TRIZ WORKBOOK 2012

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After the Second World War, Altshuller, a patent officer in the Soviet Navy, started a systematic study of patents – …

After the Second World War, Altshuller, a patent officer in the Soviet Navy, started a systematic study of patents –
his aim was to find out what makes a successful invention!
Can there be an algorithm for inventing?

His expedition culminated in TRIZ,
dispelling some innovation myths along the way . . .
My Field is Unique
Experts know Best
Systems Evolve Randomly
Innovation is the search for the Optimal Solution
Crafitti Consulting Private Limited (Crafitti) has developed on the TRIZ way of doing problem solving, patent analysis, and breakthrough concepts development by reinforcing TRIZ with other techniques to build powerful frameworks for Inventing, problem solving and innovation. We offer a unique service for Empowering an Enterprise with TRIZ.

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  • 1. Crafitti Consulting Crafting Innovation Together THEORY OF INVENTIVE PROBLEM SOLVING - TRIZcrafting innovation together Practitioner’s Work Book
  • 2. Inventive Thinking – YOU ARE STUCK!! IS YOUR PROBLEM INVENTIVE? • No known means for solution ? • High psychological inertiacrafting innovation together • Contains one or more contradictions A contradiction is a situation where an attempt to improve one feature of the system leads to the degradation of another feature. © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 2
  • 3. IDEAS IDEAS are those thoughts that bring in the genesis of change – many times fundamental. These are thoughts that one doesn’t get in regular run-of-the-mill thinking. IDEAS can happen serendipitously in human mind. They can happen at any time. They can be fleeting glimpses of problem solutions, can be dreams of possible new opportunities, can be new design structures or simply new experiences. IDEAS doesn’t happen just like that. They come to prepared minds. Only prepared minds can transform these thoughts into change. It requires an abilitycrafting innovation together to generate and execute at the same time. IDEAS need to be crafted through orchestrated immersion. Contrary to popular belief of organization having lots of ideas and it is all about execution, our experiences show ideas need to be crafted through orchestrated immersion of minds that work inside and with the enterprises. 3 ©
  • 4. IDEAS - Sources IDEAS need to be crafted through orchestrated immersion. Contrary to popular belief of organization having lots of ideas and it is all about execution, our experiences show ideas need to be crafted through orchestrated immersion of minds that work inside and with the enterprises. Imagination IDEAScrafting innovation together Problems/Crisis Existing Solutions/ Patents 4 ©
  • 5. MODEL OF IDEA GERMINATION • SEARCHING FOR A SOLUTION OR IMAGINING NEW – Human thoughts move from • Facts (F) that describe/image the initial problem/system • To determine something Special (S) about F – Thoughts move in a specific direction (Alpha) until they encounter a Psychological Barrier (B) – Either necessarycrafting innovation together knowledge or the necessary psychological state is not there F Alpha S B ? *B.M. Kedrov: Theory of Scientific Inventions, 1969 5 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 6. MODEL OF IDEA GERMINATION – Thoughts move in a specific direction (Alpha) until they encounter a Psychological Barrier (B) – Either necessary knowledge or the necessary psychological state is not there F Alpha S B ? – A NEW PATH is needed to Jump the Barrier B, a Gamma Pathcrafting innovation together Gamma Paths – NON Obvious Ideas F Alpha S GAMMA B IDEA 6 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 7. HOW TO GET NON-OBVIOUS IDEAS 1. Perseverance, Patience, Burning your hands – sometimes burning yourself as wellcrafting innovation together 1. Systematically search for ways of overcoming barriers – by getting relevant knowledge and getting the mind to relevant psychological state 7 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 8. SYSTEM AND FUNCTION • When we talk about defining a System - from fundamental principles point of view – – set of elements working together to achieve an objective or perform a function. – set of elements (Energy-matter organized in space-time) working together (exchanging energy and information) to achieve an objective or perform a function (Create Change - in Matter, Energy and Information in Spacetime).crafting innovation together • When the system is achieved by thought and consciousness we make systems artificial – A TECHNICAL SYSTEM © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 8
  • 9. What is a Technical System? Anything that performs a function is a Technical System Model of a Function A function is an intended direct (physical) action of the tool on the object Tool Object function Formulation of Functions Correct (If not, Correct it)crafting innovation together Fan cools the Body Lens magnifies the Object Hot air dries hair Incandescent bulb illuminates the room Air Conditioner improves our comfort Lightning Rod attracts lightning Microwave Oven cooks Food 9 ©
  • 10. Problem, Invention, Patent? INVENTION MEANS SUCCESSFUL TECHNICAL SOLUTION TO A PROBLEM. SECTION 2(1)j of Patent Act “Invention” means any (i) New product of process (ii) Involving an inventive step WHAT IS A PATENT? (iii) Capable of industrial applicationcrafting innovation together Patent is an exclusive right granted by the Government To the Applicant for an INVENTION for a limited period of time In lieu of Disclosure of his invention. © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 10
  • 11. Analyzing a Patent – The TRIZ Way APPLE Filed this patent in 2005crafting innovation together ©
  • 12. Question: Can you Understand what the patentcrafting innovation together abstract says? ©
  • 13. crafting innovation together Question: Can you Understand what the patent abstract says? ©
  • 14. crafting innovation together14August 28, 2012©
  • 15. crafting innovation together 1. Unintentional activation of functions due to unintentional touch 2. Locking and Unlocking – mechanism implemented 3. Problems with locking/unlocking – ease of use of the device in general is a problem 15 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 16. What is an Inventive Problem? In TRIZ parlance .. .It starts with a contradiction We try to improve one system parameter but some other parameter gets affectedcrafting innovation together Our Traditional Eliminate the Method to resolve such contradiction or problems is to TRIZ resolve the Optimize – a contradiction Compromise!!! 16 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 17. Problem Described in the Patent …1. Unintentional activation of functions due to unintentional • When we tried to touch improve/eliminate2. Locking and Unlocking – “Unintentional activation of mechanism implemented functions due to3. Problems with locking/unlocking – ease of use of the device in unintentional touch”crafting innovation together general is a problem • By “Locking and Unlocking – mechanism” Inventive Problem • “ease of use of the device in general became a problem” 17 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 18. Can you Map to the problem to the parameters? • When we tried to improve/eliminate “Unintentional activation of functions due to unintentional touch” • By “Locking and Unlocking – mechanism” • “ease of use of the device in general became a problem”crafting innovation together What system parameter(s) you are trying to improve? What system parameter(s) degrade? 18 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 19. Elements and Principles in the TRIZ Contradiction Matrix 1. Segmentation 21. Skipping Parameter that gets worse 2. Extraction 22. ‘Blessing in Disguise’ 3. Local Quality 23. Feedback 24. Intermediary 40 Principles 4. Asymmetry 5. Combination 25. Self-Service 6. Universality 26. Copying Parameter to 7. ‘Nested Doll’ 27. Cheap/Short Living 28. Mechanics Substitution improve 8. Counterweight 29. Pneumatics and Hydraulics 9. Prior Counter-Action 10. Prior Action 30. Flexible Shells/Thin Films 11. Prior Cushioning 31. Porous Materials 12. Equi-potentiality 32. Colour Changes 13. ‘The Other Way Round’ 33. Homogeneity Recommended principles 34. Discarding and Recovering 14. Spheroidality 15. Dynamics 35. Parameter Changes 16. Partial or Excessive Action 36. Phase Transitions 17. Another Dimension 37. Thermal Expansion 18. Mechanical Vibration 38. Strong Oxidantscrafting innovation together 39. Inert Atmosphere TRIZ - Contradiction Matrix Elements 19. Periodic Action 20. Continuity of Useful Action 40. Composite Materials 1. Weight of moving object 14. Strength 27. Reliability 2. Weight of stationary object 15. Duration of action - moving object 28. Accuracy of measurement 3. Length of moving object 16. Duration of action - stationary object 29. Accuracy of manufacturing 4. Length of stationary object 17. Temperature 30. Object affected harmful effects 5. Area of moving object 18. Brightness 31. Object generated side effects 6. Area of stationary object 19. Use of energy by moving object 32. Manufacturability 7. Volume of moving object 20. Use of energy by stationary object 33. Convenience of use 8. Volume of stationary object 21. Power 34. Repairability 9. Speed 22. Waste of energy 35. Adaptability 10. Force 23. Waste of substance 36. Complexity of device 11. Tension, pressure 24. Loss of information 37. Complexity of control 12. Shape 25. Waste of time 38. Level of automation 13. Stability of object 26. Amount of substance 39. Productivity
  • 20. World has solved • 39 x 39 = 1521 – 39 = 1482 Technical Contradictions Using 40 Inventive Principles • 39 Physical Contradictions – Using Separation Principlescrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 20
  • 21. Principle 27. Cheap short-living objects A. Replace an expensive object with a multiple of inexpensive objects, comprising certain qualities (such as service life, for instance). Use disposable paper objects to avoid the cost of cleaning and storing durable objects. Plastic cups in motels, disposable diapers, many kinds of medical supplies. Write YOUR Ideascrafting innovation together 21 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 22. Principle 17. Another dimension A. To move an object in two- or three-dimensional space. Infrared computer mouse moves in space, instead of on a surface, for presentations. B. Use a multi-story arrangement of objects instead of a single-story arrangement. Cassette with 6 CDs to increase music time and variety Electronic chips on both sides of a printed circuit board C. Tilt or re-orient the object, lay it on its side. Dump truck D. Use another side of a given area. Stack microelectronic hybrid circuits to improve density.crafting innovation together Write YOUR Ideas 22 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 23. Principle 40. Composite materials A. Change from uniform to composite (multiple) materials. Composite epoxy resin/carbon fiber golf club shafts are lighter, stronger, and more flexible than metal. Same for airplane parts. Fiberglass surfboards are lighter and more controllable and easier to form into a variety of shapes than wooden ones.crafting innovation together Write YOUR Ideas © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 23
  • 24. Contradictionscrafting innovation together Weight of moving object Stress or pressure Power Object-generated harmful factors Weight of stationary object Shape Loss of Energy Ease of manufacture Length of moving object Stability of the objects composition Loss of substance Ease of operation Length of stationary object Strength Loss of Information Ease of repair Area of moving object Duration of action of moving object Loss of Time Adaptability or versatility Area of stationary object Duration of action by stationary object Quantity of substance/the matter Device complexity Volume of moving object Temperature Reliability Difficulty of detecting and measuring Volume of stationary object Illumination intensity Measurement accuracy Extent of automation Speed Use of energy by moving object Manufacturing precision Productivity Force (Intensity) Use of energy by stationary object Object-affected harmful factors © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 24
  • 25. WHAT IS THE REAL PROBLEM (Now) 30 words problemcrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 25
  • 26. Understand System in Time and Space Nine Windows (or the System Operator Tool) helps you sketch or SUPER- place your problem in SYSTEM a broader space time context. Solutions to problems are often found in the areas adjoining the system in question. SYSTEMcrafting innovation together SUB-SYSTEM PAST PRESENT FUTURE © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 26
  • 27. Why-What Prevents? Why? The Why-What Prevents Hierarchy is a rigorous way Broader Core Problem of logically reasoning out the problem into breadth and depth. It is a precursor What prevents? to in-depth functional Why do you want to solve this analysis. problem? Other problems The Core Problemcrafting innovation together Other problems What prevents me from solving this problem? Why? Deeper Core Problem What prevents? © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 27
  • 28. The System Function Map Sore Pointcrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 28
  • 29. Ideal Final Result Ideality Quotient = Benefits (Cost + Harmful Effects) What would be the ideal final result? Point of End of Feasibilitycrafting innovation together Now © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 29
  • 30. Collect System Contradictions Sub System Contradictions Super System Problemscrafting innovation together Contradictions IDEALITY Functions - Harmful © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 30
  • 31. ! Inventive Thinking Searching for novel solutionscrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 31
  • 32. Inventive Principles - TRIZ 1. Segmentation 20. Skipping 2. Taking Out 21. Blessing in disguise 3. Local Quality 22. Feedback 23. Intermediary 4. Asymmetry 24. Self-service 5. Merging 25. Copying 6. Universality 26. Cheap short-living 7. Nested Doll objects 8. Anti-weight 27. Mechanics substitution 9. Preliminary anti- 28. Pneumatics and action hydraulics 10. Beforehand 29. Flexible shells and Cushioning thin films 11. Equipotentiality 30. Porous materials 12. The other way 31. Colour changescrafting innovation together round 32. Homogeneity 13. Spheroidality 33. Discarding and recovering 14. Dynamics 34. Parameter changes 15. Partial or 35. Phase transitions Excessive Actions 36. Thermal Expansion 16. Another 37. Strong Oxidants dimension 38. Inert atmosphere 17. Mechanical 39. Composite Materials Vibration 18. Periodic Action 19. Continuity of useful action © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 32
  • 33. Ideal Final Result Ideality Quotient = Benefits (Cost + Harmful Effects) The ideal final result? Ideas beyond the point of feasibilitycrafting innovation together Now © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 33
  • 34. The System Function Map 1. Trimming – Eliminate harmful interaction – Eliminate incomplete interaction – Eliminate a field – Eliminate a substance 2. Add – New substance – New Fieldcrafting innovation together 3. Modify – Substance – Field – Incomplete interaction Sore Point © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 34
  • 35. TRIZ Busted 4 Key Myths in 1985 – However since TRIZ came out recently – the Myths continue • Problems and Solutions are same in different industries (Myth: My field is Unique ) • Evolution paths for all technical systems can be deciphered (Myth: Evolution is Completely Random) • Strong Inventions in a domain used outside ideas (Myth: Innovation happens through Deeper Knowledge) • Strong Inventions uncover and eliminate conflicts (Myth: Optimization is the Focus) How to Invent?crafting innovation together (a) Look out for problems and (b) Orchestrate (c) Apply Knowledge solutions across domains – if you Technological from other fields by search only in your field and Evolution - using focusing on key domain – you will continue to be known laws of system functions that system repeating the same! evolution needs to deliver (d) Identify System Conflicts and provide outside knowledge to domain experts to invent solutions Private Ltd. optimization 28, 2012 © Crafitti Consulting beyond August 35
  • 36. crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 36
  • 37. crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 37
  • 38. MAPPING YOUR SYSTEM TO LINES OF EVOLUTIONcrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 38
  • 39. crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 39
  • 40. crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 40
  • 41. PROPOSING a NEW LAW Very clearly visible in the software based Era of technical systems that wecrafting innovation together are in! 41 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 42. Law of Increasing Intelligence of Technical Systems Transhuman Systems ?crafting innovation together BRILLIANT GENIUS SMART SYSTEMS SYSTEMS GUIDED SYSTEMS DUMB SYSTEMS SYSTEMS
  • 43. Technical Systems are evolving into higher and Higher intelligencecrafting innovation together 43 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 44. Most of the commercial software systems are trying to move towards Brilliant systems today • Making systems Brilliant – any/all technical system brilliant using software is the method for next 10-15 years – Brilliant • Refrigerator • Television • Vehicle • User Interfaces to physical systemscrafting innovation together 44 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 45. From 2025 Onwards – we get into the age of Genius systems • By 2050-2060 – Transhuman systems will start emerging • (Singularity is near ~ Ray Kurzweil)crafting innovation together 45 August 28, 2012 ©
  • 46. Law of Increasing Intelligence of Technical Systemscrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 46
  • 47. crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 47
  • 48. crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 48
  • 49. crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 49
  • 50. TRIZ WORKBOOK Crafitti Consulting Crafting innovation together . . . www.crafitti.comcrafting innovation together Navneet Bhushan (navneet.bhushan@crafitti.com) © Crafitti Consulting Private Ltd. August 28, 2012 50