<ul><li>There are three main divisions of time: </li></ul><ul><li>Present </li></ul><ul><li>Past </li></ul><ul><li>Future ...
<ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb regular form  </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Facts and generalization </li></ul><ul><li>A dog is an animal </li></ul><ul><li>Habits and routines  </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Su...
<ul><li>Present or temporary activities </li></ul><ul><li>They are swimming in the sea </li></ul><ul><li>I'm drinking hot ...
<ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle  </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle  </li></u...
<ul><li>Actions which happened at an indefinite (unknown) time before now </li></ul><ul><li>We have already had breakfast ...
<ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb  + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary ver...
<ul><li>Actions that started in the past and continue in the present </li></ul><ul><li>She's (=she HAS) been crying in her...
<ul><li>Subject + Verb + ed or an irregular form  </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Subj...
<ul><li>Events in the past that are now finished (e.g. I went to school) *  </li></ul><ul><li>I saw two colorful fishes in...
<ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Su...
<ul><li>Actions in progress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At 3 p.m., I was having lunch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We were all thi...
<ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle </li></ul>...
<ul><li>A completed action before another activity in the past </li></ul><ul><li>When we arrived, the concert had already ...
<ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb...
<ul><li>Duration of a past action up to a certain point in the past </li></ul><ul><li>I had been running for an hour when ...
<ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxi...
<ul><li>Promises  </li></ul><ul><li>I will come back at 10 p.m </li></ul><ul><li>I will get Mary </li></ul><ul><li>Unplann...
<ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb  + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary ver...
<ul><li>Future actions in progress. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She'll be having a bath when I'm back home </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb +  Present participle </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxil...
<ul><li>Actions that will be finished before some point in the future </li></ul><ul><li>They will have graduated from Camb...
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Tenses

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Transcript of "Tenses"

  1. 2. <ul><li>There are three main divisions of time: </li></ul><ul><li>Present </li></ul><ul><li>Past </li></ul><ul><li>Future </li></ul><ul><li>These tenses are further sub-divided into: </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect Progressive </li></ul>Innate HR Solutions Pvt. Ltd
  2. 3. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb regular form </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Not + Verb </li></ul>Innate HR Solutions Pvt. Ltd
  3. 4. <ul><li>Facts and generalization </li></ul><ul><li>A dog is an animal </li></ul><ul><li>Habits and routines </li></ul><ul><li>I learn English twice a week </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent situations </li></ul><ul><li>I come from Basil </li></ul><ul><li>State verbs (e.g. be, have, think, know) more </li></ul><ul><li>I have two eggs </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed / official arrangement that we can't change </li></ul><ul><li>The course starts in April </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb + ing </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Present or temporary activities </li></ul><ul><li>They are swimming in the sea </li></ul><ul><li>I'm drinking hot coffee now </li></ul><ul><li>Future (personal) arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>He is getting married this month </li></ul><ul><li>I'm having my first driving lesson this week </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb+not + Past participle </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Actions which happened at an indefinite (unknown) time before now </li></ul><ul><li>We have already had breakfast </li></ul><ul><li>I have already been to Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Actions in the past which have an effect on the present moment </li></ul><ul><li>I have bought new shades </li></ul><ul><li>Someone has taken my bag </li></ul><ul><li>Actions which began in the past and continue in the present </li></ul><ul><li>John has been a plumber for 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>He has been our most serious partner for so long that I can assure you he's a very decent man </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Actions that started in the past and continue in the present </li></ul><ul><li>She's (=she HAS) been crying in her room for half an hour now </li></ul><ul><li>We've been waiting for a good offer to buy a car since March </li></ul><ul><li>Actions that have recently stopped </li></ul><ul><li>I've been waiting for you to come (but now you're back!) </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Subject + Verb + ed or an irregular form </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Events in the past that are now finished (e.g. I went to school) * </li></ul><ul><li>I saw two colorful fishes in the lake yesterday </li></ul><ul><li>Mary tried the soup but it was too hot to eat </li></ul><ul><li>They saw us playing football </li></ul><ul><li>He married a woman who lived in the same village </li></ul><ul><li>Situation in the past (they lived a normal life until they won a lottery) ** </li></ul><ul><li>I lived in New York for 10 years (I don't live there anymore) </li></ul><ul><li>A series of actions in the past </li></ul><ul><li>He entered a room, lit a cigarette and smiled at the guests </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb + ing </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Actions in progress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At 3 p.m., I was having lunch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We were all thinking about our holidays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yesterday at this time Steven Seagal was riding a horse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interrupted actions in progress* </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They were talking about her when she walked into the room </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shannon was filling in a questionnaire when the pen ran out of ink </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John was smoking a cigarette when he saw a spider </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Actions in progress at the same time in the past. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While Kenneth was cleaning the living room, Sam was washing the dishes </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Past participle </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>A completed action before another activity in the past </li></ul><ul><li>When we arrived, the concert had already finished It had got/gotten worse before it got better. </li></ul><ul><li>By the time I watched my favorite program, I had drunk a cup of bee </li></ul><ul><li>By the time I got to the market, most of the stalls had already been closed </li></ul><ul><li>Third conditional sentences (a) and reported speech (b) (read more at the bottom the page) </li></ul><ul><li>If I hadn't taken my keys from the drawer, I would be able to get into my house </li></ul><ul><li>My mum asked me whether I had visited grandma the previous day. </li></ul><ul><li>Dissatisfaction with the past </li></ul><ul><li>I wish I had taken more food with me </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Duration of a past action up to a certain point in the past </li></ul><ul><li>I had been running for an hour when it started raining </li></ul><ul><li>Kathy put on weight because she had been eating too much sugar </li></ul><ul><li>When I saw him I knew that he had been training </li></ul><ul><li>Third conditional sentences (a) and reported speech (b) </li></ul><ul><li>Mary said she had never been swimming so much in one day </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Promises </li></ul><ul><li>I will come back at 10 p.m </li></ul><ul><li>I will get Mary </li></ul><ul><li>Unplanned actions (spontaneous decisions) </li></ul><ul><li>Predictions based on experience or intuition </li></ul><ul><li>I think he will regret his choice </li></ul><ul><li>When I'm 60 years old, I will be completely bald </li></ul><ul><li>Let's buy the snacks at the supermarket - they will be cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>Habits </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing ? </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Future actions in progress. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She'll be having a bath when I'm back home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tomorrow at nine, I will be hosing off (=washing with a hose) my car </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This time next week, I will be throwing a party </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I'll be watching TV when my mother arrives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Guesses about the present or the future. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They will be getting home just about now </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polite questions about somebody's intentions*. </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Present participle </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Present participle ? </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Auxiliary verb + Not +Auxiliary verb + Present participle </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Actions that will be finished before some point in the future </li></ul><ul><li>They will have graduated from Cambridge by July 2009. I will have retired by the end of the year. I read 40 pages a day. If I keep up the pace, I will have read the book by Tuesday. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Innate HR Solutions Pvt. Ltd
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