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An introduction to British Cinema

An introduction to British Cinema



Brief outline of how the British Film industry works including funding. Used as part of a WJEC Film Studies course

Brief outline of how the British Film industry works including funding. Used as part of a WJEC Film Studies course



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    An introduction to British Cinema An introduction to British Cinema Presentation Transcript

    • What is a British Film?
      • Diversity makes a defining a ‘British’ film very challenging.
      • Some UK Film Council definitions:
        • Films principally shot in the UK, using a British crew/cast
        • Film’s financed from within the UK
        • Film’s that are set in the UK
        • Film’s that address British Identity and Society
      What is a British film?
      • Range of definitions – 32 in total, but to qualify as a British film only 16 must be met.
      • One is that the film represents/reflects a diverse British culture, British heritage or British creativity (so we don’t just make lots of imitations of American films)
      UK Film Council Cultural Test
      • Yes:-
      • Director – Paul Greengrass is British
      • Large section is filmed in London , some studio work at Pinewood
      • Largely British crew
      • No:-
      • Doesn’t reflect British themes or concerns
      • Lots of other locations
      • Produced by Universal – Frank Marshall and Doug Liman are American
      • Universal are American owned company
      Is ‘The Bourne Ultimatum’ a British film?
      • Yes:-
      • Director – David Yatesis British
      • Large sections is filmed in England and Scotland ,
      • Largely British crew including producers
      • Largely British Actors
      • Based on the work of an British Author (Rowlings)
      • No:-
      • Produced/Distributed by Warner Bros – they are American owned company
      • Some key personnel were not British eg Portuguese Cinematographer
      Is ‘Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows’ a British film?
      • UK Film Council- British Film Institute
        • fund script development, film production, short films, film export and distribution, cinemas, film education, culture and archives, festivals and audience support schemes
        • Film Fund 15 mil per year (90% of applicants will be rejected) and money from Lotteries
        • Innovation Fund – to help move to the digital age esp in rural areas
      • Co Production deals which BfI can help set up
      • Tax Breaks
      Funding for British Films
      • Harry Potter and the DH was funded all by Warner Bro but the first one was a co production.
      • The Kings Speech
        • The UK Film Council awarded The King’s Speech £1,021,080 of Lottery funding. The UK Film Council stands to recoup 100% of its investment plus significant net profits
        • London’s Prescience Film Finance stepped in to provide two-thirds of the film’s £9 million ($14.5 million) budget using its £25 million Aegis Film Fund
      • Four Lions
        • Film 4 finally ended up funding this (rejected by BBC and Channel 4) along with Warp Films (2.5 mil)
      Case Studies
      • Very different to the US set
      • Govt support
      • Independent Film Production Houses
        • Working Title, Warp Films, Ealing Studios
      • Need to team up with a distribution company
        • ‘British’ Distribution Companies
      • Can be very hard to get films made in Britain and they are not necessarily very profitable (Harry Potter/James Bond)
      • Need to be distinctively British.
      Producing British Films
      • How are images of the ‘British’ used to market films?
      Possible Questions
      • Do British films have to say something to their audience about the ‘British experience’ to be a success?
      Possible Questions
      • What obstacles or problems do you think a British studio would face in trying to find an audience for it’s films? What might stop that film from being a success ?
      Possible Questions
      • How important for the British Film industry is the use of UK 'talent' in films financed outside Britain?
      Possible Questions
      • What strategies do you think can be used to create a successful British Film Industry?
      Possible Questions
      • Why is the film industry dominated by US film and what chance does the British Film Industry have?
      Possible Questions
      • How important is it for the British film industry to have internationally recognised stars?
      Possible Questions