Six hats thinking [art of parallel thinking]

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Six hats thinking [art of parallel thinking]

  1. 1. 6 Thinking Hats Originated by Edward De Bono An Art of Parallel Thinking By : Nadeem Yousaf 1
  2. 2. What We Will Learn InformativeIntuitive Parallel Constructive Thinking Reflective Creative Cautious 2/15
  3. 3. Parallel Thinking Why John Godfrey Saxes ( 1816-1887) version of the famous Indian legendIt was six men of a Country To learning much inclined, Who went to seethe Elephant (Though all of them were blind), That each by observationMight satisfy his mind. 3/15
  4. 4. Parallel Thinking Why: Contd. Wall Fan Spear Snake Rope TreeAnd so these men of Indostan Disputed loud and long, Each in his own opinionExceeding stiff and strong, Though each was partly in the right, And all were inthe wrong! 4/15
  5. 5. Traditional Vs. Parallel Thinking Argument [Westren] Vs. Parallel Thinking Adversarial Thinking [Japanese] A B This is almost the exact opposite of argument, adversarial, confrontational thinking  Each party deliberately takes an opposite view  Each tries to prove the other wrong Hats Direction [Thinking in one direction and that direction can be changed] Parallel Thinking B Direction Not Description  A description is concerned what is happened  A direction is concerned about what is going A to happen 5/15
  6. 6. The White Hat The WHITE Hat = Facts and Data Data  What are the facts? Facts  The information seeking hat. Neutral  What information is available? What is relevant? Objective  When wearing the white hat we are neutral in our thinking. 6/15
  7. 7. The Red Hat The RED Hat = Feelings / Intuition Intuition  What are your gut reactions? Emotions  What intuitions do you have? Feelings  Don’t think too long or too hard. Hunches  What do you feel about the suggestion? 7/15
  8. 8. The Yellow Hat The Yellow Hat = Benefits Hopeful  The sunshine hat. Effective  It is positive and constructive. Optimistic  What are the benefits, the advantages? Constructive  It is about effectiveness and getting a job done. 8/15
  9. 9. The Black Hat The BLACK Hat = Issues / Concerns Serious  The caution hat. Careful  Identifies difficulties and problems. Cautious  What are the risks or dangers involved? Lays Out Risks  In black hat the thinker points out errors or pit-falls. 9/15
  10. 10. The Green Hat The GREEN Hat = New ideas / Possibilities Creative  Lateral thinking wears a green hat. Possibilities  This is the creative mode of thinking. New Ideas and Concepts  Green represents growth and movement. Search for Alternatives  In green hat we look to new ideas and solutions. 10/15
  11. 11. The Blue Hat Control  Blue is for planning. Organization  The control hat, organising thinking itself. Sets the Focus  Sets the focus, calls for the use of other hats. Use of All the Hats  Monitors and reflects on the thinking processes used 11/15
  12. 12. Hats RankingHigh ControlSuccess Creative Positive Thinking Facts Negative Logic Emotion Low Self Development High 12/15
  13. 13. Six Hat Implementation – A Sample Step 1: Set a Time Limit for the Session. Invite participants. Step 2: Assemble the group, introduce members if need. Step 3: Discuss the rules, and time limit per participant. Step 4: The Leader starts, by using the White Hat on all of the Hats. He/She will Present the Facts surrounding the decision. Step 5: Allow each member to wear the Green Hat and generate alternatives for the Decision. Step 6: Allow each member to take both the Yellow Hat and then the Black Hat on one turn. Have them evaluate the benefits for the alternative using Yellow, and then the Drawbacks using Black. Step 7: Allow each member to dawn the red hat and record their emotions about the alternatives. Step 8: The Leader concludes, by explaining each member will dawn the Blue Hat, and summarize the thoughts on the decision. The members will likely express their choice in the matter. The chairman wears the hat last, and states his/her opinion, and wraps up the session. 13/15
  14. 14. SummaryWhite Hat: Red Hat:Information Feelings, Intuition, Emotions Information we know Permission to express feelings Information we would like to know No need to justify Information we need Represents feelings right now Information that is missing Keep it short How are we going to get that information A key ingredient in decision making Includes hard facts to doubtful informationBlack Hat: Yellow Hat:Logical Negative Logical Positive The pessimistic view The optimistic view Reasons must be given Reasons must be given Points out thinking that does not fit the facts, Needs more effort than the black hat experience, regulations, strategy, values Looks for the concept behind the idea Points out potential problemsGreen Hat: Blue Hat:New Ideas, Possibilities Managing the Thinking Creative thinking “Control” hat Seeking alternatives and possibilities Organizes the thinking Removing faults Sets the focus and agenda Doesn’t have to be logical Summarizes and concludes Generates new concepts Ensures that the rules are observed 14/15
  15. 15. I hear and I forget.I see and I remember.I do and I understand. --Confucius 15

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