The Internet N U


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The Internet N U

  1. 2. <ul><li>A global system of interconnected computer networks that interchange data using the standardized Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP). </li></ul><ul><li>The terms Internet and World Wide Web are often used without much distinction. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the Internet and the World Wide Web are not one and the same. </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet is a global data communications system. It is a hardware and software infrastructure that provides connectivity between computers. </li></ul><ul><li>In contrast, the Web is one of the services communicated via the Internet. It is a collection of interconnected documents and other resources, linked by hyperlinks and URLs. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>IP Address </li></ul><ul><li>Domain Names / URLs </li></ul><ul><li>Websites / Web-hosting </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Browsers </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging / Micro-Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Social Bookmarking </li></ul><ul><li>IM (Instant Messenger) </li></ul><ul><li>RSS Feeds </li></ul><ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Is a numerical identification and logical address that is assigned to a computer device on a network interface. </li></ul><ul><li>A unique number consisting of 4 parts separated by dots e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Every machine on the internet has a unique IP number </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>URL stands for ‘uniform resource locator’ which is the address of a file or content on the internet. They begin with www (world wide web), followed by the name of the company or product.  </li></ul><ul><li>It is an unique text based address which identifies a resource on the Internet for routing purposes </li></ul><ul><li>For example : </li></ul><ul><li>Domain names are the word sequences users enter in their address bar of an internet navigator to visit a specific web site. </li></ul><ul><li>Each domain name is assigned to an IP address.  </li></ul><ul><li>The unique names that give each Internet site its own address or identity. </li></ul><ul><li>For example : </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Website – a collection of related web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that are addressed with a common domain name </li></ul><ul><li>Webpage – a document or resource of information that is suitable for the World Wide Web and can be accessed through a web browser  </li></ul><ul><li>Web Hosting – the service of hosting a site on the Internet making it viewable for other users on the net </li></ul><ul><li>Provides space on Internet servers for the storage of World Wide Web sites which can be accessed by others through the network </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>It is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and navigating through information resources on the World Wide Web. </li></ul><ul><li>It may be a web page, image, video, or any other piece of content. </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperlinks present in resources enable users to easily navigate their browsers to related resources. </li></ul><ul><li>The major web browsers are Windows Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Opera. </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>A blog (a contraction of the term &quot; Web log &quot;) is a Website, usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. </li></ul><ul><li>Entries are commonly displayed in reverse-chronological order. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Blog&quot; can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to a blog . </li></ul><ul><li>Most blogs are primarily textual, although some focus on art (artlog), photographs (photo blog), sketches (sketch blog), videos (vlog), music (MP3 blog), audio (podcasting) </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>There are various types of blogs and blogging. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Macro Blogging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs that are about a person’s life like a diary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Common and most used blogging platforms are Blogger and Word Press, others are MSN Spaces, TypePad, Movable Type, Greymatter, B2Evolution to name a few.. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><ul><li>Micro Blogging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is a form of multimedia blogging that allows users to send brief text messages (upto 140 characters), Pictures, audio clips to be viewed by anyone or a restricted group. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These messages can be sent via text messaging, instant messaging, email, MP3 or the web. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content differs from a traditional blog as it is typically more topical in nature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many micro-blogs provide this short commentary on a person-to-person level, or share news about a company's products and services. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Common platforms are Twitter, Pownce, Jaiku, Cromple, Tumblr, Hellotxt, Playtalk to name a few… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Corporate Blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be private, or it can be for business purposes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be used internally to enhance the communication and culture in a corporation or externally for marketing, branding or public relations purposes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These include Internal Blogs, External Blogs, CEO Blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Question Blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a type of blog that answers questions sent via email, or through the blog itself. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By Device </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A blog written by a mobile device like a mobile phone or PDA could be called a moblog </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>By Media Type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs comprising of videos is called a vlog, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprising of links is called a link log, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A site containing a portfolio of sketches is called a sketch blog or one comprising photos is called a photoblog. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs with shorter posts and mixed media types are called tumblelogs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A rare type of blog hosted on the Gopher Protocol is known as a Phlog </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By Genre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some blogs focus on a particular subject, such as political blogs, travel blogs, fashion blogs, project blogs, education blogs, niche blogs, music blogs, quizzing blogs and legal blogs (often referred to as a blawgs). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>While not a legitimate type of blog, one used for the sole purpose of spamming is known as a Splog. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Online social networking websites are known as social sites. </li></ul><ul><li>They function like an online community of internet users.  These online community members share a common interest such as hobbies, religion, or politics.  </li></ul><ul><li>Once you are granted access to a social networking website you can begin to socialize.  This socialization may include reading the profile pages of other members and possibly even contacting them.   </li></ul><ul><li>It involves grouping specific individuals </li></ul><ul><li>or organizations together. </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>The websites without a main focus are often referred to as &quot;traditional&quot; social networking websites and usually have open memberships. This means that anyone can become a member, no matter what their hobbies, beliefs, or views are. However, once you are inside this online community, you can begin to create your own network of friends and eliminate members that do not share common interests or goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Common sites include MySpace, FriendWise, FriendFinder, Yahoo! 360, Facebook, Orkut, and Classmates </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Like Social Networking sites that are used to connect to other individuals around the world there are sites that are used for the sole purpose of professional networking. </li></ul><ul><li>Here too, an individual can join up for free, make a profile page and invite or contact other individuals in the same or different profession to their profile. </li></ul><ul><li>Common sites are Linkedin, Ryze, Ecademy, YorZ, Xing, Ziggs, Plaxo </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>We bookmark sites on our browsers by going to the “add to favourites” or “bookmark” for our personal use – but what if we want to share these sites with others? </li></ul><ul><li>It is a method for Internet users to store, organize, search, and manage bookmarks of web pages on the Internet with the help of metadata. </li></ul><ul><li>Here, users save links to web pages that they want to remember and/or share. These bookmarks are usually public, and can be saved privately, shared only with specified people or groups, shared only inside certain networks, or another combination of public and private domains. </li></ul><ul><li>Most social bookmark services encourage users to organize their bookmarks with informal tags instead of the traditional browser-based system of folders. </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>They also enable viewing bookmarks associated with a chosen tag, and include information about the number of users who have bookmarked them. Some social bookmarking services also draw inferences from the relationship of tags to create clusters of tags or bookmarks. </li></ul><ul><li>Some common and well known social bookmarking sites are Reddit, Digg,, StumbleUpon, Technorati to name a few.. </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Is a form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text. The text is conveyed via devices connected over a network such as the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to understand that what separates chat and instant messaging from technologies such as e-mail is the communication by the user - Chat happens in real-time before your eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>IMs may be used for personal as well as professional usage </li></ul><ul><li>Some common IM clients are MSN Messenger, Yahoo Messenger, Skype, Jabber, ICQ, Meebo, </li></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>RSS is a Web feed format used to publish frequently updated works – such as blog entries, news headlines, audio, and video – in a standardized format. </li></ul><ul><li>An RSS document is called a &quot;feed&quot;, &quot;web feed&quot;, or &quot;channel“ and includes full or summarized text and benefit readers who want to subscribe to timely updates from favored websites or to aggregate feeds from many sites into one place. </li></ul><ul><li>RSS feeds can be read using software called an &quot;RSS reader&quot;, &quot;feed reader&quot;, or &quot;aggregator&quot;, which can be web-based or desktop-based. </li></ul><ul><li>The user subscribes to a feed by entering the feed's URL into the reader or by clicking an RSS icon in a browser that initiates the subscription process. </li></ul><ul><li>The RSS reader checks the user's subscribed feeds regularly for new work, downloads any updates that it finds, and provides a user interface to monitor and read the feeds. </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>A  Web search engine  is a tool designed </li></ul><ul><li>to search for information on the World </li></ul><ul><li>Wide Web. </li></ul><ul><li>The search results are usually presented in a list </li></ul><ul><li>and are commonly called  hits . </li></ul><ul><li>The information may consist of web pages, images, information and other types of files. </li></ul><ul><li>Common search engines are Google, Yahoo Search, MSN Search, </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>? </li></ul><ul><li>? </li></ul><ul><li>? </li></ul>