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Present Project

  1. 1. Researchers Jariya Jiriyasin Jittikan Narapan Sinnapa Vanduangden Sorachai Saelim Advisor Mr.
  2. 2. Introduction • Treatment of acne and other skin eruptions such as sores, (Aburjai T, Phytotherapy Research 2003) • Important for normalizing oily/acne skin and balances dry skin (Myra Michelle Eby, 2006) (http://www.comav.upv.es (http://cyborg9.exteen.com (http://your-cosmetics.com) /taxonomy_intro.html) /20070518/entry)
  3. 3. Objective • To extract the oil from Cucurbita moschata Decne seeds Cucurbita • To produce liquid soap from moschata Decne seed oil To test the quality of liquid soap •
  4. 4. Experiments Experiments . Extraction of the oil from Production of liquid soapTest the quality of liquid soa 2. 3. ucurbita moschata Decne Measure the foam capacity eeds by Soxhlet extractor Measure the pH value Test the ability of emulsifying paraffin oil Studying the reaction of liquid soap with Ca2+, Mg2+ and Fe3+ Studying the reaction of liquid soap with inorganic acid Measuring the satisfaction of using the liquid soap
  5. 5. 1. Extraction of the oil by Soxhlet extractor
  6. 6. Results Table 1. Show the character and quantity of Cucurbita moschata Decne seed oil Weight of Quantity Physical picture the seeds of the oil characteristic of (g) (ml) the oil 770 235.8 The oil is liquid and quite sticky. It has green-brown colors
  7. 7. 2. Production of liquid soap Dissolve KOH in water Oils The oils were mixed from the formulas
  8. 8. 2. Production of liquid soap Table 2. Show the ratio of Cucurbita moschata Decne seed oil to other oils that used to produce liquid soap (% by mass) formula 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Oils Coconut 3 40 30 50 50 - 100 - - oil 0 4 Palm oil 30 30 50 - 50 - 100 - 0 Pumpkin 3 30 40 - 50 50 - - 100 seed oil 0
  9. 9. Produced Liquid soaps (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (40:30:3 (30:40:3 (30:30:4 (50:50:0 (50:0:50 0) 0) 0) ) ) (6) (7) (8) (9) (0:50:50 (100:0:0 (0:100:0 (0:0:100 ) ) ) ) PS (Coconut oil : Palm oil : Pumpkin seed oil)
  10. 10. 3. Test the quality of liquid soap 3. Test the quality of liquid soap Measure the foam capacity Measure the pH value Test the ability of emulsifying paraffin oil Studying the reaction of liquid soap with Ca2+, Mg2+ and Fe3+ Studying the reaction of liquid soap with inorganic acid Measure the satisfactions by using liquid soaps
  11. 11. Preparation of the solution of liquid soap Weighed liquid soap from each formula 5 g Dissolve in 50 ml - DO water Test the quality of liquid soap Liquid soap solutions
  12. 12. Measure the foam capacity Add each solution of liquid soap into test tube, 4 ml per tube Shake each test tube Observe and write down the results
  13. 13. Results of measuring foam capacity1. Show the results of measuring foam Chart capacity 4 4 1 2 3.5 35 .3 3 2.9 3 2.8 4 25 .6 25 .5 5 2.4 2.5 25 25 .2 .2 25 .2 6 2 2 15 .8 7 8 1.5 9 1 10 11 0.5 12 0 12 34 56 78 91 11 012
  14. 14. Measure the pH value Measure the pH value of each The pH value of each solution of liquid soap by pH - meter solution was written down Adjust pH meter by buffer solution
  15. 15. Results of measuring the pH value Chart 2. Show the results of measuring the pH value 1 .7 07 1 1 .6 03 1 .5 03 1 .5 0 2 1 .3 06 1 .1 1 .1 1 .1 1 .0 02 01 07 0 1 .1 1 .1 02 01 3 10 4 93 .7 9.6 5 pH 9.5 6 7 9 8 9 8.5 10 11 8 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 91 1 1 012 form ulas
  16. 16. Test the ability of emulsifying paraffin oil Add paraffin oil into two test tubes, 10 drops per tube Add the solution of the 1st formula of liquid soap into test tubes, 5 ml per tube then shake The results of testing the ability of emulsifying paraffin oil were observed and written down Do this experiment to each solution of liquid soap
  17. 17. Results of emulsifying paraffin oil test Table 3. Show the results of emulsifying paraffin oil test Formula The results DO The solution has no color, there is the oil layer on the water surface 5 mm high. It separates obviously Formula The solution has clear yellow color, there is the oil layer 1 between the foam and the solution 2 mm high Formula The solution has light yellow color, it is turbid, there is 2 the oil layer between the foam and the solution 3 mm Formula high solution has clear yellow color, there is the oil layer The 3 between the foam and the solution 1.75 mm high
  18. 18. Results of emulsifying paraffin oil test Formula The results Formula The solution has white color, it is turbid, there is the oil 4 layer between the foam and the solution 2.5 mm high Formula The solution has white color, it is turbid, there is the oil 5 layer between the foam and the solution 1.5 mm high Formula The solution has white color, it is turbid, there is the oil 6 layer between the foam and the solution 2 mm high Formula The solution has white color, it is turbid, there is the oil 7 layer between the foam and the solution 2 mm high Formula The solution has white color, it is turbid, there is the oil 8 layer between the foam and the solution 2 mm high
  19. 19. Results of emulsifying paraffin oil test Formula The results Formula The solution has white color, it is turbid, there is the oil 9 layer between the foam and the solution 1.75 mm high Formula The solution has white color, it is turbid, there is the oil 10 layer between the foam and the solution 2.5 mm high Formula The solution has white color, it is turbid, there is the oil 11 layer between the foam and the solution 1.5 mm high Formula The solution has white color, it is turbid, there is the oil 12 layer between the foam and the solution 1.5 mm high
  20. 20. Studying the reaction of liquid soap with Ca2+, Mg2+ and Fe3+ Liquid soap Paraffin solution oil The The CaC result result l2 s s were were MgCl2 writt writt en en FeCl3 down down
  21. 21. Results Table 4. Show the results of studying the reaction of liquid soap with Ca2+, Mg2+ and Fe3+ Reagents Formula 1 % CaCl2 1 % MgCl2 1 % FeCl3 1 there are white there is no dreg in there is a big piece of brown- dregs. the tube. red dregs. 2 there are turbid there are turbid there is a big piece of brick- white dregs. white dregs. red dregs. 3 there are turbid there are turbid there is a big piece of brick- white dregs. white dregs. red dregs. 4 there are turbid there are turbid there are turbid orange dregs. white dregs. white dregs. 5 there are soft yellow there are soft yellow there are turbid orange dregs. dregs.are turbid dregs.are soft yellow 6 there there there are turbid orange dregs. white dregs. dregs.
  22. 22. Results Formula Reagents 1 % CaCl2 1 % MgCl2 1 % FeCl3 7 there are white there are white there are orange dregs. dregs. dregs. 8 there are turbid there are turbid there are turbid orange dregs. white dregs. white dregs. 9 there are soft yellow there are soft yellow there is no dregs. dregs. dregs. 10 there is no dregs. there is no dregs. there are turbid orange dregs. 11 there are turbid there are turbid there are turbid orange dregs. white dregs. white dregs. 12 there is no dregs. there are turbid there are turbid orange dregs. white dregs.
  23. 23. Results Table 5. Show the results of studying the reaction of liquid soap with Ca2+, Mg2+ and Fe3+ then with paraffin oilFormula Reagents 1 % CaCl2 1 % MgCl2 1 % FeCl3 1 there is oil layer. there is oil layer. there is a round piece of fat and dregs. 2 there is oil layer. there is a round there is a round piece of fat piece of fat and and dregs. dregs.is a round 3 there is oil layer. there there is oil layer. piece of fat and dregs.is oil layer. 4 there is no oil layer. there there is a round piece of fat and dregs. 5 there is oil layer. there is oil layer. there is a round piece of fat and dregs.
  24. 24. Results Reagents Formula 1 % CaCl2 1 % MgCl2 1 % FeCl3 6 there is a round there is a round there is oil layer. piece of fat and piece of fat and dregs.is oil layer. dregs.is no oil layer. 7 there there there is a round piece of fat and dregs. 8 there is oil layer. there is oil layer. there is a round piece of fat and dregs. 9 there is oil layer. there is oil layer. there is oil layer. 10 there is oil layer. there is oil layer. there is oil layer. 11 there is oil layer. there is oil layer. there is oil layer. 12 there is oil layer. there is oil layer. there is oil layer.
  25. 25. Studying the reaction of liquid soap with inorganic acid
  26. 26. Results Table 6. Show the results of studying the reaction of liquid soap with inorganic acid Formula Process Add HCl Add KOH Burning 1 there are dregs. dissolved in KOH there is no flame. 2 there are dregs. dissolved in KOH there is flame when burned. 3 there are dregs. dissolved in KOH there is no flame. 4 there is no dregs. there is no dregs. there is no flame. 5 there is no dregs. there is no dregs. there is no flame. 6 there are dregs. quite dissolved in there is no flame. KOH
  27. 27. Results Formula Process Add HCl Add KOH Burning 7 there are dregs. quite dissolved in there is no flame. KOH 8 there are dregs. dissolved in KOH there is flame when burned. 9 there are dregs. dissolved in KOH there is no flame. 10 there are dregs. dissolved in KOH there is no flame. 11 there are dregs. dissolved in KOH there is no flame. 12 there are dregs. dissolved in KOH there is no flame.
  28. 28. Measuring the satisfactions of using the liquid soaps Measuring the satisfactions of using the liquid soaps by 90 MWIT students with questionnaires, then the results were analyzed by SPSS 11.5 Questionnaires Section 1, Inquire the samples about personal information. Section 2, Inquire the samples about the satisfactions when using the liquid soaps such as produced foam, smell, colors and cleaning.
  29. 29. Results Chart 3. Show the ages of Chart 4. Show the personal samples ailment of samples
  30. 30. Results Table 7. Show the behavior of buying soap of samples Colo Smel Foa Advertise Cleani Oth Price Total r l m ment ng ers Freque 11 69 8 33 43 20 7 191 ncy (5.7 (36. (4.1 (17.28) (22.5 (10.4 (3.66 (100) (%) 6) 13) 9) 1) 7) )
  31. 31. Measuring the satisfaction of using the liquid soaps Table 8. Show the standard of satisfied levels of liquid soaps the level of satisfactions points good quality and great 3.50 - 4.00 satisfactions 2.50 - 3.49 good quality and good 1.50 - 2.49 satisfactions 1.00 - 1.49 good quality and fairly good satisfactions bad quality and not satisfy
  32. 32. Results Chart 5. Show the averaged satisfactions of using the liquid soaps
  33. 33. Conclusion - From the extraction of oil in pumpkin seeds oil, the oil content is about 30.6 % - From the experiments, the formula 10 has the most foam capacity in compare with all the liquid soap and the formula 9 has the most foam capacity in compare with 9 formulas produced liquid soap. - The formula 5, 11, 12 has the most ability to emulsify paraffin oil. As the paraffin oil is lipid with composed in dirt.
  34. 34. Conclusion - From the experiment of measuring pH value, the formula 7 has the least pH value in compare with 9 formulas produced liquid soap, which is 9.73. - From the measuring of satisfactions value of using liquid soap, the formula 7 , 8 and 9 satisfied the samples respectively.
  35. 35. Acknowledgement • Department of Chemistry, Mahidol Wittayanusorn school • Mr. Sorachai Saelim
  36. 36. References African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 4 (1), pp. 36-44, January 2005 Aburjai T, Natsheh FM. Plants used in cosmetics. Phytotherapy Research 2003;17:987–1000 พิมพร ลีลาพิสิฐ (2532). เครื่องสำาอางเพือความสะอาด. เชียงใหม่: ่ สำานักพิมพ์โอเดียนสโตร์ คู่มือผลิตภัณฑ์เครื่องสำาอางเพื่อเศรษฐกิจชุมชน. กรุงเทพฯ: สำานักงานคณะกรรมการ อาหารและยา กระทรวงสาธารณสุข (2543) ธัญพร ตันเจริญรัตน์ และคณะ (2548). สบู่จากนำำามันเมล็ดยางพาราสายพันธุ์ RRIM 600 รุ่งระวี เต็มศิริฤกษ์กุล. quot;ส่วนผสมสมุนไพรที่ใช้ในสบู่quot; วารสารเกษตรกรรมธรรมชาติ. (สิงหาคม 2543) :54-56

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