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sports and cricket

  1. 1. Howzatt !!! An Introduction to Cricket Avneesh Sud
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Demo! </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Techniques (Gokul) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Outline <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Demo! </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Techniques (Gokul) </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Gentleman’s Game… <ul><li>Marylebone Cricket Club formed in London in 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘Home of Cricket’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. … And A ‘Religion’ <ul><li>Fanatic levels of support in South Asia </li></ul>
  6. 6. Outline <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Demo! </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Techniques (Gokul) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Outline <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment & Field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play: Scoring & Getting Out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demo! </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Techniques (Gokul) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Outline <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment & Field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play: Scoring & Getting Out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demo! </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Techniques (Gokul) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Basics <ul><li>Similar to baseball ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>2 Teams: 11 players each </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Batting Team – bats an innings and scores runs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fielding Team – bowls and gets batting team out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reverse roles after an innings </li></ul><ul><li>Team with most runs wins </li></ul>
  10. 10. Outline <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment & Field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play: Scoring & Getting Out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demo! </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Techniques (Gokul) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Equipment <ul><li>Ball </li></ul>
  12. 12. Equipment <ul><li>Ball </li></ul><ul><li>Bat </li></ul>
  13. 13. Equipment <ul><li>Ball </li></ul><ul><li>Bat </li></ul><ul><li>Wickets ≈ ‘Plate’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bails </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Equipment <ul><li>Ball </li></ul><ul><li>Bat </li></ul><ul><li>Wickets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bails </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protective Gear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helmet, Gloves, Pads,… </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Field <ul><li>Oval Field ≈ ‘Diamond’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No size restrictions, 100-160 yards across </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pitch in center ≈ ‘Inside Baselines’ </li></ul>Pitch
  16. 16. Pitch Wickets / Stumps ≈ ‘Plate’
  17. 17. Pitch Batting Crease ≈ ‘Home Plate’
  18. 18. Pitch Bowling Crease ≈ ‘Pitching Mound’
  19. 19. Outline <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment & Field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play: Scoring & Getting Out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demo! </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Techniques (Gokul) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Players (Batting Team) <ul><li>Batsman (2) ≈ ‘Batter’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Striker ≈ ‘Home Base’ </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Players (Batting Team) <ul><li>Batsman (2) ≈ ‘Batter’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Striker ≈ ‘Home Base’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-striker ≈ ‘Other Base’ </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Players (Fielding Team) <ul><li>Bowler (1) ≈ ‘Pitcher’ </li></ul>
  23. 23. Players (Fielding Team) <ul><li>Wicket-Keeper (1) ≈ ‘Catcher’ </li></ul>
  24. 24. Players (Fielding Team) <ul><li>Fielders (9) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wicket-keeper, bowler also fielders </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Officials <ul><li>Umpires (2) </li></ul>
  26. 26. Outline <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment & Field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play: Scoring & Getting Out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demo! </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Techniques (Gokul) </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Play: One ‘Ball’ <ul><li>Bowler bowls the ball to striker </li></ul><ul><li>Striker tries to hit ball with bat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Runs scored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No runs scored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gets out </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Scoring Runs <ul><li>‘ Running’ runs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball remains inside the field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batsmen run across the pitch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Striker ↔ Non-striker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each crossing of pitch = 1 run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Score 1, 2, 3 or 4 runs </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Scoring Runs <ul><li>Boundary: 4 runs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball rolls outside the field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batsmen do not run across </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Scoring Runs <ul><li>Boundary: 4 runs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball rolls outside the field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batsmen do not run across </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Scoring Runs <ul><li>Boundary: 6 runs ≈ ‘Home Run’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball flies outside the field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batsmen do not run across </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Scoring Runs <ul><li>Boundary: 6 runs ≈ ‘Home Run’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball flies outside the field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batsmen do not run across </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Scoring Runs <ul><li>No runs scored </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Striker misses / Ball goes direct to fielder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batsmen do not run across </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Getting Out <ul><li>‘ Strike Out’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Caught Out’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Thrown Out’ </li></ul>
  35. 35. Getting Out <ul><li>Bowled ≈ ‘Strike Out’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball hits stumps </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Getting Out <ul><li>Bowled ≈ ‘Strike Out’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball hits stumps </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Getting Out <ul><li>Bowled ≈ ‘Strike Out’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball hits stumps </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Getting Out <ul><li>Caught ≈ ‘Caught Out’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fielder catches ball before it touches the ground </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Getting Out <ul><li>Caught ≈ ‘Caught Out’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fielder catches ball before it touches the ground </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Getting Out <ul><li>Run-out ≈ ‘Thrown Out’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Batsmen run across </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fielder hits stumps with ball before batsman reaches batting crease </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Getting Out <ul><li>Run-out ≈ ‘Thrown Out’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Batsmen run across </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fielder hits stumps with ball before batsman reaches batting crease </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Getting Out <ul><li>Leg Before Wicket (LBW) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Striker does not hit ball with bat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball hits striker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball was going to hit stumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeal to Umpire - “Howzatt !!” </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. Getting Out <ul><li>Leg Before Wicket (LBW) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Striker does not hit ball with bat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball hits striker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ball was going to hit stumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeal to Umpire - “Howzatt !!” </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Getting Out <ul><li>Other Ways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stumped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hit-Wicket </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Handled Ball </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Double Hit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timed Out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obstructing the field </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only ONE batsman can get out / ball </li></ul>
  45. 45. Outline <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field & Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scoring & Getting Out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demo! </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Techniques (Gokul) </li></ul>
  46. 46. Test Matches <ul><li>Match lasts up to 5 days </li></ul><ul><li>One innings = (all) 10 batsmen get out </li></ul><ul><li>Batting team ↔ Fielding team </li></ul><ul><li>Each team plays (up to) 2 innings </li></ul><ul><li>Team with maximum runs wins </li></ul>
  47. 47. Scorecard A <ul><li>England vs. Australia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England (1 st innings): 237 all out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australia (1 st innings): 412 all out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England (2 nd innings): 375 all out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australia (2 nd innings): 201 for 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>412 + 201 > 237 + 375 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Result: Australia wins by 5 wickets </li></ul>
  48. 48. Scorecard B <ul><li>India vs. Pakistan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan (1 st innings): 105 all out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India (1 st innings): 492 all out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan (2 nd innings): 235 all out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>492 > 105 + 235 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Result: India wins by an innings </li></ul>
  49. 49. Recap <ul><li>2 Teams: 11 players each </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Batting Team – bats an innings and scores runs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fielding Team – bowls and gets batting team out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reverse roles after an innings </li></ul><ul><li>Team with most runs wins </li></ul>
  50. 50. Outline <ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Demo! </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Techniques (Gokul) </li></ul>
  51. 51. References <ul><li>MCC: http://www.lords.org/cricket/laws.asp </li></ul><ul><li>BBC Sports Academy: http://news.bbc.co.uk/sportacademy/bsp/hi/cricket/rules/html/default.stm </li></ul><ul><li>Antony Hosking: http:// www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/hosking/cricket/explanation.htm </li></ul>
  52. 52. Field
  53. 53. Pitch
  54. 54. Pitch: Dimensions Stumps 20.12m (22 yards) 17.68m 3.05m (10 ft) Batting Crease
  55. 55. From A Shepherd’s Game… <ul><li>Similar game played by shepherds in England in 13 th century </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Cric’ = Curved staff used by a shepherd </li></ul>
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