Aminuddin baki

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Aminuddin baki

  1. 1. AminuddinBaki AminuddinBaki was born on 6th January 1926 in a village in asmall district called Chemor in Perak. He received early education in SekolahMelayuChemor from1932 to 1936. After passing the 5th grade examination, he continued his studies in SekolahAnderson, Ipoh, which was the best English school of the time with the best and most experiencedteachers. Aminuddin studied in the school from 1936 to 1941. Around 1945-1946 he had begun toshow interest in students’ association. He had particularly admired the Malay Students Associationformed on 20th November 1945 in Victoria Institution, Kuala Lumpur. At that time it had only 11members. This association later became KesatuanKesuratanPenuntut-penuntutMelayu formed in11th February 1946. This society had formed a committee entrusted to unify all students’associations in the country and Aminuddin was appointed as the secretary. At the same time heformed a Students’ Association in Perak known as PersatuanPelajar-pelajarMelayuInsaf (PERMI) inApril 1946. However his involvement was brief as in October 1947, he was accepted as a studentin Raffles College, Singapore, a much touted institution in its time.At this time UMNO was formed to protest against the formation of Malayan Union. At the sametime, leaders of students’ association were encouraged to work towards the achievement of theirgoals. Due to that, Aminuddin and other student leaders decided to to form a much strongerorganization. 7 associations had held a conference for two days in JalanTambun, Ipoh, andresulted in the formation of GabunganPelajar-pelajarMelayuSemenanjung (GPMS) in 15 August1948. Once again Aminuddin had only a brief stint in the new organization as he had been offereda place in Universiti Malaya, Singapore in 1949. At the time he was content to be able to observethe progress of the organization from afar.While in university he was taken an interest in teaching, and to know more he had registered as atemporary teacher in Anglo-Malay Evening School. He had taught at the school from 1949 to 1951.In 1950 he had continued to be active in GPMS and was appointed as Yang Dipertua within theorganization. In the same year he had passed his SarjanaSastera examination and the followingyear, received his IjazahKepujianSarjanaSastera. Upon finishing his education, he had returned toPerak to become a teacher in SekolahInggeris Sultan Yusuf, Batu Gajah. In 1951 to July 1952, hetaught in Sekolah Anderson. He then furthered his studies in education in Education Institution,London University under the Queen’s Scholarship.He left Pulau Pinang aboard the ship SS Canton on 22nd July 1952. Aminuddin finished his studiesin the next year with Masters of Methods in Education. Upon returning to Malaysia he was offered
  2. 2. a place in MaktabPerguruan Sultan Idris di TanjungMalim as a lecturer. His contribution to studentsand scholars alike includes introducing Islamic History although it was not included in officialsyllabus. In September 1955, Aminuddin was involved in preparing the Razak Education Reportand in 1960; he was in the advisory committee for the Rahman Report.At the age of 36, he was appointed the Chief Education Officer of Selangor. At the same time hewas active in other organizations and associations such as University Malaya Senate, Al-RahmanAssociation, PersatuanSejarah Tanah Melayu and DewanBahasadanPustaka. General exams suchas SijilRendahPelajaran (SRP), Sijil .Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) and SijilTinggiPelajaran Malaysia(STPM) were created due to his contribution. He also formed LembagaPeperiksaan in year 1963.AminuddinBaki had passed away due to heart attack after performing prayers on 24th December1965. At the time he was the Head Director of Education of Malaysia.Source: Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (http://sejarahmalaysia.pnm.my)Aminuddin bin Baki was born on 26 January 1926 inChemur, Perak. He received his educationat the Anderson School,which wasthe best English school in Ipoh at thetime. Later he continued hisstudies at the University of Malaya(Singapore) and University of London. He has an excellent track recordineducation.He was declared as "Father of Education"forhisservices and contributions in the field of education. HewasonceappointedastheChief Advisor for Education Malaysia. In order to improve the quality of education hehaddraftedthe National Education Policy through theRazak Education Report in 1957andtheAbdul RahmanTalib Reportin 1960. In addition, he satin severalcommittees established by the government to review or change the educationsystem during the periodbefore and after the country achieved independence.Among these wasthe Sultan Idris Training College Strike InvestigationCommitteein 1950, the BarnesCommittee in 1951,the Government Investigation Committeeof Malay pupilsWeaknesses in entering Secondary Schools which waschaired by him.To datethere are771 materials includingvariousdocument,pictures, newspaper clippings, publicationsand others whichhave been kept and preserved meticulouslyat the National Archives. AminuddinBaki while attending the UNESCO Conference in November 1964AminuddinBaki was also activelyinvolvedinassociations and other organisations such as theUniversity ofMalaya Senate, theAl-Rahman Association, the Malayan Historical Society andDewanBahasadanPustaka. Healso introduced the SijilRendahPelajaran (SRP), SijilPelajaran Malaysia (SPM),and SijilTinggiPersekolahanMalaysia(STPM). Aminuddinestablishedthe Malaysian Examinations Board in 1963.Official portal National archive of Malaysiahttp://www.arkib.gov.my/en/aminudin-bin-baki2
  3. 3. Awang Had Salleh Tan Sri Dato Dr.Awang Had Bin Sallehdilahirkan di KampungBaganPulauBetong, MukimBalikPulau, Pulau PinangpadahariAhad, 24 Jun 1934 dandibesarkan di Kedah sejakberumurkira-kira lima tahun. Pendidikanawal yangditerimanyaialah di SekolahMelayuSeberang Perak Laki-laki (sehinggadarjah IV) danSekolahMelayu Sungai KorokLama (sehinggadarjah VI) - kedua-duanyaitu di AlorSetar. Pendidikanlanjutanbeliauialahmenerusikelaskhassebelahpetang di Sultan Abdul Hamid College yangdiadakanuntuksebilangan Guru Melayu.Inidiikutidenganpengambilanpeperiksaan LCE (akhir1956).Beliaukemudiannyabelajardengansendiriuntukpeperiksaan FMCE (akhir 1957) dan HSC (akhir1959).BeliaumasukkeUniversiti Malaya (1961-1964) denganBiasiswaKerajaan Persekutuan danmemperolehiIjazah BA(Hons) dankemudiannyamengikuti Program Bed secarasambilan (1966-68).BeliaumelanjutkanpelajarankeStandfordUniversity (1969-1972) menerusi Fellowship UM-Asia Foundation danmemperolehi PhD dalamPendidikandanSosiologi. Pendidikanprofesionalbeliaubermuladengan Program SijilPerguruan di Sultan Idris Training College (1951-1954).Pendidikanprofesional yang keduadiperolehinyadenganmengikuti Program SijilPengajaranBahasa diMaktabBahasadalamtahun 1985.Kerjayabeliaubermuladenganjawatan Guru Pelatih di SekolahMelayuGunong, KotaSetar, Kedah dalamtahun 1950.Setelahtamatpengajian di SITC, beliaumengajar di SekolahMelayuDerga, AlorSetar1954-1956.Beliauditukarkanke Sultan Abdul Hamid College, sebagai Guru BahasaKebangsaandalamtahun1957.Tempohkhidmatnya di situ dimanfaatkannyauntukmenyediakandiriuntukmengambilpeperiksaan FMCEpadaakhirtahuntersebut.Setelahtamatpengajian di MaktabBahasa, beliaukembalibertugas di SAHChinggakepertengahantahun.SelepasitubeliaumemegangjawatanPenolongPensyarah di Day Training Centre,AlorSetarsehinggamenyambungpelajarankeUniversiti Malaya padapertengahan 1961. Setelahtamatpengajian di Universiti Malaya, beliaudilantiksebagaiPegawaiPelajarandalamPerkhidmatanPelajaranPersekutuan danditugaskansebagaiPensyarah di MaktabBahasa.Mulai 1966,beliaumemulakankhidmatsebagaitenagaakademik di Universiti Malaya sehingga 1978.Semasadalamperkhidmatan diUniversiti Malaya, beliaumemegangjawatanPenolongPensyarah, Pensyarah, ProfesorMadyadanakhirnyaProfesor.Darisegipentadbiran pula, beliaupernahmemegangjawatanDekanFakultiPendidikandankemudiannya,TimbalanNaibCanselor Hal EhwalPelajar. Kemudian, beliaudipinjamkanke ITM sebagaiPengarah (1978-1980).Selepasitu, beliaudipinjamkan pulakeUniversitiKebangsaan Malaysia sebagaiNaibCanselor (1980-1984).BilaUniversiti Utara Malaysia ditubuhkan,beliaudilantikmenjadiNaibCanselor yang pertama (1984-1989).Selepaspersaraan di UUM,beliauberkhidmatsebagaiPenasihat
  4. 4. Dalamkegiatanpenulisan, beliaumelibatkandiridalampenulisankreatif (cerpen, novel, drama danpuisi) daritahun 1954hinggakira-kiratahun 1990.Beliaupernahmenulisbuku-bukuuntukpra-sekolah,sekolahrendahdansekolahmenengah.Kegiatanmenuliskertaskerjailmiahdanrencanauntukmajalahdalambidangpendidikanbahasa, kesusasteraandankebudayaanmasihberterusanhinggasekarang. Padamasaini,beliaumasihmeneruskankegiatankemasyarakatandalambeberapabuahpertubuhansosialdansemenjakbersara,beliauikutsertadalamsebilangankecilbadankorporatswasta.SebagaiPresiden,beliauterusmenerajuiPersatuanSuluhBudiman (sejak 1973) danPersatuanPendidikan Malaysia (sejak 1975). Penganugerahannegara yang diterimabeliauialah Johan Mangku Negara (JMN), 1975, Dato SetiaDiraja Kedah(DSDK) 1978, danPanglimaSetiaMahkota (PSM), 1982.Penganugerahanakademik yang diterimabeliauialah HonoraryFellow ABE (UK), 1983, HonLLB (Brock) 1986, Distinguished Fellow ISIS (Malaysia) 1990, Hon DLitt (Kebangsaan)1997, dangelaranProfesor Emeritus (Universiti Utara Malaysia), 1997.TokohPengkisahanSejarahMaktabPerguruan Sultan Idris (SITC) siriKedua22 Oktober 1998Memorial Tunku Abdul Rahman Tan Sri Prof Dr.Awang Had Salleh, was born on 24 June 1934 in KampungBaganPulauBentong, Pulau Pinang. He received his early education at the PulauBetung, BalikPulau Malay School and his secondary education at Seberang Perak Malay School, Kedah. In 1951, he enrolled himself at the Sultan Idris Teachers Training College, TanjungMalim, Perak and later at the Language Institute, Bukit Senyum, Johor Bharu in 1958. Then, in 1961 he studied at the University of Malaya, where he graduated with Bachelor of Arts (Honours) degree in 1964 and with a Masters degree in Education from the same university in 1967. Subsequently, he continued his studies further at the Stanford University California, USA where he obtained his doctorate in 1969, specialising in Education and Sociology. He also studied at the University of Lancaster, United Kingdom toenhance his skill and knowledge in the field of Academic Studies and Management.Career Trainee teacher at the Gunung Malay School, Kedah (1950) Teacher at Derga Malay School, Kedah National Language Teacher at Sultan Abdul Hamid College, AlorSetar, Kedah (1957) Assistant Lecturer at the Day Training Centre (DTC), AlorSetar, Kedah (1959- 1961) Lecturer, Language Institute, LembahPantai, Kuala Lumpur (1964-1965) Assistant Lecturer / Lecturer at the Education Faculty, University of Malaya (1974-1975) Deputy Vice Chancellor (Students Affairs), University of Malaya (1975-1978) Director, Mara Institute of Technology, now known as Mara Institute of Technology University (UiTM) (1978-1980) Vice Chancellor, National University of Malaysia (UKM) and the first Vice Chancellor of the Northern University of Malaysia (UUM) (1980-1984) Special Advisor, Ministry of Education Chief Executive / Consultant, Malaysia Film Academy (1990-1992)
  5. 5. Chairman, National Book Council Member, Executive Board of UNESCO Chairman, Administrative Council of Limkokwing Institute of Creative Technology Honorary Advisor, National Motivators of Aspiration Council Chairman of the Board, Sultan Idris Education University Chairman, Informatics Academic Advisory Board, Malaysia Chairman, Entertainment Village (M) Sdn. Bhd. Pro-Chancellor, Sultan Idris Education University (1999-until now)Apart from being a well-known and active figure in theacademic world, Tan Sri Prof. also produced some creativeworks. 1966 happen to be his most important year in hiswriting career of which two of his works, Merah, KuningBiru(anthology of short stories) and BiruWarna (novel) werepublished a book form. His works on drama BuatMenyapu SiAir Mata was published in 1975. In the field of writing andpublishing, he has produced a number of books, articles andworking papers which focussed more on education, languageand culture.In appreciation of his services and contributions, he wasbestowed several awards which, among others, include theJohan Mangku Negara (J.M.N.) in 1975, the Dato SetiaDiRajaKedah (D.S.D.K) in 1978 which carries the title Dato and the PanglimaSetiaMahkota(P.S.M.) in 1982, which carries the title of Tan Sri, from DYMM Seri PadukaBaginda Yangdi-PertuanAgong. In appreciation of his contributions in the field of education, he wasawarded the Honorary fellow A.B.E, United Kingdom in 1983, the Honorary Doctor ofLaw by University of Brock, the Honorary Doctor of Letters by the National University ofMalaysia (UKM) and Professor Emeritus by the Northern University of Malaysia (UUM).He was also conferred the Distinguished Follow of ISIS Malaysia.BiruWarna ialahkisahcintadan novel sulung Awang Had Salleh yangditerbitkanoleh DewanBahasadanPustaka buat kalipertamapada 1966.IamengemukakanwatakMelayudanbukanMelayuuntukmenghayatkankehidupan 1960-an yang penuhdengankonflik yang berhubungdengankeluarga,juranggenerasi,danprasangkaperkauman, sertapertentanganalirannilaimodendantradisi.

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