<ul><li>As You Begin Your Research … </li></ul><ul><li>Diljit Singh </li></ul>
Preparing for the Journey
Preparing for the Journey <ul><li>Where am I going? </li></ul><ul><li>Why am I going? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is going? </li...
How Are You Starting?
How Are You Starting?
How Are You Starting? <ul><li>or </li></ul>
How Do You Intend to Finish?
How Do You Intend to Finish?
How Do You Intend to Finish? <ul><li>or </li></ul>
<ul><li>Start well, finish strong </li></ul><ul><li>A good beginning is half completion </li></ul><ul><li>The seeds of suc...
<ul><li>Start well Finish successfully </li></ul>
You Want to be  Successful at the End
You Want to be  Successful at the End
Outline of Presentation <ul><li>Importance of good research </li></ul><ul><li>The need to start well </li></ul><ul><li>Typ...
Importance of Good Research <ul><li>Scenario 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Applications open for PhD, scholarship available </li></u...
Importance of Good Research <ul><li>Scenario 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Your are Head of Department of Computer Science, Universi...
Importance of Good Research <ul><li>Enhance personal reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance university reputation </li></ul>...
Importance of Good Research <ul><li>Research output plays an important part in university rankings </li></ul><ul><li>UM ai...
The Need to Start Well <ul><li>Start well, finish strong </li></ul><ul><li>A good beginning is half completion </li></ul><...
The Need to Start Well <ul><li>Start by doing what is necessary;  </li></ul><ul><li>then do what is possible;  </li></ul><...
Starting Your Research <ul><li>Research involves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying a research area and topic </li></ul></u...
Types of Research <ul><li>Research that is of interest to  you </li></ul><ul><li>Research in emerging areas </li></ul><ul>...
Starting Your Research <ul><li>Choose an area that really interests you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You have to sustain your int...
Starting Your Research <ul><li>Develop a bibliography of research resources related to topic  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search...
Starting Your Research <ul><li>What are ‘hot topics’? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New research areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Starting Your Research <ul><li>Read at least 20 – 25 journal articles, theses and dissertations, conference papers </li></...
Starting Your Research <ul><li>Refine proposal, or find a new Supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Get commitment from Supervisor ...
Types of Research <ul><li>Research that is of interest to  you </li></ul><ul><li>Research that can be published </li></ul>...
Professional Relationships <ul><li>Keeping a good professional relationship  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With your Supervisor </...
Resources for Your Research <ul><li>Supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Colleagues / peers in UM </li></ul><ul><li>Colleagues / p...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Succeeding in Your Research <ul><li>Prepare yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emoti...
Plan Your Research <ul><li>Set a goal to complete  </li></ul><ul><li>I shall successfully complete my </li></ul><ul><li>……...
Plan Your Research <ul><li>Plan your activities </li></ul><ul><li>Aim to do some work  every day , at least 30 minutes </l...
Plan Your Research <ul><li>Write out your proposal </li></ul><ul><li>Apply for funding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PPP From UM, ...
Keep to Your Plan <ul><li>Keep a record of your activities </li></ul>
Keep to Your Plan <ul><li>Learn from others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Join discussion groups, attend seminars, … </li></ul></u...
Evaluation of Your Research <ul><li>Self evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Peer evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisor evaluat...
Evaluation of Your Research <ul><li>Evaluation by examiners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research contribution </li></ul></ul><ul...
To Summarize <ul><li>What type of research should you be doing? </li></ul><ul><li>Where can you get resources to help you ...
Remember <ul><li>If you have not started yet,  start today   </li></ul><ul><li>Plan your research </li></ul><ul><li>Get th...
<ul><li>Q & A </li></ul>
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As you begin your research 10 June 2010

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A research presentation by Dr. Diljit from University Malaya

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As you begin your research 10 June 2010

  1. 1. <ul><li>As You Begin Your Research … </li></ul><ul><li>Diljit Singh </li></ul>
  2. 2. Preparing for the Journey
  3. 3. Preparing for the Journey <ul><li>Where am I going? </li></ul><ul><li>Why am I going? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is going? </li></ul><ul><li>When am I going? </li></ul><ul><li>How am I going? </li></ul><ul><li>What do I need? </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Are You Starting?
  5. 5. How Are You Starting?
  6. 6. How Are You Starting? <ul><li>or </li></ul>
  7. 7. How Do You Intend to Finish?
  8. 8. How Do You Intend to Finish?
  9. 9. How Do You Intend to Finish? <ul><li>or </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Start well, finish strong </li></ul><ul><li>A good beginning is half completion </li></ul><ul><li>The seeds of success are sown right at the start, </li></ul><ul><li>as are the seeds of failure. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Start well Finish successfully </li></ul>
  12. 12. You Want to be Successful at the End
  13. 13. You Want to be Successful at the End
  14. 14. Outline of Presentation <ul><li>Importance of good research </li></ul><ul><li>The need to start well </li></ul><ul><li>Type of research should you be doing </li></ul><ul><li>Resources to help you with your research </li></ul><ul><li>Having a successful professional relationship with your supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Successfully completing your research </li></ul>
  15. 15. Importance of Good Research <ul><li>Scenario 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Applications open for PhD, scholarship available </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Candidate A: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduate of University of ABC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CGPA : 3.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecturer’s recommendation: Good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Papers published: 1 local conference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Candidate B: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduate of XYZ University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CGPA : 3.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecturer’s recommendation: Good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Papers published: 1 local conference, 1 international conference, 2 journal papers (incl 1 ISI journal paper) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who should get the place for the PhD? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Importance of Good Research <ul><li>Scenario 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Your are Head of Department of Computer Science, University DEF, and have the opportunity to employ a new lecturer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Candidate A: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PhD holder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finished PhD in 3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervisor's recommendation: Good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Papers published: 3 conference papers, 2 journal papers, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No of times papers have been cited: 8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Candidate B: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PhD holder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finished PhD in 5 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecturer’s recommendation: Good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Papers published: 3 conference papers, 2 journal papers, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No of times papers have been cited: 0 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whom would you employ? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Importance of Good Research <ul><li>Enhance personal reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance university reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Better job / promotion prospects </li></ul><ul><li>More satisfying experience </li></ul><ul><li>Less use of resources </li></ul>
  18. 18. Importance of Good Research <ul><li>Research output plays an important part in university rankings </li></ul><ul><li>UM aims to be among the top 100 by 2013 </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Need to Start Well <ul><li>Start well, finish strong </li></ul><ul><li>A good beginning is half completion </li></ul><ul><li>The seeds of success are sown right at the start, </li></ul><ul><li>as are the seeds of failure. </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Need to Start Well <ul><li>Start by doing what is necessary; </li></ul><ul><li>then do what is possible; </li></ul><ul><li>and suddenly you are doing the impossible. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>St. Francis of Assisi </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Starting Your Research <ul><li>Research involves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying a research area and topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying a problem and research question(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linking your research to the work of others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collecting and analyzing data / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing a system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawing your conclusions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicating your findings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you have not already started, start today </li></ul>
  22. 22. Types of Research <ul><li>Research that is of interest to you </li></ul><ul><li>Research in emerging areas </li></ul><ul><li>Research that can be published </li></ul><ul><li>Research that leads to citations </li></ul>
  23. 23. Starting Your Research <ul><li>Choose an area that really interests you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You have to sustain your interest for 6 - 12 months (maybe more) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Read widely about the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a bibliography of research resources related to topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Install EndNote on to your computer (can be downloaded free from http://ict.um.edu.my/ ); attend UM Library training workshop if necessary </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Starting Your Research <ul><li>Develop a bibliography of research resources related to topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search Google scholar, Library databases, Web of Science; use forward and backward chaining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on journal articles, theses and dissertations, conference papers; minimize books and .com web sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search also Conferences and Call for Papers to identify topics of current interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify research groups and key people in your area, look at their web sites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify ‘hot’ research topics - important for publication later on </li></ul>
  25. 25. Starting Your Research <ul><li>What are ‘hot topics’? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New research areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas of focus by academia, industry, nation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How to identify ‘hot topics’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at conference ‘Call for Papers’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attend conferences, network with people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at top journals </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Starting Your Research <ul><li>Read at least 20 – 25 journal articles, theses and dissertations, conference papers </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a brief proposal (5-10 pages), </li></ul><ul><ul><li>introduction, statement of problem, objectives, brief literature review, methodology, significance of research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discuss it proposal with potential Supervisor </li></ul>
  27. 27. Starting Your Research <ul><li>Refine proposal, or find a new Supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Get commitment from Supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Submit form to Office, indicating research area and name of Supervisor </li></ul>
  28. 28. Types of Research <ul><li>Research that is of interest to you </li></ul><ul><li>Research that can be published </li></ul><ul><li>Research in emerging areas </li></ul><ul><li>Research that leads to citations </li></ul>
  29. 29. Professional Relationships <ul><li>Keeping a good professional relationship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With your Supervisor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get to know him / her well </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Know his expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep him informed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Follow his / her advice, but know when to differ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With your mentor(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With professional colleagues (other students) </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Resources for Your Research <ul><li>Supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Colleagues / peers in UM </li></ul><ul><li>Colleagues / peers internationally </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Finances </li></ul><ul><li>Library resources </li></ul>
  31. 46. Succeeding in Your Research <ul><li>Prepare yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotionally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socially </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financially </li></ul></ul>
  32. 47. Plan Your Research <ul><li>Set a goal to complete </li></ul><ul><li>I shall successfully complete my </li></ul><ul><li>…………………… . </li></ul><ul><li>(name of degree) </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>……… .………. </li></ul><ul><li>Month Year </li></ul><ul><li>…………… </li></ul><ul><li>Signature </li></ul>
  33. 48. Plan Your Research <ul><li>Plan your activities </li></ul><ul><li>Aim to do some work every day , at least 30 minutes </li></ul>
  34. 49. Plan Your Research <ul><li>Write out your proposal </li></ul><ul><li>Apply for funding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PPP From UM, e.g. IPPP http://www.ippp.um.edu.my/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Max. RM 30,000 for full research students, RM 10,000 for coursework + dissertation students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From outside UM, e.g. eScience, industry </li></ul></ul>
  35. 50. Keep to Your Plan <ul><li>Keep a record of your activities </li></ul>
  36. 51. Keep to Your Plan <ul><li>Learn from others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Join discussion groups, attend seminars, … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Get help </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From Supervisor, other lecturers, seniors, peers, friends, online friends (Facebook, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keep your Supervisor informed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Submit a weekly progress report, irrespective of whether your get feedback or not </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be aware of University policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3-month notice of submission, format for thesis, no plagiarism, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  37. 52. Evaluation of Your Research <ul><li>Self evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Peer evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisor evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation by examiners </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation by professionals </li></ul>
  38. 53. Evaluation of Your Research <ul><li>Evaluation by examiners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research contribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Significance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Innovative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Flow’ of sections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Format </li></ul></ul></ul>
  39. 54. To Summarize <ul><li>What type of research should you be doing? </li></ul><ul><li>Where can you get resources to help you with your research? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you have a successful professional relationship? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you need to successfully complete your research? </li></ul><ul><li>What do examiners look for in your research? </li></ul>
  40. 55. Remember <ul><li>If you have not started yet, start today </li></ul><ul><li>Plan your research </li></ul><ul><li>Get the resources (supervisor, equipment, readings, time, money, etc.), but don’t wait until everything is perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Keep to your plan </li></ul><ul><li>Get help where necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Good luck ! </li></ul>
  41. 56. <ul><li>Q & A </li></ul>
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