Editing and Representation
Key Terms.
How we can make the link between
editing and representation.
Practice Question.
Editing and Representation
• The Role of editing in representation is open
to interpretation and is greatly dependent on
c...
Action Match
• What is Action Match and how have you used
this in your preliminary task?
• When used for intercutting it c...
Eyeline Match
• What is this?
• Eyeline match usually provides insight to a
characters’ private thought.
• Whose’s eyeline...
Final Shot
• Which character or characters are shown in
the final shot of a scene or the whole
sequence? How can we interp...
Intercutting: Juxtaposition
• What do these words mean?
• Exaggerate differences, impact, meaning by
highlighting differen...
Intercutting: tension
• Cutting between two storylines creates
tension and can heighten the audience’s
identification with...
Jump Cuts
• Not used very often in TV.
• Tend to suggest – chaos and disorder, to show
the rapid pace of action, or a dire...
Motivation
• A motivated edit is any transition forced on the editor
by the development of the action, narrative or
charac...
Pace of Editing
• Often used to imply character qualities
• Fast Pace might suggest energy or panic (Think
of the opening ...
Prevalence
• Who gets the most screen time. The more
they get the more important they are! Hustle:
Selection – to show or not to show
• What has been omitted and why?
• Primevel – When Jenny is in trouble at the
barn we d...
Shot/Reverse shot and Reaction Shots
• S/RS indicates relationships between
characters.
• It can signify/exaggerate closen...
Practice Question – Discuss
representation in the following clip.
Dr Who and Martha
3 – 5 paragraphs
Use specific terms an...
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Editing and Representation

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  • the young Russian woman’s swinging of the axe all sex and power is juxtaposed with the fat Russian dinnerlady’s heavy serving of congealed mashed potato. It draws attention to the contrasting ways in which Russian women are being represented.AGE, GENDER, ETHNICITY.
  • eg: In Doctor Who: Last of the Time Lords, Martha exchanges glances with all the people she loves, as though this may be the last chance she has to communicate with them before she dies. Similarly, as she confronts the Master, we keep cutting from her to the family and friends watching her, signifying that she, the woman, is the centre of the action.
  • In Primeval, although Abby saves the day, the last shot is on Cutter, signifying that the audience is intended to adopt the male, not female, point of view. See also every EastEnderscliffhanger
  • Can also be used to show the change in a persons status – Dr Who and Marta.
  • Editing and Representation

    1. 1. Editing and Representation Key Terms. How we can make the link between editing and representation. Practice Question.
    2. 2. Editing and Representation • The Role of editing in representation is open to interpretation and is greatly dependent on context. Use your own intelligence Key Editing Terms Action Match Eyeline Match Final Shot Intercutting - juxtaposition Intercutting - tension Jump Cuts Motivation Pace of editing Prevalence Selection Shot/Reverse shot and reaction shots
    3. 3. Action Match • What is Action Match and how have you used this in your preliminary task? • When used for intercutting it can heighten the parallel/contrast between two different characters (possibly in different situation)
    4. 4. Eyeline Match • What is this? • Eyeline match usually provides insight to a characters’ private thought. • Whose’s eyeline? • Dr Who and Martha Jones • How can we interpret these eyeline matches and how can we link it to representation?
    5. 5. Final Shot • Which character or characters are shown in the final shot of a scene or the whole sequence? How can we interpret this? • We are often expected to identify with this character
    6. 6. Intercutting: Juxtaposition • What do these words mean? • Exaggerate differences, impact, meaning by highlighting differences (Storylines, Characters) • How is this idea used in the opening episode of Skins? • Skins
    7. 7. Intercutting: tension • Cutting between two storylines creates tension and can heighten the audience’s identification with a particular character • Cutter, Abby and the Tiger • How can we interpret intercutting here?
    8. 8. Jump Cuts • Not used very often in TV. • Tend to suggest – chaos and disorder, to show the rapid pace of action, or a director who likes to break the rules (Misfits, Skins) • In Primeval two jump cuts accelerate Cutter preparation to slide down the zip wire – speedy and decisive. (2mins in)
    9. 9. Motivation • A motivated edit is any transition forced on the editor by the development of the action, narrative or character. Whenever shot (a) refers to the existence of an event outside the frame, and we then cut to (b) which shows that event, that’s a motivated edit. • We can sometimes judge a character’s worth or importance by the number of cuts they motivate. • In Primeval, Cutter runs away from the tiger, drawing it away from Abby. His constant motion motivates many cuts in this sequence, reinforcing his status as the protagonist.
    10. 10. Pace of Editing • Often used to imply character qualities • Fast Pace might suggest energy or panic (Think of the opening episode in Misfits) yet in Primeval it is about quick thinking, decisiveness • Long takes (slow pace) might suggest calm, casual, relaxed nature or it can be about control • Accelerated motion vs Slow motion
    11. 11. Prevalence • Who gets the most screen time. The more they get the more important they are! Hustle:
    12. 12. Selection – to show or not to show • What has been omitted and why? • Primevel – When Jenny is in trouble at the barn we don’t cut away to see the rest of the team arriving. • This makes Jenny seem more vulnerable and is very different to Cutter and Abi • Creates surprise and can increase tension
    13. 13. Shot/Reverse shot and Reaction Shots • S/RS indicates relationships between characters. • It can signify/exaggerate closeness, different, opposition • Amount of time give to a reaction shot can convey status
    14. 14. Practice Question – Discuss representation in the following clip. Dr Who and Martha 3 – 5 paragraphs Use specific terms and examples You can talk about more than one representation (age, gender, ethnicity) Discussion as many of the different areas as possible (Camera, Sound, Mise en scene and EDITING) Remember that in the actual exam you will only talk about one aspect of representation
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