UN NATURAL DEATH .Suicide Sui- Self Cide- KillingHomicideAccident.
UN NATURAL DEATH .S-157 Cr PCThe Judicial magistrate has toprepare and send FIR in1.Culpable homicide. 304 A2.Murder. 302
UN NATURAL DEATH .S-174 Cr. PCThe Execute magistrate need toprepare and send FIR in1.Custodial death.2.Death of a woman within 7 years of marriage.3.Death in police action.4.Exhumation.( Disinterment of body)
CUSTODIAL DEATH .S-174 Cr. PC1.Death in Police Custody.2.Death in Judicial Custody.3.Death in any custody authorisedby court.(Rescue home, Hospital, BalaBhavan etc.)
Parallel Inquiry. .S-176(1-A) Cr. PCIn the case of custodial death ordeath of a person disappearedfrom custody or a rape case incustody inquiry should also madeby police and Judicial Magistrate.Video of the inquest should be sent to NationalHuman Right Commission.
SUO MOTO INQUEST. .In the case of conducting suomoto inquest by ExecutiveMagistrate, It may be intimatedto Police also.
Normal Procedure. .1.Police sent FIR and request forconducting Inquest to SDM (RDO).2.RDO authorises Tahsildar (EM)to conduct Inquest.
Inquest by Executive Magistrate .1.Ask the police whether there is 1.Photo/videographer. 2.Finger print Expert. 3.Scientific Asst./doctor 4.Dog squad.If there is no women police officers assistance of a localwoman may be sought.
Inquest by Executive Magistrate . 2. Ensure thatthe body to be inquested is a human body.
Inquest by Executive Magistrate .3. Ensure DEATH.1. Cooling of the body.2. Check Pulse.3. Rigor Mortis( Hardened Muscles)4. Post Mortem Staining.(Blue blood)5. Putrefaction. (decay)6. Cadaveric Spasm. (objects tightened by fist)Assistance of a local doctor may be sought for.
Inquest by Executive Magistrate .4. Check the inquest field1.Is there any objects/evidence helpful forInvestigation ?( weapons l suicide notesetc,)2.In the case of hanging, locate thesuspension point. And cut the knotscientifically.3. Accessibility to suspension point,
Inquest by Executive Magistrate .5. Check the appearance of thebody.In the case of custodial death a team of doctorsshould examine the body and video should be sentto NHRC1.Manner of dressing..Features of each dress.2.Features/Objects /Marks to identify theperson/caste.3.Hair-Well groomed/disturbed/recently cut.4.Beard/moustache.5.Ornaments.
Inquest by Executive Magistrate .5. Uncover the body and examineall the points which may be usefulin the investigation.1.Old scars/moles.2 Damages to the body.3. Stains in the body
Inquest by Executive Magistrate .5. 2- Damages to the body.Length, breadth and depth of theinjury should be noted.1.Abrasions- urachil2.Contusions- thinarpu/karuvalippu.3. Incised wound- vadival murivu.4. Lacerated wound–hammer murivu.5. Penetrating wound.
Inquest by Executive Magistrate .5. 3 Body stains.1. Stains in the body should be noted.2.Vaginal swab/smear to be sent forchemical examination.(Usually doctors only take viscera.)3.Nail clippings also may be taken.4.Cellophane tape test.5.Ligature.
INQUEST REPORT. .Report of investigation undersection 174 of Cr P C on the bodyof a person found dead at …………Place………….on…date……….27 Questions.Qns 20 to 26 are applicable toRailway Police.
Questions. .1. Name of persons composing thepanchayaths if any-Note- Minimum 2 persons. (witnesses.)
Questions. .19. If name and address of thedeceased is unknown, state whatsteps have been taken to ascertainthe same and secure idnotification……..?Have finger print of the deceasedtaken and sent to finger printbureau.
Questions. .20. Was the body warm or coldwhen first found……?
Post mortem .It is very risky to recommendexemption of post mortem.Insurance benefit will not getwithout post mortem report.There are cases in which Govtordered to avoid post mortem.
Post mortem .Inquest has been completed andthe corpse is sent forpostmortem, Civil Police officerNo KP-342 is here by authorisedto sent the body for post mortemand to obtain certificate ofpostmortem,After the PM the CPO is also authorisedto hand over the body to relatives forburial.
Post mortem .Un identified bodiesShould be kept in the mortuaryfor 3 days after Post Mortem.
INQUEST .Minimum 3 copies have to beprepared.1- to the court in original. Withornament/dresses/other objects.With form 151 A.2- to the CD file.3- To the DCRB4- To be kept with the EM.
.• T.J Joseph.• Adhikarathil.• S H Mount.• Kottayam.