Commission report (12.3.2013)
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Commission report (12.3.2013)

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Commission report (12.3.2013) Document Transcript

  • 1. rwf 12? 2013 ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf? aMu;wkdifESifhajrpm&if;OD;pD;Xme rkH&GmNrdKUwGif v,fwDausmif;wkdufBuD;rsm;rS q&mawmfBuD;rsm;tm; vnf;aumif; jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEkdifiHawmf v,f,mpdkufysKd;a&;ESifhqnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme awGUqkHzl;ajrmfavQmufxm; Mo0gcH,lcJhMuygonf/ xkdq&mawmfBuD;rsm;xHrS pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif (ps) OD;wifjrifh tzGJU0if vnf;aumif;? okawoDyk*d¾Kvfrsm;xHrSvnf;aumif;? yxrv,fwDq&mawmf owif;xkwfjyefcsuftrSwf(4^2013) kwd,ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf bk&m;Bu;D ESihf vufyawmif;awmifwYkd qufE,rI tcsutvufwukd ar;jref;&,l H T f f Ydk taxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;OD;pD;Xme?jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xme cJhMuygonf/ 1374 ckESpf? wydkYwGJvjynfhausmf 14 &uf (n) OD;vSarmifodef; tzGJU0if 13/ vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eDowåKwGif; pDrHudef;ESifh qufET,faom oydwf (2013 ckESpf? rwfv 11 &uf) kwd,ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf pcef;wGif &&Sdonfh rD;avmifPf&mjzifh rEÅav;NrdKU taxGaxGa&m*gukaq;½kHBuD; 1/ pkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Si q|rtBurajrmuf pkntpnf;ta0; H f d f H D ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;OD;pD;Xme wGivnf;aumif;? uefawmfeDaq;½kBH u;D wGif vnf;aumif; aq;ukorIc,ae&onfh f H l udk 2013 ckEp?f rwfv 11 &ufaeY 13;00 em&Dtcsewif vTwawmf0if; S d f G f ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESifh opfawma&;&m0efBuD;Xme vlemrsm; aq;ukorItajctaewdkYudk od&SdEkdif&ef aumfr&SiftzGJU0ifrsm;onf (tki-12) taqmifwif usi;f ycJygonf/ tpnf;ta0;wGif vufyawmif; d f G h H (#) agufwmjrifhodef; tzGJU0if rEÅav;wkdif;aoBuD; tpdk;&tzJGU? vlrIa&;0efBuD;? aq;½kHtkyfBuD; Ouú|tjzpf awmifaMu;eDprue;f tNy;D owftpD&ifcpmyg aumfr&SitzGUJ vkyaqmif DH d H f f ñTefMum;a&;rSL;? vkyfief;cGifusef;rma&;Xme zGUJ pnf;aqmif&uvsu&aom use;f rma&;apmifa&SmufrI aumfrwD0ifrsm;ESihf awGUqkH G f f dS h csursm;? awGU&Scsursm;? ok;H oyfcsursm;ESihf tBujH yKcsursm;ESiywfoufí f d f f f hf usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xme ar;jref;cJygonf/ aumfrwDtzJUG 0ifwonf vlra&;0efBu;D ? aq;½ktyBf u;D OD;aqmif h Ydk I H k (X) kwd,AkdvfrSL;BuD;atmifoef; tzGJU0if aom q&m0efBu;D rsm;tzGUJ ESitwl aq;½kBH u;D wGif wufa&mufaeMuaom ukorI hf zwfMum;&Sif;vif;jcif;? aqG;aEG;jcif;rsm; aqmif&GufcJhygonf/ umuG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme cH,lqJvlemrsm;tm; wpfOD;csif; awGUqkHar;jref;tm;ay;ESpfodrfhcJhMuygonf/ 2/ pkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sionf aumfr&Si t"duvkyaqmifcsuf H f f f (!) 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Zefe0g&Dv 11 wkH&Gmr? wkHaus;&Gmtkyfpk 15/ xktjyif 0ufarS;^uHawmESifh ZD;awm^qnfwnf;aus;&Gmopfwukd ajymif;a&TU Yd Ydk qm;vif;BuD;NrdKUe,f? ppfukdif;wkdif;aoBuD; tajcpduaexkiorsm;udk aumfr&SitzGUJ 0ifrsm;u oGm;a&mufawGUqHar;jref;cJum k f d f l f k h &ufaeYwGif vnf;aumif;? owif;xkwfjyefcsuftrSwf (2^2013)udk (w) OD;ausmfwifhaqG twGif;a&;rSL; ¤if;wkaexdiMf uaom taqmufttHrsm;tajctae? tvkytuditcGitvrf; Yd k k f k f fh 2013 ckEp?f Zefe0g&Dv 19 &ufaeYwif vnf;aumif;? owif;xkwjf yefcsuf S G oHtrwfBuD; (Nidrf;) udpörsm;ESihfywfoufívnf; tjyeftvSefaqG;aEG;um aus;&Gmvlxk oabm trSw(3^2013)udk 2013 ckEp?f azazmf0g&Dv 9 &ufaeYwivnf;aumif; f S G f jrefrmEdkifiHtrsKd;om;vlYtcGifhta&;aumfr&Sif xm;qE´udk avhvmpHkprf;cJhMuygonf/ toD;oD;xkwjf yefcNhJ y;D vufyawmif;awmif aMu;eDprue;f ESiywfouf H D H d hf pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sif wm0efrsm; 16/ aumfr&SifOuú| tpDtpOfjzihf a&muf&SdvmMuaom jrefrmorm;awmf onfh Mum;jzwftpD&ifcHpmudk 2013 ckESpf? 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Ekd0ifbmv 23 &ufaeYwGif usif;yaom jynfolYvTwfawmf (c) jynfolvlxktwGuf a&&SnftusKd;pD;yGm;? qkdif&m (ISO-9001) vufrSwfESifh vkyfief;cGifab;uif;vHkjcHKrIESihf usef;rma&;tpnf;ta0;ü wifoGif;cJhonfh ta&;BuD;tqkdwGif ppfukdif;wkdif;aoBuD; rkH&Gm (*) tjyKoabmaqmifonhftjrif/ pDrHcefYcGJrIqkdif&m(OHSAS-18001) vufrSwfwkdYukdvnf; ppfaq;cJhygonf/c½kdif qm;vif;BuD;NrdKUe,f vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eDpDrHudef;ESihf pyfvsOf;í 7/ xkdrlrsm;tay:udk tajccHaqmif&Gufjcif;jzpfojzihf jzpfyGm;cJhonhfudpöudk 19/ ,cif 1984 ckESpfrS 1997 ckESpftwGif; pGefYypfcJhonfh pGefYypfajrrsm;udkaMu;eDri;f vkyief; qufvufvyaqmifcijfh yK&ef oih^roifh pkprf;ppfaq;a&; dk f k f G f H pdppfo;kH oyf&mwGif tjypf&monhoabm? tjypfycsonhf oabmrsK;d rjzpfap&ef S f kH aocH&Gmwpf&GmwGif &Gmom;wkdYu aoEÅ&enf;jzifh kw¬m^aMu;eD csufvkyfrI?aumfr&Sifukd jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEkdifiHawmf? 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G h f d ö S fh h pD;yGm;a&;OD;ykdifvDrdwufESifh jrefrm-0rfaygif aumhyg;vDrdwufu aqmif&Guf3/ pkprf;ppfaq;a&;aumfr&Sionf aMu;eDri;f vkyief; qufvufvyaqmifcifh H f dk f k f G þudpukd udiw,ajz&Si;f &mwGif jynfovx yl;aygif;aqmif&urEifh Oyapd;k ö k f G f l l k G f I S ay;aeonfh vlrIa&;? usef;rma&; ponfh tcsuftvufwkdYukdvnf;aumif;jyK&ef oif^roifEifh ywfoufí qufpyfvyief;rsm;ESifh jzpfpOfjzpf&yftrSef ay:ayguf h hS kf rk;d rI&romvQif Ekiiawmf tusK;d ESiavsmnonhf tajz&&SEirnfjzpfaMumif;? dS S d f H hf f D d dk f ar;jref;ppfaq;rIjyKvkyfcJhygonf/apa&; pkprf;ppfaq;&eftwGuvnf;aumif;? 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[kom azmfjyxm;Ny;D wnfae&mtwd tusazmfjyxm;jcif;r&Syg/ d vkyfief;cGef 8 &mcdkifEIef;udkvnf; ,cktcg jynfwGif;a&mif;csrI (*) aMu;eDprue;f tm; vuf&cijhf yKxm;onfh tm;enf;csursm;udk pdppfum D H d dS G f q&mawmfBuD;oDwif;okH;aepOfawmif taemufajrmuf&Sd tay:omaumufcHNyD; jynfywifydkYa&mif;csrItay: uif;vGwfcGifhjyK 0rfaygifukrÜPDESifh jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;OD;ydkifvDrdwufwdkY csKyfqkdaom ausmf&Gm? awmifyvl&Gm ponfwdkYudk qGrf;cH&Gmrsm;tjzpf xm;í tpdk;&u &&SdaiGyrmP avsmhenf;oGm;rnfjzpfygaMumif;/ pmcsKyukd jyifqifapjcif;? obm0ywf0ef;usixcur?I vlrywf0ef;usif f f d kd f I owfrSwfxm;onfudk awGU&Sd&ygonf/ (C) Production Sharing Contract (PSC) pmcsKyf Article-33 Annexure xdcdkufrIwdkY tenf;qkH;jzpfap&ef ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;pDrHcsuf (3) vufyHawmif;awmifMum; awm&ausmif;&SdapwDrSm jrefrm ESipyfvsO;f í ]]All Annexures are an integral part of this Contract fh wkdYudk csrSwfapjcif;? aocHjynfolvlxk vlrIb0wdk;wufaprnfh rif;rsm;vufxufuwnf;u wnfxm;cJhjcif;jzpfNyD; ESpfaygif; and have the same legal effect on all Articles of the Contract}} tcGifhtvrf;rsm; azmfaqmifay;jcif;? EdkifiHawmftusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf rsm;pGm MumjrifhvmaomaMumihf ysufpD;oGm;um atmufajcESihf [k xnfhoGif;csKyfqkdxm;ygonf/ xkd Annex rsm;udkoHk;oyf&mwGif vdtyfcsursm;udk jznfqnf;ay;jcif; ponfh vdtyfcsursm; jznfqnf; k f h k f h jcaoFhav;aumifom usef&SdcJhNyD; jrefrmouú&mZf 1326 ckESpf atmufygwdkYudk jyifqif&efvdkrnf[k oHk;oyfygonf- ay;Ekdifygu aMu;eDpDrHudef;tm; qufvufvkyfudkifcGifhjyK&ef/ (c&pfouú&mZf 1964 ckEp)wGif jyefvnfwnfaqmufxm;jcif; S f - Annex III Production Sharing Ratio ukd csKyfqkdxm;onhf okH;oyfcsuftMuHjyKcsufrsm; jzpfaMumif;? pmcsKyfrSm Production Sharing Contract (PSC) pmcsKyf (after 81/ vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eDpDrHudef;tm; obm0ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf; (4) apwDy&d0PtwGi;f &Sd odrae&m[k owfrwxm;aom ajrae&m k f f S f cost recovery) jzpfí Equity xnhf0ifrIjzihf aqmif&Gufonhf a&;twGuf Ekiiwumjy|mef;csursm;? aqmif&uoihonfh enf;ynmrsm;tok;H jyKí d f H f G f f wGif odrwiEprsK;d &Saeonfudk awGU&S&onf/ topfjyKvyxm; f dk f S f d d k f pmcsKyfrsm;uJhodkY aMu;eD aps;wufcsdefwGif jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;OD;ydkif pepfwusaqmif&Gufjcif; &Sd^r&Sd/ aom odrfwkdifonf ,ckacwf ausmufqpfvuf&mjzpfNyD; vD r d w uf t aejzih f &S , f , mwef z d k ; tay: (Capital Gain) (u) vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eDowåKwGif;pDrHudef;wGif EkdifiHwum odrwita[mif;rSm ausmufqpfvuf&mrygaom axmifreyHk f dk f h S f tusKd;cHpm;cGihf &&Sdrnfr[kwfyg/ pHcsdefpHñTef;rsm;ESihftnD a&;qJGjyKpkxm;aom ywf0ef;usifqkdif&m jzwfawmufxm;onfh oJausmufwkdif[k ,lq&aom ydkrdk - Annex IV List of Tax^ Fiscal Incentives, Exemptions and pDrHcefYcGJrIpepf (Environmental Management Plan -EMP) ESihf a&S;usonfh odrwijf zpfygonf/ odrwita[mif;rSm odrwif f dk f dk f f dk Reliefs jyif&efvdktyfrnf jzpfygonf/ vkyief;cGiuse;f rma&;ESifh ab;tEÅ&m,fuif;&Si;f a&;qki&m pDrcefcrI f f d f H Y JG topfxuf rsm;pGm a&S;usonf[k cefYrSef;&ygaMumif;? - Annex IVESifh ywfoufí MIC ESihf tpk;d &tzGUJ u oabmwlrom S pepf (Occupational Health and Safety Assessment System- (5) v,fwDq&mawmfbk&m;BuD; vufyHawmif;awmifwGif oDwif; twnfjzpfonf[k xnfhoGif;azmfjyoifhygonf/ OHSAS ) r&Sdao;aMumif; okH;oyf&ygonf/ okH;cJhonfh pBuFefausmif; ae&mESihfpyfvsOf;í uGJjym;csufrsm; (i) pmcsKyfykHpHrSm owåKwGif;0efBuD;Xme Production Sharing Contract (c) vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eDowåKwGif;pDrHudef;twGuf jrefrm- &SdaeygaMumif;? tcsKdUrSwfwrf;rsm;wGif vufyHawmif;awmif (PSC) pepfjzifhaqmif&Gufonfh omrefpmcsKyfykHpHukd tajccHa&;om; tkdifAif[kd aMu;eDukrÜPD vDrdwuf (Myanmar Ivanhoe Copper Mum;awm& [k azmfjyxm;aomfvnf; tcsKUd wGif vufyawmif; H xm;jcif;jzpfaomfvnf; rwlnonftcsursm;yg0ifygaMumif;? owåK D h f Company Limited -MICCL) u a&;om;jyKpxm;aom ywf0ef;usif k [líom omrefazmfjyxm;NyD; ae&mtwdtus azmfjyxm;jcif; wGif; 0efBuD;Xmeonf jynfwGif;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;ESifh 0efBuD;Xme qkdif&m oufa&mufrI tuJjzwfqef;ppfcsuf tpD&ifcHpmrsm; r&SdaMumif;? vufatmufcHtzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh csKyfqkdonfh pmcsKyfrsm;wGif Cost (Environmental Impact Assessment Reports) jzpfaom- (6) a&TjrifwifapwDESihf a&TZmvDapwDwdkYESihf pyfvsOf;í orkdif; Recovery cGifhjyKrIr&Sdyg/ Project Proposal ukdvnf;pmcsKyf - Feasibility - Section 17,Environmental and Social Assess- taxmuftxm; vGefpGmenf;yg;í a&S;a[mif;apwDrsm; tpdwftydkif;tjzpf todtrSwfjyKNyD; OyatusKd;oufa&mufrI&Sdap ment (1997 ckESpf? rwfv) [kqkdEdkif&ef cufcJygaMumif; ponfjzihf wifjyxm;ygonf/ rnf[k xnfhoGif;azmfjyavhr&SdygaMumif;/ - 72E-58 Environmental Preliminary Impacts Assessment ofbmom&yfESihf OyauRrf;usifynm&Sifrsm;ESihf pD;yGm;a&;ynm&SifwkdYtm; cefYxm; (p) ,ckuoYkd pmcsKyBf u;D rsm;ukd csKyq&mwGif omref Production Sharing hJ f dk Letpadaung Project Area (2004 ckESpf? 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usifhokH;rItm;enf;aMumif; okH;oyf&ygonf/ jyK&ef tm;enf;csursm; &SaeygaomaMumifh ydrjkd ynfpNkH y;D Ediiwum f d k h k f H Pollution) jzpfay:Ekdifonf[k okH;oyf&ygonf/ xkdYtjyif (14) ajrqDvTmwdkufpm;rIudk xdef;odrf;&eftwGuf wl;azmfNyD;oGm; jy|mef;csufrsm; pHcsdefpHñTef;rsm;udk xif[yfapEdkifaom obm0 vkavmufaom BuKd wifumuG,rrsm; jyKvyEijf cif;r&ScvQif H f I k f dk d hJ aom ae&mrsm;ESihf ajrpmykrsm;udk ajrqDvmzk;H tkyum opfyif H T f ywf0ef;usiEifh vlrp;D yGm;qki&m oufa&mufrtuJjzwf qef;ppfjcif; f S I d f I ½kwfcsnf;a&vQHjcif;(0g) vQyfwpfjyuf a&BuD;jcif;(Flash rsm; pkuysK;d &rnfjzpfygonf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh obm0twki;f d f d tpD&ifcHpm (Environmental and Social Impact Assessment- Flood) jzpfay:vmygu pGefYypfa& okdYr[kwf owåK ^tufppf &Sdaeaomawmifrsm; ajrjyifrsm;udk owåK½dkif;&,l&eftwGuf ESIA) topfjyKpaqmif&u&ef vdtyfaMumif; tBujH yKtyfygonf/ k G f k yg0ifaom npfnrf;onfha&rsm; vQHxGufum csif;wGif;jrpfESifh wl;azmfonfhtcsdefESifh v,f,majr½dkif;rsm;wGif ajrpmrsm; (p) xdkYtjyif pDrHcefYcGJrIpepfrsm;ESihf pyfvsOf;í ywf0ef;usifqkdif&m pDrH acsmif;vufwufrsm;omru ajratmufa&atmif;vTmrsm; ykonftcsewif tay:,HajrqDvm (Top Soil)udk pepfwus H h d f G T cef Y c G J r I p epf ( Environmental Management Plan-EMP) ES i f h (Aquifer)ukdvnf; xdckdufnpfnrf;apjcif;rsm;jzpfay:apEkdif xdef;odrf;xm;NyD; tem*wfwGifopfyifrsm; pdkufysKd;Ekdifa&; vkyief;cGiuse;f rma&;ESifh ab;tEÅ&m,fuif;&Si;f a&;qki&m pDrcefcJG f f d f H Y onf[k okH;oyf&ygonf/ ajratmufa&ESifh pyfvsOf;í twGuf tqifoifhjzpfapoifhaMumif; tBuHjyKtyfygonf/ rIpepf (Occupational Health and Safety Assessment System- vufyHawmif;awmifao t"duajratmufa&vTmrSm (15) tu,fí vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eDpDrHudef;udk qufvuf OHSAS) rsm;udk Ekiiwumjy|mef;csursm;? 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G f S I f &mwGif EdkifiHwumtodtrSwfjyKvufrSwfrsm; &&Sdxm;aom tawGU a&ckatmif;aeavh&onf/ ,cif a&rIwprf;oyfcsursm;t& d dS f f zkefrIefrsm;? zkefrIefrsm;ESihf toHqlnHrIrsm;aMumihf ywf0ef;usif tBuKH &ifusuonfh jynfwi;f jynfy tBuay;ynm&Sirsm;? uRr;f usif h f G H f ,if;a&atmif;vTmonf teD;0ef;usi&dS jrpfacsmif;rsm;tay: f xdcdkufrI avsmhenf;oGm;ap&eftwGuf wpfpdwfwpfydkif; olrsm;ukd iSm;&rf;um aqmif&GufoihfaMumif; tBuHjyKtyfygonf/ rSDckdaeaMumif; od&Sd&onf/ [if;vif;yGihf (Semi-Open Pit) enf;vrf;udkusifhoHk;í owåKvufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;aMumihf vlrIywf0ef;usifESihf obm0ywf0ef; (8) vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eDowåKwGif; pDrHudef;e,fajrESifh wl;azmfoihygonf/ wpfenf;tm;jzihf vufyawmif;awmif f Husiftay: aumif;usKd;ESihf qkd;usKd;oufa&mufrIrsm;/ teD;0ef;usiaorS aumuf,paqmif;cJaom ajratmufa& f l k h aMu;eDrxGufaom tem;pyf&Sd tcsKdUtpdwftydkif;rsm;82/ vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwGif;pDrHudef;e,fajrtwGif;wGif aemif erlem 10 ckESifh rsufESmjyifa&erlem (Surface Water) (Periphery) udk csefvSyfí aMu;eDwl;azmfonfhvkyfief;udktem*wfumvü jzpfay:vmEkdifaom obm0ESihf vlrIywf0ef;usifqkdif&m (uefa&^jrpfacsmif;a&) 5 cktm; "mwfcGJprf;oyfcsuf&vf aqmif&Gufoihfonf[k tBuHjyKtyfygonf/tajctaersm;tm; twdwfESihfypöKyÜefumvwGif aqmif&GufcJh? aqmif&GufqJ rsm;tay: tuJjzwfcsufrsm;t& ajratmufa&wGif pDrHudef; (16) vufyawmif;awmifaMu;eDprue;f aMumihf ,aeYtxd obm0 H D H djzpfaom pHy,fawmif? pHy,fawmif(awmif)? aMu;pifawmifaMu;eDowåKwGif; e,fajrjyify&Sd wGif;rsm;xuf vnf;aumif;? jrpfa&acsmif;a& ywf0ef;usifxdcdkufysufpD;rIBuD;rm;pGmjzpfay:jcif; r&Sdao;yg/pDrHudef;e,fajr&Sd vkyfief;aqmifwmrsm;? vkyfief;cGiftajctaersm;? obm0ESihf rsm;xufvnf;aumif; tufppf"mwfykdrkdrsm;aejcif;? pkpkaygif; od&mwGi aMu;pifawmifEifh pHy,fawmifaMu;eDprue;f aMumihf Yk f S D H dvlrIywf0ef;usifqkdif&m tajctaersm;tm; tudk;tum;jyKum pl;prf;avhvm aysmf0ifaeonfh owåKyrmPonf pHy,fawmifESifh aMu;pif obm0ywf0ef;usifESihf vlaerIb0udk xdckdufrItweftoihfrIrsm;udk aqmif&GufcJhMuygonf- awmifpDrHudef;awmifbuf&Sd wGif;rsm;wGif ykdrkdrsm;jym;aejcif;? &SdaeNyDjzpfaMumif; od&Sd&ygonf/ (u) obm0ywf0ef;usif(ZD0xk? ajrxk? a&xk? avxk)tajctae aumfvDazmrf;AufwD;&D;,m;rsm;onf ,rm;acsmif;atmuf (17) vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;wGif &SdoihfNyD;aom ajrqD (1) vufyawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwi;f pDrue;f e,fajrESifh teD; H G H d ykdif;&Sd acsmif;a&wGif pDrHudef;e,fajrrwkdifrD jrpfn§mykdif;xuf vTmxdef;odrf;rIpepf? a&t&if;tjrpf pDrHcefYcGJrIpepfESihf ZD0 0ef;usifaoonf jrefrmEkdifiHtv,fydkif;? rkd;enf;ajcmuf ykdrkdrsm;jym;aejcif;? jyg;ESifhoH"mwfyg0ifrIonf tcsKdUae&m 0ef;usif pDrHcefYcGJrIpepfrsm;tm; a&&Snfjzpfay:aprIESihf pepf aoGU&yf0ef; (Dry Zone) wGif wnf&ojzihf oef;-[wfawm dS rsm;wGif txl;ojzifh aMu;pifawmifowåKwGif;? owåKoeYfpif wus usihfoHk;aerIrsm;udk rawGU&SdaMumif; oHk;oyf&ygonf/ ESihf ql;csKHawm ponfh ajcmufaoGUawmrsm; aygufa&mufNyD; onfhvkyfief; a&Ekwfajrmif;? ,rm;acsmif;ESifh csif;wGif;jrpf (18) vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eDpDrHudef;udk qufvuftaumif tyifrsKd;pHk 49 pk? rsKd;pdwf 107 rsKd;ESihf rsKd;&if; 134 ck awGU&Sd& rsm;wGif EkiiwumpHEe;f yrmPrS aoGznfaeaMumif; awGU&S& d f H I d txnfrazmfrD owåKwl;azmfa&;vkyfief;BuD;wkdif; r&Sdrjzpf onf/ wrm? waygufESihf a&Smuf½dkif;yif trsm;qHk;ayguf ygonf/ okdYaomf tqkdyg a&ESihfajrqDvTm ajymif;vJxdcdkufrI vkyfaqmiftaumiftxnfazmfoihfaom vkyfief;rsm; a&mufonf/ þaoonf rsuarSmufacwf Ekiiwum pHcsef f d f H d rsm;onf vuf&SdaMu;eDpDrHudef;rsm;aMumifh jzpfonf[k jzpfonhf ywf0ef;usitay: xdcuoufa&mufrrsm;udk tao; f kd f I pHñTef;rsm;t& ta&;BuD;aom (odkY) wm;jrpfxm;aom (odkY) wkduf½kdufrajymEkdifao;aMumif; okH;oyf&ygonf/ pdwavhvmqef;ppfjcif;(Environmental Impact Assessment)? f rsKd;okOf;vkjzpfaeaom tyiftrsKd;tpm;r&SdaMumif; oHk;oyf (9) ajratmufa&rsm;wGif tufppf"mwf ykdrkdrsm;jym;aejcif;onf ywf0ef;usif pDrHcefYcGJrIpepf (Environmental Management &ygonf/ aMu;eDowåKwGif; pDrHudef;e,fajrtwGif; taMumif;wpfckck Plan-EMP) wnfaqmufjcif;ESifh wduspmvduemusio;jcif; G k f hf kH (2) þaowGif ouf&owå0grsm;teuf iSursK;d pk 11 pkrS rsK;d pdwf dS f aMumifh tufppfjzihfaMu;azsmfxkwfvkyfrIvkyfief;pOf (Acid wkdYudk aqmif&GufoihfaMumif; tBuHjyKtyfygonf/ 18 rsKd;udk awGU&aomfvnf; ta&;BuD;aom rsKd;pdwfrsm;udkrl Leaching process)rS jzpfEkdifaomfvnf; tqkdygvkyfief;ESihf (19) vufyawmif;awmifaMu;eDprue;f e,fajr (Project Site) ESifh H D H d rawGU&aMumif;? 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J d f D d k o,HZmwrsm;udk xkwf,loHk;pGJ&mwGif ypöKyÜefvlom;twGufomru ESifh ab;tEÅ&m,fuif;&Si;f a&;qki&m pDrcefcrpepf (Occupational d f H Y JG Itjcm;aom jynforsm;twGuf tvkyf l 0rfaygifukrÜPDrS 49%udkvnf;aumif; toD;oD;&&SdMurnfjzpfygonf/ tem*wfrsKd;qufrsm; tusKd;aus;Zl;udkyg xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;&ef Health and Safety Assessment System-OHSAS) wdkYudk pepf 0ifaiG&&SdEkdifonfh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; EkdifiHawmfrS &&SdrnfhtusKd;udk atmufygtwkdif; wGufcsufEkdifygonf- vkdtyfygonf/ odkYaMumifhvnf; EdkifiHwumtaejzifh pD;yGm;a&;wdk;wuf wusa&;qGJNyD; taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&Gufap&ef? udef;e,fajrteD;wGif owåKwGif;NrdKU - pkpkaygif;0ifaiG (okdY) aMu;eDa&mif;&aiG (Total Revenue) = 100% zGUH NzKd ;ap&ef aqmif&u&mwGif pOfqufrjywfw;dk wufzUHG NzKd ;rI (Sustainable G f (3) aMu;eDpDrHudef;wGif ajrodrf;qnf;cHxm;&aom aocHvlxktwGufcif;? EkdifiHjcm;om;uRrf;usifolrsm;? - xkwfvkyfrIukefusp&dwf (Total Cost) = 56% Development) rlrsm;ESifhtnD aqmif&Guf&efvdktyfygonf[k cH,lxm; ay;tyfaomajravsmfaMu;wkdYonf umvwefzdk;xufrsm;pGm avsmh aocHjynfolrsm;? EkdifiHwGif; - ckdifaMu; (Royalty)4%+ ukefoG,fvkyfief;cGef ygonf/ xkdrlrsm;t& aqmif&Guf&mwGif o,HZmwypönf;rsm;udk ypöKyÜef enf;ae&m umvwefzdk;twkdif; jyifqifíxyfrHwdk;ay;&ef? ifhNyD;wpfqihf tpm;xkd;onfhrl0gjzifh (Commercial Tax)8% = 12% vlom;wdtusK;d iSm xkw,o;Hk pGEiygonf/ xkoYkd xkw,o;Hk pGonftcg Yk f l J dk f d f l J h (4) odr;f qnf;xm;aom ajryrmPonf vktyfonfxuf ydror;f qnf; d k kd d if;? ao vlrp;D yGm;zGUH NzKd ;wk;d wuf I - tcGefraqmifrD tjrwf0ifaiG (Income Before Tax) = 32% tem*wfrsKd;qufrsm;twGufyg qufvuftusKd;aus;Zl;&Sdap&ef pDpOf jcif; &Sd^r&Sd pdppfNyD; vdktyfonfh yrmPudkom odrf;qnf;NyD; ef,lyHhykd;ulnDjcif;? pD;yGm;a&; vkyfief; - pkpkaygif;0ifaiG 100tay: EkdifiHawmftpkd;&u &&SdrnfhckdifaMu; aqmif&u&efvygonf/ wpfenf;qkaomf o,HZmwxkw,o;Hk pG&mwGif G f kd d f l J usefajrwdkYudk aus;&GmvlxkodkY jyefvnfcGJa0ay;&eftwGuf pOf;pm; (Corporate Social Responsibility- (Royalty) = 4% obm0ywf0ef;usiftm; xdcdkufrItenf;qkH;jzpfaprnfh ywf0ef;usif ay;&ef? tcsKdUae&mrsm;udk pdkufysKd;ajrtjzpf jyefvnfokH;pGJEkdifa&; usifhokH;jcif; wkdYukd aqmif&Gufay; - pkpkaygif;0ifaiG 100tay: EkdifiHawmftpkd;&u &&Sdrnfh xdef;odrf;a&;? pDrHceYfcGJa&;tpDtpOfrsm;udk csrSwf&efvkdtyfygonf/ twGuf pOf;pm;vkyfaqmifay;&ef?onf/ ukefoG,fcGef(Commercial Tax) = 8% vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eDpDrHudef;onf pwifwnfaxmifonfh tqifh (5) v,f,mqHk;½HI;ol aocHvlxktwGuf vlrIa&;? usef;rma&; vkdtyf - tcGefraqmifrD 0ifaiG 32tay: EkdifiHawmftpkd;&u&&Sdrnfh om&Sdygao;onf/ odkY&mwGif xkdtqihfrwkdifrD aqmif&Guf&rnfh csufwkdYudk 0rfaygifukrÜPDtaejzifh xda&mufpGm yHhydk;aqmif&Guf pDrHudef;tm; obm0ywf0ef;usif 0ifaiGcGef(Income Tax)15% = 4.8% ywf0ef;usixe;f odr;f a&;ESihf vlrb0tuJjzwfrI (Environmental and f d I ay;&ef? tvkytuditcGitvrf;rsm; ay:aygufap&ef ukrPwif f k f fh Ü D G aqmif&uoifonfh enf;ynmrsm; G f h - EkdifiHawmftpkd;&u &&Sdrnfh tcGef0ifaiGpkpkaygif; = 16.8% Social Impact Assessment-ESIA) udk pepfwus vkyaqmifxm;rIr&SbJ f d tvkyfcefYxm;ay;onhftjyif tao;pm;ESihftvwfpm;vkyfief;rsm;vufyHawmif;awmif aMu;eDpDrHudef; - tcGefraqmifrD0ifaiG 32-0ifaiGcGef 4.8=27.2 1997 ckESpf? tkdifAif[dkukrÜPDvufxufwGif jyKvkyfxm;aom tBudKjzpf (SME) xlaxmifay;&ef? usiftay: aumif;usKd;ESifhqkd;usKd; jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;OD;ykdifvDrdwuf 0ifaiG 51% = 13.872% EkdifpGrf; avhvmrItpD&ifcHpmay:wGifom tajccHaqmif&Gufaejcif;jzpf (6) vufyawmif;awmifMum; awm&pBueausmif;ac:aomae&mESifh ¤if; H F f if;NcKHikHokH;oyf tMuHjyKtyfygonf- - tcGefraqmifrD 0ifaiG 32-0ifaiGcGef 4.8=27.2 ygonf/ odkYjzpf&m vuf&Sdaqmif&Gufaeaom vufyHawmif;awmif tay:&Sd apwD? odr?f ausmif;ponhf Akomoedu taqmufttHrsm; ¨ kwGif;pDrHudef;e,fajr vuf&Sd a*[ 0rfaygif owåKwGif;ukrÜPD 0ifaiG 49% = 13.328% pDrue;f wGif vkavmufaom ywf0ef;usixe;f odr;f rI tpDtpOfrsm;r&S[k H d H f d d onf owåKodkufwnf&Sd&m t"duae&mjzpfaejcif;? omoedu ystem) onf rsufarSmufumvwGif (1) txufyg wGufcsufrIwGif EdkifiHawmfu &&SdrnfhtusKd;tjrwfudk ok;H oyfygonf/ xkjYd yif vufyawmif;awmifaMu;eDowåKwi;f pDrue;f udk H G H d taqmufttHrsm;udk uGi;f a&SmifNy;D aMu;eDowåKw;l azmfxwvyrnf k k f k f ;rI Bu;D Bu;D rm;rm; r&Sao;aomfvnf; d 16.8%[k wGufcsuf azmfjyxm;cJhygonf/ jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;OD;ykdif taumiftxnfazmfjcif;tm;jzifh tem*wfrsK;d qufrsm;twGuf ynma&;? qdvQivnf; ,if;taqmufttHrsm; MuciwnfNrrukd {uefrcs k f k hH kd f J I k wåKoefpifjcif; ponfvyief;rsm;ukd Y h k f vDrdwufESifh 0rfaygifukrÜPDwkdY 2010 ckESpf? 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