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Final Project Stephanie Smith

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  • 1. A glimpse into the world of the wondrous comma: FANBOYS Stephanie Smith – University of South Florida
  • 2. Definition of a comma According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (2008b), a comma is “a punctuation mark, used especially as a mark of separation within the sentence.”
  • 3. Purpose of a comma (The Writing Lab, The OWL at Purdue, & Purdue University, 2008a) o Tosignify a pause in the reading o To clarify the meaning of a sentence
  • 4. FANBOYS (Writing Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2008; The Writing Lab, The OWL at Purdue, & Purdue University, 2008a) FANBOYS: a pneumonic device used to represent the coordinating conjunctions that NEED a comma (placed before the conjunction) when a coordinating conjunction is used in a compound sentence, separating 2 independent clauses
  • 5. The Breakdown Coordinating conjunction: o “joins together words or word groups of equal grammatical rank” (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, 2008c) o clarifies the relationship between the 2 clauses (Online Writing Lab at California State University at Sacramento, 2008) Compound sentence: a sentence containing at least 2 independent clauses (The Writing Lab, The OWL at Purdue, & Purdue University, 2008)
  • 6. The Breakdown (cont.) Clause: a set of words with a subject and predicate that contributes to a compound sentence (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, 2008a) Independent clause: “a clause that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone; a complete sentence” (The Writing Lab, The OWL at Purdue, & Purdue University, 2008)
  • 7. The Coordinating Conjunctions (Online Writing Lab at California State University at Sacramento, 2008 ; The Writing Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2008) For And Nor But Or Yet So
  • 8. The Coordinating Conjunctions (cont.) (Online Writing Lab at California State University at Sacramento, 2008) The Implied Relationship: o And: addition o But & Yet: opposition, contrast, concession o For: cause o So: result, effect o Or & Nor: choice, option, alternative
  • 9. FANBOYS in use o The semester is almost over, but I still have 3 more finals. o I have been studying all week, and I want to take a break. oI need to go eat, so I will count that as a break.
  • 10. FANBOYS: Tip (The Writing Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2008) To help determine if your sentence falls under this rule, look at the part after the conjunction separately. If it can stand alone as a complete sentence, then you should use a comma before the conjunction.
  • 11. FANBOYS: Tip example The 2nd half of the following sentence can stand alone as a complete sentence: I need to go to the mall, so Barkley can get a picture taken with Santa. The 2nd half of the following sentence can NOT stand alone as a complete sentence: I went to the mall but forgot to bring Barkley.
  • 12. References Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. (2008). Clause. Retrieved December 6, 2008, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/clause. Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. (2008). Comma. Retrieved December 6, 2008, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/comma. Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. (2008). Coordinating conjunction. Retrieved December 6, 2008, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/coordinating%20conjunction. Online Writing Lab at California State University at Sacramento. (2008). Writing compound sentences using FANBOYS. Retrieved December 6, 2008, from http://www.csus.edu/owl/index/sent/fanboys.htm. The Writing Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. (2008). Commas handout. Retrieved December 6, 2008, from http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/commas.html#4. The Writing Lab, The OWL at Purdue, & Purdue University. (2008). Conquering the comma [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/692/01/. The Writing Lab, The OWL at Purdue, & Purdue University. (2008). Punctuation in types of sentences. Retrieved December 6, 2008, from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/566/02/.