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Exnora Gardens
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Exnora Gardens

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Make a garden out of your flat and surroundings...

Make a garden out of your flat and surroundings...

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  • 1. Outside Compound-Before M B Nirmal's House Before Your FIRST task HOME EXNORA Keep your Home-front Clean & Green
  • 2. The same place Outside Compound -After (Home-front Garden) After Your FIRST task HOME EXNORA Keep your Home-front Clean & Green
  • 3. A. Home Front Garden Flower Home Front PLANT FENCE © This garden & the gardens appearing in the following pictures have grown on treated domestic sewage.
  • 4. Home Front Garden HOME-FRONT GARDEN THE DIFFERENCE WITH GREENARY & WITHOUT GREENARY MULTI-LAYER HOME-FRONT GARDEN HOME-FRONT GARDEN SO BEAUTIFUL TO LOOK AT FROM HOME ©
  • 5. Lawn on Pavement © Home Front Garden
  • 6. CACTUS GARDEN Nil Expense Available everywhere Cattle will not eat No water is needed Home Front Garden Hedge Plant ©
  • 7. Jungle Home Front ©
  • 8. Home Front Garden
  • 9. MAKE IT DIFFERENT MAKE IT WITH DIFFERENCE YOUR HOME FRONT GARDEN ©
  • 10. Home Front Garden out of Waste Materials Not a Handicraft Exhibition Home Front Garden ©
  • 11. A Road side open space Garden A model home front garden ©
  • 12.
    • The elevation of the house will get enhanced
    • The place will become nuisance free
    • Front garden will be a barrier to encroachments
    • Real Estate & Rental value will increase
    • Front Garden will serve as a motivator
    • You will win the appreciation of others
    ‘Green Home Front’ - Benefits
  • 13. 'Mind ' alone is needed 'Money' is not a MUST Clean & Green Front So-SoWaM Nirmal Even a poor person can have a home front garden ©
  • 14. Collective Clean, Green, Beautiful Home Front in a Slum
  • 15.  
  • 16.
    • Make your home front Clean & Green. Take a picture of the place that you are going to develop, before you commence the work. Once you complete the work it will give you a great sense of fulfillment. Involve the members of your family. You do it so well, that others in your street are inspired to emulate your example.
    Do it today
  • 17. Gutter Without Guard Open Gutter- Source of all Problems When the gutter was without protection, people were dumping garbage & debris into it. As a result , there was stagnation & overflow of sewage & breeding of mosquitoes
  • 18. Gutter With Guard The garden can be over the street open gutters Gutter with a Guard. An elevated platform in the form of a lengthy pot-holder is constructed over the gutter / open sewage in front of the house . The sewage runs below & the garden grows above. No more the problem of garbage & debris falling into it. Home Front Gutter Guard Garden
  • 19. Make your gate like a shelf & keep potted plants on your gate GATE GARDEN C. Home Gate Garden M B Nirmal's Gate Garden
  • 20. D. Home Green Dressed Compound Wall
  • 21. YOUR COMPOUND WALL CAN BECOME GREEN ©
  • 22. D. Home COMPOUND WALL GARDEN Ornament your compound with greenery to serve as a barrier to dust and poisonous air, becoming both a treat to your eyes and a source of motivation . Home Green Dressed Compound Wall
  • 23. D. Home Compound Wall Garden Home Green Dressed Compound Wall
  • 24. D. Home Compound Wall Garden Home Green Dressed Compound Wall
  • 25. Home Green Dressed Compound Wall
  • 26. Ornamental Inside Compound Garden E. Home Inside-Compound Garden
  • 27. Home Inside Compound Garden
  • 28. Home Inside Compound Garden
  • 29.  
  • 30. Home Inside Compound Garden
  • 31. Home Inside Compound Garden
  • 32. Hook Method Home Inside Compound Garden & Wall Garden
  • 33. Hook / Clip Method Home Inside Compound Garden & Wall Garden
  • 34. F. Home Staircase Garden
  • 35. Home / Sky / Terrace Farming Hand Railing Method Home Staircase Garden
  • 36. Hand Railing Garden
  • 37. G. Home Balcony Garden
  • 38. So-SoWaM Nirmal You can create an Ornamental Balcony Garden ©
  • 39. Balcony Garden
  • 40. Balcony Garden
  • 41. Keep potted plants where the Sun light falls inside your home Balcony Garden Beetle Leaves
  • 42. H. INGARDEN Indoor Garden ©
  • 43. Keep potted plants where the Sun light falls inside your home H. Home In-Garden (Indoor Garden)
  • 44. INGARDEN That is Inside Home Garden
  • 45. Keep potted plants where the Sun light falls inside your home Inside Home Garden
  • 46. Keep potted plants where the Sun light falls inside your home Inside Home Garden Water Garden too
  • 47. So-SoWaM Nirmal You can have a beautiful Indoor Garden INGARDEN © Have two sets of pots & keep rotating them once in three days between your terrace and inside the home
  • 48. Wall Garden Car Shed Portico Garden © I. Home Garage Garden
  • 49. Do not cement the surface around your home. Grow grass and have cement slabs for walking over. Green surface allows water to percolate into the earth and prevents dust pollution. Use only used water for watering the lawn, as lawn requires a lot of water J. Home Green Surface
  • 50. K. Home Hanging Garden
  • 51. L. Home Terrace Garden
  • 52. Green Cap for Open Terrace - It will reduce the temperature Lawn on your terrace ! It will reduce the heat inside and the current bill too Two conditions 1 You must give a Fibreglass quoting as waster proof to your terrace before laying the lawn. 2. You must use only used water that is ‘treated waste water’ for watering the terrace lawn and not the precious chlorinated drinking water.
  • 53.  
  • 54. Home Terrace Garden
  • 55. Home Terrace Garden
  • 56. Home Terrace Garden
  • 57. Home Terrace Garden
  • 58. Home Terrace Garden
  • 59. Home Terrace Garden
  • 60. Home Terrace Garden
  • 61.  
  • 62.  
  • 63. Coco Instant Lawn on the terrace
  • 64. GEO ROLLS
  • 65. Instant Lawn with Sod using Coir Geotextiles & Coir pith organic manure
  • 66. Instant Lawn with Sod using Coir Geotextiles & Coir pith organic manure
  • 67. M. Home Terrace Farming
  • 68. HOME FARMING SKY FARMING TERRACE FARMING EXNORA'S VEGETABLE BASKET PROGRAMME ©
  • 69. THE QUESTIONS you may need answers One question that may be lingering in everyone’s mind. “ Okay I will compost all my organic waste & I will treat my waste water. But what do I do with the Compost & treated water?” The answer is Home Farming or Terrace gardening whatever the name you call it ©
  • 70.  
  • 71.  
  • 72. Pipe Method Sky Farming
  • 73. Pipe Method
  • 74. Rack Method Zig Zag Method ...........................................................
  • 75. Pot Method Sky Farming
  • 76. Zig Zag Method
  • 77. Stand Method
  • 78. Home / Sky / Terrace Farming Parapet Wall Method
  • 79.  
  • 80.
    • What should be there on the terrace, whether it should be Terrace garden or Sky Farming?
    • You can have both. But the lawn can come on the terrace over bedrooms, so that you enjoy the coolness and have a pleasant sleep. The remaining can be dedicated to horticulture
    Terrace Garden & Sky farming Balance
  • 81. N. HOME GREEN WRAP
  • 82.  
  • 83. N. Wrap the Home with plants Install nature’s air conditioner. Wrap Home with creepers & plants
  • 84. Home Green Wrapper
  • 85. Wrap by creepers
  • 86. Jatropha, has manifold properties, uses, shapes, colours and areas of cultivation. It is unbelievable what this plant has to offer. O Jatropha
  • 87. The uses of Jatropha
    • Hedges of Jatropha are planted to prevent soil erosion and shifting sand dunes and to secure small dams.
    • Jatropha oil is used for hair care and making soaps
    • The oil has tremendous medicinal value and is used to treat skin ailments such as eczemas, acne, rashes, psoriasis and fungus.
    • The leaf juice and the bark are use to make a dye
    • The leaves are used in remedies for treating malaria
    • Latex from the stem and leaf when taken orally along with ripe banana once or twice a day helps to check dysentery in adults ( Jatropha Curcas L).
    • The latex also serves as a disinfectant for mouth infections in small children. It helps to stop bleeding as well (haemostatic property).
    • The roots are used as an antidote for snake poison
    • The twigs can be used for cleaning teeth.
    • Last but not the least it is a source of bio-diesel that can be tapped for providing a path to sustainable transportation.
  • 88.
    • Tree felling is at jet speed whereas tree planting is at snail’s pace. The outcome is anybody’s guess. Start planting trees on birthdays, wedding anniversaries and all other functions. Any meeting start with tree planting like singing a prayer.
    P. Tree Planting
  • 89. Trees are must in any street. Have a close look at the word street You didn’t get it still? Remove the first & the last letter from the word STREET HA……………………! HA………………….!! It is Tree! The word street itself has tree! Then what about the street where you live? sTREEt
  • 90. Tree is indeed a treat to the eyes
  • 91.  
  • 92.  
  • 93.  
  • 94. Tree Planting A 40' tall ficus tree on one cubic feet pot  
  • 95. Types of Garden 1. By types of produce
    • Vegetable
    • Fruit
    • Medicinal
    • Cosmetic (Mehandi)
    • Oxygen
    • Ornamental (Flowering & Crotons )
    • Fuel (Jatropha & fire wood )
    • Timber
    • Dust Preventing
    • (Green curtain/ creepers & Lawn)
  • 96. Types of Garden 2. By created how?
    • A. By Infrastructure:
    • Earthen Pot , Pipe Garden, Tray,
    • Rack , Bag , Drum , Tyre , Well Ring
    • B. By Place & position:
    • Surface
    • Hanging Garden
    • Rock garden
    • Water Garden
    • Wall garden
    • Lawn
  • 97. Types of Garden 3. By Shape
    • 3.By Shape
    • Plants
    • Shrubs
    • Cactus
    • Creepers
    • Trees
    • Bonsai
  • 98. THE CONCEPT OF ‘HOME BEAUTIFIER’ 'Source DeSoWaM ' for Home, Office, Educational Institutions, Market, Temple 'HOME BEAUTIFIER' WOMEN AND YOUTH WILL BE EMPLOYED BY CIVIC EXNORAS AND DESIGNATED AS ‘HOME BEAUTIFIER’. THEY WILL VISIT THE MEMBERS’ HOME AND CARRYOUT HOME COMPOSTING, HOME WASTE WATER TREATMENT AND HOME FARMING. THEY WILL BE PAID MONTHLY FOR EACH OF THE WORK. Concept : T.K.Ramkumar & MBN
  • 99. The fourth /Final question will be “Who will do Composting, Home Farming & SoWaM? You can do it. Your children, other family members and your servant can do it. EXNORA trains unemployed women & youth do it. The Home Beautifiers will call on your home every day and do part time. You will get back the wages you pay to the home beautifier by organically grown vegetables on your own terrace. START TODAY. See more pictures in the following frames 4. Exnora Home Beautifier can do it? 1. You can do it 2. Your children/family members can do it HR 3.Your Servant can do Mrs INDIRAKUMAR Indira Kumar's Children HOME BEAUTIFIER IDEA BY T K RAMKUMAR
  • 100. Office Exnora Industry Exnora If you want  clean, green  & enviro-friendly Office & Industry, start Office / Industry Exnora. For details, click the link http:// www.homeexnora.org/yoga_office.html
  • 101. Office / Industry Terrace Garden Office Exnora Industry Exnora Industry Inside Compound Garden If you want  clean, green  & enviro-friendly Office & Industry, start Office / Industry Exnora. For details, click http:// www.homeexnora.org/yoga_office.html
  • 102. The Conservation Home
    • Renewable Energy
    • Home Waste Minimisation
    • Water Conservation
    • Energy Saving
  • 103. 1. Renewable Energy Home Conservation
  • 104.
    • A.
    • Solar Torch
    Renewable Energy Home
  • 105.
    • B.
    • Solar Lights
    Renewable Energy Home
  • 106. Solar Lights
  • 107.  
  • 108.  
  • 109.  
  • 110.  
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  • 120.  
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  • 125.  
  • 126.  
  • 127.  
  • 128.  
  • 129.  
  • 130.  
  • 131.  
  • 132.
    • C.
    • Solar Water Heaters
    Renewable Energy Home
  • 133. Solar Water Heaters
  • 134. Renewable Energy Home
    • D.
    • Solar Cookers
  • 135. Solar Cooker
  • 136. Renewable Energy Home
    • E.
    • Solar Water Pumps
  • 137. Solar Water Pump
  • 138. Renewable Energy Home
    • F.
    • Solar Air Conditioner
  • 139. Solar Air conditioner
  • 140.
    • G.
    • Solar Fans
    Renewable Energy Home
  • 141. Solar Clip Fan Solar Fans
  • 142. Renewable Energy Home
    • H.
    • Wind Mill
  • 143. Solar Windmill
  • 144. Energy Saving
    • Efficient Lighting
  • 145.
    • 1. Efficient Lighting:
    • Use lights where required
    • Avoid incandescent light bulbs (GLS bulbs). The best is LED and next is CFLs
    • Nations world over have started banning incandescent light bulbs in favour of more energy efficient light sources, like CFLS & LED bulbs and the ban would cut the world’s greenhouse gas emissions by 4% to 9%
    • Experts say unchecked greenhouse gas emissions could see temperatures rising between 1.8 and 4.0 degrees Celsius (3.2 and 7.8 Fahrenheit) in the 21st century.
    • The Indian subcontinent is expected to be one of the most seriously affected regions in the world by global warming, which will mean more frequent and more severe natural disasters such as floods and droughts, more disease and more hunger.
    • CFLs -- although eight times more expensive than the yellow incandescent bulbs that have been in use virtually unchanged for 125 years -- use 80 percent less energy and you would save households and industries a substantial amount of money. We have been using incandescent light bulbs for 125 years and up to 90 per cent of the energy each light bulb uses is wasted, mainly as heat.
    • However, there are concerns about the mercury content in CFLs from environmentalists, who say disposing of them could present serious health risks due to the toxicity of the heavy metal.
    • Alternatives like CFL or LED means more cost effective, longer life, more eco friendly. But care needs to be taken while disposing CFL as harmful mercury could pose an environment threat. Most parts used in LED can be recycled.
    • A comparison of the average life of the three types:
    • Incandescence - 1000hours; CFL – 10,000 hours ; LED – 100,000 hours
  • 146. Filament bulb is considered anti environment. It is less efficient and to make it burn more coal has to be burnt resulting in release of more green house gases. The Filament Bulb
  • 147.
    • Light efficiency around 12 – 15 lumens per Watt
    • Works on the principle of heating the tungsten filament
    • Lower voltage reduces the light by fourth power ( 5% voltage reduction, >20% reduced light)
    • Higher voltage reduces life
    • Since temperature can be as high as 80 deg C - hence reduces comfort during warm weather
    • low life – average expected life is 1000 hours, at normal voltage
    The Filament Bulb
  • 148. The CFL Compact Fluorescent Lamp It is good in view of its efficiency and long life. The only problem is its disposal as mercury is used in it.
  • 149.
    • “ T-5” or slim tubes with special phosphor can produce 90-120 lumens per watt
    • Normal tube lights produce 50 – 110 lumens per watt, depending on the manufacturer. - thus 4 – 8 times more efficient than incandescent lights.
    • Compact fluorescent lamps are tube lights, folded for smaller wattage.
    • CFL is not more efficient than normal tube lights.
    • Works on the principle of gas discharge, which releases light from fluorescent material.
    • Mercury is used as the main vapour, which produces ultraviolet rays.
    • With deterioration of coating, light reduces and ultra violet increases.
    • Requires a current limiting device, which is called choke.
    • Choke (non electronic or wire wound) consumes about 15 to 20 watts (for a 40 W tube)
    • Electronic choke would produce harmonics, interfering with other electronic devices, and reducing efficiency of some of the other devices.
    • Has low power factor which needs to be compensated, to help power producers.
    • Longer life compared to Incandescent – 6000 to 10000 hours depending on the brand.
    • On disposal, causes mercury contamination in the area
    The CFL
  • 150. It is the BEST The LED It is energy effiicient , has long life and pleasant to eyes
  • 151.
    • Has present efficiency of 25 to 40 lumens per watt
    • For a 40 degree light, produces more than 16.7 times lux than a 360 degree lamp. Thus, a 2 watt LED with 25 lumens per watt, would give 1.74 times more lux.
    • Due to low wattage, it can be brought closer – a light source at 1 meter requires only 10% of power, compared to a source at 3 meters.
    • LED light of 1 watt, placed all around the room (4m x 5 m , at 2 m height, spaced 1.5 m approx.) will require 20 lamps, and would give more uniform light than 2 x 40 W lights, placed in 2 ends – thus saving more than 75%
    • Properly designed LED lights have a life of 100,000 hours – at 12 hours per day, it is close to 23 years.
    • Major content of the LED is epoxy/poly-corbonate – can be recycled, like plastic when collected
    The LED
  • 152. Use LED Lights to Save Power
  • 153. A Supplier of LED
  • 154.
    • Tips for proper lighting-Recommendations :
    • Have multiple levels of lighting, to cater to different needs in the same room
    • While watching TV in the living room, very low lighting level is sufficient.
    • A meeting with guests would require high lighting, and a party could do with medium lighting.
    • Distribute the lights and locate the lights as low as feasible
    • Try to use more down lighting than up lighting (reflected light from ceiling could be as low as 50%)
    • Choose chandeliers with more efficient bulbs
    • Know the temperature of your bulbs. Heat generated by them could causes discomfort, apart from draining energy.
    • Brighter sources can also affect visual ability especially when there are reflective materials nearby.
    • Have light only where required (roof, walls etc need to be lighted, only if there is something to display)
    • Use only required levels of brightness in lighting your home (getting used to too bright a light, reduces the eye capability to adjust to dim lights)
    • Have the light source behind you (when used in front use shades/ directional light such as LED)
    • Know the colour rendering index, of your light source
  • 155.
    • Comparison of alternate lighting systems to incandescent bulb
    • General facts:
    • Light units are measured in terms of Lumen.
    • The actual requirement for any task is described by light intensity, LUX (a unit of illumination equal to one lumen per Sq. m)
    • For white light (as spectrum), the maximum light which can be theoretically produced would be around 400 Lumens per Watt
    • Presently achieved lumens per watt ranges from about 5 with diffused incandescent, to about 120 in high pressure sodium vapour lamp.
    • The present efficacy of light is measured in terms of “total diffused light”, i.e. the total light produced in 360 degree direction by any lamp.
    • Since we require light only for specific purposes, using light without reflectors would cause dissipation of light.
    • The reflectibility of various surfaces is as given in the table below.
    • 50% of human comfort is from radiating to cooler surfaces – any object higher than 32-33 degree C (which is just less than skin temperature) causes discomfort
    • Glare
    • Glare, caused by an excessively bright source of light in our field of view, interferes with our visual perception. In most situations, glare is something we would like to eliminate for better visual acuity. Direct Glare is caused by the bright source shining directly into the eyes. Indirect Glare or Reflected Glare is due to light sources reflected from tasks or other surfaces into the eyes. By having an uncontrolled direction of light, the possibility of glare becomes higher
  • 156. First Practise in your Home Display outside your HOME Just imagine the reach this will have ! People who see the website address may start in their Home too. The greenery of your home will be stimulational !!
  • 157.  
  • 158. Make your Home an Enviro-paradise. See www.homeexnora.org Gate No Parking Boards are sponserd by shops. Insist to include your Home Exnora name & web address on the Board
  • 159.
    • Please contact
    • M B Nirmal
    • Founder
    • Exnora International , 5th Pillar, Maa, Veg-edge, Principled Simplicity
    •  044 2475 9477,044 2475 5478, 044 4219 3596
    • (M) 0 98400 34900, 0 98416 88255, 093812 86568
    • USA  703 994 4680
    • E mails IDs
    • [email_address] , [email_address] ,
    • mbnirmal@hotmail.com, mbnirmal@5thpillar.org
    • websites
    • www.homeexnora.org, www.exnorainternational.org,
    • www.nirmals7thsense.com , www.thevegedge.org
  • 160. Go to Part 3

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