Gender Based Violence in a Post Emergency Situation
Post Disaster: Domestic Gender Based Violence Perspective from Gujarat Earthquake (2001), Indian Ocean Tsunami (2004) and Cyclone Aila (2009)For Gender and Disaster Webinar: 10th October 2012 organized by EPI Global and GDRA
Basic Premise of the PresentationVulnerability to Natural Disasters andits consequences is Engendered and a Social Construct
Focus of the Presentation• What is the reason for increase in gender based violence after the disaster• How is it manifested/what are the consequences• Who are the perpetrators of the violence• How Gander Based Violence can be controlled• What are the policy gaps for addressing GBV
Reasons for increase in Gender Based Violence• Trauma leading to alcoholism, drug abuse and violence• Dispersion of families and women headed household: women exposed• “Tyranny of the urgent”: Narrow view of response; collective shelter; wash facilities• Breakdown of social capital and support systems
Reasons for increase in GBV II• Usage for existing social structure for relief distribution (male dominated): marginalization in access to relief
Manifestation of the Gender Based Violence• Low self esteem/self confidence• Deterioration of mental health: Trauma: PTSD• Relocation of the female members of the family: enhance vulnerability• Early child marriage/early pregnancy• Increase in human trafficking/forced
Reducing Gender Based Violence• Good understanding of the social structure and position of women in the society: Mapping existing forms of gender based violence• Involve women in different phases of disaster preparedness and response• Representation of the women in the response team: shelter; wash; relief distribution
Policy Gaps in addressing GBV• Bringing gendered perspective to understanding natural disasters• HFA and other international and local policy instruments• Incorporation of gender specific indicators in SITREP/need assessment tools
Look at women not as a victim ofdisaster but as an epitome or strong force of resistance Build Back better “Use Natural Disaster as a Platform for Societal Change”
Thank youfor your time Shakeb Nabi NOHA Erasmus Fellow Email id:email@example.com
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