Final faith based organizations
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Final faith based organizations

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How faith based organizations mobilizes resources. What are the opportunities and challenges.

How faith based organizations mobilizes resources. What are the opportunities and challenges.

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  • 1. Faith-BasedFaith-BasedOrganizationsOrganizationsin relation withdonors
  • 2. • Why Muslim FBOs?©The Global Overview 2012, People Displaced by Conflict and ViolenceIntroductionIntroduction
  • 3. • Facts and figures from the humanitarian work©The Global Overview 2012, People Displaced by Conflict and ViolenceIntroductionIntroduction©The Global Overview 2012, People Displaced by Conflict and Violence
  • 4. IntroductionIntroduction• Our interest as humanitarian workers• Need of better understanding of the FBOs• Role of Islam in the humanitarian field• Why then moderate Muslim FBOs?(Ager & Ager, 2011)
  • 5. IN RELATION TO PRIVATEIN RELATION TO PRIVATEDONORSDONORS
  • 6. OpportunitiesOpportunitiesReligious motivation of private donorsReligious motivation of private donors[…]. It is Allah Who awards guidance whom He wills. And whateverwealth you give away (as charity donation) goes to your own benefit.It is not appropriate for you to spend but for Allah’s pleasure alone.And whatever you spend of your wealth, (its reward) will be paid backto you in full and you shall not be treated unjustly.Al-Baqarah 2:272
  • 7. OpportunitiesOpportunitiesThe centrality of charity in IslamThe centrality of charity in Islam
  • 8. OpportunitiesOpportunitiesCharity as a religious obligationCharity as a religious obligationZakat:- 2.5% of annual (surplus) income- specified groups of eligible recipientsWaqfQurbaniSadaqah: Voluntary givingIslamic focus of projects:Orphans, WASH, refugees
  • 9. OpportunitiesOpportunitiesPromoting a positive image of IslamPromoting a positive image of Islam
  • 10. OpportunitiesOpportunitiesBridging two culturesBridging two culturesSecular-mindeddonorsReligiously-mindeddonorsWesterndonorsNon-WesterndonorsChristian donors Muslim donors
  • 11. • Islamic Identity & Islamophobia• Instrument of the West• Attracting institutional funding(Khan, 2012)ChallengesChallenges
  • 12. • Non-traditional humanitarian needs• Allocation of donated funds(Paras & Stein, 2012)ChallengesChallenges
  • 13. IN RELATION TO PUBLICIN RELATION TO PUBLICDONORSDONORS
  • 14. • From Estrangement to Engagement (Clark, 2007)• Islamic Relief: from 8,4% in 2004 to 29% in2009 out of £82 million (Khan, 2012)• Islamic Relief, member of the DisasterEmergency CommitteeOpportunitiesOpportunities
  • 15. • Humanitarian response more concentrated inMuslim areas dominated• Providing legitimacy (USAID, World Bank,DFID, Dutch Government)• Inclination from public donors to fund FBOsOpportunitiesOpportunities
  • 16. • Criticism to usage solidarity chain• Fear following the donor driven agenda• Control of the finances due to possible linksto terrorist groups (Carlo, 2006)• Agents of transformation (Clarke, 2007)ChallengesChallenges
  • 17. • Clashes among mandates from governments,FBOs, and communities (Clark, 2007)• Monitoring and control of humanitarian aid(Hopgood & Vinjamuri, 2012)• Oversecularization may alienate religiousdonors (Hopgood & Vinjamuri, 2012)ChallengesChallenges
  • 18. RecommendationsRecommendations
  • 19. • Signing code of conduct and otherhumanitarian standards. (Paras & Stein, 2012)• Diversification of private funding base (Khan,2012)• Increasing cooperation between other secular& moderate faith-based organizationsRecommendationsRecommendations
  • 20. • More accountability with the privatedonations (Paras & Stein, 2012)• Diversity of staff• Professionalization (Khan, 2012)• No proselytizing (Dahwa)(Walker, Mazurana, et al, 2012)RecommendationsRecommendations
  • 21. QUESTION FOR DISCUSSIONQUESTION FOR DISCUSSION• What should the moderate Islamic faith-basedorganizations promote: public or privatefunding ? Give us your argumentsRahatKarolinMaximilianoNadaAlfonsoShakeb