What is Mission Style? The term can be applied to both architecture and furniture. The furniture, typically made of oak with a stain finish, had a rectilinear design and exposed carpentry. There was little or no decoration, though the joinery was sometimes given a darker stain to emphasize the expert construction. Fittings were made of copper or iron, and coverings were of leather, canvas, or plain cloth. Mission craftsmen also made stained-glass chandeliers, beaten copper candleholders, and hand-turned earthenware.
Mission Revival loosely means, “Mission, Again”. In other words, the Mission Revival Architecture that we are talking about came about in about 1910 to revive the look of the old Spanish Missions.
The Spanish Mission System
Mission San Xavier del Bac “The White Dove of the Desert”
Escalante and Dominguez 1796 expedition (Utah Valley painting)
Mission at Monterrey
Mission in So Cal
Utah’s own Mission- St. Christophers Mission in Bluff.
Elements of Mission Revival Architecture: Red Tile Roof
Elements: Stucco walls
California Mission Revival
Element: Open air courtyards
Mission Revival Architecture most popular in California
California Mission Revival
California Mission Revival
Utah Arts and Crafts Society Welcome!
The Utah Arts and Crafts Society celebrates the Arts and Crafts Movement through lectures, workshops and field trips.• www.utahartsandcraftssociety.org• Facebook- Utah Arts and Crafts Society• Administer- Arts & Crafts Movement• Meet September-May• Memberships• Mortise & Tenon
Topics• Furniture making• Bungalows• Textiles• Metalcrafts• Blacksmithing with Lightning Forge• Ceramics with Red Kiln Pottery• Bonsai with Bonsai Society• Paper ephemera at U of U Rare Book Dept.• Calligraphy with Utah Calligraphy Society
Activities• Partnered with Utah Heritage Foundation for two historic home tours• Toured EuroTreasures• Book sale Gibbs Smith Publisher at The Kings English Bookshop• Rare book display at Marriott Library• Trolley Square
Mission Revival Architecture Mission Furniture Simplicity of material & design. Rectilinear design & exposed carpentry
“Revival?” What does it mean? “Revivalism” in architecture is the use of visual styles that consciously echo the style of a previous architectural era. Other examples of “Revivalism” inarchitecture: Greek, Gothic, Romanesque,Jacobean, Renaissance, Moorish, Tudor, Spanish Colonial, Pueblo, others.
The Arts and Crafts Movement (roughly 1890-1925) boasted the bungalow as its preeminent residential architectural form. Designs eventually drew inspiration from specifically American antecedents, including the California Spanish Missions.The Mission Revival movement enjoyed its greatest popularity between 1890 and 1915, through numerous residential, commercial, and institutional structures. Schools and railroad depots, particularly in the Western and Southwestern U.S. used this easily recognizable architectural style.
The California Mission SystemThe Spanish missions in California comprise a series of religious and military outposts established by Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order between 1769 and 1823 to spread the Christian faith among the local Native Americans. The missions represented the first major effort by Europeans to colonize the Pacific Coast region, and gave Spain a valuable toehold in the frontier land.
21 Missions were built in a style reminiscent ofSpanish buildings that the priests were familiar with. In North America, however, the structures needed to be built by unskilled laborers using limitedmaterials like wood, rock, and mud bricks (stucco). The Mission at San Luis Rey
San Juan Bautista San Juan CapistranoSan Xavier del Bac- Tucson, AZ. Mission San Antonio de Valero
The Utah Connection • The historical Escalante & Dominguez Expedition of 1776 was conducted to find an overland route from Santa Fe to the Missions of California.• The Expedition went north as far as Vernal then came down Spanish Fork Canyon to Utah County and into the western Utah desert before returning to Santa Fe.
Escalante party enter Utah County from Spanish Fork Canyon
The only mission in Utah is St. Christopher’s Episcopal Mission in Bluff. Built 1946.
Elements of Mission Revival• Curvilinear parapets with mission silhouette, towers, bell towers• Red tile roofs• Minimal decorative elements• Arched niches• Deep window openings without any framing but the sill• Quatrefoil windows (rose windows) and emblems• Wooden plank floors and iron rails• Arched doorways• Enclosed courtyard• Thick arches springing from piers.• Exterior walls coated with white plaster (stucco)• Wide side eaves, shielding the adobe brick walls from rain.• Long exterior arcades or arcaded entry porch• Square pillars or twisted columns
Most Obvious Elements• Curvilinear parapets with mission silhouette, towers, bell towers• Arched doorways• White plaster exterior walls (stucco) with broad unadorned plaster surfaces• Courtyards• Red clay roof tiles• Thick arches springing from piers
The Parapet• A parapet is a low, protective wall. In Mission Revival examples, the parapet has curvilinear lines to imitate the silhouette of a Mission. O.C. Tanner Building- Originally City Library
California• Southern California homes• Scotty’s Castle-• Death Valley
Mission Revival in California Beverly Hills Hotel