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Organic Farming at Washington State University<br />David Granatstein, CSANR<br /> Carol Miles, Horticulture<br />Diana Ro...
WSU researchers published a long-term organic comparison study in Nature.  Success with leading journals has helped legiti...
WSU Organic Ag Chronology<br />
Integration of Extension and Research<br /><ul><li> WSU faculty survey, formed WSU organic work group
 Organic special grant, BIOAg
 Development of organic land at R&E centers
 Web site – research reports on line, database
 Organized educational events – special topic   symposia, organic grain workshops, field tours
 Integrate organic into existing industry meetings –   tree fruit, vegetable
 Formal training courses – Cultivating Success
 NOP national training</li></li></ul><li>http://organicfarming.wsu.edu/<br />
Topics for Organic Research Grant<br /><ul><li> Seeds and varieties – seed quality, seed diseases,   wheat breeding
 Compost tea – characterization, disease control
 Tree fruit – orchard floor management
 Vegetable systems - cover crops, rotations,   mulches, weed control, variety selection
 Dryland grain production – weed control, fertility,   integration of livestock
 Economics – organic sector trends; apple price  responses</li></li></ul><li>Elements of Success<br />Support from College...
Challenges<br /><ul><li> Stability of funding
 Industry matching funds for grants
 Two distinct audiences – ‘philosophic’ and  ‘economic’
 Different needs – small vs large farms, new  entrants vs long time organic producers
 Pesticide rules – e.g. work with brassica   meals</li></li></ul><li>Lessons Learned<br />1.  Focus on common values (soil...
Lessons Learned<br />1. Focus on common values (soil health, biocontrol), not differences (pesticides, biotech)<br />2. Re...
Lessons Learned<br />1. Focus on common values (soil health, biocontrol), not differences (pesticides, biotech)<br />2. Re...
Lessons Learned<br />1. Focus on common values (soil health, biocontrol), not differences (pesticides, biotech)<br />2. Re...
Lessons Learned<br />1. Focus on common values (soil health, biocontrol), not differences (pesticides, biotech)<br />2. Re...
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Organic Farming at Washington State University

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2009 NACAA Organic Agriculture Super Seminar
Presenters: David Granatsetein, CSANR; Carol Miles, Horticulture; Diana Roberts, Extension

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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Transcript of "Organic Farming at Washington State University"

  1. 1. Organic Farming at Washington State University<br />David Granatstein, CSANR<br /> Carol Miles, Horticulture<br />Diana Roberts, Extension<br />Organic wheat research, Pullman<br />
  2. 2. WSU researchers published a long-term organic comparison study in Nature. Success with leading journals has helped legitimize organic research.<br />
  3. 3. WSU Organic Ag Chronology<br />
  4. 4. Integration of Extension and Research<br /><ul><li> WSU faculty survey, formed WSU organic work group
  5. 5. Organic special grant, BIOAg
  6. 6. Development of organic land at R&E centers
  7. 7. Web site – research reports on line, database
  8. 8. Organized educational events – special topic symposia, organic grain workshops, field tours
  9. 9. Integrate organic into existing industry meetings – tree fruit, vegetable
  10. 10. Formal training courses – Cultivating Success
  11. 11. NOP national training</li></li></ul><li>http://organicfarming.wsu.edu/<br />
  12. 12. Topics for Organic Research Grant<br /><ul><li> Seeds and varieties – seed quality, seed diseases, wheat breeding
  13. 13. Compost tea – characterization, disease control
  14. 14. Tree fruit – orchard floor management
  15. 15. Vegetable systems - cover crops, rotations, mulches, weed control, variety selection
  16. 16. Dryland grain production – weed control, fertility, integration of livestock
  17. 17. Economics – organic sector trends; apple price responses</li></li></ul><li>Elements of Success<br />Support from College administration<br />Formation of cross-departmental unit, CSANR<br />Partnerships with organic farming and consumer advocacy groups – Tilth, WSFFN, PCC<br />Linkage with mainstream agriculture groups whose constituencies increasingly participated in the organic sector<br />Academic legitimacy (e.g. Nature article)<br />Willingness of faculty to develop new proposals<br />
  18. 18. Challenges<br /><ul><li> Stability of funding
  19. 19. Industry matching funds for grants
  20. 20. Two distinct audiences – ‘philosophic’ and ‘economic’
  21. 21. Different needs – small vs large farms, new entrants vs long time organic producers
  22. 22. Pesticide rules – e.g. work with brassica meals</li></li></ul><li>Lessons Learned<br />1. Focus on common values (soil health, biocontrol), not differences (pesticides, biotech)<br />
  23. 23. Lessons Learned<br />1. Focus on common values (soil health, biocontrol), not differences (pesticides, biotech)<br />2. Recognize cross-over of research<br />Pheromone mating disruption, developed for ‘conventional’ orchards, was a critical technology in the expansion of organic apple production.<br />
  24. 24. Lessons Learned<br />1. Focus on common values (soil health, biocontrol), not differences (pesticides, biotech)<br />2. Recognize important cross-over of research<br />3. Find funding – SARE program, OFRF, WA CPR biocontrol mandate, USDA organic transitions<br />
  25. 25. Lessons Learned<br />1. Focus on common values (soil health, biocontrol), not differences (pesticides, biotech)<br />2. Recognize important cross-over of research<br />3. Find funding – SARE program, OFRF, WA CPR biocontrol mandate, USDA organic transitions<br />4. Size of organic sector – potential impact of research and extension<br />When organic acres were a very small percent of total crop acres, the potential impact from research appeared minimal. With apples and pears exceeding 7% of all apples and pears in the state, there is more motivation for research. <br />
  26. 26. Lessons Learned<br />1. Focus on common values (soil health, biocontrol), not differences (pesticides, biotech)<br />2. Recognize important cross-over of research<br />3. Find funding – SARE program, OFRF, WA CPR biocontrol mandate, USDA organic transitions<br />4. Size of organic sector – potential impact of research<br />5. Systems studies and component research – not either / or<br />
  27. 27. Organic Farming Trends<br />Washington & Oregon<br />David Granatstein&Elizabeth Kirby<br />WSU-Center for Sustaining Agriculture <br />And Natural Resources<br />In cooperation with Oregon Tilth Certified Organic and <br />Washington State Department of Agriculture Organic Food Program<br />
  28. 28. Consumer Demand<br />Growth of US Organic Food Sales<br />4%<br />1%<br />projected<br />Nutrition Business Journal<br />40% of sales = fruits & vegetables<br />New York Times, 31 October, 2008<br />
  29. 29. Trend oforganiccrop acreage in Oregon <br />115,502<br />83,297<br />59,207<br />45,429<br />Photo: Fry Family Farm<br />OTCO data all years; WSDA data beginning 2004; QAI, ICS, GOA, and CCOF added 2005; Global Culture data added 2008. Does not include 5,400 ac lake algae area.<br />
  30. 30. Certified acres by crop type Oregon - 2008<br />Other crops 2%<br />Fruits & nuts 2%<br />Other land 2%<br />Fallow 4%<br />Vegetables 5%<br />Grain, pulse & oilseed 8%<br />Forage 77%<br />‘Other crops’ include herbs, mixed horticulture, seed, cover crops, etc. <br /> OTCO, WSDA, GOA, ICS, CCOF, Global Culture data<br />
  31. 31. Organic Farm Acreage in Washington State<br />Includes all land Certified (C) + Transition (T);WSDA only 1996-2002; WSDA, OTCO, ICS, CCOF, QAI 2003-2008<br />
  32. 32. 2008 WA Organic Land Percentage<br />* 2008 combined certifier acres; ** bearing acres <br />
  33. 33. Crop distribution of certified organic acres in Washington - 2008<br />Other land 1%<br />Undefined 5%<br />Mixed Hort 2% <br />Small Fruits & Nuts 3%<br />Grain, Bean, Oilseed 9%<br />Forages 31%<br />Fallow 10% <br />Tree Fruit 18%<br />Vegetables 21%<br />Certified acres 96,139 Transition acres 9,380<br />WSDA, OTCO, ICS, CCOF data. Certified landarea = 92,555 ac including 4,848 unidentified ac. Double crop =3,584 ac<br />
  34. 34. Organic Vegetable Acres Washington State<br />Mixed<br />Peas<br />Sweet corn<br />
  35. 35. Organic apple variety trends Washington State – major varieties<br />Projected<br />Combined certifier data 00-07;2008 preliminary WSDA data only; 2010 based on 2008 C +T<br />
  36. 36. Estimatedorganic apple acreage in Washington State<br />2010 – 17,000 ac ?<br />Wal-Mart<br />$ drop<br />MD<br />Alar<br />12,936 ac = ~8% of WA apple bearing acreage<br />Combined certifiers except 2008 = preliminary WSDA data<br />
  37. 37. Apple Price TrendsWashington State<br />Org<br />} price premium<br />*<br />Gala<br />*<br />Conv<br />* 7/15/09 season price, C.A.<br />*<br />Fuji<br />*<br />WAGCHA data; FOB avg, all storage, grades, sizes<br />
  38. 38. WA Organic Farm Size versus Sales - 2006<br />WSDA data only<br />
  39. 39. Conclusion<br />Organic sector will continue to grow - how big ? 10% of food sales? - generally supports health, environmental, climate change policies<br />Land-grant universities are responding - historic lack of research-based information for extension - research crossover is important<br />Need to think of organic as onepossible path towards sustainability<br />http://organicfarming.wsu.edu<br />ARS photo<br />
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