li>Happy </li></ul><ul><li>Mad </li></ul>Adjectives It was brillig , and the _______ toves   gyred and gimbled in the wabe .
  11. 12. <ul><li>Parts of Speech : </li></ul><ul><li>Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Adjectives </li></ul>It was _______ , and the ______ ______ ______ and ______ in the _____ . It was brillig , and the slithy toves   gyred and gimbled in the wabe .
  12. 13. <ul><li>Parts of Speech : </li></ul><ul><li>Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Adjectives </li></ul>Example : It was raining , and the ugly toad jumped and danced in the pond . It was brillig , and the slithy toves   gyred and gimbled in the wabe .
  13. 14. How do we know what part of speech a word is? <ul><li>For instance, what are nouns ? </li></ul><ul><li>Nouns are words that name a person , place , thing or idea . </li></ul><ul><li>But what tests can we use to determine what part of speech a word belongs to? </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>1. The _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : the piano ; the tree ; the song </li></ul><ul><li>2. His/her _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : his apple ; her books ; his country </li></ul><ul><li>3. One/two _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : two theories ; one day ; two stars </li></ul>Tests for identifying nouns : If a word can appear here ______ , it is a noun :
  15. 16. Which of the following words are nouns? (use the tests to determine!) Flower When Beds Glass Said Slowly Factory Ticket Boxes Almost
  16. 17. Is any word below not a noun? Chairs Book Horse Child Plums Pillow Bicycle Bread Education Love Thought Health Happiness Idea leadership Imagination
  17. 18. Can you give a title to each column of nouns? Concrete Nouns Chairs Book Horse Child Plums Pillow Bicycle Bread Abstract Nouns Education Love Thought Health Happiness Idea leadership Imagination
  18. 19. <ul><li>What nouns cannot appear in each of the phrases below, and why? </li></ul><ul><li>Try to find 3-5 misfit nouns for each phrase and give them a title. </li></ul><ul><li>Is the newborn ________ male or female? </li></ul><ul><li>There’s only one ________ here. </li></ul><ul><li>The ________ </li></ul><ul><li>There are too many ________ </li></ul>
  19. 20. What kind of nouns cannot appear here, and why: <ul><li>Is the newborn ________ male or female? </li></ul><ul><li>Inanimate Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Chairs, earth, water, picture, etc. </li></ul>
  20. 21. What kind of nouns cannot appear here and why: <ul><li>There’s only one ______ here. </li></ul><ul><li>Plural Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs, feet, people, men, children, analyses </li></ul>
  21. 22. What kind of nouns cannot appear here and why: <ul><li>The ________ </li></ul><ul><li>Proper Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Judy, Mt. Everest, New York, Mrs. Robinson </li></ul>
  22. 23. What kind of nouns cannot appear here and why: <ul><li>There are too many ________ </li></ul><ul><li>Noncount Nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Rice, money, water, wine, milk, gold </li></ul>
  23. 24. Home Work for Unit 1- Nouns <ul><li>Nouns: 1.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete/ Abstract: 2.1 – 2.6 </li></ul><ul><li>Singular/ Plural: 3.1 – 3.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Animate/ Inanimate: 4.1 – 4.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Count / Noncount: 5.1 – 5.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Proper/ Common: 6.1 </li></ul>
  24. 25. Nouns- Review What tests are there for identifying nouns? What kind of nouns are there? What nouns don’t pass all the tests? Are these words nouns: him, I, she, they?
  25. 26. Identify the nouns <ul><li>Their new house </li></ul><ul><li>Some foreign tourists </li></ul><ul><li>An endangered animal </li></ul><ul><li>Ten important ideas </li></ul>
  26. 27. 6. Chalk 7. Sand 8. Prisoner 9. Democracy 10. Whales <ul><li>Poet </li></ul><ul><li>Zebra </li></ul><ul><li>Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary </li></ul><ul><li>ant </li></ul>Animate or Inanimate?
  27. 28. Count or Noncount? Pebbles Thoughts Rice Logic tissue Children Representative Sunshine Oxygen Air Proper or Common? Africa Sunshine Pepsi Cola Aunt Helen Cousins PBS T.V. dad
  28. 29. Identify the nouns: <ul><li>His very interesting article </li></ul><ul><li>Many digital photos </li></ul><ul><li>Our psychology professor </li></ul><ul><li>The court stenographer </li></ul><ul><li>The audience stared at the screen, fascinated by the action they were seeing. </li></ul><ul><li>The definition was in his dictionary. </li></ul><ul><li>A group of three generals sent the troops away </li></ul><ul><li>My mother acted in a play </li></ul><ul><li>You have to give her salary and benefits. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Identify the nouns: 10. Yesterday I caught a big trout. 11. There are many beautiful homes on this block. 12. His cousin fought in a brutal battle to free ninety hostages. <ul><li>Count or Noncount? </li></ul><ul><li>The police will be here in a moment. </li></ul><ul><li>I need three glasses of water. </li></ul><ul><li>How much money do you make in an hour? </li></ul><ul><li>It takes effort to get a good grade in Mr. Man’s class. </li></ul><ul><li>Bread is a staple in western societies. </li></ul>
  30. 31. School house Grammar Rock- Noun

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