Community Risk Assessment: From Rhetoric to Action


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Community Risk Assessment: From Rhetoric to Action

  1. 1. Community Risk Assessment: From Rhetoric to Action A Case Study of Collaboration from Bangladesh10/22/12 1
  2. 2. Source: Persons Killed by Disaster (75-04)10/22/12 2
  3. 3. Source: Person Killed by Storm (75-04)10/22/12 3
  4. 4. Source: Human Poverty Report (2002)10/22/12 4
  5. 5. Source: worldmapper.org10/22/12 Carbon Emission (2012) 5
  6. 6. Factors Affecting Vulnerability• Poverty• Demographic and social factors• Migration to high risk areas• Escalated environmental degradation• 10% of the land mass at risk of being inundated (2050, climate change)• Arsenic contamination (2/3)• Inadequate building practices10/22/12 6
  7. 7. What the World Leaders Feel“Because of its adaption and preparedness measures, the people of Ban Ki Moon UN Secretary General, 2011 Bangladesh are much safer today.”10/22/12 7
  8. 8. The Brighter SideBangladesh isthe “epitome ofresilience,” asevidenced by itssuccessfulefforts to reducemortality from Margareta Wahlström, UNISDRcyclones over National Disaster Preparedness Day March 2012the last 40 years.10/22/12 8
  9. 9. Research Study on the Impact of CRA• 26 CRA tools and processes being applied by different agencies• Based on the CRA  RRAP• High visibility areas 5-6 RRAPs• Unplanned planning, competition, confusion, doing more harm than good• Limited and unplanned flow of resources: negative sum game10/22/12 9
  10. 10. The Churning Process10/22/12 10
  11. 11. Addressing the Issue• Realization of the issues• Agree to Uniform tools and processes• Govt. supported and CDMP facilitated• Review of CRA tools and processes (collection and in- depth analysis)• Harmonized and Inclusive CRA (tools and processes)• Field testing and validation at the community level• National Level Validation (developing the buy-in)• Approval by the Government10/22/12 11
  12. 12. Roll Out of CRA: Putting the Thoughts into Action• Defining participation: Process owned, managed and controlled by the community: Gradual Process• Community: The Invisible force, recognized village leaders, community leaders and local government officials• Three tiered structure for skills transferCDMP+ NARRI  Community Vol  Community• Initial Training followed by hand holding support in the field• Till date 60 (rural) and 30 (urban)10/22/12 12• CRA  RRAP : Community at the center of processes
  13. 13. Resource Mobilization Mechanism• RRAP validation at community level and reinforcing the needs• Project management and advocacy team• Action matrix (activity, timeline, budget and budget source)• Bottom to top: sharing• Management, transparency and accountability mechanism sharing• Target: Self, SSN, ADP, NGOs, CDMP10/22/12 13
  14. 14. Implementation of RRAP• The project management team supervises the implementation of RRAP• The local government officials along with the local governance representative monitor the progress directly• A certain % of the budget is earmarked for monitoring• Different models for resource channelization are being explored at the moment10/22/12 14
  15. 15. Recommendations and Challenges• Universalize (Pan Bangladesh): Mandatory, Incentivize• Capacity Enhancement of Community and Community Resource Persons (PMC)• National level resource base: data• Disaster: A development issues (finding of CRA into ADP)• Resource flow: Management, Transparency and Accountability• Assumes a good coordination: Dynamics, Conflict, Politics: Realistic ???• Up-scaling the model: how, what, resources???10/22/12 15
  16. 16. Thank you for your kind listening www.narri- Shakeb 10/22/12 16