Mind map year 5

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  • 1. 1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living things Microorganism Bacteria Fungi Protozoa Virus Characteristics Cannot see with Breathe Move Grow naked eyes • Rotten oranges tiny Cause the • Mouldy rice dough rise
  • 2. 1.1 Understanding that some microorganism are harmful and some are useful Some Organisms Are Harmful And Some Are Useful Useful Harmful Prevention Washing handMaking bread/ Can cause Disease Drink boiled waterTapai / tempe/fertilizer Covering mouth & Stomach upset nose when coughing & sneezing Measles/coughIllness Food Tooth decay poisoning Tooth Conjunctivitis/mumps Food decay stale
  • 3. how animals take care of their eggs and youngs.Examples animals that take Bird - Eggs with shell coveringcare of their eggs and youngs. Frog - Eggs are thick, slimy and having bad smell Spider - kept in a bag underneath its bodyBird, Frog, Spider, Fish, Snake, Fish - keep their young in their mouthsturtle, Kangaroo, Elephant Snake, Tiger - attack in order to protect their eggs Turtle - hide their eggs Kangaroo - carry their young in their pouches Elephant - stay in herds 2.1 Survival of Animal Species Why animals take care of their eggs and youngs? Shortage of food resource 2.3 To ensure the survival of their species Importance Animals and plants species may face extinction.
  • 4. Agents of dispersal Special characteristic Examples • Light • Coconut Water • Air Space in the fruits • Lily • Not water absorbent • Light • Shorea Wind • Small in size • Angsana 2.2 • Winged • LallangSurvival of Plant Species • Rubber fruit Explosive • Dry when ripe • Balsam fruit mechanism • Explodes when mature • Saga • Brightly coloured • Rambutan Animal • Edible • Mango • Have smells • Love grass • Have hook • Mimosa
  • 5. 3.1 Food Chain Classify animals into Animals and the Producer herbivore, carnivore Construct food chain Consumer food they eat and omnivore. All living things need Green plant obtain Herbivore : Animals that eat plants only. The food relationship Animals that eat plant food to survive. energy from e.g.: cow, goat, deer among living things or other animalsGreen plant can make their the sun to make can be shown by are called consumers. own food. However food. Green a food chain. animals cannot Plant as a producer make their own make Carnivore: their own food. Animals that eat other animals. e.g.: tiger, lion To construct food chain It must start with plant as Omnivore: a producer. Animals that eat plants and other animals In a food chain the arrow means ‘eaten by’
  • 6. 3.2 Synthesizing food chain to construct food web. What will happenFood Food What will happen to a certain species web web of different If there is a change in of animals if they habitats population of a certain eat only one type species in a food web of food A change in the population They will face difficulty of a certain species to survive – if the will effect the Population source of food of other species runs out garden Paddy field
  • 7. 1 Energy2 Electricity3 Light4 Heat
  • 8. INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY - by living things to carry - to move, boil, melt, out life processes. or bounce non-living things Ex : moving, breathing, growing Why energy is needed? ENERGY 1.1 The Uses of Energy Sun - main source of energy Water The Sources of Energy - produces light and heat- moving or falling water Food produce Batteries energy Fuel Wind - food contains stored energy - device that - coal, - Moving air generates petroleum, - Used to pump electrical energy natural gas water, drive from chemical energy small sawmills
  • 9. INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY Light energy Electrical energy Kinetic energy Heat energy Chemical energy Sound energy Form of energy Potential energyENERGY 1.2 Energy can be transformed from one form to another Energy can be Example of appliance that make use of transformed energy transforma) lighting a candle Chemical energy → a) Electric iron light energy + heat energy Electrical energy → heat energy b) Radiob) Kicking a ball Electrical energy → sound energy Chemical energy → kinetic energy c) Television Electrical energy → light energy + sound energy
  • 10. INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY Resources – Resources – Energy that Energy that be solar, wind, natural gas, cannot replenished when biomass fuel, petroleum, be replaced it is used up water coal Non-renewable energy ENERGY Renewable energy 1.3 Renewable and Non-renewable Energy How to use energy Why use energy wisely Avoid wastageSome energy Turn off the Switch off theresources cannot Reduce television when lights beforebe replenished pollution no one going to leavewhen used up To save watching it the room cost
  • 11. Dry cellPrecautions Electricity Sources Dynamo Solar cell Danger of mishandling electrical appliances Accumulator Fire Burn Electrocution Type of circuit Electric shock Safety Parallel circuit Series circuit Symbol and componentprecautions to betaken when using appliances Name Symbol Do not touch electrical Dry cell appliances with wet hand Wire Do not repair electrical Differences appliances on your own Switch The bulb in the parallel circuit is brighter Bulb than the bulb in the series circuit
  • 12. LightTravel in a straight line Can be reflected How ? The light that Uses of reflection falls on objects ‘bounces off’ How shadow the objects and is formed Periscope Kaleidoscope comes to your eyes When light is Side mirror of a car completely mirror or partially blocked by Opaque object an opaque object Light Shadow form
  • 13. Heat Gain Warmer Loss Cooler The effects of heat on matter How to measure temperature using the correct techniqueMatter expands Matter contracts when heated when cooled
  • 14. Investigating Materials
  • 15. wood water milk air solid liquid gas stone steam examples 1.1 Matter exist in the form of solid, liquid or gas Properties of solid Properties of liquid Properties of gashas mass fixed shape has mass fixed volume no fix no fix fixed has mass shape volume volume no permanent shape can compressed
  • 16. solid - liquid melting Boiling Affected by windy and hot liquid - gas 1.2 weatherCHANGINGSTATES OF evaporation WATER gas - liquid condensation liquid - gas Freezing
  • 17. 1.3 condensation Understanding the water cycle. evaporation Formation of clouds seaImportance of water. and rain. Circulation of water in the environment. Changes in the states of matter in the water cycle Gas → liquid (Condensation) Droplets of water will Liquid to gas (evaporation) become bigger and heavier → rain
  • 18. To prevent living aquatic from being destroyed and undergoing extinction To avoid infected diseases To regulate Reasons to keep ourthe formation of water resources clean. To ensure the cleanliness clouds and rain of water supply 1.4 Appreciating the importance of water resources. Ways to keep our water resources clean Keep the rivers clean Cleanliness campaign
  • 19. 2.1 The properties of acid, alkaline and neutral substances. Identify acidic, alkaline Identify the taste of acidic and neutral substances and alkaline food. using litmus paper. Changes in colour • Conclude the properties of of litmus papers acidic, alkaline and neutral bitter sour substances.blue to red red to blue Properties of acid Properties of alkali acid alkaline Taste sour & change Properties of blue litmus paper red Taste bitter & change neutral substances no change red litmus paper blue Other tastes – neutral no changes in litmus paper
  • 20. INVESTIGATING THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE
  • 21. planting harvesting Constellation desert Importance of Indicates constellation sea Seasons ShowWhat constellation is directions 1.1 Understanding the constellation A group of stars that form a certain pattern in the sky June - August Scorpion Scorpion Identify Southern Cross constellation south Orion South April – June Big Dipper North Hunter Kite or Cross Dipper North December - January
  • 22. THE EARTH , THE MOON Earth rotates Moon rotates AND THE SUN on it axis on it axis Moon rotates and at the 2.1 Earth rotates same time and at the moves round The movements same time the Earthof the Earth, the Moon moves round and the Sun the sun The changes The Moon and The earth in length and position the Earth moverotates on its axis of the shadow round the Sun atfrom west to east throughout the day the same time
  • 23. night-time daytime the Sun the Earth It is night time for It is day time for the part the part of the Earth facing of the Earth facing the Sun. away from the Sun. 2.2 The occurrence of day and night axis Day and night occurdue to the rotation of the Earth on its axis. west east
  • 24. 2.3 Phases Of The Moon Describe the phases of the moonThe Moon Does Not Emits Light The Moon appears bright when it reflects sunlight 1- New moon, 2- Crescent, 3 - Half moon 4 - Full moon
  • 25. INVESTIGATING TECHNOLOGY
  • 26. 1.1 The shapes of objects in a structure The shape of objects Identify shape in structure Cylinder SphereCube Cuboid CylinderSphere Pyramid Cone
  • 27. Strength Shapes of objects that are stable and Stability Cube, cone, cylinder The factors that affect stability of objects 1.2 Height , base area The strength How base area affects and stability stability Bigger base area is more stable of a structure Smaller base area is less stable How height affects stability Lower object is more stable Design a model that Higher object is less stable is strong and stable The factors that affect theSuggest or design a strong and stable strength of a structurebridge – one with manila card one with wood Types of materials used Steel ,Iron, Wood