Ppp

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this is alla bout our betterment of future the government and private individuals come together for the betterment of india

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Ppp

  1. 1. Presented By: Kumar satyam A0102107041
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The biggest bottleneck for India’s future growth is its tottering roads, airports, ports and power generation. </li></ul><ul><li>Public Private Partnership (PPP) is a system in which a project or business venture is funded and operated through a partnership of government and one or more private sector companies. </li></ul><ul><li>US$ 480 billion (Next 5 Years) </li></ul><ul><li>Current Spending – 3.5% of total GDP </li></ul><ul><li>In 2010 Estimated – 3.8% of total GDP </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>As the government resources are limited, the PPP arrangement allows the government to consider and undertake otherwise unaffordable projects. </li></ul><ul><li>The projects are assigned by the government to private parties on </li></ul><ul><li>Build-Own-Operate & Transfer (BOOT) </li></ul><ul><li>Build-OperateTransfer (BOT) </li></ul><ul><li>Build-Operate Lease Transfer (BOLT) </li></ul>
  4. 5. Objectives <ul><li>The potential of the PPP model for meeting the investment challenge in an efficient, cost-effective way </li></ul><ul><li>To See the progress of India’s infrastructure through the PPP model. </li></ul><ul><li>To appreciate the opportunities for private sector in bringing about desirable changes through participation in public endeavors . </li></ul><ul><li>The benefits of PPPs as well as the main difficulties facing the public and private sectors are explored. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing the understanding of PPP in its dimensions in different sectors. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Problem Statement <ul><li>The first problem that is been identified is the urban areas are not developed despite they are the major contributor to the growth of India. </li></ul><ul><li>The Next problem been identified is the co-ordination between the private and public sector when they are given the task to build infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>Other main problem is that responsibilities are given to those people that are not sufficient and thus it takes time to done the project. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Existing Scenario <ul><li>Most towns and cities are growing… Like this! </li></ul>
  7. 8. PPP Approach <ul><li>Goal: Attract private investments for infrastructure projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Need: Lack of Budgetary Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Need to improve efficiency in service delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>PPP approach: </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector contribution for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial investments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Management practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency in service delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient use of capital resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Sector contribution limited to: </li></ul><ul><li>Providing institutional commitment to project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Development & Selection of Developer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viability gap funding (VGF), if any </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Project Development Process <ul><li>PROJECT DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Techno-Economic & Market Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy amendments and notification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractual and Institutional Framework </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPER SEARCH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expression of Interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request for Proposal (RFP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-Bid Conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposal Evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finalisation of Developer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finalisation of Agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MARKETING & COMMUNICATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One-to-one meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Mailers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media release </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Road Shows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investor’s Conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitating Consortia formation </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. A PPP is not a transfer of responsibility: <ul><li>A PPP project DOES NOT Mean that the Government has little or no onus. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s objective has to be synergy between the private & public sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas such as land acquisition, clearances, utilities, etc., can still be best done only by the Government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then why PPP? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demand – Supply gap - Constraints in financing through budgetary/ other government sources </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation in designs, project management and implementation of projects </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term operations and maintenance of assets </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on service to users – not just asset creation </li></ul>
  10. 11. Findings <ul><li>90% of the urban population has access to potable water supply.(5-6 Hrs.) </li></ul><ul><li>Over 40% of India’s population, mostly rural, does not have access to electricity. </li></ul><ul><li>Demand and supply gap. </li></ul><ul><li>Roads & bridges are the main focus area for government. </li></ul><ul><li>As per the questionnaire analysis findings were that people find government firms more accountable but they are more corrupt then the private firms. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Suggestions <ul><li>Government or a statutory entity should make the proposal and not the private party . </li></ul><ul><li>Transparent and competitive bidding process. </li></ul><ul><li>It is often better to reach financial close on a good deal rather than endlessly delay a project for the sake of a best deal. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the private sector participation </li></ul>
  12. 13. Learning <ul><li>Clarifying the objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed policy for implementing PPP projects is required . </li></ul><ul><li>Risks (who is better). </li></ul><ul><li>Provides adequate protection for lenders </li></ul>

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