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La haine intro


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  • Front national (French pronunciation: [fʁɔ̃.na.sjɔ'nal]) is an economically protectionist, socially conservative nationalist party. The party was founded in 1972, seeking to unify a variety of French patriotism currents of the time. Jean-Marie Le Pen was the party's first leader and the undisputed centre of the party from its start until his resignation in 2011. While the party struggled as a marginal force for its first ten years, since 1984 it has been the unrivalled major force of French right-wing nationalism .[2] The FN has established itself as the third largest political force in France, after the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) and the Socialist Party (PS).[3][4] The 2002 presidential election was the first ever in France to include a right-wing nationalist candidate in the run-off, as Le Pen beat the socialist candidate in the first round. In the run-off, Le Pen nevertheless finished a distant second to Jacques Chirac. Due to the French electoral system, the party's representation in public office has been limited, despite its significant share of the vote.[5] The current leader of the party is Marine Le Pen, who took over from her father in 2011.Its major current policies include economic protectionism, a zero tolerance approach to law and order issues, and Anti-immigration. Since the 1990s, its stance on the European Union has grown increasingly eurosceptic. The party's opposition to immigration is particularly focused on non-European immigration, and includes support for deporting illegal, criminal, and unemployed immigrants; its policy is nevertheless more moderate today than it was at its most radical point in the 1990s.Some earlier party officials have historically been subject to controversy for occasionally promoting historical revisionism, specifically related to the Second World WarJean-Marie Le Pen (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑ̃ ma.ʁilə.pɛn]; born 20 June 1928) is a French politician who is the founder and former president of the Front National party.His longevity in politics and his five attempts to become president of France have made him a major figure in French political life. His progression in the late-1980s is known as the "Lepénisation des esprits" or lepénisation of spirits due to its noticeable effect on mainstream political opinion. Lepenism in France refers to his eurosceptic, nationalist and conservative ideas. His controversial speeches and his integration into public life have made him a figure that polarizes opinion, considered as the "Devil of the Republic" among his opponents or as the last samurai in politics among his supporters. His progress to the second round in the 21st of April 2002 presidential election left its mark on french public life, and the "21st of April" is now a frequently used expression in France. Since the "de-demonization of the Front national" by Marine Le Pen, he is more absent in public life but still active, at a lower level.Le Pen focuses on issues related to immigration to France, the European Union, traditional culture and values, law and order and France's high rate of unemployment. He advocates immigration restrictions, the death penalty, raising incentives for homemakers,[1] and euroscepticism. He strongly opposes same-sex marriage, euthanasia, and abortion.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Matthieu Kassovitz (1995, France) World Cinema: Urban Stories
    • 2. ‘La Haine’ intro • The film is about three teenage friends and their struggle to live in the banlieues of Paris. • The film focuses on a single day in the lives of three young friends in an impoverished multi-ethnic banlieues housing project in the aftermath of a riot. • Vinz (Vincent Cassel), who is Jewish, is filled with rage. An aspirational gangster. • Saïd (Saïd Taghmaoui) is a happy and talkative Maghrebin (Arab) who tries to find middle ground between his two friends' responses to life. • Hubert (Hubert Koundé) is an Afro-French boxer and drug dealer. The quietest of the three, he sadly contemplates the ghetto and the hate around him. • The title derives from a line spoken by one of them, Hubert: "La haine attire la haine!", "hatred breeds hatred."
    • 3. „Vive la France! • La Haine is a French film that is said to ‘subvert cultural expectations’. • • • • • • • Parlez vous la Francais? Have you been to France? What stereotypes would we associate with French culture and France as a nation? Love of art and high culture Fine wine and cuisine Haute couture fashion Garlic and smelly cheese Gross toilets! • What about characteristics/stereotypes of French people: • • • • Sophisticated and stylish. Passionate, romantic Rude and arrogant. Feel they are superior. • The last two are negative views often from a British perspective. Indeed the French think the British are equally rude and arrogant- and that we can‟t cook!
    • 4. ‘La Haine’ and modern multicultural France • • La Haine is set in the banlieues of Paris. The phrase les banlieues has been increasingly used as a euphemism to describe low-income housing projects in which mainly French of foreign descent reside. do we know about the immigrant groups in France? Is France multicultural? Can you name any famous non-white European French people? • So modern France is very multicultural with lots of immigrant communities mainly from Africa. Why Africa? • French colonial rule of Africa. Many nations in Africa speak French as first language including, Morocco, Tunisia Senegal, Ivory Coast, Cameroon and many more
    • 5. Historical context of the film. • • Kassovitz has said that the idea came to him when a young Zairian, Makome M'Bowole was shot in 1993. He was killed at point blank range while in police custody and handcuffed to a radiator. The officer was reported to have been angered by Makomé's words, and had been threatening him when the gun went off accidentally. How does the film reference this event? • Kassovitz wanted the film to be „wake up call‟ to France about the problems of the banlieues slums. • He also wanted to express the feelings of ‘marginalisation’ many immigrant groups felt as victims of social deprivation in a country that had ignored them for a long time. • In addition France was in the middle of period when the extreme „far right‟ party Front National (France‟s equivalent of the BNP) where gaining support. This is shown in the scene involving the skinhead.
    • 6. Historical Background  Slavery in France (1780‟s)  The dependence on colonial slavery  French Colonial & Postcolonial history in Africa
    • 7. Historical Background  WWI and WW II: The Senegalese Shooters (Les Tirailleurs Sénégalais) French colonial soldiers  Liberation of European cities by Africans
    • 8. French Immigration History  1930‟s France had a higher percentage of foreigners than the United States.  Immigrants first flowed in from neighboring countries (Spain, Italy, Poland, Be lgium)  (1914-1918) Aftermath of WWI, shortage of workforce  Recruitment of foreign labor, mostly Polish (1930)  Increase in African immigration (1963)
    • 9. French Immigration History  Recruitment of African labor to come and work in factories in the aftermath of WWII.  Establishment of harsh living conditions to discourage permanent immigration.  The labourers end up staying and bring their families over.  Shift from “les bidonsvilles” to “Les banlieues”.  Social exclusion
    • 10. Racism in France         The Extreme Right National Front Jean Marie LePen National Preference rationale. “pure Frenchness” Unassimilability based on culture and ethnicity “Second and third generation immigrants” Liberty, equality fraternity (contradiction)
    • 11. Racism in France • LePen receiving 16% of the vote in 2002 1st round (second largest share of the vote). • “Vote for the crook not the fascist” • Jacques Chirac 1995 2007 - healing the social rift (fracture sociale) • Sarcozy 2007 – 2012 tough on immigration/ insecurity (UMP – center right.).