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Tenses

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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • There are three main divisions of time:
    • Present
    • Past
    • Future
    • These tenses are further sub-divided into:
    • Simple
    • Progressive
    • Perfect
    • Perfect Progressive
    Innate HR Solutions Pvt. Ltd
  • 3.
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb regular form
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Not + Verb
    Innate HR Solutions Pvt. Ltd
  • 4.
    • Facts and generalization
    • A dog is an animal
    • Habits and routines
    • I learn English twice a week
    • Permanent situations
    • I come from Basil
    • State verbs (e.g. be, have, think, know) more
    • I have two eggs
    • Fixed / official arrangement that we can't change
    • The course starts in April
  • 5.
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb + ing
  • 6.
    • Present or temporary activities
    • They are swimming in the sea
    • I'm drinking hot coffee now
    • Future (personal) arrangements
    • He is getting married this month
    • I'm having my first driving lesson this week
  • 7.
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb+not + Past participle
  • 8.
    • Actions which happened at an indefinite (unknown) time before now
    • We have already had breakfast
    • I have already been to Paris
    • Actions in the past which have an effect on the present moment
    • I have bought new shades
    • Someone has taken my bag
    • Actions which began in the past and continue in the present
    • John has been a plumber for 2 years
    • He has been our most serious partner for so long that I can assure you he's a very decent man
  • 9.
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
  • 10.
    • Actions that started in the past and continue in the present
    • She's (=she HAS) been crying in her room for half an hour now
    • We've been waiting for a good offer to buy a car since March
    • Actions that have recently stopped
    • I've been waiting for you to come (but now you're back!)
  • 11.
    • Subject + Verb + ed or an irregular form
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb
  • 12.
    • Events in the past that are now finished (e.g. I went to school) *
    • I saw two colorful fishes in the lake yesterday
    • Mary tried the soup but it was too hot to eat
    • They saw us playing football
    • He married a woman who lived in the same village
    • Situation in the past (they lived a normal life until they won a lottery) **
    • I lived in New York for 10 years (I don't live there anymore)
    • A series of actions in the past
    • He entered a room, lit a cigarette and smiled at the guests
  • 13.
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb + ing
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb + ing
  • 14.
    • Actions in progress
      • At 3 p.m., I was having lunch
      • We were all thinking about our holidays
      • Yesterday at this time Steven Seagal was riding a horse
    • Interrupted actions in progress*
      • They were talking about her when she walked into the room
      • Shannon was filling in a questionnaire when the pen ran out of ink
      • John was smoking a cigarette when he saw a spider
    • Actions in progress at the same time in the past.
      • While Kenneth was cleaning the living room, Sam was washing the dishes
  • 15.
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Past participle
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Past participle
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Past participle
  • 16.
    • A completed action before another activity in the past
    • When we arrived, the concert had already finished It had got/gotten worse before it got better.
    • By the time I watched my favorite program, I had drunk a cup of bee
    • By the time I got to the market, most of the stalls had already been closed
    • Third conditional sentences (a) and reported speech (b) (read more at the bottom the page)
    • If I hadn't taken my keys from the drawer, I would be able to get into my house
    • My mum asked me whether I had visited grandma the previous day.
    • Dissatisfaction with the past
    • I wish I had taken more food with me
  • 17.
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
  • 18.
    • Duration of a past action up to a certain point in the past
    • I had been running for an hour when it started raining
    • Kathy put on weight because she had been eating too much sugar
    • When I saw him I knew that he had been training
    • Third conditional sentences (a) and reported speech (b)
    • Mary said she had never been swimming so much in one day
  • 19.
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Verb
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + not + Verb
  • 20.
    • Promises
    • I will come back at 10 p.m
    • I will get Mary
    • Unplanned actions (spontaneous decisions)
    • Predictions based on experience or intuition
    • I think he will regret his choice
    • When I'm 60 years old, I will be completely bald
    • Let's buy the snacks at the supermarket - they will be cheaper
    • Habits
  • 21.
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing ?
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Not + Auxiliary verb + Verb + ing
  • 22.
    • Future actions in progress.
      • She'll be having a bath when I'm back home
      • Tomorrow at nine, I will be hosing off (=washing with a hose) my car
      • This time next week, I will be throwing a party
      • I'll be watching TV when my mother arrives
    • Guesses about the present or the future.
      • They will be getting home just about now
    • Polite questions about somebody's intentions*.
  • 23.
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Auxiliary verb + Present participle
    • Auxiliary verb + Subject + Auxiliary verb + Present participle ?
    • Subject + Auxiliary verb + Not +Auxiliary verb + Present participle
  • 24.
    • Actions that will be finished before some point in the future
    • They will have graduated from Cambridge by July 2009. I will have retired by the end of the year. I read 40 pages a day. If I keep up the pace, I will have read the book by Tuesday.
  • 25. Innate HR Solutions Pvt. Ltd