all about insomnia


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insomnia is dangerous for us - counseling class presentation - uitm shah alam.

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all about insomnia

  1. 1. Prepared by:
  2. 2. Insomnia is defined as difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep , or both , despite adequate opportunity and time to sleep , leading to impaired daytime functioning . Insomnia may be due to poor quality or quantity of sleep .
  3. 3. Insomnia affects people of all ages including children , although it is more common in adults and its frequency increases with age . In general , women are affected more frequently than men .
  4. 4. Transient insomnia occurs when symptoms lasts from a few days to some weeks. Acute insomnia also called short-term insomnia. Symptoms persist for several weeks. Chronic insomnia this type lasts for at least months, and sometimes years side effects or symptoms of some other problem.
  5. 5. Sleep in different time at night Others factor POOR SLEEP AND Poor sleeping environment LIFESTYLE Media technology in the bedroom HABITS Not get enough exercise Working evening or night shifts
  6. 6. Alcohol Heavy or other drugs smoking Too much caffeine
  7. 7. Other medication Diet pills example: herb or supplements
  8. 8. STATISTICS GENERAL INSOMNIA STATISTICS People today sleep 20% less than they did 100 years ago. More than 30% of the population suffers from insomnia. One in three people suffer from some form of insomnia during their lifetime. More than half of Americans lose sleep due to stress and/or anxiety
  9. 9. Between 40% and 60% of people over the age of 60 suffer from insomnia. Women are up to twice as likely to suffer from insomnia than men. Approximately 35% of insomniacs have a family history of insomnia. 90% of people who suffer from depression also experience insomnia. Approximately 10 million people in the U.S. use prescription sleep aids.
  10. 10. People who suffer from sleep deprivation are 27% more likely to become overweight or obese. There is also a link between weight gain and sleep apnoea. A National Sleep Foundation Poll shows that 60% of people have driven while feeling sleepy (and 37% admit to having fallen asleep at the wheel) in the past year. A recent Consumer Reports survey showed the top reason couples gave for avoiding sex was "too tired or need sleep."
  11. 11. Difficulty falling Difficulty asleep returning to sleep Waking up frequently during Waking up too early in the morning the night SYMPTOMS Unrefreshing sleep Daytime sleepines Difficulty concentrating Irritability
  12. 12. Incresed risk of accident Have low quality of life Concentration and performance disturbed
  13. 13. Mood disorders Susceptible to disease Have emotional and mental health problem
  14. 14. Sleep History Medical History Physical Exam Sleep Study
  15. 15. If you think you may have insomnia, ask yourself the following questions: •Do you wake up during the night and find that you cannot fall back asleep? •Do you lie in bed, tossing and turning for hours each night? •Do you dread going to bed because you feel like you never get a good night’s sleep? •Do you wake up feeling unrepressed after sleeping? •Does the problem occur even though you have the opportunity and the time to get a good night’s sleep?
  16. 16. TREATMENT behaviour and lifestyle changes, • relaxation exercises • positive thinking with cognitivebehavioural therapy • lifestyle changes medicines • sleeping pills complementary medicines • valerian • melatonin
  17. 17. SELF-TREATMENT : Avoid or limit caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol Check all of your medicines with your doctor Make exercise a regular part of your life Use the evening hours for settling down Keep your bedroom quiet, dark, and cool
  18. 18. WAY TO OVERCOME INSOMNIA  Relaxation techniques, such as yoga, meditation, and guided imagery may be especially helpful in preparing the body to sleep. Exercise, done early in the day, can also be helpful in reducing stress and promoting deeper sleep.  Behavioral therapies alone may not be enough. Treating insomnia with medication is the most common treatment for these sleep problems, particularly once a combination of behavioral approaches has been tried. Sleep medications for the treatment of insomnia are called hypnotics
  19. 19.  Practicing good sleep hygiene may improve the quality of your sleep.  Use the bed and bedroom for sleep and sex only  Establish a regular bedtime routine and a regular sleep-wake schedule  Do not eat or drink too much close to bedtime  Create a sleep-promoting environment that is dark, cool and comfortable  Avoid disturbing noises – consider a bedside fan or white-noise machine to block out disturbing sounds
  20. 20.  Consume less or no caffeine, particularly late in the day  Avoid alcohol and nicotine, especially close to bedtime  Exercise, but not within three hours before bedtime  Avoid naps, particularly in the late afternoon or evening  Keep a sleep diary to identify your sleep habits and patterns that you can share with your doctor
  21. 21. INSOMNIA
  22. 22. 16 14 12 10 8 Male Female 6 4 2 0 Yes No Sometime
  23. 23. Ages 22% 27% 21% 30% 7-18 years old 19-25 years old 26-35 years old 36 years old and above
  24. 24. Column1 Maybe 13% Yes 12% No 23% Don't know 52%
  25. 25. BEST 4 hour 5 hour 6 hour 7 hour and above
  26. 26. IS Opinion Yes No Don't know Maybe
  27. 27. As the conclusion from our research…we as normal people need an enough sleep especially as a student…..