2009 Fidis Winter School Fidis.2.0.Advantages And Limitations

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These are the slide of the presentation I did in the FIDIS PhD Winter school. …

These are the slide of the presentation I did in the FIDIS PhD Winter school.
Riezlern – Austria 14-18 January 2009

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  • 1. “ FIDIS 2.0: Web 2.0 for supporting FIDIS NoE” Making the best use of Web 2.0 in FIDIS: Presentation of work done and analysis of advantages & limitations Thierry Nabeth INSEAD CALT – France FIDIS Doctoral Consortium – Interdisciplinary event Riezlern – Austria 14-18 January 2009
  • 2. Table of content
    • Introduction
    • Web 2.0
      • What is Web 2.0
      • The advantages & limitations
    • FIDIS 2.0: presentation & analysis
      • Overview
      • Using Wikis & Wikipedia
      • Social bookmarking
      • Online social networking
        • LinkedIn & facebook groups
        • Ning community
  • 3. Table of content (2)
    • Conclusion & future work
    • Questions and Answers
  • 4. Introduction Web 2.0 has proposed interesting approaches for fostering collective intelligence of communities. Its application to the support of a ‘Network’ FIDIS appears ideal
  • 5. Objectives
    • Presenting FIDIS 2.0
      • I.e. the different initiative that have been engaged at using Web 2.0 for supporting the FIDIS Network of Excellence
    • Analysing FIDIS 2.0
      • Successes & failures
    • A reflection for the future
      • What have we learned? Lessons for the future
  • 6. What is Web 2.0 Web 2.0 represents a new vision of the web, resulting from a transformation of the vision of the Internet from an information space into a social space . It is also referred to as the social web
  • 7. Web 2.0
    • Web 2.0 can fulfil a variety of roles
      • For supporting collaborative knowledge collection & creation (writable web)
      • For facilitating networking & team building
      • For disseminating the results (viral marketing)
    • The Web 2.0 brings a variety of tools
      • Wikis, blogs, online social networking, Virtual communities, collaborative tagging, rss, …
  • 8. Web 2.0
    • Wikis
      • Defining terms
      • Private Wikis; Open Wikis (Wikipedia):
    • Blog
      • Using diaries (narratives).
      • Personal or group blogs.
    • Online social networking
      • Managing social networks
      • LinkedIn; Facebook; Xing; Ning; etc.
  • 9. Web 2.0
    • Social Bookmarking / tagging
      • Sharing resources (bookmarks), and collaborative annotation
      • del.icio.us; Digg; CiteULike
    • Aggregators (rss)
      • netvibes
  • 10. Wikis
    • What is a Wiki
      • A System that can be used to support a community to create collaboratively content
    • Wikipedia : A huge open digital Encyclopaedia collaboratively authored
      • 684 million visitors yearly by 2008
      • more than 75,000 active contributors
    • Dedicated Wikis
      • Wikis can also be set-up to support small communities & groups to collaboratively author some content (e.g. InCapedia – Encyclopaedia for Intellectual Capital)
  • 11. More about Wikipedia
    • Open authoring
      • Everybody can contribute (no credential required)
      • (more than 75,000 active contributors )
    • But … strict supervision
      • Strict rules such as: No original research
      • Enforced by over a thousand Wikipedia administrators (and other roles ), as well as bots
  • 12. More about Wikipedia (2)
    • Illustration this supervision: (AtGentive)
      • Creation of an entry describing a project
      • A “copyright bot” (CorenSearchBot) identify is it is copied from somewhere, and tag it for “speedy deletion”
      • You explain you have the right, and the article is not deleted
      • External references are removed (WP is not a links farm).
      • Some WP the administrators considers there are not enough citation from reliable source. Besides, there is a “conflict of interest”
      • … (series of back an forth)
      • … The entry was deleted. (the whole process took a couple of months)
  • 13. Blogs
    • What is a Blog
      • A blog is system consisting in chronologically ordered short posting. Blogs allows to express knowledge in a relatively informal way using narratives that can be commented by others
    • Personal or topical blogs
      • A blog is often personal, providing a person the possibility to express an opinion; But it can also be associated to a topic, allowing different people to comment on a subject.
    • Example: Kim Cameron blog
      • for expressing his views and commenting on news related to identity
  • 14. Social bookmarking / tagging
    • What is a social bookmarking system
      • Social bookmarking or collaborative tagging provides an extremely simple, distributed, not disruptive but powerful way for a community of people to share bookmarks of internet resources.
    • Examples
      • Del.icio.us : Bookmarking, annotating (tagging) and sharing with others resources found on the web
      • CiteULike : Referencing, annotating (tagging) and sharing with others bibliographical references
  • 15. Online social networking
    • What is online social networking
      • Online Social networking systems can be used to support the creation of social structures (such as groups or social networks) and the diffusion of social awareness (via the activities streams that these systems make available). In these systems, people can describe who they are, and specify who they know.
    • Examples
      • Facebook , LinkedIn : Global social networking systems
      • Ning : Allow to create separate online social networking systems
  • 16. Online social networking (2)
    • Managing relationships
      • The first feature of these systems is to allow people to describe themselves, and to facilitate the management of relationship with others
    • Social awareness
      • These systems exploit the social information (who they know) for information filtering
    • Distributed Knowledge sharing
      • These systems increasingly offer mechanisms to exchange knowledge with others, but more in a peer-to-peer manner (using one-to-on communication or small forums rather than in centralised in forums).
  • 17. RSS aggregators
    • What is a RSS aggregator
      • A RSS aggregator allows to easily syndicate stream of content available as RSS feeds that web sites publish.
      • Aggregators allow in a single place to be informed easily of a multiple stream of information
      • Note: Many web 2.0 systems export RSS feeds sites abstracting the latest information.
    • Example: Netvibes
      • Allows the aggregation of stream of information to be created and made available to all.
  • 18. Web 2.0. Advantages & limitations Setting-up Web 2.0 presents a number of advantages, but also it presents a series of difficulties to make it to work effectively
  • 19. Web 2.0: Advantages
    • Fostering & supporting collective Intelligence
      • Can support the construction and circulation of knowledge in communities
      • Contribute to the feeling of belonging to community (and motivate people)
      • Great for supporting pluridisciplinary exchange
    • Relatively easy to set-up
      • Many free services and software available
      • Very little technical expertise required
      • Awareness by many people today
  • 20. Web 2.0: Limitations
    • Difficulty to create social dynamics
      • some “magic” (social engineering) involved to “make it work”
    • The question of participation (motivation of people to contribute)
      • Good practices not necessary known. Risk of social interaction overload
      • Difficulty to assess the value (cost : benefits). And the “What’s in it for me?” syndromes. People are worry about dedicating too much time. Competition with other approaches.
      • Trust Issues (social and technical). Risk of social loafing (lurkers), privacy.
  • 21. Web 2.0 & online identity
    • The web 2.0: Strong association with online identity
      • Identity is present in many of Web 2.0 systems. It is even central in online social networking.
    • Also a playground for research
      • Many recent research such as self exposure in OSN, false perception of privacy, profiling (digital traces), etc.
  • 22. FIDIS 2.0 FIDIS 2.0 represents the different Web 2.0 knowledge infrastructures that have been put in place to support FIDIS NoE.
  • 23. FIDIS 2.0: Expected benefit
    • Facilitate the functioning of the NoE (collective intelligence) beyond the physical world
      • Create new knowledge communication channels
      • Provide ways to extract tacit knowledge (using a variety of forms)
      • Reinforce the feeling of belonging, and therefore people engagement
  • 24. FIDISpedia (IdPedia?)
    • FIDISpedia : An internal Wiki about identity
      • Integrated in the FIDIS main infrastructure, it started as an internal system to be later opened to the public
    • Objective of FIDISpedia:
      • To facilitate the collaborative conceptualisation process of the domain of identity , via the definition of the most important terms
  • 25. FIDISpedia Results
    • Results
      • A number of term defined, but of unequal quality
      • Participation of only a limited number of member of FIDIS (and not the most senior)
      • Fail to become the place of reference for identity term in FIDIS
  • 26. FIDIS in Wikipedia
    • Objective of FIDIS in Wikipedia :
      • To make some of the FIDIS results available in Wikipedia
      • Establish FIDIS presence
    • Results
      • Same results
      • Encountered some difficulties related to the Wikipedia policy (such as no original research)
  • 27. FIDIS social bookmarking
    • Del.icio.us used for identifying resources and for annotating content
      • Tag: fidis (resources generated inside FIDIS)
      • Tag: fidis_watch (resources outside FIDIS)
      • Resource available in the FIDIS portal (events)
    • CiteULike for collecting FIDIS bibliographical references
      • Note: a group fidis created
  • 28. FIDIS social bookmarking
    • Results:
      • Proved to be very convenient and easy to use
      • However, very little number of participants to the annotation process
      • Not many people seem to be using social bookmarking for themselves?
  • 29. FIDIS OSN
    • LinkedIn group and FaceBook created
      • Used to provide people the possibility to express their affiliation to FIDIS
      • Used to announce some events (group news & discussion)
    • Results
      • LinkedIn: 50 people have registered to the group. Facebook : little success
      • Not very successful for sharing knowledge
  • 30. FIDIS OSN (2)
    • FIDIS Ning OSN created ( http:// www.netvibes.com / )
      • Provide a OSN dedicated to FIDIS
      • To be used to make people to know about each others, and for instance for contributing to blended learning (such as the PhD event)
    • Results
      • More than 30 people have registered
      • About 50% have put their picture
      • Only one participants has really been very active: Lothar Fritsch
  • 31. FIDIS Other tools
    • FIDIS Netvibes Universe
      • Agregates in a single place the FIDIS web 2.0 initiatives
    • FIDIS Blog
      • Is now not longer active. (the del.icio.us has replaced it as a tool for collecting resources)
  • 32. Conclusion The Web 2.0: An idea that makes sense, and a great potential for supporting collaboration & networking in a network A low level of adoption & participation, (even by people who have started research in this domain)
  • 33. Conclusion
    • The participation challenge
      • Lack of people familiarly
      • Lack of perceiving the value? (cost benefit analysis not very positive? Do not really need it?)
      • Privacy issues?
    • The future
      • FIDIS 2.0 appear to be a good idea, but more time will be needed
  • 34. References
    • O'Reilly T. (2005); What Is Web 2.0 Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software by Tim O'Reilly, 09/30/2005 (2005)
      • url: http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/a/oreilly/tim/news/2005/09/30/what-is-web-20.html
    • Thierry Nabeth (2009); Identity of Identity; Chapter 4 of FIDIS Summit Book.
      • This chapter include a section describing how the Web 2.0 was used in FIDIS to support the conceptualisation process
    • Thierry Nabeth (2009b); Idem and Ipse in the context of the Social Web. Or “On the Social Web, Does Everybody Know You're a Dog?”; in Hildebrandt, Koops and de Vries, (editors); FIDIS del D7.14b, 2009
      • This chapter discusses of the meaning of online identity in the context of the Web 2.0 (social web) and in particular the articulation between the ipse and idem identity in this context.
  • 35. Questions and Answers
    • ?
    Thank you for your attention! Any questions?