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Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
Labels and buttons
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Labels and buttons

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  • 1. Labels and buttonshttp://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 1
  • 2. ObjectivesOn completion of this period, you would beable to know• Control fundamentals• Adding and removing controls• Labels• Buttons http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 2
  • 3. RecapIn the previous class, you have leant• Displaying information within a window • Working with color and font http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 3
  • 4. Control Fundamentals• The AWT supports the following types of controls: • Labels • Push buttons • Check boxes • Choice lists • Lists • Scroll bars • Text editing• These controls are subclasses of Component http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 4
  • 5. Adding and Removing Controls• To include a control in a window, you must add it to the window• To do this, you must first create an instance of the desired control• Then add it to a window by calling add()• The syntax is – Component add(Component compObj); – Here, compObj is an instance of the control that you want to add – A reference to compObj is returned http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 5
  • 6. Adding and Removing Controls contd..• Sometimes you want to remove a control from a window when the control is no longer needed• To do this, call remove( )• It has this general form: – void remove(Component obj) – Here, obj is a reference to the control you want to remove• You can remove all controls by calling removeAll( ) http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 6
  • 7. Labels• The easiest control to use is a label• A label is an object of type Label, and it contains a string, which it displays• Labels are passive controls that do not support any interaction• with the user• Label defines the following constructors: – Label( ) – Label(String str) – Label(String str, int how) http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 7
  • 8. Labels contd..• The first version creates a blank label• The second version creates a label that contains the string specified by str• This string is left-justified• The third version creates a label that contains the string specified by str using the alignment specified by ‘how’ http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 8
  • 9. Labels contd..• The alignment is specified by one of these three constants – Label.LEFT – Label.RIGHT – Label.CENTER• You can set or change the text in a label by using the setText( ) method – void setText(String str) http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 9
  • 10. Labels contd..• You can obtain the current label by calling getText( ) – String getText( )• You can set the alignment of the string within the label by calling setAlignment() – void setAlignment(int how)• To obtain the current alignment, call getAlignment( ) – int getAlignment( ) http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 10
  • 11. Labels contd..// Demonstrate Labelsimport java.awt.*;import java.applet.*;/* The sample output is shown here<applet code="LabelDemo" width=300 height=200></applet>*/public class LabelDemo extends Applet { public void init() { Label one = new Label("One"); Label two = new Label("Two"); Fig. 70.1 LabelDemo Label three = new Label("Three"); // add labels to applet window add(one); add(two); add(three); }} http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 11
  • 12. Buttons• The most widely used control is the push button• A push button is a component that contains a label and that generates an event when it is pressed• Push buttons are objects of type Button http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 12
  • 13. Buttons contd..• Button defines these two constructors: – Button( ) – Button(String str) – The first version creates an empty button – The second creates a button that contains str as a label• After a button has been created, you can set its label by calling setLabel( ) – void setLabel(String str) – Here, str becomes the new label for the button http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 13
  • 14. Handling Buttons• Each time a button is pressed, an action event is generated• This is sent to any listeners that previously registered• Each listener implements the ActionListener interface• That interface defines the actionPerformed() method, which is called when an event occurs• We have to write our code in this method to handle the button’s event http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 14
  • 15. Handling Buttons contd..// Demonstrate Buttonsimport java.awt.*;import java.awt.event.*;import java.applet.*;/*<applet code="ButtonDemo" width=250 height=150></applet>*/public class ButtonDemo extends Applet implements ActionListener { String msg = ""; Button yes, no, maybe; public void init() { yes = new Button("Yes"); no = new Button("No"); maybe = new Button("Undecided"); http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 15
  • 16. Handling Buttons contd.. add(yes); add(no); add(maybe); yes.addActionListener(this); no.addActionListener(this); maybe.addActionListener(this);} http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 16
  • 17. Handling Buttons contd..public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae) { String str = ae.getActionCommand(); if(str.equals("Yes")) { msg = "You pressed Yes."; } else if(str.equals("No")) { msg = "You pressed No."; } else { msg = "You pressed Undecided."; } repaint();} http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 17
  • 18. Handling Buttons contd.. public void paint(Graphics g) { g.drawString(msg, 6, 100); }} The sample output is shown here Fig. 70.2 Handling Buttons http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 18
  • 19. Summary• AWT supports several GUI components• In this class we have seen how to use – Labels – Buttons http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 19
  • 20. Quiz1. The event generated by button is – FocusEvent – ActionEvent – ContainerEvent – KeyEvent http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 20
  • 21. Quiz contd..2. Which method is used get the caption of a label – getCaption() – getLabel() – getText() – None http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 21
  • 22. Frequently Asked Questions1. List the constructors and methods of Label2. List the constructors and methods of Button http://improvejava.blogspot.in/ 22

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