Creative Commons Licenses April 14, 2011 Maarten Zeinstra Stichting Nederland Kennisland Creative Commons Nederland e: email@example.com t: mzeinstra
Copyright 101Public Domain 101Creative Commons LicensesHow it worksQuestions
Copyright 101 Copyright is a law that gives the owner of a creative work like a document, book, or other piece of information, the right to decide what others can do with it.
Some characteristics of copyrightCopyright is automatically grantedNo need to registerCopyright only covers works that are a form of material expressionCopyright always means: all rights reservedCopyright has a limited duration: lasting 70 years after the author’s death (text) lasting 50 years after first recording (neighboring rights)
PD No rights reserved (public domain)C All rights reserved
Two Objectives of Copyright Moral rights Protect the moral rights of the author as the maker of the work Exploitation rights Grant the copyright-holder the opportunity to generate returns from his work, to exploit the work.
Moral rights“independently of the authors economic rights, and even after the transfer ofthe said rights, the author shall have the right to claim authorship of thework and to object to any distortion, mutilation or other modificationof, or other derogatory action in relation to, the said work, which would beprejudicial to his honor or reputation.” -Berne Convention(1886)-Right of attribution (name of the author mentioned)Right to be the first to publish the workRight to publish the work anonymously or pseudonymouslyRight to the integrity of the work
Exploitation rights (or: economic rights)Right to make copies of the work or of parts of the workRight to perform the workRight to distribute the work or copies of the workRight to use the work to create new works (create derivative works)Right to import or export the work and copies of the workRight to sell or assign the exploitation rights to others
Public Domain 101 The Public Domain is the rule, copyright protection is the exception. Since copyright protection is granted only with respect to original forms of expression, the vast majority of data, information and ideas produced worldwide at any given time belongs to the Public Domain -Public Domain Charter-
Be aware of moral rights & neighboring rightsMoral rights are perpetual in some countries like FranceDifferent parts of a work fall into the public domain at different times combined works copyright and neighboring rights
Creative Commons Creative Commons defines the spectrum of possibilities between full copyright and the public domain. From all rights reserved to no rights reserved. Our licenses help you keep your copyright while allowing certain uses of your work -creativecommons.org-
Creative Commons LicensesA license is a document demonstrating permission. Licenses are granted by aparty (the licensor) to another party (the licensee). A license can be seen as apromise by the licensor not to sue the licensee.You still own the rights to your musicYou describe how other people can use your musicCreative Commons offers a license system with 4 building blocks
PD No rights reserved (public domain) Some rights reservedC All rights reserved
Some additional characteristicsLicenses are granted to an anonymous public (no one can be excluded)Licenses are irrevocable (you cannot take them off after a particular time)Licenses last for the duration of legal copyright protectionCreative Commons is NOT involved in negotiations or (dis)agreements ofparties using Creative Commons licensesCreative Commons does NOT register licensed work nor does it enforce thelicenses
Online Documents Goto http://creativecommons.org/choose/ Choose your license Copy the provide HTML and add it to your website
Offline Documents Add your name as the creator of the work Add the license button Add license restrictions CC-BY: You are free to copy, alter, and distribute the work as long as you give appropriate attribution. CC-BY-NC-ND: You are free to download the work and share them with others as long as you give credit, you are not allowed to change the work in any way or use the work commercially. Add a link to the Creative Commons license page
General Questions How can we re-use work made by others? Found on Google for example. Search for open licensed material Mention license and name (and source) Are there limitation on the use of logos? As long as you do not present the logo as an official affiliation.
Educational uses (1/2) Can I use an article from a magazine in the courses I give? (by myself or others) Open Content? If so, see deed Contact rights holder Fair use/Onderwijs Exceptie (billijke vergoeding) Can I refer to a scientific article on a website or internal educational system? You are always allowed to refer to a online resource
Educational uses (2/2) Can I re-use my own published materials in a different lay-out or presentation? Depends on the made agreement with the publisher. Can I publish a translated version of my article? Depends on the made agreement with the publisher.
Open Access Publishing Directory of Open Access Journals http://www.doaj.org/ Watch out for exclusivity clauses Open Access is not always Open Content Free to read, not free to re-use