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  • 1. TAKLIMAT BAJA TEKNOLOGI THAILAND KE ATAS PELBAGAI TANAMAN KEPADA Lembaga Kenaf & Tembakau Negara OLEH TAAVEEKUN SDN BHD 44, jalan pegawai, 05050, alor setar ,KEDAH Tel : 04 7711448 Fax : 04 7712410
  • 2. LATAR BELAKANGNAMA SYARIKAT : TAAVEEKUN SDN BHDTARIKH PENUBUHAN : 07/11/2005AKTIVITI : 1) PEMBEKALAN BAJA TEKNOLOGI THAILAND 2) PERKHIDMATAN NASIHAT KE ARAH PERTANIAN TEPATMODAL DI BENAR : RM 100,000MODAL BERBAYAR : RM 10.002PENGARAH : 1) MD FADZILAH ARIFFIN 2) HASIM JAHAYA 3) AHMAD HISYAM BIN AHMAD AZHARALAMAT SYARIKAT : 44 JALAN PEGAWAI,05050,ALOR SETAR, KEDAH (TEL: 04-7711448, FAX: 7712410 )PERUNDING PERTANIAN :1) Prof KHALIB A RAFFAR ( MALAYSIA ) 2) DR SOMPONG ( THAILAND) 3) DR PRAVET (THAILAND)SYARIKAT SEKUTU : 1) HRSL PLANTATION SDN BHD 2) HR MARKETING SDN BHD 2) HR MANUFACTURING SDN BHD
  • 3. HR GROUP HR MANUFACTURING PENGILANG PRODUK KOSMATIK HR MARKETING PENGEDARAN PRODUK MELALUI MLM HRSL PLANTATION PENGEDAR BAJA TAAVEEKUNPERUNDING PERTANIAN & PENGIMPORT BAJA
  • 4. PERNAHKAN ANDA TERFIKIR…?* ..ADA MANUSIA MEMBUKA KLINIK RAWATAN TANAMAN• PERNAHKAH ANDA TERFIKIR KETINGGIAN POKOK CILI BOLEH MENCECAH 3 METER TINGGI DAN MELEBIHI USIA 16 BULAN?• PERNAHKAH ANDA TERFIKIR 13-15 BUTIR CILI BERATNYA 1 KG DAN HASILNYA MELEBIHI 15KG/POHON
  • 5. • PERNAHKAH ANDA TERFIKIR BERAT SETANDAN SAWIT BISA MENCECAH 100 KG? ,80KG?.60KG?• PERNAHKAH ANDA TERFIKIR USIA SAWIT 33 TAHUN MAMPU MENGELUARKAN HASIL 50MT SEHEKTAR DGN PURATA BERAT SETANDAN 50KG• PERNAHKAH ANDA TERFIKIR PENDAPATAN PETANI TANAMAN LADA RM200,000/HA /TAHUN (20 MT/TAHUN)
  • 6. • PERNAHKAH ANDA TERFIKIR PETANI TANAMAN JAGONG SATU HEKTAR BOLEH MENDAPAT RM3000.00- RM 4000.00 SEBULAN.• PERNAHKAH ANDA TERFIKIR PURATA HASIL GETAH BELEBIHI 2500KG/HA/TAHUNBERBAGAI LAGI……
  • 7. LAWATAN PENGUNJUNG KEKLINIK TANAMAN TAAVEEKUN
  • 8. HASIL 15 – 20TANAMAN CILI DI KLINIK TANAMAN
  • 9. KETINGGIAN POHON CILI MENCECAH 3
  • 10. 13-15 BIJI 1
  • 11. Majlis Bandaraya Shah Alam (Bulatan Kayangan)Sebelum rawatan Selepas rawatan20/8/2008 13/9/2008
  • 12. ..penggunaan baja edaran TAAVEEKUN mempercepatkan proses tumbesaran tanaman serai.. Usia serai 25 hari 16/10/2008Tanpa baja TONMAI & GANDA Dengan baja TONMAI & GANDA
  • 13. ….JANGAN BIARKAN BUNGA JAMBU ANDA JADI BEGINI..
  • 14. ..BIARKAN SATU TANGKAI SATU KUNTUM SAHAJAAGAR DAPAT MAKANAN YANG MENCUKUPI…
  • 15. ….BUAH JAMBU ANDA BOLEH JADI BEGINI SEKIRANYAANDA MENABUR BAKTI PADANYA….
  • 16. TANAH PLOT PERCUBAAN (SUBUR & BERSINAR)KAWALAN GANDA GANDA + TONMAI
  • 17. KAWALAN PERBEZAAN SAIZ GANDA + POKOK TONMAIGANDA
  • 18. LOT TABURLOT KAWALAN -Akar banyak & lebih panjang.GANDA TONMAI +GANDA
  • 19. DENGAN PENGGUNAAN BAJA TONMAI KEADAAN TANAH LEBIH SUBUR GANDA + TONMAI KAWALANNDA
  • 20. DENGAN PENGGUNAAN BAJA MSJ TANAMAN PADI LEBIH SUBUR
  • 21. Keadaan plot setelah hasil dituaiDengan Pembajaan Tanpa PembajaanONMAI TONMAI Lebih hijau & Kurang hijau & Subur Tidak subur 8/ 02/2007
  • 22. 2 BULAN S ELEPAS RAWATAN DILAKUKANTIDAK DIRAWAT TELAH DIRAWAT LEBIH HIJAU
  • 23. Daun yang dirawat lebihhijau,lebar ,panjang & lebih sihat
  • 24. 13/07/0813/07/08
  • 25. 13/07/08
  • 26. 27/06/200618/07/2006
  • 27. LADA HITAM20 MT/HA/TAHUN..?
  • 28. PURATA BERAT SETANDAN ADALAH 40KG – 45 KG 75 KG
  • 29. PURATA BERAT SETANDAN ADALAH 40KG – 45 KG
  • 30. Lawatan Timbalan Menteri Ke Ladang Sawit Di Thailand BERAT 70 KG
  • 31. ..YB TIMBALAN MENTERI DAN ROMBONGANMELIHAT SENDIRI KEHEBATAN TANAMANSAWIT DI THAILAND.( KOS RENDAH..HASIL TINGGI..)
  • 32. PURATA BERAT 45-50KG
  • 33. Lawatan Ke Ladang Getah Menggunakan Baja foliar Dan Soil Conditioner KAEDAH MUDAH DAN MURAH TETAPI HASIL TINGGI
  • 34. …PERMUKAAN BEKAS TOREHAN YANG BERSIH &SIHAT…SESUATU HARUS DIPELAJARI DARI THAILAND.
  • 35. …..MENGKAGUMKAN…
  • 36. PENGGUNAAN SOIL CONDITIONER BANYAK MEMBANTU KESUBURAN TANAMAN
  • 37. DENGAN RUB CURETMHASIL LEBIH BAIK DAN POKOK LEBIH SIHAT Peningkatan hasil 15%-20% hanya dengan kos RM 40/ha
  • 38. …Juga boleh hidup di bumi MALAYSIA
  • 39. LAWATAN YB TIMBALAN MENTERI KPPK KE LADANG KURMA
  • 40. PESANAN dR TAAVEEKUN..MAKANAN YANG SEDAP TAKBOLEH DI MAKAN BUKAN KERANASAKIT GIGI,TETAPI SAKIT GUSI....TANAMAN TAK BOLEH MENYERAPBAJABUKAN KERANA“POKOK”TAKMAMPU,TETAPI TANAH YANG SAKIT..
  • 41. JADI.. APA KENA BUAT??• …JANGAN HANYA MEMBERI MAKANAN PADA TANAMAN SAHAJA..• …TOLONG INGAT PADA KEPERLUAN MAKANAN PADA TANAH JUGA…
  • 42. Soil Amendment dari Thailand PERANAN & FUNGSI•Membantu memulih dan meningkat tahap kesuburan tanah •Menguraikan jisim organik •Meningkatkan kadar mineral sedia ada kepada tumbuhan •Menguraikan toksin •Menggalakkan pertumbuhan akar yang sihat •Membantu mengurangkan FUNGAL, PATHOGEN, NEMATODE dan LAIN-LAIN PENYAKIT dalam tanah •Membantu tanaman mempunyai daya tahan penyakit dan cuaca panas & kemarau •Membantu meningkatkan pH tanah
  • 43. Soil Amendment dari ThailandPERMASALAHAN OLEH PETANI • Struktur tanah yang lemah / rosak • Penyakit tanaman• Pengurangan kualiti dan kuantiti hasil produk pertanian • Peningkatan yang makin meningkat • Penggunaan baja kimia dan racun • Pendapatan yang tidak mencukupi
  • 44. Kajian Saintis Thailand terhadap Permasalahan Petani dan Cara Mengatasinya• Tahap pengetahuan petani terhadap amalan pertanian serta kefahaman terhadap pentingnya tanah adalah rendah – mereka perlu di didik.• Penggunaan secara berterusan baja kimia telah memusnahkan kehidupan organisma dalam tanah dan menjadikan tanah makin tandus.• Penggunaan baja NPK membantu memberi makanan terus kepada tanaman, dan dengan hanya segelintir bahan NPK tidak mempunyai nutrien yang lengkap untuk membantu tanaman dan tanah yang subur.• Semakin banyak organisma dan mikro organisma di dalam tanah semakin banyak menyumbang keperluan nutrien dan mineral kepada tanaman.• Organisma dan mikro organisma juga mamu meningkatkan daya tahan serangan penyakit dan tanaman makin sihat.• Baja kimia NPK adalah makanan kepada tanaman dan bukannya makanan kepada mikrob dalam tanah.
  • 45. Apakah MIKROB dan Apakah Peranan MIKROB• Mikrob adalah bentuk kehidupan yang tertua di bumi ( lebih daripada 3.8 billion tahun)• Mikrob adalah organisma mikro skopik, kulat, bakteria, protozoa dan virus jenis mikrob yang berbeza.• Terdapat mikrob pemusnah (pathogen). Mikrob yang baik membantu haiwan dan manusia.• Kombinasi antara mikrob-mikrob yang baik membantu petani-petani menghasilkan tanaman yang banyak.• Mikrob mampu mengubah kopaun organik yang komplek seperti tanin, linguin, protein karbohidrat, selulos, pektin dan sebagainya kepada bentuk yang boleh digunakan oleh tumbuhan dalam proses pertumbuhan.• Mikrob membantu menghasilkan tanah dengan menggabungkan secara fizikal jisim tanah. Mereka menghasilkan glomalin yang bertindak sebagai gam untk mencantum jisim tanah liat dan bahan organik.
  • 46. Apakah SOIL CONDITIONER TAAVEEKUN• Bukan bahan toksid, tidak mencemar alam dan diperbuat dari bahan mineral dan organik mottar.• Mempunyai mineral mas, trace elemen dan mikrob untuk keperluan tanah dan tanaman.• Mampu memulih struktur tanah yang gersang, tandus.(rosak)• Menyekat eco sistem semulajadi ( mikro organisma).• Mampu meningkat produktiviti tanaman.• Memperkuat sistem ketahanan dari segi penyakit, serangan serangga dan cuaca panas/kemarau.• Compliment kepada penggunaan baja kimia sebagai supplement bagi membantu tanaman menyerap baja NPK.• Mengalir nutrien secara perlahan dan bila perlu kepada tanaman.
  • 47. Pengertian kandungan tanah subur• Bukan sahaja mengandungi jisim mineral pejal, tetapi juga organisma yang mereput, hidupan organisma, air dan udara.• Atau estetika lain mengandungi: – JISIM MINERAL - Pasir dan tanah liat atau bahan “non- living” dari batu – MIKROB - Bakteria, kulat dan alga – BINATANG - Cacing, serangga, ular dan mamalia – JISIM ORGANIK - Jisim mereput yang sebelumnya hidup – RUANG POROS - Ruang kosong yang dipenuhi oleh air dan udara.
  • 48. FAEDAH KEGUNAAN BAJA SOIL AMENDMENT TAAVEEKUN Mengurangkan Penyakit Kulat, Seimbangkan Tanah Pathogen (jangkitan Bakteria), Nematode, dan Penyakit dalam Tanah Membantu Menyimpan AirMenyokong Sistem TAAVEEKUNPertumbuhan Akar SOIL AMENDMENT Menyokong Tumbesaran Organisma di dalam Tanah Akar Menyerap Nutrisi Meningkatkan Kesuburan lebih Maksimum Membaiki Struktur Unsur Tanah dan Tanah Bahan Organik Tanah
  • 49. BAJA MINERAL SEMULA JADI (soil amendment) Nilai pH 8.5 – 9.5. Sebagai alternatif kepada baja kimia. Lebih selamat, berkualiti & mesra alam. Kegunaan : tanah dan akuatik. Kandungan :1. N : 2, P:2 , K : 32. Ca3. Mg4. Fe, S, Zn, Cu, Mn, B, C1 .5. Lebih dr 17 jenis organisma berfaedah.
  • 50. HLT Aktiviti Pembajaan / Racun Kadar/HA TAAVEEKUN -I-7 Pembajaan 400-500 KG SOIL AMENDMENT 0 Menanam N:P:K10-15 PEMBAJAAN 225KG 7-7-7+TE 50ML @20 LTR PEMBAJAAN TAA VEE KUN SUPER15 - 20 500ML/Ha FOLIAR 1 @ TVK VINEGAR (setiap jenis) 7-7-7+TE 225 KG25-30 PEMBAJAAN NPK 50ML @ 20 ltr air30 - 35 FOLIAR 2 TAA VEE KUN SUPER 500ml/Ha @ TVK VINEGAR (setiap jenis) 50ML @ 20 ltr air FOLIAR 3 TAA VEE KUN SUPER 500ml/Ha 45-50 @ TAAVEEKUN GOLD Setiap jenis)
  • 51. HLT Aktiviti Pembajaan / Racun Kadar/HA TAAVEEKUN -I-7 Pembajaan 350-400 KG SOIL AMENDMENT 0 Menanam N:P:K10-15 PEMBAJAAN 200KG 7-7-7+TE 50ML @20 LTR PEMBAJAAN TAA VEE KUN SUPER15 - 20 500ML/Ha FOLIAR 1 @ TVK VINEGAR (setiap jenis) 7-7-7+TE 200 KG25-30 PEMBAJAAN NPK 50ML @ 20 ltr air30 - 35 FOLIAR 2 TAA VEE KUN SUPER 500ml/Ha @ TVK VINEGAR (Setiap jenis) 50 ml @air FOLIAR 3 500ml/Ha TAA VEE KUN SUPER @45-50 (setiap jenis) TAAVEEKUN GOLD
  • 52. PERBANDINGAN KOS PEMBAJAAN KENAF/HA TAAVEEKUN DAN LKTN• TANAH BRIS TAAVEEKUN LKTNSOIL AMENDMENT RM660-825BAJA KIMIA RM810BAJA FOLIAR RM255 RM1725 - 1890 RM 3780. TANAH LIAT BERPASIRSOIL AMENDMENT RM577-660BAJA KIMIA RM720BAJA FOLIAR RM255 RM1552 -1635 RM 1640
  • 53. JADUAL PERBANDINGAN KOS INPUT DAN HASILSEBELUM DAN SELEPAS TEKNOLOGI TAAVEEKUN SDN BHD BAGI TANAH BRIS. Sebelum (AMALAN SEMASA) Selepas (TAAVEEKUN SDN BHD) Penjimatan Jenis Baja Kadar/Ha Kos/RM Jenis Baja Kadar/Ha Kos/RM RM NPK 600kg 1,080 NPK 350-450kg 630 -810 Organik 2000kg 2,000 Soil 400-600kg 660-990 NAJIS AYAM Amendment Urea 100kg 180 Foliar 3 Liter 255 Penyuburan 150kg 180 Organik Kapur 200 Jumlah 3,640 Jumlah 1,545-2,055 1,585 - 2,095
  • 54. BENEFITS OF TVK VINEGAR SUPER•Protection of plant disease, rat, snake, insectand pesticide.•Help in gain helpful microbe in the soil.•Help pushing up the growth of root and thegrowth of plant.•Help in supplement chemical active, biologymass, chemical fertilizer, organic, inorganic andferment fertilizer.•Help in get rid of smell from waste product.•Help in adding volume of sugar, combustion inall kinds of plant.•Increasing sweeten and taste in vegetable andall kind of fruit.•Protection fungus on rubber plant and protect
  • 55. TVK VINEGAR SUPER Compound % of Example Concentrate Acetic acid 2.5 Tetra hydro 0.04 Fulfuryl alcohol Prop ionic acid 0.1 Rara+Meta-Cresol 0.07 Quality’s Wood Vinegar. Ortho-Cresol 0.06 Ingredients:- Nonan-1.4-Olld 0.02 • Water 82.2% Methanol 0.11 • Inorganic 15.8% Furfural 0.1 • PH - 3 Fulfuryl alcohol 0.01 • Lighted, Red- Brown Ethyl-Gulalcohol 0.01 • Smell like smoke Ethanol-alcohol 0.5 • Gravity (at 25 C) =1.015 Cycloten 0.12 • Characteristic Gulalcohol 0.03 Clear Acetone 0.1 2-Methoxy-4- 0.06
  • 56. UsefulnessTAA VEE KUN SUPER Plant food supplement TAA VEE KUN SUPER is plantfood supplement, strong concentrate passing yeastprocess, have more useful to plant, such as.• Improved condition of plant which a badcondition from all kind of chemical such herbicideand Insecticide.• Make all crop stronger, continue growth, andresistance to plant disease.•Helping in produce more flower, more fruit helpmore yield, good weight and better taste.•Get more yield production, quality and weight
  • 57. FOLIAR TAA VEE KUN SUPER FOR KENAF ITEM SPECIFICATION RESULTSPURITY 98% 98.9%pH of SOLUTION (Conc.) 4.5-6.5 5.5HUMIC ACID 5% 5.4%NITROGEN (N) 2% 2.3%PHOSPHATE (T-P2O5) 2% 2.5%POTASH (T-K2O) 2% 2.4%MAGNESIUM (MgO) 3% 3.6%TRACE ELEMENTSZn, B, Cu, Fe, Mn Trace Trace
  • 58. TAA VEE KUN SOIL AMENDMENT ITEM SPECIFICATION RESULTSPURITY 98% 98.6%pH of 5% SOLUTION 7.6-8.5 8CALCIUM (T-CaO) 22% 22.2%MAGNESIUM (T-MgO) 14% 14.4%TRACE ELEMENTS-Zn, B, Cu, Fe, Mn Trace Trace-Humic acid Trace Trace
  • 59. BAJA KIMIA FORMULA 7:7:7 +TE+HA+DOLOMITE ITEM SPECIFICATION RESULTS PURITY 98% 98.5% pH of 5% SOLUTION 6-7.5 7 NITROGEN (N) 7% 7.4% PHOSPHATE (P2O5) 7% 7.6% POTASS (K2O) 7% 7.3% CALCIUM (T-CaO) 9% 10.4% MAGNESIUM (T-MgO) 7% 7.8% TRACE ELEMENTS -Zn, B, Cu, Fe, Mo, Cl, Trace Trace -Humic acid Trace Trace
  • 60. JENIS KENAF DI THAILANDJENIS :KENAF KON KEAN 50TINGGI :3 – 5 METERHASIL : 17,500 KG /HaJENIS : NON SUNG 2TINGGI : 2 – 4 METERHASIL : 16,800 KG/HaPH TANAH :5.0 – 6.5JUMLAH BENIH : 16KG/HaPEROLEHAN BENIH 550KG/Ha
  • 61. Seed production 1. In Thailand seed production did by Department of agriculture or by private sector. 2. To produce maximum seed yield kenaf should being grown in June. Seed yield potential varies from 313-500 kg/ha. 3. Seed should be kept in a cool, dry place in gunny Bags, plastic bags or tins. Germination of the seed Will remain above 80% within a one year period. The yield of dry stem (10%moisture content) varies between 4,375-6,250 kg/ha.
  • 62. Jenama AI (Bahan Aktif) Kesan penggunaan Menghapuskan rumpai melaluiEcomax serapan akar.Tyhpoon Glyphosate IsopropylamineNasa Glyphosate Merosakkan struktur tanah terutama pasir. Tidak menjejaskan kulit tumbuhanAmmo Supre Glyphosate lain. Monoammonium Kurang menjejaskan struktur tanah.Gremexone Mengekalkan struktur tanah. Paraquat Rumput yang diracun boleh menjadi bahan organik.Basta Glyphosinate Bertindak dengan cara serapan dan MonoammniumTepat sentuh .
  • 63. MENIKMATI KEENAKKAN KURMA…MANIS…
  • 64. KESEDIAAN UNTUK BEKERJASAMA…..
  • 65. Farm In Thailand
  • 66. MALE FEMALE
  • 67. ANAK BENIH
  • 68. PROSES PENDEBUNGAAN
  • 69. PROSES PENDEBUNGAAN
  • 70. Middle East Asia
  • 71. Middle East Asia
  • 72. HISTORY OF DATES• Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East for thousands of years. They are believed to have originated around the Persian Gulf, and have been cultivated since ancient times from Mesopotamia to prehistoric Egypt, possibly as early as 4000 BCE. The Ancient Egyptians used the fruits to be made into date wine, and ate them at harvest. The Egyptians also ate another fruit of the Palm Tree, The Fruits of The Doum Palm. There is archaeological evidence of date cultivation in eastern Arabia in 6000 BCE. (Alvarez-Mon 2006).• In later times, Arabs spread dates around South and South West Asia, northern Africa, and Spain and Italy. Dates were introduced into Mexico and California by the Spaniards in 1765• Dates in Chiangmai was planted early 2000. by mr Khun Sak Lumjuan
  • 73. DATES IN THAILAND Dates Palm ProjectScientific Name : Phoenix dactylifera Linn.Family Name     : PalmaeCommon Name  : Date PalmBottanical Traits Date palm trees contain single trunks (with occasional shoots)Trunk: Between 30 – 50 centimeters in circumference  and up to 30 meters in heightLeaves: Feather-like leaves with elongated and sharp tips of a waxy bronze colourFlowers: Flower clusters sprouting from the base of leavesFruits: Oval shaped and yellowish-orange in colour, turning light brown  to dark brown when fully ripe. Ripening stages divided into 4 phases:  young date, fully mature date, ripe date, dried date
  • 74. DATES IN THAILAND Research InformationThai Date PalmsPlanting – Dig a 50 x 50 centimeter hole and line thebottom with manure or compost. Planting at 8 x 8 meter intervals will get 25 plants per rai. Date palms do notlike excessively wet or damp areas.Care and Maintenance – Date palms should be wateredapproximately every 5-7 days, or according to thedampness of soil. Quality date palms should be givensufficient water at a consistent rate. Fertilizer – The use of manure will result in 1-2 kilograms of produce, twice a year, per tree; together with proper maintenance of soil and eradication of weeds surrounding each plant. Trimming – Aged leaves of date palms tend to get dry and it is recommended that they are cut off to aid in the maintenance of plants, keeping it clean and reducing any possible problems that may arise from pests and insects, although date palms generally have very few problems with pests. Harvesting – Based on the color of the date palm, fruits can be harvested when they have turned a dark yellow. The fruits are oval in shape and grow in bunches or clusters with 4 developmental phases consisting of unripe, mature, ripe, and dried, with the entire 4 periods from flowering to harvesting lasting between 7-8 months.
  • 75. DATES IN THAILANDStorage – Ripe date palms stored at 8 degrees Celsius canbe kept for 1 year.PollinationIn collecting male pollen, male plants flower before femaleplants and can be noticed when the blossom or spedixbegins to protrude. When the blossom breaks open,within will be the flower with jagged petals. Cover theflower with a plastic bag and shake, the pollen willdisperse inside the bag. Remove excess air within the bag,close and seal the bag and refrigerate.
  • 76. DATES IN THAILANDFirst Date Palms developed for fresh consumption, made possible in Thailand . Date palms are one of the many plants in the diverse palm family, originally found in the middle-easternregions of Northern Africa, both as single trunks and clusters. The trunks grow to about 30 meters heightwith circumferences of between 30 – 50 cm. Flower clusters sprout from the base of leaves, with eachtrunk consisting of approximately 40 – 60 leave stems. The leaves can measure up to 30 – 50 centimetersand are shaped much like feathers while subsidiary leaves sprout in all directions. Date palms arecommonly bred through the planting of seeds or shoots, producing rather slow developments. Thai datepalms are often planted for gardening and ornamental purposes, with spade-shaped fruits of about 2 – 4centimeters.Ripe date palms mature from yellow to an orange colour and while edible, are not commonly consumedas the fruits are small and astringentin taste. The fruits distributed in department stores are preserved orprocessed date palms with an extremely sweet taste,often imported from abroad, with high prices ofapproximately 500 – 600 baht per kilogram,highest in quality being imported from Israel.Khun Sak Lumjuan the agriculturalist and owner of “Date Farm”farm, located in Thailand, briefly outlined that after graduating asthe 36th class from Maejo University and beginning his career inretail as the owner of a distribution outlet of agricultural tools, hebegan to think that date palms, commonly grown for ornamentalpurposes, should also be freshly consumed or processed as doneabroad. With that thought, he began planting date palms, startingwith 30 trees, planted in plots with a distance of8 x 8 meters.
  • 77. DATES INReceiving advice from Professor Nutthawut Pasayawan , the Director of the Office of Biotechnological THAILANDResearch and Development within the Department of Agriculture. Professor Pasayawan providedguidelines on new breeding methods that would aid in the pollination of the female flower by placing themale pollen inside a plastic bag and refrigerating it until the female flower has fully matured beforecovering the female flower with the plastic bag in which the male pollen has been stored. This process aids in the production of numerous date palm fruits which.When fully mature , can be used for further breeding, gaining ideal breeding plants to be used for phase 2.Date palms planted in phase 2 produce fruits that have various beneficial qualities and are easy to plant,much like coconuts. To enable rapid development, the plot in which the date palm is to be planted shouldbe lined with manure and compost or organic fertilizers, avoiding humid and soggy areas, and providing a moderate amount of water with only a slight increase during periods of drought.The leaves of these date palm trees are of a whiter colour than ornamental date palms and when positioned in direct sunlight or light, the leave will turn an illuminated white. In comparison to the planting of date palms abroad, the total amount of time from planting to fruition is 3 years , whereas elsewhere it is said to take up to 7 years. Aside from the ability to provide fruits 2 times annually , there have been no recorded instances of infestations of pests or diseases. The first harvest is towards the end of January while the second harvest is in early July, whereas date palms planted abroad can only be harvested once a year.
  • 78. DATES IN THAILANDThe date palms are produced in large quantities with large fruits, lots of flesh, and small seeds .When mature, the fruits turn a dark yellow and can be consumed, once the flesh is soft and crisp, withoutremoving the skin. Ripe date palms turn brown and experience an increase in sweetness, measured atapproximately 17-20 Brix. If stored at around 8 degrees Celsius, the fruits can be kept for up to 1 yearwithout being preserved. Aside from being able to freshly consume date palms, these fruits also containqualities that aid in the reduction of thirst and dehydration, as well as the reduction of phlegm. Currentdevelopments have been coordinated with the Department of Agriculture to certify this date palm as aspecies and as an organic plant species that contains no chemicals and pesticides, in hopes that thestability and characteristics of this species may enable further reproduction through means of tissuecultivation.
  • 79. DATES IN THAILANDNUTRITIONAL  INFORMATION(Average Nutrition Value per  100 grams) ENERGY CALORIES............349GLUCOSE...........................48.5gFRUCTOSE........................35.5gCARBOHYDRATES...........87.4gPROTEIN.............................2.37gFAT.......................................0.43gPOTASSIUM....................667 mgCALCIUM...........................52 mgMAGNESIUM.....................50 mgPHOSPHORUS................60 mgSODIUM.............................12 mgIRON..................................1.2 mgVITAMINS....B1, B2, B6 and B12Dates 3000 calories/kgBananas 970 calories/kgApricots 520 calories/kgOranges 480 calories/kg
  • 80. Date nutritional valueWith the present uncertainty in the world food supply and the expected increase indemand, the date palm could be a good source of food of high nutritional value. Infact, date fruit is rich in nutrients, and due to its dietetic values it has alwaysbeen held in high esteem by people. Compared to other fruits and foods(apricot: 520 calories/kg; banana: 970 calories/kg; orange: 480 calories/kg;cooked rice: 1,800 calories/kg; wheat bread: 2,295 calories/kg; meat (withoutfat): 2,245 calories/kg, dates give more than 3,000 calories per kilogram.The date fruit consists of 70 % carbohydrates (mostly sugars), making it one ofthe most nourishing natural foods available to man. The water content isbetween 15 to 30 % depending on the variety and on the maturity stage of thefruit.In most varieties, the sugar content of a date fruit is almost entirely of theinverted form (namely glucose and fructose), important for persons who cannottolerate sucrose The invert sugar in dates is immediately absorbed by thehuman body without being subjected to the digestion that ordinary sugarundergoes.The flesh of dates contains 60 to 65 % sugar, about 2.5 % fibre, 2 % protein andless than 2 % each of fat, minerals, and pectin substances. Date fruits are also agood source of iron, potassium and calcium, with a very low sodium and fatcontent. In addition, moderate quantities of chlorine, phosphorous, copper,magnesium, silicon and sulphur are also found in the date fruit
  • 81. • Date fruit is called a mine in itself because it is very rich in minerals. Its phosphorous content is similar to that found in the same quantity of apricots, pears and grapes put together.• Its high content of magnesium (±600 mg/1kg of dates) could also be very beneficial. Date consumers in Saharan areas are known to have the lowest rate of cancer diseases, a fact attributed to the magnesium found in dates.• With only 1 mg of sodium per 100 g , dates are good food for those on a low sodium diet. The iron content of 3 mg per 100g is almost a third of the Recommended Dietary Allowance for an adult male. Note that fibre, even though it is not a nutrient for humans, is of much value in a diet as an aid to digestion and evacuation. There is ample evidence that for most persons a diet fairly high in fibre is healthier than one low in fibre.• Furthermore, dates are a good source of vitamins A, B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), and B7 (nicotinic acid also called niacin). The following contents per kilogram are an average for all date varieties: vitamin A, 484 international units; B1, 0.77 milligram (mg); B2, 0.84 mg; and B7, 18.9 mg.• According to Genske and Weers, (1973), one kilogram of the flesh of ripe Deglet Noor dates contains the following: water (220g), sugar (730g; 2740 calories), proteins (22g), Fats (2g) and minerals (19g,) K 6480mg), P (630mg), Ca (590mg), Mg (580mg), Fe (30mg) and Na (10mg)), vitamin A (500 units), vitamin B1 (0.9mg), vitamin B2 (1mg) and vitamin B7 (22mg).
  • 82. Traditional medicinal uses• Dates have a high tannin content and are used medicinally as a detersive (having cleansing power) and astringent in intestinal troubles.[citation needed] As an infusion, decoction, syrup, or paste, dates may be administered for sore throat, colds, bronchial catarrh, and taken to relieve fever and a number of other complaints.[citation needed] One traditional belief is that it can counteract alcohol intoxication. The seed powder is also used in some traditional medicines.• A gum that exudes from the wounded trunk is employed in India for treating diarrhea and genito-urinary ailments.[citation needed] The roots are used against toothache. The pollen yields an estrogenic principle, estrone, and has a gonadotropic effect on young rats.
  • 83. Food uses• Dry or soft dates are eaten out-of-hand, or may be pitted and stuffed with fillings such as almonds , walnuts, candied orange and lemon peel, tahini, marzipan or cream cheese. Pitted dates are also referred to as stoned dates. Dates can also be chopped and used in a range of sweet and savory dishes, from tajines (tagines) in Morocco to puddings, kaak (types of Arab cookies) and other dessert items. Dates are also processed into cubes, paste called "ajwa", spread, date syrup or " honey" called "dibs" or "rub" in Libya, powder (date sugar), vinegar or alcohol. Recent innovations include chocolate-covered dates and products such as sparkling date juice, used in some Islamic countries as a non-alcoholic version of champagne, for special occasions and religious times such as Ramadan.• Dates can also be dehydrated, ground and mixed with grain to form a nutritious stockfeed. Dried dates are fed to camels, horses and dogs in the Sahara. In northern Nigeria, dates and peppers added to the native beer are believed to make it less intoxicating.• Young date leaves are cooked and eaten as a vegetable, as is the terminal bud or heart, though its removal kills the palm. The finely ground seeds are mixed with flour to make bread in times of scarcity. The flowers of the date palm are also edible. Traditionally the female flowers are the most available for sale and weigh 300–400 grams. The flower buds are used in salad or ground with dried fish to make a condiment for bread.
  • 84. Food uses• According to a study by Al-Shahib and Marshall, in many ways, "dates may be considered as an almost ideal food, providing a wide range of essential nutrients and potential health benefits." The sugar content of ripe dates is about 80%; the remainder consists of protein, fiber, and trace elements including boron, cobalt, copper, fluorine, magnesium, manganese, selenium, and zinc[2]• In India and Pakistan, North Africa, Ghana, and Côte dIvoire, date palms are tapped for the sweet sap, which is converted into palm sugar (known as jaggery or gur), molasses or alcoholic beverages. In North Africa the sap obtained from tapping palm trees is known as lāgbī (pronounced [laːɡ biː ]). If left for a sufficient period of time (typically hours, depending on the temperature) lāgbī easily becomes an alcoholic drink. Special skill is required when tapping the palm tree so that it does not die.• In Southeast Spain (where a large date plantation exists including UNESCO protected Palmeral of Elche) dates (usually pitted with fried almond) are served wrapped in bacon and shallow fried.
  • 85. Other uses of the plant 1) Date seeds are soaked and ground up for animal feed. Their oil is suitable for use in soap and cosmetics. They can also be processed chemically as a source of oxalic acid. The seeds are also burned to make charcoal for silversmiths, and can be strung in necklaces. Date seeds are also ground and used in the manner of coffee beans, or as an additive to coffee.2) Stripped fruit clusters are used as brooms. In Pakistan, a viscous, thick syrup made from the ripe fruits is used as a coating for leather bags and pipes to prevent leaking. Date palm sap is used to make palm syrup and numerous edible products derived from the syrup.3) Date palm leaves are used for Palm Sunday in the Christian religion. In North Africa, they are commonly used for making huts. Mature leaves are also made into mats, screens, baskets and fans. Processed leaves can be used for insulating board. Dried leaf petioles are a source of cellulose pulp, used for walking sticks, brooms, fishing floats and fuel. Leaf sheaths are prized for their scent, and fibre from them is also used for rope, coarse cloth, and large hats.4) Date palm wood is used for posts and rafters for huts; it is lighter than coconut and not very durable. It is also used for construction such as bridges and aqueducts, and parts of dhows. Leftover wood is burnt for fuel.
  • 86. FUTURE POTENTIAL• BIO MEDICINE..?• BIOTECH…?
  • 87. Advantages of Eating Dates• Rich with Vitamins, Minerals, and other elements needed Dates contain many vitamins and minerals required by human body. Calcium, for example, is an essential element for bones, and dates can provide this element in a good quantity. So, it will be very good if breast feeding mothers can eat dates, as the baby is getting many elements required for the body.
  • 88. Advantages of Eating DatesTo describe the advantages of dates in a few words, it is good to quote them asan essential part of one’s diet, so that it can be considered as a balanced diet.Dates are composed of various fats, sugar, vitamins, and minerals, which ourbody requires. Arabs, for example, eat dates along with milk—making it morebeneficial. However, a few of its advantages are described below.Strengthens the MusclesAlthough dates are rich in providing to strength to everybody, but during thelast months of pregnancy the advantages are doubled—dates strengthenmuscles of the uterus. Dates also strengthen a weak heart!Easily digestedDates are rich in fibers and one can easily digest them. Researchers showedthat dates can also be helpful in curing certain abdominal diseases includingabdominal cancer.
  • 89. Advantages of Eating Dates• Energy Giving Normally, it is observed that one may feel hungry if sugar levels are reduced in the body irrespective of the condition of the stomach. Dates can well serve the purpose, because these provide energy. Some other advantages of eating dates include treating constipation, prevention against night blindness and improving health of eyes, and a solution for alcoholic intoxication
  • 90. Health Benefits of Dates• Health benefits of dates are uncountable, as this fruit is affluent in natural fibres. These natural products also contain oil, calcium, sulphur, iron, potassium, phosphorous, manganese, copper and magnesium which are advantageous for health. Dates are even rich in several vitamins and minerals. It is said that one date is minimum requirement of a balanced and healthy diet. It helps in fighting constipation, intestinal disorders, weight gain, heart problems, sexual weakness, diarrhoea and abdominal cancer.• Health benefits of dates have made them the best nourishment for muscles development. People consume dates in several ways, like mixing the paste of the dates with milk, yoghurt or with bread or butter to make the food tasty and healthy. This paste is beneficial for both adults and children, especially during the time of recovery. According to the modern medicine survey, it is known that dates are useful in preventing abdominal cancer. It is also seen that many Muslims break their fast by eating dates and water according to their traditions. Breaking fast with eating dates helps us to avoid overeating of the food after the fast. When the body absorbs the nutritional value of the dates, the feeling of hunger gets pacified.
  • 91. Health Benefits of Dates• Dates are termed as a crown of sweets and ideal food which easily balances and digests food. It gives extra energy to a tired human body within half an hour after taking it. Dates are considered to be the best diet for confinement of the women. American Cancer Society recommends intake of 20-35 grams of dietary fibre in a day, supplied through dates. It is said that taking one date in a day will help you to maintain your healthy eyes for your lifetime. They are quiet effective in guarding the night blindness problems .
  • 92. Health Benefits of Dates• Constipation: Date is termed to be a laxative food. This is the reason that dates are beneficial for people suffering from constipation. For getting the laxative effect from dates, you need to soak dates for one full night in water. You should consume these soaked dates in the morning like syrup to get their actual advantages.• Intestinal Disorders: The nicotinic content that is present in the dates is said to be beneficial for curing any kinds of intestinal disorders. Continuous intake of dates helps to maintain a check on the growth of the pathological organisms and thus, helps in the rise of friendly bacteria in the intestines.• Weight Gain: Dates are said to be a part of healthy diet. They consist of sugar, fats, proteins as well as many essential vitamins. If the dates are consumed with the paste of cucumber, one can easily come out from the problem of over-slimming. One kilogram of dates contains almost 3,000 calories. These calories alone are sufficient to meet the daily requirements of a human body .
  • 93. Health Benefits of Dates• Heart Wealth: Dates are quite helpful in maintaining your heart in healthy condition. When soaked for whole night and crushed in the morning and consumed, they prove to be quite advantageous for weak hearts. They help to fortify heart, if taken twice in the week.• Sexual Weakness: Dates are even beneficial for increasing sexual stamina in the human body. A handful of dates, when soaked in fresh goats milk for the night and then grinded in the same milk with the mixture of cardamom powder and honey, becomes a very useful tonic for increasing sex endurance and sterility due to functional disorders.• Diarrhea: Ripe dates contain potassium. Potassium is beneficial for controlling diarrhea. They are easily digestible, which helps to cope up with the problems of diarrhea.• Intoxication: Dates are known as an excellent remedy for alcoholic intoxication. Dates provide quick relief in the case of alcoholic intoxication. They should be rubbed and soaked overnight for getting more nutritious values from them.• Abdominal Cancer: Dates are beneficial for curing abdominal cancer. They work as useful tonic for all age groups. They work as better as the medicines, and are natural and do not bear any side effects in the body. They can be easily digested and used for supplying extra and needed energy.
  • 94. Health Benefits of Dates• Dates are valuable as medicine for their tonic effect. Being easily digested, they are very useful for supplying energy and repairing waste. Milk in which clean and fresh dates have been boiled is a very nourishing and restorative drink to children and adults alike, especially during convalescence.• Intestinal Disturbances :- The nicotinic content in dates is an excellent remedy for intestinal disturbances. According to Metchnikoff, the great Russian scientist, liberal use of dates keeps in check the growth of pathological organisms and helps to establish a colony of friendly bacteria in the intestines.• Constipation :- The date is a laxative food. It is highly beneficial in the treatment of constipation as the roughage provided by it stimulates sluggish bowels. They should be immersed in water at night and taken after making them into a fine syrup the next morning to secure laxaive effect.• Intoxication :- Dates are an excellent remedy for alcoholic intoxication. In such cases, drinking water in which fresh dates have been rubbed or soaked will bring quick relief.• Weak Heart :- Dates are an effective remedy for weak heart. Dates soaked overnight in water and crushed in the same water in the morning after removing the seeds should be taken at least twice a week in this condition. It will strengthen the heart.• Sexual Debility :- Dates are highly beneficial in the treatment of sexual packing condition and to wash them thoroughly before use weakness. A handful of dates soaked in fresh goats milk overnight should be ground in the same milk in the morning. A pinch of cardamom powder and honey should be mixed in this preparation. This becomes a very useful tonic for improving sex stamina and sterility due to functional disorders.• Childrens Diseases :- According to FAO a date tied to the wrist of the baby and allowed to be sucked by him during teething time hardens the gums and prevents other complaints like fretfulness and diarrhea. A teaspoonful of paste of the date prepared with honey is an effective medicine during diarrhea and dysentery during teething. It should be given three times a day.
  • 95. Name; DR SOMPONG1. Institute ; Soil Microbiology Research Group, Soil Science division, the office of plant production researchdevelopment, Department of Agriculture. Ministry of Agriculture and co-operation2. Position ; Senior Researcher (Soil Microbiologist)3. Education and Award; 3.1. B.Sc. First Class honor 1 (Plant Production Technology) King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang 3.2. B.Sc.(Agricultural extension and co-operation) Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University. 3.3. Ph.D.(Soil Science) The Golden Royal Jubilee Ph.D. Program. Kasetsart University, Thailand. 3.4. Dissertation Award 2006, on the topic of “ Utilization of by-products from sugar mill nitrogen fixing bacteria and rhizobacteria in plant production” from Office of the National Research Council of Thailand.
  • 96. Name; Mr. Pravat Jaifun 1- Institute; Nakhorn Ratchasema Agricultural and Technology College 2- Position; Senior Lecturer 3- Education and Award B.Sc. (plant science) Maejo University Changmai 4- Expertise and Committees 4.1 Lecture subjects - Palm - Landscape and gardening - Golf field maintenance and building 4.2 Committees and Special Lecturer - Special lecturer on topic “Palm production” - Special Lecture of Kasetsart University (Khumpangsane) on “ Dioeciouse” palmand Phaenix spp.” - Executives Committees of Ornamental Palm Association of Thailand - Sex selection expertise of Phaenix and other Palms
  • 97. Investment and Return PeriodInvestment: 1 date tree price RM800 delivery and fertilizer cost included. 1 acre approximately can plant 62 date trees (25 trees per rai). 1 acre cost to invest RM49,600Return Calculation: price of 1 kg for fresh date about RM15-RM25 >> 1 date tree can produce 50 kg - 180 kgso 1 acre can produce approximately (50 kg x 62 trees )3100 kg x 2 (twice a year)= 6,200 kg take: 6,200 kg x RM15 = RM93,000 a yearHarvest Period: 3 yearsFertilizer: twice a yearDate tree live: 80-90 years Contact Person: MD FADZILAH ARIFFIN Contact No: 012 4980894 Country: MALAYSIA Email: dilah60@yahoo.com.sg AHMAD AZHAR ABDUL MAJID Contact no 019 5707765 Email: aazhar08@gmail.com