Presentation on Incorporating DRR issues into the WASH program of the Government of Bangladesh


Published on

This is a study conducted by NARRI (National Alliance for Risk Reduction and Response Initiatives to assess the current WASH program of the Government of Bangladesh and how Disaster Risk Reduction can be incorporated into the same.
The project is being funded by European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection. For further information please contact Shakeb Nabi ( Please also visit our website
we also post lots of interesting stuffs on DRR on our facebook (NARRI Bangladesh). We encourage you to become member of the same

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Two reasons posing robust challenge to achieve WatSan MDG: Achieving accelerated rate of coverage Jeopardy of WatSan by growing disasters
  • Presentation on Incorporating DRR issues into the WASH program of the Government of Bangladesh

    1. 1. National Sharing Workshop of the Study on “ Mainstreaming Of Disaster Risk Reduction into GoB Schemes on Water and Sanitation: Gap Analysis and Way Forward”Organized by: DPHE AuditoriumDMRD, MoFDM & NARRI Date: 12 August, 2012
    2. 2. The NARRI Consortium• Eight International NGOs (Action Aid, CARE, Concern Worldwide, Concern Universal, Islamic Relief Worldwide, Oxfam, Plan International and Solidarities International) & Two Technical Partners (Handicap International and HealAge International) have come together and formed a consortium called National Alliance for Risk Reduction and Response Initiatives (NARRI).• NARRI tends to enhance overall resilience of local communities vulnerable to natural and human induced hazards.
    3. 3. Why NARRI?• To provide comprehensive and more durable programme impact: sustainability of action.• To incur cost effective programme delivery: economics of scale.• Diverse experience and complementary efforts: specialized technical expertise of member organizations.
    4. 4. The Journey of NARRI So Far• NARRI with financial support of DFID and ECHO has implemented / current implementing 5 projects on DRR & Emergency response / recovery worth approximate 300 Crore BDT benefitting more than 1 million people in 13 districts since its inception (just a year and half ago)• NARRI has close working relationship with DMRD, MoFDM, Ministry of health, Ministry of Education, CDMP, DMB etc.• NARRI is on its way to set an excellent example not only in Bangladesh but also in South Asia as far as working in a consortium approach successfully
    5. 5. Bangladesh: The WatSan Scenario• A national sanitation goal of achieving “100 % sanitation by 2013” has been set by the Government of Bangladesh• Yet both MDG Progress Report 2009 & Global Assessment Report 2010 (GAR II 2010) indicate MDG achievement of WatSan in Bangladesh needs extra attention• The recurrent & intensifying impacts of Disasters & Climate Change are putting strain on WatSan facilities - a reality that is not reflected accurately in the current reporting and/or research work.
    6. 6. Bangladesh: The WatSan Scenario• Most far-reaching WatSan programmes in the country don’t include disaster resilience features - WatSan facilities are damaged away every time a disaster strikes but not repaired or rebuilt as desired• Despite countries’ diverse geographical charactaristics and vulnerability to natural hazards, provision under WatSan facilities remain the same – e.g. provision of 3 rings & 1 slab for hard to core poor for sanitation• Inadequate monitoring and reporting about the functioning of the existing WatSan facilities specially in post disaster scenarios
    7. 7. Why a Study on WatSan?• Despite the existence of Policy & Legal provisions, DRR mainstreaming into development including WatSan has not been translated into action as desired• Thus a study was commission by NARRI – To ensure WatSan programme of the GoB are disaster resilient – To complement commitment of the GoB towards achieving the MDG number 7 on ‘Ensuring Environment Sustainability’ & priority 4 under the HFA on ‘Reduce the Underlying Risk Factors’.
    8. 8. Objective of the Study• To establish evidence based learning for the need of DRR mainstreaming into selected rural focused WatSan programme of the GoB in view of achieving relevant MDG targets & HFA priority• To identify to what extent the GoB policies of mainstreaming DRR are implemented through the project cycle operation of WatSan projects, gaps and their reasons, and• To find out probable ways to minimize those gaps and ensure mainstreaming of DRR into WatSan projects in compliance with the GoB policy suggestions.
    9. 9. Study OutcomeThrough a Gap analysis the study has identified:• Gaps in the achievement of MDG in light of DRR and HFA• Gaps in the existing policy implementation of GOB for mainstreaming WASH in DRRBased on the findings, the study has:• Brought out some important findings and recommendations towards mainstream DRR in WatSan• Practical tools and guidelines (built on existing resources) to support DRR mainstreaming into WATSAN programme of GoB
    10. 10. Thank You
    11. 11. Outline of the Presentation
    12. 12. Assessment Basis Major GoB Policy Suggestions towards WSDRR Related to Content Current Anticipatory • Inclusion of both disaster Risk Risk of CC risk reduction & consequence management options Related to Process • Application of participatoryExposure to Vulnerability of WS Disaster disaster risk assessment & Hazard existing WatSan Risk planning process of project development • Promotion of decentralized Coping Capacity community participatory & self-reliant process • Inclusion of participatory monitoring & evaluation.
    13. 13. MethodologyData Gathering Case Study- Literature and - SRWSP documents review - GoB-Unicef SHEWA-B project- key informant interview, Three Field Areas- direct observations, - Kazipur Upazila of Sirajganj,- focused group exposed to flood 2007 - Satkhira Sadar Upazila of discussions, Satkhira exposed to flood- cluster wise WatSan 2011 Resource and Risk - Sariatpur Upazila of Sariatpur mapping, exposed to Sidr 2007- Role performance R scoring
    14. 14. MethodologyValidation of reportthrough a panelreview workshopinviting seniorexperts from DPHE,Planning ministry,LGD
    15. 15. Damage to Economic Sectors Due to Major Disaster"BIDS has conducted an expenditure tracking study (Islam, Nabiul. 2011) ondisaster risk reduction and found that only major floods and cyclones havecaused average 3.5% negative influence on national GDP". Damage Floods Cyclone 1998 2004 2007 Sidr 2007 Aila 2009 Total damage (Crore TK) 11,41 13,450 7,253 11,557 1,885 9 % of GDP 5.7% 4.04% 1.53% 2.45 .31% Infrastructure loss (% of total 50.6% 74.4% 61.6% 63.3% 84.3% loss) Agriculture loss (% of total 49.4% 25.6% 38.4% Info Gap Info Gap loss) Source: SFYP Part 3: Statistical Annex and Technical Framework; pp. 26-27
    16. 16. Pushback of Sanitation: Kazipur• 43% rural HHs had access to improved latrine in 2007 (BDHS)• 81.04% HHs had access to improved sanitation as of June 2009 (DPHE)• 60% HHs have access to hygienic latrine as of September 2011 (SHEWA –B mapping findings)• Presently 31% HHs using unhygienic latrine while 9% HHs have no latrine.
    17. 17. Pushback of Sanitation: Satkhira • 100% HHs had access to hygienic latrine as of June 2009 (DPHE) • By August 2011, (before the flood) due to normal damage coverage reduced to 88% • At present 61% HHs have access to hygienic latrine • At present 23.33% HHs using unhygienic latrine & 15% HHs have no latrine
    18. 18. Pushback of Sanitation: Sariatpur• Before Sidr coverage was 81%• As of June 2009 had 100% sanitation coverage (DPHE)• 80% HHs use hygienic latrine (SHEWA-B Mapping) As of December 2011• At present 11% HHs use unhygienic latrine while 9% HHs have no latrine
    19. 19. Challenge to achieve WatSan MDG • MDG Target of Population’s Access to Improved Sanitation requiresMDG & GoB Target of Population’s acceleration of yearly coverage rateAccess to Safe Drinking Water requires from 0.75% to 3.55%acceleration of yearly coverage rate • GoB Target of Population’s Access tofrom 0.40% to 0.55% Improved sanitation requires acceleration of yearly coverage rate from 0.75% to 22.10 %
    20. 20. DRR into WatSan: GoB Policy & Their ExecutionGovernment of GoB Policy SuggestionsBangladesh has very Contentstrong and progressive •Inclusion of both Risk Reduction andpolicy suggestions for Consequence Managementmainstream DRR intoany WatSan ProcessDevelopment •Apply Participatory DRA and PlanningProject/Programme but Process of Project Developmentthere are ample gaps •Promotion of Decentralized Communitybetween policy Participatory Self-reliant Processsuggestions and their •Inclusion of Participatory Monitoring andexecutions . Evaluation
    21. 21. Reasons Behind Gaps for Policy Implementation • Lack of conceptual clarity on WSDRR • Inadequate integration of DRR in WS sector policies and plans • Absence of policy accorded strategy • Absence of methodological guide • Lack of tools • Inadequate capacity development input • Deficit of required person power and financial resources • Inadequate readiness to offer disaster resilient hardware options
    22. 22. Way ForwardBuild Conceptual Clarity on WSDRR•Both LGD & DPHE should develop & introduce a conceptual framework &definitions of WSDRR.•WS Wing of LGD to develop a shared conceptual understanding amongnational level staff at LGD and DPHEIntegrate DRR in WS Sector Policies & Plans•LGD should develop a National WatSan DRR Plan & Policies incoordination with other relevant ministries such as MoA, MoE, MoWR,MoHFW•In compliance with NPDM, PSU of LGD should include criteria related to‘Project Design Approach’ in VGWP-2009 & use it for DPP design.•PEC can use this revised VGWP for DPP appraisal.
    23. 23. Way ForwardDevelop and Introduce Policy Accorded Strategies•LGD should develop a geo-hazard specific Rural WSDRR strategy incoordination with relevant ministries such as MoA, MoE, MoWR, MoHFW &Bangladesh Geological SurveyMaking Methodological Guides Available for -•Coordinated intervention sharing framework for ministries and departmentsdealing with WatSan and DM•Resource & service mobilization guidelines for Union and Upazila levelcommittees•Multi-stakeholder strategic planning & coordinated operation at Upazila level;•Operation and Maintenance (O&M);•Planning guidelines for special regions & context such as Char, Haor andCoastal
    24. 24. Way Forward• DPHE should develop and introduce detail methodology of: –Participatory assessment and planning process for WSDRR project development; –Decentralized community participatory and self-reliant process; –Participatory monitoring and evaluation.• IMED has a proactive role to play and provide technical support to DPHE in developing systematic and effective Result Based M&E involving participatory methodology
    25. 25. Way ForwardHave required tools in place•Planning Commission should develop and introduce a revised DPP pro-forma that encourages inclusion of DRR objectives, strategies andactivities in design and appraisal.•LGD to develop and WS contextualized CRA and RRAP tool incollaboration with CDMP.•MoFDM & DMB to prepare and introduce revised SOS and D-Forminclude Sanitation Damage and Needs Assessment.•DPHE to develop and introduce result based tools for project M&E.IMED to provide technical support.
    26. 26. Way ForwardDesign & Deliver Adequate Capacity Development Input•WS wing of LGD/NILG/DPHE: Design, plan and roll out trainingprogrammes by which staff at national and local level have adequateunderstanding and skills on: –Concepts and principles of WSDR; in accordance with national, regional and International polices –Facilitating multi-stakeholder participatory process of CRA , RRAP of WatSan; RRAP implementation, M&E –Design and implement effective training programmes for stakeholders involved; –Sustainable organizational development of Union and Upazila WS committees;
    27. 27. Way ForwardAllocate required person power and financial resources•LGD should allocate adequate fund and accordingly align with itsADP and MTBF for:• Pre-DPP design activities such as, CRA and RRAP;•LGIs WSDRR plan implementation•Operation and Maintenance•capacity development of staff at national and local level.Get ready to offer disaster resilient hardware options•DPHE should design and implement a DPP for developing a catalogueof geo-hazard suitable appropriate disaster resilient hardware options.
    28. 28. Opportunities Can be Tapped• Conducive policy environment• Increasing emphasize of most of the donors / development partners on DRR mainstreaming• ECNEC decision• Some useful tools• Existing training facilities & resources• Some hardware options applied• Comprehensive structure of local WatSan & DM Committees• SHEWA-B facilitation model
    29. 29. Provisions Can be Brought into a DPP• Community Mobilization and Awareness Creation on WSDRR;• Community Risk Assessment and CAP for WSDRR;• Community Management Capacity Development;• O&M of installed hardware facilities, especially cyclone and flood shelter as well as other community places;• Arsenic Testing Facility in Each of the Upazila DPHE;• Inbuilt component of R&D for disaster resilient WatSan Technologies;• Promotion of local innovations.
    30. 30. Provisions Can be Brought into a DPP • Key recommendations Please • DRR into WSS: mainstreaming have a framework look into following • Opportunities for bridging the gapssections of • Provisions can be brought into a DPP the detail report • Tools could be useful • Inventory of useful training and IEC resources • Concerns deserve attention in future
    31. 31. Conclusions• Water and Sanitation is more critical than hospitals for the human health and other wellbeing.• Achievements of Rural WatSan are facing a snatching risk by disasters, denotes an unavoidable need of Disaster Resilient WatSan Promotion.• Bangladesh is a disaster prone as well as the most vulnerable country to climate change. It is one of the Asian countries lauded for its significant achievement in Disaster Consequence Management.• Global-local context offers us a vigorous opportunity to be the champion of Disaster Resilient WatSan Promotion
    32. 32. Thank You