Our Vision is to become world largest consulting firm, by employing the latest
technologies, advanced products, optimized design, better processes and
exercising environmental responsibilities.
Our Mission is to maintain market leadership through continuous growth and
acquisition. We do continuous R&D and innovation to reduce cost and improve the
quality of the products. We do complete backward and forward integration. We
maintain international standards of quality.
Quality : We, at MZ Consultants are committed to comply all the statutory and
regulatory requirements related to products, environment and safety and to achieve
total customer satisfaction.
1. By providing products of Quality at Competitive Prices on time.
2. By reducing waste and prevent pollution through effective conservation of
resources in all activities by continually improving the effectiveness of Quality and
Environmental Management System.
3. By providing safe working environment for employees and contributing to
society by promoting safe and eco friendly products
4. By Encouraging new ideas and efforts from all levels for continual
14. MZ ZIP ZAP ZOOM.
15. MZ ZUBE ZUBE ZUBE ZOOO.
16. MZ ZOOO.
17. MZ MBA.
18. MZ SCHOOL.
19. MZ AUTOMATIC WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.
20. MZ ALTERNATE FUEL SYSTEMZ FOR CARZ AND GAS GENERATORZ.
21. MZ COMPUTER HARDWARE AND PERIPHERALZ SALEZ, SERVICING
22. MZ RECYCLING AND WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMZ.
23. MZ AIR CONDITIONERZ AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMZ SALEZ AND
24. MZ REVERSE OSMOSIS WATER PURIFIERZ AND WATER SOFTNERZ.
25. MZ MEDICAL TOURIZM.
26. MZ PUMPS, MECHANICAL SEALS AND SEALING SYSTEMS
H2O FUEL FOR CARZ AND GENERATORS.
The Chairman and Managing Director,
Many vehicles worldwide are already running on propane gas and natural gas.
These cars and gas generators can be made to run on hydrogen and oxygen
gases as well.
• There is a safe and better way to produce these gases that can run any gasoline
engine. Simply store the water in a holding tank and then use water pump to
pump the water into the separation fuel cell box or Electrolyzer, then thru
Electrolysis water can be broken into hydrogen and oxygen gases.
• This gas when burnt in the combustion chamber gives power to the engine. This
engine then drives the dynamo that charges the batteries which supply dc current
to the electrolyzer.
• The electrochemical conversion of water to H2 and O2 gases requires
less energy. Hydrogen gas has very high calorific value and the
combustion of H2 and O2 Gases gives more energy that can run an
engine and the car itself and in case of generators light up the whole
Thru a water pump, water jet nozzle, water filter unit, solenoid valve unit
and by Engine Revolution Sensors unit, water can be injected into the
engine when the Engine Body temperature is around 400-500 deg C. At
these engine conditions water will quickly convert into super heated
steam that further will give power to the engine improves performance
and increases efficiency of the engine. This process reduces the
temperature of the engine to about 120 deg C or less hence heating
problem of the engine is reduced.
Steam and water vapor is the exhaust of the combustion process. Thru
a switch control, exhaust can be thrown out into fresh air to have better
temperature control in warmer climate. In cold climate the exhaust can
be collected and directed back to the Air Conditioning System for reuse.
When the fuel used is hydrogen and oxygen gases, the material of construction
of the engine is the same as original as supplied by the engine manufacturers
for Steam Engines. Miniature Multipoint water electrolysis system or fuel
generation system is needed. Timing needs to be set once the system is in
This refers my discussion with my friend Mr. Jagan today 5th Feb 2011 where
in he came out with a point that if water is injected into the system then
wouldn’t it jam or damage the piston and cylinder arrangement. I have an
answer to it. Go back into the days of steam engines even they worked well
only efficiency was an issue then. There will be temperature sensors and water
will be injected into the engine only when the temperature is high. When the
temperature will exceed certain limits only then will the water be injected into
the engine quickly converting water into super heated steam.
The absorption of heat by steam and the expansion process will generate
additional power. With the availability of modern day’s metallurgy like titanium
and CNC machines close tolerances can be maintained and efficiencies can be
Reciprocating steam engines, like the ones that power small scale live steam
locomotives, require the use of steam oil to internally lubricate their moving
parts. These parts include steam admission valves, pistons and cylinders, and
valve and piston rods. Steam oil is introduced into the steam supply in one of
three ways: mechanical injection via a mechanically driven pump (Aster Big
Boy), Roscoe (dead leg) displacement lubricator (most Aster locomotives), and
the pass-through displacement lubricator (AccuCraft, Roundhouse, etc.)
Steam oil must possess unique characteristics to allow it to mix with
saturated steam and hot water (condensate) within the admission valve
and cylinder assemblies, and to provide a sufficient lubricating oil film
between the engine’s internal moving parts at all times.
STEAM CYLINDER OIL RECOMMENDATIONS : Standard product
recommendations start at steam pressures of 150 to 200psig (366 to
388F). The grade of recommended steam cylinder oil for these conditions
is ISO 460 which contains 4% tallow oil. This is the grade of oil that the
“ride-on” locomotive community uses.
By providing energy from a battery, water (H2O) can be dissociated into the diatomic molecules of
hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2). This process is a good example of the the application of the
four thermodynamic potentials.
The electrolysis of one mole of water produces a mole of hydrogen gas and a half-mole of oxygen
gas in their normal diatomic forms. A detailed analysis of the process makes use of the
thermodyamic potentials and the first law of thermodynamics. This process is presumed to be at
298K and one atmosphere pressure, and the relevant values are taken from a table of
ΔH = 285.83 kJ
0.5 x 205.14 J/K
TΔS = 48.7 kJ
The process must provide the energy for the dissociation plus the energy to expand the
produced gases. Both of those are included in the change in enthalpy included in the table
above. At temperature 298K and one atmosphere pressure, the system work is
W = PΔV = (101.3 x 103 Pa)(1.5 moles)(22.4 x 10-3 m3/mol)(298K/273K) = 3715 J
Since the enthalpy H= U+PV, the change in internal energy U is then
ΔU = ΔH - PΔV = 285.83 kJ - 3.72 kJ = 282.1 kJ
This change in internal energy must be accompanied by the expansion of the gases
produced, so the change in enthalpy represents the necessary energy to accomplish the
electrolysis. However, it is not necessary to put in this whole amount in the form of electrical
energy. Since the entropy increases in the process of dissociation, the amount TΔS can be
provided from the environment at temperature T.
The amount which must be supplied by the battery is actually the change in the Gibbs free
ΔG = ΔH - TΔS = 285.83 kJ - 48.7 kJ = 237.1 kJ
Since the electrolysis process results in an increase in entropy, the environment "helps" the
process by contributing the amount TΔS. The utility of the Gibbs free energy is that it tells you
what amount of energy in other forms must be supplied to get the process to proceed.
Combining a mole of hydrogen gas and a half-mole of oxygen gas from their normal diatomic
forms produces a mole of water. A detailed analysis of the process makes use of
the thermodynamic potentials. This process is presumed to be at 298K and one atmosphere
pressure, and the relevant values are taken from a table of thermodynamic properties.
Energy is provided by the combining of the atoms and from the decrease of
the volume of the gases. Both of those are included in the change in
enthalpy included in the table above. At temperature 298K and one
atmosphere pressure, the system work is
W = PΔV = (101.3 x 103 Pa)(1.5 moles)(-22.4 x 10-3 m3/mol)(298K/273K) =
Since the enthalpy H= U+PV, the change in internal energy U is then
ΔU = ΔH - PΔV = -285.83 kJ - 3.72 kJ = -282.1 kJ
The entropy of the gases decreases by 48.7 kJ in the process of
combination since the number of water molecules is less than the number of
hydrogen and oxygen molecules combining. Since the total entropy will not
decrease in the reaction, the excess entropy in the amount TΔS must be
expelled to the environment as heat at temperature T. The amount of energy
per mole of hydrogen which can be provided as electrical energy is the
change in the Gibbs free energy:
ΔG = ΔH - TΔS = -285.83 kJ + 48.7 kJ = -237.1 kJ
For this ideal case, the fuel energy is converted to electrical energy at an
efficiency of 237.1/285.8 x100% = 83%! This is far greater than the ideal
efficiency of a generating facility which burned the hydrogen and used the
heat to power a generator! Although real fuel cells do not approach that ideal
efficiency, they are still much more efficient than any electric power plant
which burns a fuel.
CALORIFIC VALUE OF HYDROGEN
The calorific value of a fuel is the quantity of heat produced by its
combustion - at constant pressure and under "normal" conditions (i.e.
to 0oC and under a pressure of 1,013 mbar).
The combustion process generates water vapor and certain
techniques may be used to recover the quantity of heat contained in
this water vapor by condensing it.
The Higher Calorific Value (or Gross Calorific Value - GCV) suppose
that the water of combustion is entirely condensed and that the heat
contained in the water vapor is recovered.
The Lower Calorific Value (or Net Calorific Value - NCV) suppose that
the products of combustion contains the water vapor and that the
heat in the water vapor is not recovered.
PROPERTIES OF HYDROGEN GAS.
It is a chemical element that exists as a gas at room temperature.
Hydrogen gas is odorless, tasteless, colorless, and highly flammable.
When hydrogen gas burns in air, it forms water.
When mixed with oxygen across a wide range of proportions, hydrogen
explodes upon ignition. Hydrogen burns violently in air. It ignites
automatically at a temperature of 560 °C.
Molecular weight : 2.016 g/mol
Melting point : -259 °C
Latent heat of fusion (1,013 bar, at triple point) : 58.158 kJ/kg
Liquid density (1.013 bar at boiling point) : 70.973 kg/m3
Liquid/gas equivalent (1.013 bar and 15 °C (59 °F)) : 844 vol/vol
Boiling point (1.013 bar) : -252.8 °C
Latent heat of vaporization (1.013 bar at boiling point) : 454.3 kJ/kg
1. Gas density (1.013 bar at boiling point) : 1.312 kg/m3
2. Gas density (1.013 bar and 15 °C (59 °F)) : 0.085 kg/m3
3. Compressibility Factor (Z) (1.013 bar and 15 °C (59 °F)) : 1.001
4. Specific gravity (air = 1) (1.013 bar and 21 °C (70 °F)) : 0.0696
5. Specific volume (1.013 bar and 21 °C (70 °F)) : 11.986 m3/kg
6. Heat capacity at constant pressure (Cp) (1 bar and 25 °C (77 °F)) : 0.029
7. Heat capacity at constant volume (Cv) (1 bar and 25 °C (77 °F)) : 0.021
8. Ratio of specific heats (Gamma:Cp/Cv) (1 bar and 25 °C (77 °F)) : 1.384259
9. Viscosity (1.013 bar and 15 °C (59 °F)) : 0.0000865 Poise
10. Thermal conductivity (1.013 bar and 0 °C (32 °F)) : 168.35 mW/(m.K)
Solubility in water (1.013 bar and 0 °C (32 °F)) : 0.0214 vol/vol
Concentration in air : 0.00005 vol %
Auto ignition temperature : 560 °C
Major hazard : Fire and High Pressure
Toxicity (Am. Conf. Of Gov. Ind. Hygienists ACGIH 2000 Edition) :
Flammability limits in air (STP conditions) : 4.0-75 vol%
Odour : None
UN Number : UN1049 (gas); UN1966 (liquid refrigerated)
EINECS Number : 215-605-7
DOT Label (USA) : FG
DOT Hazard class (USA) : Flammable Gas
During the intake stroke, the piston moves downward, drawing a fresh
charge of vaporized fuel/air mixture. The illustrated engine features a
poppet intake valve which is drawn open by the vacuum produced by the
intake stroke. Some early engines worked this way; however, most
modern engines incorporate an extra cam/lifter arrangement as seen on
the exhaust valve. The exhaust valve is held shut by a spring (not
As the piston rises, the poppet valve is forced shut by the increased
cylinder pressure. Flywheel momentum drives the piston upward,
compressing the fuel/air mixture.
At the top of the compression stroke, the spark plug fires, igniting the
compressed fuel. As the fuel burns it expands, driving the piston downward.
At the bottom of the power stroke, the exhaust valve is opened by the
cam/lifter mechanism. The upward stroke of the piston drives the exhausted
fuel out of the cylinder.
This animation also illustrates a simple ignition system using breaker points,
coil, condenser, and battery.
A number of visitors have written to point out a problem with the breaker points in
this illustration. In this style ignition circuit, the spark plug will fire just as the
breaker point opens. The illustration appears to have this backwards.
In fact, the illustration is correct; it just moves so fast it's difficult to see! Here's a
close-up of the frames just at the point the plug fires:
The points need to remain closed for only a fraction of a second, called the dwell.
Larger four stroke engines usually include more than one cylinder, have various
arrangements for the camshaft (dual, overhead, etc.), sometimes feature fuel
injection, turbochargers, multiple valves, etc. None of these enhancements
changes the basic operation of the engine.
Specification Of Maruti 800 AC LPG
Maruti 800 AC LPG Engine
0.8L 35bhp 3 cyl. In-line, FC engine
No. of Cylinders
35.5 @ 5,000 (PS@rpm)
5.7 @ 2,500 (kgm@rpm)
Valves Per Cylinder
Fuel Supply System
Bore x Stroke
68.5 x 72.0 mm
Maruti 800 AC LPG Transmission
Maruti 800 AC LPG Suspension System
Mcpherson strut & coil spring
Maruti 800 AC LPG Steering
Steering Gear Type
Rack & Pinion
Turning Radius (wheel base)
Maruti 800 AC LPG Brake System
Front Brake Type
Rear Brake Type
Maruti 800 AC LPG Fuel
Fuel Tank Capacity (litres)
Emission Norm Compliance
Bharat Stage III
Maruti 800 AC LPG Tyres
145/70 R 12
12 x 4 J
Maruti 800 AC LPG Other Specifications
No of Doors
General Maruti 800 AC LPG Car Details
Country of Assembly
Country of Manufacture
Warranty Time - 2 years
M.P.F.I. means Multi Point Fuel Injection system. In this system each cylinder has number
of injectors to supply/spray fuel in the cylinders as compared to one injector located centrally to
supply/spray fuel in case of single point injection system.
Advantage of M. P. F. I.
(1) More uniform A/F mixture will be supplied to each cylinder, hence the difference in power
developed in each cylinder is minimum. Vibration from the engine equipped with this system is less,
due to this the life of engine components is improved.
(2) No need to crank the engine twice or thrice in case of cold starting as happens in
the carburetor system.
(3) Immediate response, in case of sudden acceleration / deceleration.
(4) Since the engine is controlled by ECM* (Engine Control Module), more accurate amount of A/F
mixture will be supplied and as a result complete combustion will take place. This leads to effective
utilization of fuel supplied and hence low emission level.
(5) The mileage of the vehicle will be improved.
ECM ( Engine Control Module) and its function
The function of ECM is to receive signal from various
sensors, manipulate the signals and send control signals to the
Sensors; Sensing different parameters (Temperature, Pressure, Engine
Speed etc.) of the engine and send signal to ECM.
Actuators; Receives control signal from ECM and does function
accordingly (ISCA, PCSV, Injectors, Power Transistor etc.)
Case I: If ECM fails to send control signal to all actuators then the
engine won't get started.
Case II: If ECM fails to service from all sensors then also the engine
won't get started.
Set up required for MZ Consultants.
1. R&D - INR Ten Thousand Crores.
2. Manufacturing Unit - INR Five Hundred Thousand Crores.
a. Land and Building.
b. Human Resource.
c. Product Designing.
d. Purchases - Raw Material.
e. Production.- Plant and Machinery.
f. Inventory Control And Management .
g. Packaging and Forwarding.
h. Sales and Marketing.
j. Servicing and Retro - fitment and maintenance- Vehicles Inwards and
Consultancy Fee for the above write up is INR Five Hundred Crores
Thanks and regards,
Mannu Kumar Gossain.
firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, mzconsultants
Dated: 25/7/2006., Reg.No.:ALO19/HYD/49/2010.