Is the qualitative changes within the individual as s/he goes in the different stages of development
Acquisition of social and intellectual skills, language and reasoning are considered development
Innately determined sequence of growth and bodily changes that are relatively independent of environmental events
Components of Human Development Characteristics that differentiate one person from another and interactions with others and social relationships grow and changes over time Psychological (Personality and Social Development) Examines intellectual abilities, including learning, memory, problem solving and intelligence Cognitive Development Defining Characteristics Examines how the brain, nervous system, muscles, sensory capabilities, need for food, drink and sleep affect behavior Orientation Physical Development
Center of development is the sex organ of the child
Freud characterized this stage as the development of unconscious wishes to possess the parent of the opposite sex and get rid of the parent of the same sex which called as OEDIPUS COMPLEX / ELECTRA COMPLEX
Most pleasurable moments – Masturbation
Sources of Conflict: Boys – boys feel sexual love for the mother, Hostile rivalry toward the father: Fear of castration by the father.
For Girls: Electra complex : feeling and concluding that they have been castrated ( because they lack penis) : Girls feeling of inferiority that finds expression in “penis envy”.
Common Problems: impotence, frigidity, inability to handle competitive relationships , sexual problems in adulthood.
The child becomes more capable of doing something and learning new skills from school such as reading and writing
he/she may develop the attitude of mastering these skills so that the child can maximize their potentials into their own advantage thus developing industry or when the child’s effort is regarded as messy, childish or inadequate