Comparative and superlative
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Comparative and superlative

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Comparative and superlative Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Comparative and Superlative
  • 2. Comparative Is the name for the grammar used when comparing two things. The two basic ways to compare are using as .. as or than. Examples: He is twice as old as his sister. He is older than his sister
  • 3. When comparing with as .. as, the adjective does not change. When comparing with than, however, some changes are necessary, depending on the number of syllables the adjective: one-syllable adjectives: add -er to the adjective tall  taller cold  colder two-syllable adjectives ending in -y: change the -y to -ier happy  happier easy  easier lucky  luckier
  • 4. Other 2-syllable adjectives: use more with the unchanged adjective crowded  more crowded boring  more boring careful  more careful Adjectives with 3 or more syllables: use more with the unchanged adjective difficult  more difficult intelligent  more intelligent enjoyable  more enjoyable irritating  more irritating
  • 5. Superlative In the superlative you talk about one thing only and how it is the best, worst, etc. You do not compare two things. Examples: He is the tallest of the class. She is the youngest of the family
  • 6. one-syllable adjectives: add -est to the adjective plus “the” tall  (the) tallest cold  (the) coldest two-syllable adjectives ending in -y: change the -y to -iest plus “the” happy  (the) happiest easy  (the) easiest lucky  (the) luckiest
  • 7. Other 2-syllable adjectives: use most with the unchanged adjective crowded  (the) most crowded boring  (the) most boring careful  (the) most careful Adjectives with 3 or more syllables: use most with the unchanged adjective difficult  (the) most difficult intelligent  (the) most intelligent enjoyable  (the) most enjoyable irritating  (the) most irritating
  • 8. Exceptions Irregular adjectives: Adjective Comparative Superlative good better best bad worse worst far farther farthest little less least many more most
  • 9. Fill in the gaps with the comparative form of the adjectives given. 1. A rock is _________ than a leaf. (heavy) 2. Our house is __________than yours. (big) 3. The princess is _________ than the witch. (beautiful) 4. Tom is a ___________ student than Mary. (good) 5. Bicycles are _________ than motorbikes. (safe) 6. July is ___________ than January. (hot) 7. A lion is ___________ than a cat. (dangerous) 8. Helen is _____________ than Mary. (happy) 9. Computers are ____________ than telephones. (expensive) 10. I think golf is ____________ than football. (boring)
  • 10. Fill in the gaps with the superlative form of the adjectives given. 1. It is the ________ shop in town. (large) 2. Monday is the day ________ of the week. (bad) 3. Ben was the ___________ person in his family. (noisy) 4. Sam is the ____________ in the class. (popular) 5. Which is the ___________ subject at school? (difficult) 6. Jim is the ________ player in the football team. (good) 7. Elephants are the ____________ animals. (heavy) 8. Let's pick the _____________ apple of the tree. (big) 9. Mary is the ____________ girl in the class. (thin) 10. That is the ________ sofa in our house. (comfortable)