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Flickr Commons Metadata - ECDL2010
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Flickr Commons Metadata - ECDL2010

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To what extent are users helping the Library of Congress by adding metadata / comments? - Meaningful description of images and increased visibility of holdings

To what extent are users helping the Library of Congress by adding metadata / comments? - Meaningful description of images and increased visibility of holdings

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    Flickr Commons Metadata - ECDL2010 Flickr Commons Metadata - ECDL2010 Presentation Transcript

    • User-Contributed Descriptive Metadata for Libraries and Cultural Institutions
      Michael A. Zarro and Robert B. Allen
      Drexel University
      College of Information Science & Technology
      www.ischool.drexel.edu
    • “The Library of Congress is asking
      the public for help.”
      Flickr Commons Launch, 1/16/2008
    • Outline
      Research Question
      Background: The Flickr Commons
      Methods
      Results
      Discussion and Future Work
    • To what extent are users helping the Library of Congress by adding metadata / comments?
      a. Meaningful description of images
      b. Increased visibility of holdings
    • Flickr Commons
       “The  key  goals  of  The  Commons  on  Flickr  are  to  firstly  show  you  hidden   treasures  in  the  world's  public  photography  archives,and  secondly  to  show  how  your  input  and  knowledge  can  help   make  these  collections  even  richer.”
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/sets/
    • Owner Information
      Web statistics
      Site Navigation
      People in Photo
      Tags
      License
      Privacy
      1. Photo
      2. Library supplied data
      3. User-Contributions
      4. New comment form
    • User-Contributions
    • Comment
      Form
    • Flickr Commons Pilot Project
      Library staff and “resources are limited to provide detailed descriptions and historical context”
      “tap into the expertise in the communities of interest on the Web and elicit contributions that provide a richer experience for the users of the collections”
      “Flickr members willingness to expend high levels of effort on history detective work”http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/flickr_report_final.pdf
    • Methods for our Study
      Examined 3 photo sets: 1043 images
      Downloaded a tab-delineated file of all photos and comments via Flickr API
      Manually reviewed comments
      Non-exclusive categorization of comments
      Personal and Historical
      Link Out
      Correction and Translation
      Link In
    • Categories
      Personal and Historical: expanded knowledge about the holding through statements of fact or personal recollection.
      Link Out:hyperlinks to resources such as personal Flickr photos or Wikipedia articles
      Corrections and Translations:including “conversations” among users
      Link In:adding the Library’s images to groups of similar images on Flickr.
    • Photo Sets
      Illustrated Newspaper
      Supplements
      364 B & W images
      Mystery Pictures
      Users were asked to help identify 22 color images.
      Photochrom Travel Views
      657 color images of geographic locations
    • Example Comments
      Actually it's now "Frederiksborg Slot, Hillerød, Denmark", but when the picture was taken, the spelling in this picture could very well have been correct. I live just 1500 meters from here, and my grandfather used to work as a gardener in the park around the castle. He lived in a little house just outside the frame of this picture. Frederiksborg Castle isn't situated in Copenhagen, but in Hillerød, approximately 35 km from the center of Copenhagen. It is now a museumwhere you can see a large collection of historic paintings.
      The spelling of a lot of these place names seems to be German. In Danish: Fredriksborg Slot.
      My [photo] of Frederiksborg Castle from the same location in Hillerød.
      1,2,3
      3
      2
    • Results
      3 images sets, 1043 Images total:
      37% had at least 1 descriptive comment
    • Discussion
      Patrons  are active contributors.  
      Libraries  can  enhance  holdings  with  user- contributed  annotations.  
      “Extended collections”  may  include library  and non-library  digital  resources.
    • Extended Collections
      Hillerød, approximately 35 km from the center of Copenhagen
      It is now a museum
    • Future Work
      Interface and visual design
      Enhanced outreach to patrons (non-Flickr)
      Better Categorization
      Patron to patron conversations?
      Patron to library conversations?
      Filtering:
      Removal of “spam” comments
    • Thank You
      Questions?
      Contact us:
      michael.a.zarro@drexel.edu
      rba@drexel.edu
      www.ischool.drexel.edu