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UNSG REMARKS translation

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  • 1. ur Çm h ukvor *¾ tax Gax Gt w Gi f ;a& ;r SL;csK y f r S oHw rm eft zGJ htpnf ;r sm ;? ukvor *¾ t zGJ htpnf ;r sm ;? tjynfjynf qdkif &m tpdk ;&r ym kw f aom t zGJ ajym Mum ;cJh aom r Sw f csuf r sm ; &efukef? Zklvdkifv 4 &ufoHtrwfMuD;rsm;? *kPfoa&&SdvlMuD;rif;rsm;?vkyfaz:udkifzufrsm;?*kPfoa&&Sd trsdK;orD;rsm;eSifh *kPfoa&&Sd trsdK;om;rsm;cifAsm;?,ckwacgufuGsefKyffjrefrmedKifiHodk hvma&mufjcif;rSmweSpfausmfMumumvtwGif; kwd,tMudrfajrmufvma&mufjcif;jzpfygonf/ vma&mufcJhonfh eSpfMudrfpvkH; onfjrefrmedKifiHtem*wftwGuftvGefta&;MuD;aomtcsdefrsm;wGifjzpfygonf/
  • 2. uGsefKyfyxrtMudrfvma&mufpOfu em*pfrkefwdkif;wdkufjyD;pumvwGifjzpfygonf/ tvGefjyif;xefaomobm0ab;tEÅ&m,faMumifhvlaygif;ajrmufrsm;pGm toufqkH;&SHk;cJh&jyD;vltajrmuftrsm; udk twdku©a&mufapcJhygonf/ xdkobm0ab;tEÅ&m,f cHcJh&aomolrsm;twGufurÇmw0Srf;&Sdvlrsm;eSvkH;om;rsm;xdcdkufemusifcJhygonf/ jrefrmedKifiHtultnDvdktyfaecsdefwGifurÇmw0Srf;rS &ufa&mpGmwkef hjyeftultnDrsm;ay;ydk hcJhMuygonf/,ckwufa&mufvmolrsm;tm;vkH; rS u,fq,fa&;eSifhjyefvnfae&mcsxm;a&; vkyfief;rsm;wGifrSwfom;avmufzG,f&ufa&mpGm ulnDay;cJhrSKrsm;twGufuGsefKyfudk,fwdkif aus;Zl;wifpum;ajymvdkygonf/
  • 3. oifwdk honftoufaygif;rsm;pGmudk u,fwifcJhonf/ vlxktzGJhtpnf;rsm;pGmudk jyefvnf &SifoefapcJhjyD;axmifaygif;rsm;pGmaomjynfolrsm;twGuf 4if;wdk htoufarG;0rf;ausmif;vkyfief;rsm;jyefvnf&&SdapcJhygonf/ oifwdkh onffjrefrmedKifiHudkku©qif;&JwGif;rS ulnDu,fwifay;cJhonf/þvkyfief;rsm;qufvufjzpfay:aea&;rSmta&;MuD;ygonf/*kPfoa&&Sd vlMuD;rif;rsm;cifAsm;? uGsefKyfonf tm&Swdkufom;wOD;tjzpf eSifh urÇmhukvor*¾taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;csKyf taejzifhyg? em*pfrkefwdkif;aMuuGJzG,fjzpf&yfqdk;rsm;udk eufeufeJeJcHpm;&ygonf/uGsefKyfonftm&SwdkufrS kwd,ajrmuftaxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;csKyfjzpfygonf/yxrwOD;rSmjrefrmedKifiHrS OD;oef hjzpfygonf/ uGsefKyfolhudk av;pm;ygonf/ olOmPfynmtajrmftjrif&Sdaompum;rsm;udkjyefvnfowd&ygonf/
  • 4. OD;oef hu “vlwOD;wa,mufjcif;wefzdk;onftwkr&Sdwefzdk;MuD;rm;jyD; uGsEkfyfwdk hydkifqdkifrSKpkpkaygif;xuf wefzdk;MuD;ygonf/ vlhwefzdk;onf uGsefKyfwdk husdK;yrf;tm;xkwfrSKtm;vk;HtwGuf tpeSifh tqkH;jzpf&ygrnf/tpdk;&rsm;? pHepfrsm;? t,ltqrsm;? tzGJ htpnf;MuD;rsm;ay:aygufaysmufuG,f oGm;Murnfjzpfaomfvnf;? vlom;onftpOfusef&pfaernfjzpfonf/xdk htwGufaMumifh uGsefKyf,ckjyefvmjcif;jzpfygonf/taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;csKyfwOD;taejzifhuGsefKyfpGJvrf;aerdonfrSmjrefrmedKifiH&Sdjynfolrsm;taejzihf 4if;wdk h&nfrSef;csufrsm;jynfhpkHatmif OyaaMumif;t&vkHhvpdkufusdK;yrf;tm;xkwfrSKrsm; udktxl;ulnDay;vkdjcif;jzpfonf/
  • 5. urÇmhukvor*¾onfvlom;rsm;twGuf tcGifhta&;rsm;?aumif;rGefpGmaexdkifedKifa&; eSifh *kPfodu©m &Sda&;wdkhtwGuf tvkyfvkyfay;ygonf/uGsefKyf,ckjyefvmonfrSm urÇmhukvor*¾rrSdwfrokHaomuwdu0wfudk jrefrmjynfoljynfom;rsm;tm; jyo&efjzpfygonf/uGsefKyf,ae hþae&mwGifajymvdkonfrSm - jrefrmoifonfwOD;wnf;txD;usefrymkwfyg/pnf;vkH;nDnGwfjyD; jidrf;csrf;í csrf;omMuG,f0aomacwfrSDDrdkua&pD edKifiHay:xGef;vma&;twGufuGsefKyfwdk hoifeSifhtwltuGvkyfudkifvdkygonf/oifqif;&JwGif;xJrS jyefxvmedKif&ef uGsefKyfwdk hulnDvdkygonf/ jrefrmedKifiHonf tjynfjynfqdkif&m todkif;t0dkif;wGif trsm;av;pm; &aom wm0ef&SdedKifiHwedKifiHjzpfvmap&ef uGsefKyfwdk h ulnDvdkygonf/
  • 6. trsdK;om;jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;? Mum&SnfwnfjrJaomjidrf;csrf;a&;ESifh pOfqufrjywfcdkifrmaom zGH hjzdK;wdk;wufa&;wdk&&Sd&efhtwGuf uGsefKyfwdk h ulnDvdkygonf/odk haomf uGsefKyftav;xm;ajymvdkonfrSm Drdkua&pDESifhvl htcGifhta&; rsm;r&SdyJESifh jidrf;csrf;a&;ESifh zGHhjzdK;wdk;wufrSKrsm; ay:xGef;vmrnfrymkwfyg/jrefrmonfvnf; tqdkygtcsufay:rSvnf; uif;vGwfaernfrymkwfyg/*kPfoa&&Sd vlMuD;rif;rsm;cifAsm;?tcuftcJeSifh pdefac:rSKrsm; rsm;pGm&Sdaeygonf/ odk haomf4if;wdk honfrausmfvTm;edKifp&mr&Sdyg/uGsefKyfwdk htawG htMuKHrsm;t& jrefrmedKifiHtwGuftem*wf jidrf;csrf;a&;? Drdkua&pDESifhcsrf;omMuG,f0rSKrsm;
  • 7. aqmifusOf;ay;edKif&efvkyfief;pOfonf tvGef&SKkyfaxG;rnfjzpfonf/ jrefrmedKifiHtaejzifh 4if;wdk hudk,fwdkifjyoemrsm;ukdajz&Sif;edKifrnfr[kwfyg/ jidrf;csrf;a&;? zGHhjzdK;wdk;wufa&;eSifhvl htcGifhta&;udpörsm;onf wckeSifhwck eD;uyfpGmqufEG,faeMuygonf/tqdkygtcsufrsm;udk owdjzifh udkifwG,fajz&Sif;&efysufuGufyguDrdkua&pDta&;? &nf&SnfwnfwHhaomjidrf;csrf;a&;eSifhcsrf;omMuG,f0rSKrsm; ay:xGef;vma&; wdk hudktajcysufaprnfjzpfygonf/odk haomf? uGsefKyfwdk htm;vkH;od&Sdonfhtwkdif; awGhqkHaqG;aEG;a&;ESifh trsdK;om;jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;wdkhtwGuf ppfrSefaomqE¨&Sdygu tcuftcJtm;vkH;udkausmfvTm;edKifrnfjzpfygonf/
  • 8. ,ae har;&efar;cGef;wckrSm trsdK;om;jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;?Drdkua&pDjyKjyifajymif;vJa&; ESifh vl htcGifhta&;udk tjynfht0vkdufem&ef jrefrmedKifiHtaejzifhrnfhrSsMumatmifxufrHapmifhqdkif;edKifrnfenf;qdkonfyifjzpfonf/aemufusjcif; tzdk;tcrSm?toufaygif;rsm;pGmtaMumif;rJhqkH;&SKH;jcif;?tcGifhta&;rsm;vufvGwfqkH;&SKH;jcif; eSifhtjynfjynfqkdif&mtodkif;t0dkif;rS MumjrifhpGmtxD;usefypfy,fxm;cHxm;&jcif;wdk hjzpfonf/uGsefKyf&Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;ajymygrnf/ jrefrmedKifiHom;tm;vkH;?jrefrmedKifiHta&;twGuf vkyfaqmifMu&rnf/uGsefKyfrae hu w&m;0ifrSwfykHwifxm;aomedKifiHa&;ygwDrsm;ESifh vufeufudkif jidrf;csrf;a&;tzGJ
  • 9. hrsm;eSifhawG hqkHpOf ,ckudpö udk ajymcJhygonf/ olwdkhwzGJ hcsif;pDudkDrdkua&pDvrf;pOfeSifh jidrf;csrf;a&;wdk htwGuf olwdkhuwdu0wfjyKxm;onfh twdkif;av;pm;vdkufem&eftm;ay;cJhygonf/odk haomfjim;vnf; aMumfjimxm;aomtrsdK;om;jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;ESifh Drdkua&pD yef;wdkifqDodkhedKifiHudk ydk haqmifay;&efrSm tpdk;&ay:wGift"duwm0ef&Sdonf/þkuJhodk hvkyfaqmif&efysufuGufygu jrefrmjynfolrsm;onf4if;wdk htpGrf;tptvm;tvmrsm;udk tjynfht0az:xkwfjyo&efwm;qD;cHae&rnfjzpfonf/þuJhodk hvkyfaqmif&efysufuGufygu jrefrmjynfolrsm;onf*kPfodu©m&SdpGmaexkdifedKifrnfhtcGifhta&;rsm;eSifh
  • 10. vGwfvyfjyD; ydkrdktqifhtwef;jrifhaom toufwm rsm;rSuif;a0;aernfjzpfonf/þtajccHoabmw&m;rsm;onf urÇmhukvor*¾ y#dnmOfpmwrf;wGif t"duaz:jyxm;jyD; pmwrf;tzGifhpum;vkH;rSm“uGsefKyfwdk honfjynfoljynfom;rsm;jzpfonf/”[líjzpfonf/vGwfvyfa&;&ump jrefrmedKifiH tajccHOya onfvnf;þjrifhjrwfonfhpum;vkH;rsm;jzifh yJhwifxyfaecJhygonf/jrefrmtem*wfonf þtajccHoabmw&m;rsm;jzifh yg0ifykHaz:zGJhpnf;xm;aeap&efuGsefKyfwdk htwlwuGvkyfaqmifMu&ygrnf/þonfudkpdwfwGiftajccHrSwfom;íuGsefKyfowif;pum;okH;ck,laqmifvmygonf/
  • 11. yxrow if ;pum ;r Sm ? vlom;odu©mudk av;pm;&efonfjidrf;csrf;a&;eSifhzGH hjzdK;wdk;wufa&;wdk h&&Sd&eftwGuf rnfonfht&yfaowGifrqdkOD;pGmvdktyfaomtajctaejzpfonf/jrefrmonf urÇmhukvor*¾vl htcGifhta&;aMujimpmwrf;udkOD;pGmvufcHvufrSwfxdk; cJhaom ukvor*¾ tzGJh0ifedKifiHrsm;xJrS wpfedKifiHjzpfcJhygonf/trsm;qEÅt&oabmwlvufcHcJhaom vlhtcGifhta&;udkav;pm;vkdufemjcif;ESifh tajccHvGwfvyfcGifhrsm;onf? edKifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;?vlrSKa&;zGH hjzdK;wdk;wufrSKrsm;twGufr&Sdrjzpfvdktyfaom tcsufrsm;jzpfonfudk jrefrmonftapmqkH;uwdu0wfjyK yg0ifcJhaomedKifiHjzpfonf/uHraumif;vSpGmyif tqdkyguwdu0wfESifhvkH;0udkufnDjcif;r&SdcJhyg/ jrefrmedKifiH
  • 12. vl htcGifhta&;rSwfwrf;rsm;onftvGeftrif;pdk;&drfzG,f&mtajctaewGif &SdaeqJjzpfonf/tpdk;&rS rdrd&nfrSef;csufyef;wdkifrsm;rSm wnfjidrfat;csrf;rSK?trsdK;om;jyefvnf oifhjrwfa&;ESifh Drdkua&pD jzpfonfudk&Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;ajymcJhygonf/ESpfaygif;ESpfq,ftwGif;yxrOD;qkH;usif;yaomvmrnfha&G;aumufyGJonf trsm;u,kHMunfvufcHedKif&eftwGuf?tm;vkH;yg0ifaom? yg0ifedKifpGrf;&Sdaom? yGifhvif;aoma&G;aumufyGJjzpf&ygrnf/jrefrma&ShqufvSrf;&rnfhc&D;onf vl htcGifhta&;udkav;pm;vkdufemrSKtay: tajcwnf&rnf/xdk haMumifh uGsefKyfajymonfrSm a:atmifqef;pkMunftygt0ifedKifiHa&;tusOf;om;tm;vkH;udkaESmifhaES;rSKr&SdtjrefqkH;vTwfay;&efjzpfonf/
  • 13. uGsefkyfAdkvfcsKyfrSL;MuD;oef;a&T ESifh rae hueSifh,aehawG hqkHcJhpOf a:atmifqef;pkMunf ESifhawGhcGifhawmif;cJhygonf/ olrS jiif;qefcJhrSKtwGufuGsefKyfvGefpGmpdwfysufrdygonf/jrefrmtpdk;&onf? yGifhvif;aomedKifiHa&; acwfumv wckqDodkhuwdjyKavSsmufvSrf;aMumif; jyo&ef tvGefaumif;aom jydKifbufuif;tcGifhta&;wckvufvTwfqkH;&SKH;oGm;onf[kuGsefKyf,kHMunfonf/a:atmifqef;pkMunfxHoGm;a&mufawG hqkHcGifhay;jcif;tm;jzifhjrefrmtpkd;&onf 2010 a&G;aumufyGJrsm;onf,kHMunf&avmufonhfa&G;aumufyGJrsm; jzpf&efpdwf0ifpm;onf/ a:atmifqef;pkMunfESifh awGhqkHcGifhay;jcif;tm;jzifh jrefrmtpkd;&onf t"dyÜg,f&SdonfhqufqHrSkvrf;aMumif;ay: avSsmufvSrf;aejyD [laomta&;MuD;onfh vu©Pmjyojcif;jzpfonf/
  • 14. a:atmifqef;pkMunftm; tem*wfedKifiHa&;jzpfpOfrsm;wGifaESmifhaES;rSKr&Sd tjrefqkH;yg0if aqmif&GufcGifhjyK&rnf/trSefwu,fyif? jrefrmedKifiHom;tm;vkH; edKifiHtem*wftwGuftjynfht0 twlwuG yl;aygif;yg0ifa0rSs aqmif&GufcGifh&Sdap&rnf/trsdK;om;jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;onf? yl;aygif;yg0ifa0rSsaqmif&Gufvdkoltm;vkH; vGwfvyfwufMuGpGmyg0ifcGifhr&SdyJ jynfhpkHrSKr&SdedKifyg/edKifiHonf oufqdkif&medKifiHa&;ygwDtm;vkH;?wkdif;&if;om;rsm;tm;vkH;? vlrsdK;pkrsm;tm;vkH;yg0ifonfhppfrSefaom awG hqkHaqG;aEG;rSK vrf;aMumif;ay:wufvSrf;&rnf/
  • 15. jynfolrsm;onf vGwfvyfpGm aqG;aEG;jiif;ckHcGifheSifhvGwfvyfpGm edKifiHa&;aqG;aEG;cGifh &Sd&rnf/ xdk htwljynfolrsm;onf Drdkua&pD jzpfpOfwGif t"dyÜg,f jynfh0pGmyl;aygif;yg0ifaqmif&GufedKif&ef owif;tcsuftvufrsm;udkvGwfvyfpGm &&SdedKif&rnf/*kPfoa&&Sd vlMuD;rif;rsm;cifAsm;?tajymif;tvJwdkif;onf cufcJygonf/ jrefrmonf yao&mZfacwfrSudkvdkeDvufatmufcHacwf? xdkrS,ckvGwfvyfaomedKifiHwcktjzpf ajymif;vJcJhjyD;jzpfonf/xdkordkif;pOfonf vufeufudkifawmfvSefrSKrsm;ESifhedKifiHa&;tMuyftwnf;rsm;udk wjydKifwnf; tarGay;cJhygonf/xdk htjyif rMumrD umvrsm; ujzpfysufcJhaom 1988vlxktkHMuGrSKudk eSdrfeif;rSK? 1990 a&G;aumufyGJ&vfudk zsufodrf;jcif; eSifh jidrf;csrf;pGmqef husiff vSKyfvsm;rSKrsm;udk zdeSdyfjcif; ponfhemusifzG,f&mtjzpftysufrsm;udk
  • 16. ,ae hwkdifcHpm;ae&qJjzpfonf/wcsdefwnf;rSmyif? todtrSwfjyK&rnfjzpfaomtaygif;vu©PmaqmifonfhBudK;yrf;tm;xkwfrSKrsm;vnf;&Sdygonf/tpdk;&ESifh vufeufudkiftzGJ hrsm;Mum;typftcwf&yfpJa&;oabmwlnDrSKrsm;onfxdcdkufysufpD;vG,faeqJjzpfaomfvnf;vufeufudkify#dyu©rsm;udk tqifhwckxd avsmhusapcJhonf/urÇmhukvor*¾ onf þodk haomwdk;wufrSKrsm;aemufjyefrqkwfoGm;ap&ef vkyfaqmif&mü tawGhtMuKHrsm;pGm&Sdygonf/tcsKyftjcmtmPmydkifqdkifrSK? e,fajrydkifeuf wnfjrJrSK eSifhtrsdK;om;pnf;vkH;nDnGwfrSK
  • 17. wkd honf tpdk;&wdkif;rS w&m;0ifpGmtav;xm;tyfaomt&mrsm;jzpfygonf/uGsefKyfwdk hoabmxm;rSm EdkifiHa&;uGufvyfudkzGifhay;jcif;ESifhydkrdkus,fjyef hapjcif;onfom wOD;wa,muf odk hr[kwf tzGJhtpnf;wckpDonf ydkrdkMuD;rm;aom pDrHudef;wGifpkaygif;vkyfaqmifedKifatmif aocsmapjcif;rSmtaumif;qkH;jzpfonf/wyfrawmf? edKifiHa&;ygwDrsm;? wdkif;&if;om;vlrsdK;pkrsm;?vlxktzGJ htpnf;rsm; ogru? trSeftm;jzifhjrefrmedKifiHom;orD;wOD;jcif;pDonf?jrefrmedKifiHjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;wGif wm0efudk,fpD&SdMuonf/tjyeftvSefnSdedSKif;rSKrsm;? tjyeftvSefav;pm;rSK?tjyeftvSefem;vnfrSKrsm;jzifhomMum&SnfwnfwHhaomjidrf;csrf;a&;?
  • 18. trsdK;om;jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;ESifh Drdkua&pD udk&&SdedKifrnf/uGsefKyfkw d,ow if ;pum ;r Sm jrefrmedKifiHom;rsm; twGufvlom;jcif;pmemonfh tultnDrsm;vdktyfonfh udpöjzpfonf/{&m0wDjrpf0uGsef;ay:aowGif wdk;wufrSKrsm;udkjyefvnfvma&mufMunfh&SkcGifh &onfhtwGuf 0rf;ajrmufrdygonf/vlaygif; 130000 ausmfqkH;&SKH;cJh&jcif;onf0rfenf;aMuuGJzG,f&mjzpfaomfvnf; uGsefKyf,ae hjrifawGhcJh&aom jyefvnfwnfaqmufa&;vkyfief;rsm;rSmtm;&txifMuD;zG,faumif;ygonf/4if;tjzpfqkd;aMumifh jrefrmvlrsdK;rsm;jyefvnf&kH;xedKifrSKudk jyocJhonf/ 4if;tjzpfqkd;aMumifhvnf;wurÇmvkH;&Sdvlom;rsm;onf jrefrmedKifiHeSifhjrefrmvlrsdK;rsm;twGuf eufeufeJeJ *&kpdkufaMumif;jyocJhonf/
  • 19. tm;vkH;jcKHikHajym&vQif qdkifuvkH;em*pftjzpfqdk;udkwkefhjyef&mwGif yl;aygif;vkyfaqmifjcif;wefzdk;onf woD;wjcm;txD;usefqefpGm aejcif;xuf ydkaumif;onfudk oufaojyonf/,cifwMudrfwcgrSr&SdcJhzl;aom yl;aygif;vkyfaqmifrSKrsm;jzifhjrefrm? ukvor*¾ESifhtmpD,H wdk hyl;aygif; zGJ hpnf;cJhonfhokH;yGifhqdkifA[dktzGJ hrSwqifhtvSL&Sifrsm;axmufyYHrSKrsm; tm;jzifhtvGefta&;MuD;jyD;rjzpfraevkyfaqmif&rnfhvlom;jcif;pmemaxmufyYHrSKrsm; onftcsKyftjcmydkifqdkifrSKtajccHrlrsm;eSifh y#dyu©rjzpfaMumif;jyocJhonf/vlom;jcif;pmemrSKtaxmuftyHhrsm; onf- jrefrmedKifiHwGifomrutjcm;edKifiHrsm;wGifvnf; -edKifiHa&;pOf;pm;qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;aMumifh rnfonfhtcgrS"m;pmcHrjzpfoifhyg/ jrefrmedKifiH&Sdvlom;jcif;pmemrSKeSifh zGH hjzdK;wdk;wufa&;
  • 20. tultnDvdktyfaeoltm;vkH; twGuftultnD&edKifrnfhvrf;aMumif;rsm;&Sdaeap&efuGsefKyfwdk htm;vkH;twlwuGvkyfaqmifedKifonf/vkyfvnf;vkyfaqmif&ygrnf/uGsefKyfw w d,ow if ;pum ; rSm ,cktcsdefonfjrefrmedKifiHpD;yGm;a&;tvm;tvmaumif;rsm;udk tpGrf;ukefZufzGifhvTwfay;&rnfhtcsdefjzpfonf/jrefrmedKifiHonf tm&StHhbeef;wdk;wufrSKrsm;tv,fwGifwnf&Sdygonf/ teD;ywf0ef;usifrS tvQiftjrefzGHhjzdK;wkd;wufrSKrsm;Mum;odk hjrefrmedKifiHudkxdrf;aMumif;armif;oGif;jcif;tm;jzifhjrefrmedKifiHvlaerSKtqifhtwef;udk taotjcm jrSifhwifedKifrnfhenf;vrf;jzpfonf/tpdk;&rl0grsm;jzpfaom jyifyukefoG,fa&;ESifh&if;ESD;jrSKwfESHrSKrsm;zGifhay;jcif;? &mpkESpf
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