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Indirect speech
Indirect speech
Indirect speech
Indirect speech
Indirect speech
Indirect speech
Indirect speech
Indirect speech
Indirect speech
Indirect speech
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Indirect speech

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  • 1. Indirect Speech(Present Simple)1.Повелительное наклонение:• Просьба+ to ask to V переписать пред., делаяизменения на уровне местоимений- to ask not to V переписать пред., делаяизменения на уровне местоименийПриказ, требование+ to tell to V переписать пред., делая измененияна уровне местоимений- to tell not to V переписать пред., делаяизменения на уровне местоимений
  • 2. 2.Сообщениеto say, (that) затем идет прямой порядокслов (подлежащее и сказуемое) иизменения на уровне местоимений.3. Ответto answer, (that) затем идет прямойпорядок слов (подлежащее исказуемое) и изменения на уровнеместоимений
  • 3. 4.Вопрос:• Yes/No questions, Alternative questionsto ask, if затем идет прямой порядок слов(подлежащее и сказуемое) и измененияна уровне местоимений
  • 4. • Wh- questionsto ask, союз (союзом будет являться самовопросительное слово) затем идетпрямой порядок слов (подлежащее исказуемое) и изменения на уровнеместоимений• Who – questionsto ask, затем переписать вопрос безизменений
  • 5. • Linda says: “Did you enjoy your winterholidays in Paris?”• Christina says: “ I want to celebrateChristmas at home”• The teacher says : “ Sasha, read aloud,please.”• Peter says: “ Robert, don’t makedrawings in my book”
  • 6. Sequence of Tenses (Согласование времен) Если глагол-сказуемое главного предложения стоит в одномиз времен группы Present, то глагол-сказуемое придаточногопредложения может употребляться в любом времени, котороетребуется по смыслу.He knows that you are busy (were busy, will be busy)He has just said that he receives (received, will receive) lettersfrom her.Если глагол-сказуемое главного предложения выраженодним из прошедших времен – Past Simple, Past progressive,Past Perfect (чаще Past Simple), то глагол придаточногодополнительного предложения должен стоять также в одном изпрошедших времен. При этом соблюдаются правилосогласования времен:
  • 7. Прямая речьDirect SpeechКосвенная речьReported SpeechГлавноепредложениеПридаточноепредложение1. Present SimplePast SimplePast ProgressivePast Perfect(чаще Past Simple)1.Past Simple2. Present Progressive 2. Past Progressive3. Present Perfect 3. Past Perfect4. Present Perfect Progressive 4. Past Perfect Progressive5.Past Simple 5.Past Perfect6. Future Simple 6. Future –in-the-Past7.Past Progressive 7.Past Progressive8.Past Perfect 8.Past Perfect9. Past Perfect Progressive 9. Past Perfect Progressive
  • 8. При переводе предложений в косвенную речь следует заменять обстоятельствавремени:Direct speech Indirect speechnow сейчас then тогдаhere здесь there тамthis этот that тотthese эти those теtoday сегодня that day в тот деньtomorrow завтра the next daythe following dayна следующийденьyesterday вчера the day beforethe previous dayнаканунеlast week (month,year…)на прошлойнеделе (…)the week ( month, year…)beforethe previous week( month, year…)за неделю до(…)next week ( month,year…)наследующейнеделеthe next week ( month,year…)the following week( month, year…)на следующейнеделеago тому назад before раньше
  • 9. Если в прямой речи было употреблено Present Simple или PresentProgressive и при переводе в косвенную речь они были соответственноизменены на Past Simple или Past Progressive, то такие предложенияследует переводить на русский язык глаголами в настоящем времени.He said, “ I know Mary.” – Он сказал: « Я знаю Мэри»He said that he knew Mary. – Он сказал, что он знает Мэри.She said, “They are having dinner.” – Она сказала: «Они обедают»She said that they were having dinner. – Она сказала, что они обедают.Translate into Russian1.He asked if he could speak to Ann.2.They said that the children were playing in the garden.3.She asked the children who had told them about America.4.We asked him where he lived.5.He asked when the house had been build.6.Natalie asked if Fred would come to the party.
  • 10. TestI.Вставьте глагол в правильной форме.My friend Pete said that he (to be) in London. He told that he (to hear) about threeschool terms in Britain. He hoped that he ( to learn) in London. Pete explained thatschools in England (to have) a five-day holiday through each term.II.Запишите приведенные ниже предложения в косвенной речи.1. Jack says, “ He will come home at nine o’clock tomorrow.”2. She said, “I am reading a new magazine now.”3. Nick said, “I got up at ten o’clock”4. Jack says, “Ray has taken my book”5. Jane said, “ I have already read this book about London”6. Tom asked, “Are you leaving for Moscow’7. Fred asked, “ What did he do yesterday evening’’III. Перепишите данные предложения в прямой речи.1.The teacher asked us what flower was the emblem of England.2. Betsy asked if she liked black coffee.3.Fred said that he had seen a lot of interesting places in Moscow.4.I asked my friend what hotel she had stayed at in Paris the year before.5. The children said that they were making a snowman then.6. I asked Ed why he had cried lately.7. Dick said that he would gather a good harvest in his garden the next year.

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