TSUNAMI IN INDIA AND TSUNAMI WALLS Dr. A. K. AVASARALA MBBS, M.D. PROFESSOR & HEAD DEPT OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE & EPIDEMIOLOGY PRATHIMA INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, KARIMNAGAR, A.P.. INDIA : +91 505417 [email_address]
QUESTIONS THAT TSUNAMI ALONE CAN ANSWER WHERE IS MY MUMMY? I AM PARENTLESS!-- A CRYING CHILD WHERE IS MY EARNING SON? -- DEPENDENT OLD PEOPLE! WHERE IS MY EARNING HUSBAND?-- A DESTITUTE! WHERE IS MY HOUSE? -- SHELTERLESS! WHERE IS MY FISHING BOAT? -- FISHERMAN WHO LOST HIS EARNING! WHERE ARE MY AIRFORCE ACADEMY OFFICIALS AT NICOBAR ISLANDS? -- NATION AND THEIR KITH & KIN
4,657 missing from Katchal island Sridhar K. Chari writes from Port Blair THE latest figures provided by the Integrated Relief Command (IRC) here today reveal that roughly 77 per cent of the 6010 officially declared “missing”, a figure of 4657, are from the island of Katchal in the southern Nicobar group.
Caught in swirling waters, mother makes toughest choice of her life
CHILDREN WERE MADE HOMELESS SINGLE PARENTED SURVIVING PARENT IS USUALLY A HELPLESS UNEARNIG MOTHER YOUNGEST ORPHAN IS FIVE YEAR OLD ORPHANGES ILL WORKING CHILD TRADE OF TSUNAMI ORPHANS TO CITIES AS CHILD LABOUR AND PROSTITUTION HOUSES Thieves, rapists, kidnappers and hoaxers prey on tsunami victims UGLY SCENE
The minister said: "When the quake hit Indonesia, we had information about it. What we did not have information about was the Tsunami. When there is any information, there is a procedure to be followed. Till the time we have complete confirmation we can't jump the gun. It was the Tsunami which did all the damage and it was not known before hand. So far as this 2002 thing is concerned, there is no information and record in my ministry to this."
TO A QUESTION, WHY INDIAN SCIENTISTS, DESPITE VARIOUS SCIENTIFIC ACHIEVEMENTS TO THEIR CREDIT, FAILED TO EFFECTIVELY DEAL WITH NATURAL DISASTERS, SIBAL SAID "THERE HAVE BEEN SOME NATURAL PHENOMENON, FOR WHICH SCIENCE HAS NOT BEEN ABLE TO FIND AN ANSWER TILL NOW." P essimism or escapism?
SAME LAXITY HAPPENED WITH SUPER CYCLONE IN AT ORISSA, BHOPAL GAS TRAGEDY IN MADHYA PRADESH, DIVI CYCLONE IN ANDHRA PRADESH AND VERY FREQUENT TRAIN DISASTERS.
TAKE IT FOR GRANTED THAT TSUNAMI CANNOT BE EITHER PREDICTED NOR PREVENTED. IS IT AN EXCUSE? WHETHER IT IS A TSUNAMI OR TIDAL WAVE OR WHATEVER YOU CALL IT , IT IS A HUGE SEA WATER COMING TO SHORE AND CUSING DAMAGE.
DON’T WE HAVE SUCH EXPERIENCES IN THE PAST? WHAT ABOUT DIVI CYCLONE IN ANDHRA PRADESH IN 1977 AND SUPERCYCLONE IN ORISSA?
STONE SEA WALL THAT KEPT PONDICHERRY'S HISTORIC CENTER DRY EVEN THOUGH TSUNAMI WAVES DROVE WATER 24 FEET ABOVE THE NORMAL HIGH-TIDE MARK.
THE PONDICHERRY DISTRICT RECORDED SOME 600 DEATHS FROM THE HUGE WAVES THAT STRUCK INDIA'S SOUTHEASTERN COAST AFTER A MAMMOTH EARTHQUAKE OFF INDONESIA, BUT MOST OF THOSE KILLED WERE FISHERMEN WHO LIVED IN VILLAGES BEYOND THE MAN-MADE BARRIER
AT ITS HEIGHT, THE BARRIER RUNNING ALONG THE WATER'S EDGE REACHES ABOUT 27 FEET ABOVE SEA LEVEL. THE BOULDERS, SOME WEIGHING UP TO A TON, ARE WEATHERED BLACK AND BROWN.
ON DEC. 26, WHEN TOWERING WAVES CRASHED AGAINST INDIA'S SOUTHERN COAST, THE WALL HELD. PONDICHERRY WAS VERY SAFE BECAUSE OF THE ROCK BARRIER," SAID S. SUBRAMANIAN, MANAGER OF THE TOURIST INFORMATION BUREAU, WHICH HAS ITS OFFICE ON THE ROAD OVERLOOKING THE OCEAN. HE SAID ONLY THE FISHING VILLAGES AND BEACH RESORTS ON EITHER SIDE OF THE BARRIER WERE DAMAGED.
IN NEIGHBORING BANGLADESH, WHICH HAD ONLY TWO DEATHS FROM THE TSUNAMI, THERE IS A SIMILAR NATURAL BARRIER.
BILLIONS OF TONS OF SEDIMENT CARRIED INTO THE SEA BY THE COUNTRY'S NUMEROUS RIVERS SLOWED THE SEA SURGES BEFORE THEY HIT THE COAST.
ARE THE WALLS BETTER FOR SMALL ISLAND COUNTRIES?
IT SEEMS SO
EVENTHOUGH WARNING WAS RECEIVED WHERE WILL THEY LEAVE?
WHERE THEY WILL GO UNLESS THEY HAVE SOME MAIN LAND NEARBY WHICH WILL PERMIT THEM?
THEY HAVE TO LEAVE ALL THEIR PROPERTY AND COUNTRY?
IN SMALL ISLANDS LIKE ANDAMANS,NICOBAR, LAKSHDIVES, MALDIVES WALLS ARE BETTER AS THEY ARE SIMPLE TO CONSTRUCT INDIGENEOUSLY AND CHEAPER THAN POSSESSING WARNING SYSTEMS WHICH THEY CANNOT AFFORD.
PACIFIC WARNING SYSTEMS AND THEIR NARROW MINDEDNESS ?
The angry questions that hundreds of thousands of family members of victims are asking, especially in Sri Lanka and India, are "what happened?"--and "why did no one warn us before the tsunami hit?" The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center had issued a tsunami bulletin and had concluded that there was no danger for the Pacific nations in its jurisdiction.
Why didn't it extend its warning to South and Southeast Asia? It is perhaps clear with hindsight that an Indian Ocean tsunami warning center should have been in place, or that the Indian Ocean nations should have requested coverage from the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center.
Indian ocean scientists, disaster managers, policy makers, and local communities need to work together toward the common goal of creating tsunami-resistant communities with access to accurate, timely tsunami warnings.
A tsunami warning center needs to be established as soon as practical in the region, and the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center should act as an interim warning center.