Sulabh has built world’s biggest toilet complex in the town of Shirdi in Nasik District of Maharashtra for pilgrims visiting the shrine of Sai Baba. The complex is equipped with 148 toilets and 108 bathrooms that allow space for dressing, babysitting and breast-feeding.
• Sulabh is the brain-child of Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak. Dr. Pathak was born in 1942 in a Brahmin family of Bihar state of India.• He started ‘Sulabh Svachchh Shauchalaya Prashikshan Sansthaan’ (Sulabh Clean Toilet Training Institute) in 1970, which was later registered as ‘Sulabh Shauchalaya Sansthan’ (Sulabh Toilet Institute).• Sulabh Public Toilet Complex Sulabh built first toilet in 1973 in Arrah, Bihar, and first toiletcomplex in 1974 in Patna, Bihar. Since then, Sulabh has becomesynonymous with public toilet and bath complexes nationwide.Mostly, these complexes are built by Sulabh in slum areas.
• Sulabh International Centre for Action Sociology (SICAS)• 1.) Sulabh Public School• 2.) Vocational Training Center• 3.) Social Upgradation Program• 4.) Slum Children Welfare Program
• Achievements• World’s biggest toilet complex• Employment• A combined Sulabh action plan on human waste disposal and social reforms has freed over 60000 scavengers. It has also provided jobs directly to 60,000 people• Awards• The Sulabh technologies, innovations and methodologies are recognized as• sustainable, replicable and affordable and are recommended by the WHO, World Bank,• UNDP etc.
Kingfisher airlines• Kingfisher airline is a major airline based in Mumbai , India. It is Indias fifth largest passenger airline that primarily provides national and international• Kingfisher airlines was established in 2003. it is owned by the bengaluru based united breweries group. The airline started commercial operations in 9 may 2005 with fleet of four new airbus a320-200s operating a flight from mumbai to delhi.• The income for period ending 30th june 2007 increased to INR4.1 Billion but losses also accumulated to INR4019 Billion .
• What went wrong? Failed low cost model: It cant be understood that why airlines (read kingfisher and jet)tried to replicate business models of international LLCs ( low costcarriers) Ryan air or southwest airlines . Is how low cost the only wayto make money
• If this would have the case then singapore airline would have been bankrupt by now. It looks like that kingfisher failed to study the models carefully and blindly acquired air deccan.• The primary way any low cost carrier makes money is by operating on non – primary routes using secondary airports which reduces cost for the airline and then the benefits are passed on to the customers unlike kingfisher which charged low fare for kingfisher red but continued operating at prime routes including metros.•• Kingfisher should have avoided flying even a single aircraft to metros and should have taken advantage of hundreds of uncommon routes and we all know that india is under penetrated market and much advantage could have been taken by exploring newer routes.• Kingfisher was a five star airliner then there was no reason to operate on two different business models at the same time.
• Competition• Competition is definetly estremely intense in the indian aviation industry with 5 carriers fighting one on one. We cant say that indigo, spicejet or go air are new entrants in the industry . They are almost as old as kingfisher airlines but what new about them is that they have restructured themselves with time but have always stayed on course with it comes down to business models.• All of them are low cost carriers so they have not introduced business classin their aircrafts in so many years of operation . The plus point of indias low cost is that they have not compromosed when it comes down to quality and security unlike other low cost carrrier around the globe.
NHS• The NHS is born on July 5• When health secretary Aneurin Bevan opens Park Hospital in Manchester, it is the climax of a hugely ambitious plan to bring good healthcare to all.• For the first time, hospitals, doctors, nurses, pharmacists, opticians and dentists are brought together under one umbrella organisation to provide services that are free for all at the point of delivery.
• The central principles are clear: the health service will be available to all and financed entirely from taxation, which means that people pay into it according to their means.
NHS services explained• Emergency and urgent care• Hospital services• Dental services• Pharmacy services• Eye care services• Sexual health services• Mental health services• Social care services