Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
World rabies day inn 2011 9-26
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

World rabies day inn 2011 9-26

2,320

Published on

Here is essential rabies information from Mary Peng, veterinarian in Beijing.

Here is essential rabies information from Mary Peng, veterinarian in Beijing.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Lifestyle
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,320
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
38
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • China is a rabies endemic country. Dogs continue to be the main transmitters of rabies to humans in China and throughout most emerging countries.
  • In July 2007, a 22-year old Chinese man was bitten by a dog in Chaoyang district. This man later died of confirmed rabies infection transmitted through the dog bite. The dog was unregistered so was officially classified as a “stray.” This dog was likely not vaccinated or improperly vaccinated, meaning it may have been vaccinated at an unauthorized pet shop or other facility using illegally procured vaccines.
  • In July 2007, a 22-year old Chinese man was bitten by a dog in Chaoyang district. This man later died of confirmed rabies infection transmitted through the dog bite. The dog was unregistered so was officially classified as a “stray.” This dog was likely not vaccinated or improperly vaccinated, meaning it may have been vaccinated at an unauthorized pet shop or other facility using illegally procured vaccines.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Working Together to Make Rabies History! INN - International Newcomer’s Network Rabies Awareness & Prevention September 26, 2011
    • 2. World Rabies Day Mission
      • To raise awareness about the impact of human and animal rabies
      • To educate on how easy it is to prevent rabies and to help eliminate the main global sources
      • Even though the major impact of rabies occurs in regions of the world where many needs are present, including Asia, rabies should no longer be neglected
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com
    • 3. Did You Know…?
      • Approximately 55,000 die worldwide from rabies each year!
      • One person dies of rabies every ten minutes
      • Most of these deaths occur in Asia and Africa
      • Most important global source of rabies in humans is from uncontrolled rabies in dogs
      • Children are at greatest risk: more likely to be bitten and less likely to inform adults of bites
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com
    • 4. What is Rabies?
      • Rabies is a deadly disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system
      • The virus is secreted in saliva and is usually transmitted to people and animals by a bite from an infected animal
      • Rabies can also be transmitted when saliva from an infected animal comes in contact with open cuts, wounds or mucous membranes (e.g., eyes, nose, mouth)
      • Once the outward signs of rabies appears, the disease is nearly always fatal
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com
    • 5. RABIES IS THE LEADING FATAL INFECTIOUS DISEASE IN CHINA
      • Situation in USA:
      • In the USA, 30,000-40,000 persons annually are potentially exposed to rabies requiring post-exposure treatment
      • US CDC reports 1-3 cases of human rabies each year, with only one confirmed case of human rabies in 2007
      • In the USA and most EU countries, more than 70% of companion animals are rabies vaccinated
      • In the USA, primary route of rabies transmission is from wildlife to humans or pets
      Sources: PRC Ministry of Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      • Situation in China:
      • In 2006 alone, more than 140,000 people in Beijing sought medical treatment after being attacked by dogs or cats
      • In China, 3,380 persons died of confirmed rabies in 2007
      • Across China, less than 10% of dogs are rabies vaccinated with less than 3% of rural dogs vaccinated
      • Across China, almost no cats are rabies vaccinated
      • In a rabies-epidemic region such as China, rabies in wildlife may result from spillover from dogs
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com
    • 6. Rabies Prevention Starts with the Animal Owner
      • More than 95% of rabies infections in humans in China is caused by dog bites*
      • In the PRC, annual rabies vaccination for all dogs is required by law, but compliance is low (<10%)
      • Pet owners can reduce the possibility of pets being exposed to rabies by vaccinating for rabies annually
      • Spaying or neutering your pet may reduce any tendency they might have to roam or fight and thus reduce the chance that they will be exposed to rabies
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com *WHO
    • 7. Rabies is 100% Preventable
      • Rabies vaccinate your pets
      • annually at a legally designated
      • animal vaccination hospital
      • (Look for official bronze plaque
      • with license number)
      • Only legally registered and officially designated animal vaccination hospitals are authorized to procure and administer vaccines and can issue the official Beijing Animal Health & Vaccination Immunity Certificates (vaccination red books)
      • Vaccines are controlled drugs and can be sold to authorized animal hospitals only by the Agricultural Bureau
      • Vaccines are imported, legally registered and quality assured by the government
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com
    • 8. RABIES DEATH IN CHAOYANG DISTRICT
      • According to reports by the New China News Agency (Xin Hua She), in July 2007, a 22-year old local Chinese man was bitten by a dog in Chaoyang district, near the Shunyi border
      • This man did not seek medical care and was not vaccinated against rabies. He died of confirmed rabies infection transmitted through the dog bite about two-months after the exposure
      • The dog was owned by a local family but was unregistered so was officially classified as a “stray dog”
      • This dog was likely not vaccinated or may have been vaccinated at an unauthorized pet shop or other facility. Unauthorized facilities cannot legally purchase vaccines and therefore procure them from unsecured illegal channels, increasing the likelihood of smuggled, expired or counterfeit vaccines being used on pets
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com
    • 9. RABIES DEATH IN AN EXPAT FAMILY
      • In 2005, an expat family in Shanghai purchased a puppy from the local animal markets or a pet shop
      • The wife and child had already been vaccinated for rabies. The husband had never been vaccinated against rabies
      • After 10-months, the husband developed neurologic symptoms and was diagnosed as having rabies. He died from the disease
      • The wife and child were fine and were not infected with rabies
      • The husband had never been “bitten” by the puppy, but became infected most likely through casual contact and licks from the puppy that had rabies but was asymptomatic
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com
    • 10. What Can I do to Prevent Rabies?
      • Consult with your doctor and consider the pre-exposure rabies vaccination, especially for children, even if you do not have pets
      • The pre-exposure rabies vaccination is a series of 3 regular injections given on days 0, 7 and 21 or 28
      • If you are already rabies vaccinated and then have an exposure, you will only need an additional 2 rabies vaccinations (e.g., on day 0 and 3) as part of post-exposure prophylaxis
      • Having the pre-exposure rabies vaccinations also means you will not need the human rabies immunoglobulin (HRIG) injection, which is expensive and in short supply worldwide
      • Pre-exposure vaccinations are especially important for travelers and for children. Children are most likely to engage in provocative behaviors with animals and unlikely to inform adults
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com
    • 11. What Should I do if I am Bitten?
      • Wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water for at least 15-minutes. Disinfect with ethanol or iodine
      • Seek timely medical care after an exposure and begin rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) immediately
      • The PEP consists of 5 rabies vaccinations over 28-days (e.g., days 0, 3, 7, 14, and 28)
      • If the animal is of uncertain vaccination history or if it is wildlife, the human rabies immunoglobulin (HRIG) is also given together on the first day of the rabies vaccination
      • HRIG is expensive and in short supply worldwide. Travelers outside of major cities in the PRC may not find HRIG available when needed
      • Having the pre-exposure rabies vaccinations means you do not need the HRIG after an exposure. Please talk to your doctor about pre- and post-exposure rabies vaccinations
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com
    • 12. Can the Animal be Tested for Rabies?
      • Rabies testing is strictly controlled by the government
      • Only officially designated government laboratories can perform the tests under authorization of the China Centers for Animal Disease Control and Prevention (CCADC)
      • The amount of time needed to file a report, conduct the test and to await official results may take several weeks or longer
      • The time spent waiting for rabies virus testing would compromise the urgent need for the exposed person to receive timely treatment
      • DO NOT DELAY! SEEK MEDICAL TREATMENT AND BEGIN POST-EXPOSURE RABIES VACCINATIONS IMMEDIATELY!
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com
    • 13. Rabies Information & Prevention Resources
      • Finding legally registered and officially designated animal vaccination hospitals in Beijing:
        • Centers for Animal Disease Control (Chaoyang District): 5208-2655/2656 (Chinese only)
        • International Center for Veterinary Services (ICVS):
          • 8456-1939/40/41 (Open 7-Days)
          • www.ICVSASIA.com (English and Chinese)
      • World Rabies Day: www.worldrabiesday.org
      • US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: www.cdc.gov/worldrabiesday
      ©2011 International Center for Veterinary Services www.ICVSASIA.com

    ×