Community Risk Assessment: From Rhetoric to Action
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Community Risk Assessment: From Rhetoric to Action






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Community Risk Assessment: From Rhetoric to Action Community Risk Assessment: From Rhetoric to Action Presentation Transcript

  • Community Risk Assessment: From Rhetoric to Action A Case Study of Collaboration from Bangladesh10/22/12 1
  • Source: Persons Killed by Disaster (75-04)10/22/12 2
  • Source: Person Killed by Storm (75-04)10/22/12 3
  • Source: Human Poverty Report (2002)10/22/12 4
  • Source: worldmapper.org10/22/12 Carbon Emission (2012) 5
  • Factors Affecting Vulnerability• Poverty• Demographic and social factors• Migration to high risk areas• Escalated environmental degradation• 10% of the land mass at risk of being inundated (2050, climate change)• Arsenic contamination (2/3)• Inadequate building practices10/22/12 6
  • What the World Leaders Feel“Because of its adaption and preparedness measures, the people of Ban Ki Moon UN Secretary General, 2011 Bangladesh are much safer today.”10/22/12 7
  • The Brighter SideBangladesh isthe “epitome ofresilience,” asevidenced by itssuccessfulefforts to reducemortality from Margareta Wahlström, UNISDRcyclones over National Disaster Preparedness Day March 2012the last 40 years.10/22/12 8
  • Research Study on the Impact of CRA• 26 CRA tools and processes being applied by different agencies• Based on the CRA  RRAP• High visibility areas 5-6 RRAPs• Unplanned planning, competition, confusion, doing more harm than good• Limited and unplanned flow of resources: negative sum game10/22/12 9
  • The Churning Process10/22/12 10
  • Addressing the Issue• Realization of the issues• Agree to Uniform tools and processes• Govt. supported and CDMP facilitated• Review of CRA tools and processes (collection and in- depth analysis)• Harmonized and Inclusive CRA (tools and processes)• Field testing and validation at the community level• National Level Validation (developing the buy-in)• Approval by the Government10/22/12 11
  • Roll Out of CRA: Putting the Thoughts into Action• Defining participation: Process owned, managed and controlled by the community: Gradual Process• Community: The Invisible force, recognized village leaders, community leaders and local government officials• Three tiered structure for skills transferCDMP+ NARRI  Community Vol  Community• Initial Training followed by hand holding support in the field• Till date 60 (rural) and 30 (urban)10/22/12 12• CRA  RRAP : Community at the center of processes
  • Resource Mobilization Mechanism• RRAP validation at community level and reinforcing the needs• Project management and advocacy team• Action matrix (activity, timeline, budget and budget source)• Bottom to top: sharing• Management, transparency and accountability mechanism sharing• Target: Self, SSN, ADP, NGOs, CDMP10/22/12 13
  • Implementation of RRAP• The project management team supervises the implementation of RRAP• The local government officials along with the local governance representative monitor the progress directly• A certain % of the budget is earmarked for monitoring• Different models for resource channelization are being explored at the moment10/22/12 14
  • Recommendations and Challenges• Universalize (Pan Bangladesh): Mandatory, Incentivize• Capacity Enhancement of Community and Community Resource Persons (PMC)• National level resource base: data• Disaster: A development issues (finding of CRA into ADP)• Resource flow: Management, Transparency and Accountability• Assumes a good coordination: Dynamics, Conflict, Politics: Realistic ???• Up-scaling the model: how, what, resources???10/22/12 15
  • Thank you for your kind listening www.narri- Shakeb 10/22/12 16