A Dividing Nation
Chapter 20
Could a nation
born in freedom
endure half-slave
and half-free?
Confronting the Issue of Slavery
In 1819, the
number of slave
states and free
states stood at
11 apiece
Free States
 Free states: Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York,
Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts New
Hampshire, Ver...
Slave States
 Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia,
Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana,
Miss...
Questions about Missouri
 Congress
questioned whether
Missouri should be
admitted as a slave
state
 As a slave state, it...
Issue 1: Missouri applied for
statehood as a slave state
Northerners
favored/opposed
this because…
Southerners
favored/o...
Issue 2: The Tallmadge Amendment
proposed that Missouri be admitted
as a free state
Northerners
favored/opposed
this beca...
On your own…
Given these two issues,
create a compromise that
satisfies northerners of
southerners.
The Missouri Compromise
 Missouri entered the Union as a slave
state
 Maine entered the Union as a free state
 Congress...
The Missouri Compromise
 North of the line,
slavery banned
forever, except in
Missouri
 South of the line,
slavery permi...
The Missouri Compromise Unravels
 Because of slavery, southerners threatened to secede,
or withdraw from the Union
 Nort...
Issue 1:Abolitionists wanted to stop slavery in
Washington, D.C., but Congress refused to
consider anti-slavery petitions....
Issue 2: Some northerners assisted
fugitive slaves.
 Northerners
tolerated/condemned
this practice because…
 Southerners...
Issue 3: The Wilmot Proviso stated slavery
would not be allowed in the Mexican Cession
 Northerners
favored/opposed this
...
Issue 4: California applied for
admission as a free state
 Northerners
favored/opposed
admitting California as a
free sta...
On your own…
Given these four issues,
create a compromise
that satisfies
northerners and
southerners.
The Compromise of 1850
 California was admitted as a free state
 New Mexico and Utah were organized as
territories open ...
The Fugitive Slave Law
 A fugitive is a person who flees or tries to
escape from slavery.
 Under this law, any person ar...
Fugitive Slave Law
 The North was against
this law and refused to
support it.
 The assistance or help
that northerners g...
Slave Auction
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
 Harriet Beecher
Stowe wrote this
novel after
experiencing a
vision that detailed
the horrors of
slavery
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s “Uncle
Tom’s Cabin”
 Uncle Tom’s Cabin
turned millions of
people against slavery
 Abraham Lincol...
The Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
 Created the
territories of Kansas
and Nebraska
 The Missouri
Compromise was
removed, allow...
Popular Sovereignty
 Left it up to the settlers themselves to vote
on whether to permit slavery in Kansas and
Nebraska
 ...
Bloodshed in Kansas
The struggle over slavery turned violent on May 21,
1856
Pro-slavery vs. Anti-slavery
John Brown, an a...
The Dred Scott Case
 Dred Scott was a
slave who sued for
his freedom when
his master took him
to Wisconsin,
where slavery...
The Dred Scott Decision
 The United States
Supreme Court
ruled against Scott
because African
Americans, whether
slave or ...
Dred Scott Decision
As a result of the Dred
Scott decision, slavery
allowed in all territories
(yellow states)
Issue 1: The Fugitive Slave Law caused
bitterness between North and the South
 Northerners were
satisfied/dissatisfied
wi...
Issue 2: The book Uncle Tom’s Cabin told
the story of a slave and his master.
The book was
popular/unpopular
in the North...
Issue 3: The Kansas-Nebraska Act stated that the issue of slavery in
those territories would be decided by popular soverei...
Issue 4: The Dred Scott case. Scott was
a slave who believed his trip to
Wisconsin made him a free man.
 Northerners prob...
On your own
 Recommend a ruling to the Supreme Court
on the Dred Scott case that satisfied
northerners and southerners. Y...
The Dred Scott Decision
 Scott could not sue for his freedom in a
federal court because he was not a citizen,
nor could a...
Issue 1: During the Lincoln-Douglass
debates, positions regarding slavery were
made clear
 Lincoln, representing the
opin...
Issue 2: John Brown attacked the
arsenal at Harpers Ferry to get
weapons for a slave rebellion.
 Some northerners
upset/r...
Issue 3: In 1860 Abraham Lincoln
was elected president
 Northerners were
happy/unhappy about
the election because…
 Sout...
On your own…
Given these three issues,
create a compromise that
satisfied northerners and
southerners and can save the
Un...
Secession
South Carolina and six other
states seceded from the
Union
South Carolina fired on Fort
Sumter (first shots)
Pre civil war events
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Pre civil war events

  1. 1. A Dividing Nation Chapter 20 Could a nation born in freedom endure half-slave and half-free?
  2. 2. Confronting the Issue of Slavery In 1819, the number of slave states and free states stood at 11 apiece
  3. 3. Free States  Free states: Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts New Hampshire, Vermont, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois
  4. 4. Slave States  Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama
  5. 5. Questions about Missouri  Congress questioned whether Missouri should be admitted as a slave state  As a slave state, it would spread slavery into the Louisiana Territory
  6. 6. Issue 1: Missouri applied for statehood as a slave state Northerners favored/opposed this because… Southerners favored/opposed this because…
  7. 7. Issue 2: The Tallmadge Amendment proposed that Missouri be admitted as a free state Northerners favored/opposed this because… Southerners favored/opposed this because …
  8. 8. On your own… Given these two issues, create a compromise that satisfies northerners of southerners.
  9. 9. The Missouri Compromise  Missouri entered the Union as a slave state  Maine entered the Union as a free state  Congress drew an imaginary line across the Louisiana Territory at latitude 36°30‫׳‬  Slavery was permitted south of that line and prohibited north of it
  10. 10. The Missouri Compromise  North of the line, slavery banned forever, except in Missouri  South of the line, slavery permitted
  11. 11. The Missouri Compromise Unravels  Because of slavery, southerners threatened to secede, or withdraw from the Union  Northerners felt that slavery was a crime against humanity… a great evil.
  12. 12. Issue 1:Abolitionists wanted to stop slavery in Washington, D.C., but Congress refused to consider anti-slavery petitions. Northern abolitionists were pleased/angered because… Southerners were pleased/angere d because…
  13. 13. Issue 2: Some northerners assisted fugitive slaves.  Northerners tolerated/condemned this practice because…  Southerners tolerated/condemned this practice because…
  14. 14. Issue 3: The Wilmot Proviso stated slavery would not be allowed in the Mexican Cession  Northerners favored/opposed this amendment because…  Southerners favored/opposed this amendment because…
  15. 15. Issue 4: California applied for admission as a free state  Northerners favored/opposed admitting California as a free state because…  Southerners favored/opposed admitting California as a free state because…
  16. 16. On your own… Given these four issues, create a compromise that satisfies northerners and southerners.
  17. 17. The Compromise of 1850  California was admitted as a free state  New Mexico and Utah were organized as territories open to slavery  The slave trade was ended in Washington, D.C.  A strong fugitive slave law was passed
  18. 18. The Fugitive Slave Law  A fugitive is a person who flees or tries to escape from slavery.  Under this law, any person arrested as a runaway slave had no legal rights.  It also stated that those who helped a slave escape could be jailed.
  19. 19. Fugitive Slave Law  The North was against this law and refused to support it.  The assistance or help that northerners gave the escaped slaves caused hard feelings for southern slaveholders.
  20. 20. Slave Auction
  21. 21. Uncle Tom’s Cabin  Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote this novel after experiencing a vision that detailed the horrors of slavery
  22. 22. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”  Uncle Tom’s Cabin turned millions of people against slavery  Abraham Lincoln commented to Stowe, “So you’re the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war”
  23. 23. The Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854  Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska  The Missouri Compromise was removed, allowing slavery in the north
  24. 24. Popular Sovereignty  Left it up to the settlers themselves to vote on whether to permit slavery in Kansas and Nebraska  Popular Sovereignty is rule by the people  Northerners were outraged because they did not want slavery and it violated the Missouri Compromise
  25. 25. Bloodshed in Kansas The struggle over slavery turned violent on May 21, 1856 Pro-slavery vs. Anti-slavery John Brown, an abolitionist, got revenge by dragging 5 men who supported slavery and hacked them to death with swords
  26. 26. The Dred Scott Case  Dred Scott was a slave who sued for his freedom when his master took him to Wisconsin, where slavery was illegal
  27. 27. The Dred Scott Decision  The United States Supreme Court ruled against Scott because African Americans, whether slave or free, could not become American citizens
  28. 28. Dred Scott Decision As a result of the Dred Scott decision, slavery allowed in all territories (yellow states)
  29. 29. Issue 1: The Fugitive Slave Law caused bitterness between North and the South  Northerners were satisfied/dissatisfied with the way the Fugitive Slave Law was enforced because…  Southerners were satisfied/dissatisfied with the way the Fugitive Slave Law was enforced because
  30. 30. Issue 2: The book Uncle Tom’s Cabin told the story of a slave and his master. The book was popular/unpopular in the North because … The book was popular/unpopular in the South because…
  31. 31. Issue 3: The Kansas-Nebraska Act stated that the issue of slavery in those territories would be decided by popular sovereignty. Both pro- slavery and anti-slavery forces rushed to the territories to vote Northerners were pleased/unhappy about the act because…. Southerners were pleased/unhappy about the act because….
  32. 32. Issue 4: The Dred Scott case. Scott was a slave who believed his trip to Wisconsin made him a free man.  Northerners probably believed he was a free/still a slave because ….  Southerners probably believed he was free/still a slave because…
  33. 33. On your own  Recommend a ruling to the Supreme Court on the Dred Scott case that satisfied northerners and southerners. Your ruling must address these issues: Was Scott a citizen with the right to sue in federal court? Did Scott’s visit to Wisconsin make him a free man? Can Congress ban slavery in the territories?
  34. 34. The Dred Scott Decision  Scott could not sue for his freedom in a federal court because he was not a citizen, nor could any African American ever become an American citizen  Scott’s stay in Wisconsin did not make him a free man because the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional  Congress cannot ban slavery in the territories
  35. 35. Issue 1: During the Lincoln-Douglass debates, positions regarding slavery were made clear  Lincoln, representing the opinion of the North, felt slavery was a legal/moral issue because…  Douglas, representing the opinion of the South, felt that slavery was a legal/moral issue because…
  36. 36. Issue 2: John Brown attacked the arsenal at Harpers Ferry to get weapons for a slave rebellion.  Some northerners upset/reassured southerners after Brown’s raid because…  Southerners were unconcerned/fearful about Brown’s raid because…
  37. 37. Issue 3: In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected president  Northerners were happy/unhappy about the election because…  Southerners were happy/unhappy with the election because…
  38. 38. On your own… Given these three issues, create a compromise that satisfied northerners and southerners and can save the Union.
  39. 39. Secession South Carolina and six other states seceded from the Union South Carolina fired on Fort Sumter (first shots)

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