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  • 1. (Group 1) Miguel Bulgar Kyle Solano Eloisa Bacason Jilianne Bautista Kathryn Bugho Polyanna Cabunoc Aliza Caling Mikaela Untalan Chelsea Vasquez
  • 2. Background
  • 3. Settings Vergil begins his story in the years following the final sack of Troy. Carthage (a city in northern Africa) ,Sicily, Italy, Underworld
  • 4. Characters Mortals (Major) • Aeneas – The protagonist of the Aeneid. – the son of the Trojan mortal Anchises and Venus (the goddess of beauty and erotic love). – He is a fearsome warrior and a leader. A man capable of great compassion and sorrow.
  • 5. Characters Mortals (Major) • Dido – The queen of Carthage and lover of Aeneas. – Was the wife of the murdered king, Sychaeus who was killed by his own brother –Pygmalion. – The confident and competent ruler of Carthage
  • 6. Characters Mortals (Major) • Turnus – Juno’s protégés – he ruler of the Rutulians in Italy. – Aeneas’s major antagonist among mortals. – He is brash and fearless, a capable soldier who values his honor over his life.
  • 7. Characters Mortals (Minor) • Anchises – Aeneas’s father – a symbol of Aeneas’s Trojan heritage.
  • 8. Characters Mortals (Minor) • Creusa – Aeneas’s wife at Troy. – Creusa is lost and killed as her family attempts to flee the city. – She tells Aeneas he will find a new wife at his new home.
  • 9. Characters Mortals (Minor) • Ascanius – Aeneas’s young son by his first wife, Creusa. – He is brave and has a sense of leadership.
  • 10. Characters Mortals (Minor) • Sinon – The Greek youth who pretends to have been left behind at the end of the Trojan War. – He persuades the Trojans to take in the wooden horse as an offering to Minerva, then lets out the warriors trapped inside the horse’s belly.
  • 11. Mortals (Minor) Characters • Latinus – The king of Laurentum (a region of Latium, in Italy) • Lavinia - Latinus’s daughter. - The question of who will marry Lavinia— Turnus or Aeneas—becomes key to future relations between the Latins and the Trojans and therefore the Aeneid’s entire historical scheme.
  • 12. Characters Mortals (Minor) • Amata – wife of Latinus. – Amata opposes the marriage of Lavinia, her daughter, to Aeneas. – Amata kills herself once it is clear that Aeneas is destined to win.
  • 13. Mortals (Minor) Characters • Evander – King of Pallanteum (a region of Arcadia, in Italy) – a sworn enemy of the Latins ( ruled by Latinus) – Aeneas befriends him and secures his assistance in the battles against Turnus. • Pallas - Son of Evander
  • 14. Characters Mortals (Minor) • Drancës – A Latin leader who desires an end to the Trojan-Latin struggle. • Camilla – The leader of the Volscians, a race of warrior maidens.
  • 15. Characters Mortals (Minor) • Juturna – Turnus’s sister. – inducing a full-scale battle between the Latins and the Trojans by disguising herself as an officer and goading the Latins after a treaty has already been reached. • Achates – A Trojan and a personal friend of Aeneas.
  • 16. Characters Gods and Godesses (Roman) • Juno (Hera) – Queen of the Gods – the wife and sister of Jupiter – daughter of Saturn. – hates the Trojans because of Paris’s judgment against her in a beauty contest. – patron of Carthage – She takes out her anger on Aeneas throughout the epic, and in her wrath acts as his primary divine antagonist.
  • 17. Characters Gods and Godesses (Roman) • Venus (Aphrodite) – Goddess of Love – mother of Aeneas – a benefactor of the Trojans.
  • 18. Characters Gods and Godesses (Roman) • Jupiter (Zeus) – King of the Gods – son of Saturn • Neptune (Poseidon) – God of the Sea – an ally of Venus and Aeneas
  • 19. Characters Gods and Godesses (Roman) • Mercury (Hermes) – The messenger god. Aeolus The god of the winds
  • 20. Characters Gods and Godesses (Roman) • Cupid (Eros) – A son of Venus and the god of erotic desire • Saturn (Chronos) – The father of the Gods
  • 21. Characters Gods and Godesses (Roman) • Vulcan (Hephaestus) – God of fire and the forge – husband of Venus • Tiberinus – river god associated with the Tiber River
  • 22. Characters Gods and Godesses (Roman) • Minerva (Athena) – The goddess who protects the Greeks during the Trojan War – against the Trojans • Allecto – One of the Furies, or deities who avenge sins – sent by Juno in Book VII to incite the Latin people to war against the Trojans
  • 23. Book I Summary  Aeneas and surviving Trojans flees to Italy.  Juno harbors anger toward Aeneas • Pr ophecy: t he r ace descended f r om t he Tr oj ans w l l som i eday dest r oy C t hage (Juno’s f avor i t e ci t y). ar • Par i s j udged Juno’s r i val Venus f ai r est i n a di vi ne beaut y cont est .  Juno cal l s on Aeol us, t he god of t he w nds, di r ect i ng hi m i t o br i ng a gr eat st or m dow upon Aeneas as he sai l s n sout h of Si ci l y.  Venus appears to Aeneas • Tel l s hi m about Sychaeus (D do’s husband) deat h. i • Advi ces hi m t o go t o D do (Q i ueen of C t hage) t o ask hel p ar f r om t he ef f ect of t he gr eat st or m .  Cupid, God of Love (sent by Venus) • D sgui sed as Ascani us (Aeneas’ son). i • M ade D do f al l i n l ove t o Aeneas. i
  • 24. Book II Summary [After cause of the Trojan War (Aeneas – Dido)]  Sinon, the chosen sacrifice of the Greeks to Minerva • D i ng t he pr epar at i on he escaped. ur • Br ought a gi ant w ooden hor se  That Night… • G eek w r i or s i nsi de t he hor se’s bel l y sl aught er ed r ar Tr oj ans • H or – Aeneas [t hr ough a dr eam = i nf or m t hat Tr oy ect ] ed i s i nf i l t r at ed. • G eeks br eak i nt o t he pal ace l ed by Pyr r hus. r Pyr r hus ki l l ed Pol i t es (son of Pr i am and H ecuba) and Ki ng Pr i am .  Aeneas was determined to kill Helen, the cause of war • Venus appear s and advi ces hi m t o f l ee f r om Tr oy si nce
  • 25. Summary Book II  Aeneas together with his family flees away • C eusa (Aeneas’ w f e) w l ost f r om t he gr oup. r i as • Aeneas sear ches f or her af t er t he com ot i on but i nst ead m he m s her spi r i t . She t el l s hi m not t o be sor r ow ul eet f because a new hom and w f e aw t hi m i n H e i ai esper i a. • Aeneas l eaves Tr oy.
  • 26. Book III Summary [Still aftermath of the Trojan War]  Trojans leaves Troy  At Delos, Apollo speaks to Aeneas, instructing him to go to the land of his ancestors. • The gods of Tr oy appear t o Aeneas i n a dr eam and hi m t hat I t al y i s t he pl ace Apol l o r ef er r i ng t o.  Resting on a beach of Sicily, they encountered Cyclops (oneeyed monsters) where Aeneas’ father died.  They landed lastly at Tyre.  Aeneas concludes his story to Dido
  • 27. Book IV Summary  Juno pretends to have peacemaking with Venus • D do’s l ove f or Aeneas as a w t o keep Aeneas f r om i ay goi ng t o I t al y.  Dido and Aeneas gone hunting  Juno brings storm upon them. • They went to the cave.  Jupiter sent Mercury • To remind Aeneas his fate in Italy  Aeneas flees secretly yet Dido sees it.  Dido kills herself.
  • 28. Book V Summary  Trojans stays to the Sicilian Port of Eryx. • I n honor of Aeneus’ one year deat h anni ver sar y he suggest s t o Acest es (r ul er ) f or ei ght days of sacr i f i ci al of f er i ngs and on t he ni nt h day of com i t i ve gam (r ow ng, r unni ng, ar cher y and pet es i boxi ng)  Juno- Iris (messenger) • I r i s per suaded a Tr oj an w an set s f i r e t o t he om shi ps. • Aeneus pr ayed t o Jupi t er and a r ai nst or m occur r ed.  His father appears and tells Aeneus he has a difficult foe at Latium. Auneus was left confused.
  • 29. Summary Book VI  Trojan arrives on the shores of Italy.  Sibyl, priestess of Italy • Golden branch in the forest Aeneas goes Underworld (alond with Sibyl) • He sees Dido in the ‘Fields of Mourning’ • Along the ‘Blessed Groves’ he sees Anchises (his father). • Anchises tells Aeneas the explictation of his lineage in Italy; Romulus will found Rome and Rome will reach a Golden Age. Aeneas returns on land.
  • 30. Book VII  The Kingdom of Latium • • • • Summary Latinus- King of Latins Lavinia- daughter of Latnius; has many suitors Prophet’s Prediction: a foreign army will conquer the kingdom Oracle of Faunus: Lavinia should marry a forigner  The Foundation of the New City • Aeneas: requests (to Latinus) a share of land • Latnius: suggests Aeneas to marry his daughter  Allecto, one of the Furies • Sent by Juno to make Queen Amata oppose the marriage of Lavinia and Aeneas. • Inflames Turnus to drive out the Trojans in Italy.
  • 31. Book VIII  Tiberinus, the River God Summary • Adviced Aneas to make an alliance with Arcadians. Evander, King of Arcades • Invited Aeneas for a feast and in which he agreed for an alliance. • He gives his son, Pallas to Aeneas to be taught the arts of war. Venus speaks to Vulcan (God of Fire and Forge) for new weapons [for Aeneas] • At the camp, she gives the weapons to Aeneas.
  • 32. Summary Book IX  Turnus sets fire of the Trojan ships But was saved by Cybele, mother of the Gods (the ships reappear as sea nuymphs) Nisus and Euryalus (Arcanians) • slaughtered Latins as they were fast asleep but both eventually died. The Latins counterattacked, in the Trojan camp, but was left outnumbered so they escaped.
  • 33. Summary Book X  Jupiter decided to not help either side, Juno (Latins) and Venus (Trojans) during the meeting of the Gods.  Pallas was killed by Turnus which made Aeneas in rage.  Juno sees that the battle is lost so she saves Turnus by carrying him ashore far down the coast.  Menzentius, the great Latin warrior • Was slayed by Aeneas which means the defeat of the Latin army.
  • 34. Summary Book XI  Pallas was given a proper burial and died honorably • King Evander forgives Aeneas.  The council called by King Latinus • Dual of Turnus and Aeneas - - to settle the war (temporal decision)  Trojan to the City of Latium (happened during the council going on) • Camilla – leader of the Latins that was killed • Leaderless, Latins retreated.  Trojans and Latins returned to their respectice armies.
  • 35. Book XII  Queen Amata kills herself Summary • When she saw the Trojans attacking the city, Latium  Duel of Aeneas and Turnus • Juno accepted the fact that Turnus will eventually lose  She requested to Jupiter that the victorious Trojans will take the name and language of Latins in which Jupiter agreed. • Jupiter send furies, weakening Turnus. Aeneus strikes Turnus’ leg. Turnus begs for mercy but Aeneas sees the belt of Pallas tied around Turnus’ shoulder which rages him.  Aeneas kills Turnus.
  • 36. Themes The Primary of Fate • The course of the epic merely postpone this unchangeable destiny. • The power of fate stands above the power of the gods in the hierarchy of supernatural forces. (Associated woth the will of Jupiter) • The development of individual characters in the epic is apparent in the readiness and resistance with which they meet the directives of fate.
  • 37. Themes The Sufferings of Wanderers • Ancient culture stressed the idea that a homeland is one’s source of identity. • Homelessness implies instability of both situation and identity, it is a form of suffering in and of itself. • The long wanderings at sea of the Trojans serve as a metaphor for the kind of wandering that is characteristic of life in general.
  • 38. Themes The Glory of Rome • Virgil wrote the Aenid during the Golden Age of the Roman Empire, under Rom’s first emperor, Caesar Augustus. • Virgil’s purpose was to write a myth of Rome’s origins that would emphasize the grandeur and legitimize the success of an empire that had conquered most of the known world.
  • 39. FIN.
  • 40. Reference • • • • • • http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/aeneid/summary.html http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/aeneid/characters.html http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/aeneid/canalysis.html http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/aeneid/themes.html http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~loxias/aeneid.htm http://www.shmoop.com/aeneid/themes.html