Seven Seals of Revelation

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Seven Seals of Revelation

  1. 1. The 7 Seals of Revelation
  2. 2. “The number 7 indicates completeness, and is psymbolic of the fact that the messages extend tothe end of time…” (Acts of the Apostles, p. 585).
  3. 3. “The Revelation of Jesus Christ which God The Christ,gave unto him, to show unto his servantsthings which must shortly come topass…Blessed is he that readeth, and theythat hear the words of this prophecy and prophecy,keep those things which are written therein:for the time is at hand.” Revelation 1:1-3 hand. 1:1 3
  4. 4. HORSE =STRENGTH/POWER USED IN WAR
  5. 5. HORSE = GOD’S PEOPLEIf thou know not, O thou fairest amongwomen, go thy way forth by the footstepsof the flock, and feed thy kids beside the , yshepherds tents. I have compared thee, Omy love to a company of horses in love,Pharaohs chariots. Song of Solomon 1:8-9
  6. 6. Revelation 6:2 “And I saw, and behold awhite horse: and he that sat on him had a horse:bow; and a crown was given unto him: andhe went forth conquering, and to conquer.”
  7. 7. The Color White Represents Purity Purity, Worthiness, Righteousness Daniel 12:10 Revelation 3:4, 5; (ch)19:8 3:4
  8. 8. HORSE = GOD’S PEOPLE“And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse;and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True,and in righteousness he doth judge and make war His war.eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were manycrowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew,but he himself. And he was clothed with a vesturedipped in blood: and his name is called The Word ofGod.God And the armies which were in heaven followedhim upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white andclean. And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that g p ,with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rulethem with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepressof the fi f th fierceness and wrath of Al i ht G d ” d th f Almighty God.”Revelation 19:11-15
  9. 9. “…white horses were rode by conquerors on y qthe days of their triumph….” (Barnes, 1859,pp. 165) )
  10. 10. “White horses are generally refused in war, becausethey make the rider a mark for the enemy...” (Henry& Scott, p. 685) S
  11. 11. “The first symbol is a white horse…a fit emblem of thetriumphs of the g p in the first century of the Christian p gospel yEra...The rider upon this horse went forth where? Hiscommission was unlimited. The gospel was to all theworld.” (Smith, 1885, p. 412) ld ” (S ith 1885
  12. 12. And when he had opened the second seal, I heard thesecond beast say, Come and see. And there went outanother horse that was red: and power was given tohim that sat thereon to take peace from the earth,and that they should kill one another: and there wasgiven unto him a great sword. Revelation 6:3, 4
  13. 13. Red is a Symbol of Blood, War, Corruption War2 Kings 3:22; Isaiah 1:18; Proverbs 23:31-33 23:31-
  14. 14. And when he had opened the second seal, I heard thesecond beast say, Come and see. And there went outanother horse that was red: and power was given tohim that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, earth,and that they should kill one another: and there was another:given unto him a great sword. Revelation 6:3, 4 sword.
  15. 15. “The“Th accession of the Emperor Diocletian is the era i f th E Di l ti i th…under the name of the ‘Era of Martyrs.’ All formerpersecutions of the faith were forgotten in horror withwhich men looked back…The fiendish cruelty of Nero,the jealous fears of Domitian, the unimpassioned j pdislike of Marcus, the sweeping purpose of Decius, theclever devices of Valerian, fell into obscurity whencompared with the concentrated terrors of that fi l d ih h d f h finalgrapple…” (Mason, 1876, p. 1)
  16. 16. “Under Diocletian…occurred the last, longest, and Under Diocletian occurred last longestharshest persecution. It …endured ten years…In303…[a]n imperial edict commanded the churches to [ ] p‘be razed to the ground, the Scriptures destroyed byfire,’ Christians officials degraded, Christian servantsenslaved, bishops imprisoned and forced to sacrifice,and torture [was]employed to compel Christians toconform.” (Fli k 1909 p. 106)conform.” (Flick, f ”
  17. 17. Milner (1847) states that “avarice had taken deep rootamong them [Christians]; and vast numbers lapsed intoidolatry immediately. Even before men were accused asChristians, ‘many ran to the forum and sacrificed to the , ygods as they were ordered; and the crowds of apostateswere so great that the magistrates wished to delaynumbers of them till the next day; but they wereimportuned …to be allowed to prove themselves heathensthat very night” (p 290) night (p. 290).
  18. 18. “So general was the Diocletian persecution, and sodestructive its effect, that at its cessation the ChristianChurch was thought to be forever extinct… TheDiocletianDi l ti oppression was th l t of th great i the last f the tpersecutions brought by pagan Rome againstChristianity as a whole. A stupendous change, whole.amounting to a revolution, now appears in the affairsof the Church. Constantine, known in history asConstantine the Great, became emperor of Rome A.D. Great,306, and reigned 31 years. Early in his reign heespoused th hith t unpopular cause of Ch i ti d the hitherto l f Christians,and took the Church under official protection…..”(Talmage, 1909 p. 74 75). Talmage, 1909, p 74, 75)
  19. 19. “The nominal conversion of Constantine, intheth early part of th f l t f the fourth century, caused th t dgreat rejoicing; and the world, cloaked with aform of righteousness, walked i t thf f i ht lk d into thechurch. Now the work of corruption rapidlyprogressed. P d Paganism, while appearing to be i hil i t bvanquished, became the conqueror. Her spiritcontrolled the church. H d t i t ll d th h h Her doctrines,ceremonies, and superstitions wereincorporated i t the f ith andi t d into th faith dworship of the professedfollowers of Ch i t ” (GC88 p. 49)f ll f Christ.” (GC88,
  20. 20. “And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the thirdbeastb t say, CCome and see. A d I b h ld and l a bl k h d And beheld, d lo black horse;and he that sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand.And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A y,measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barleyfor a penny; and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine.”Revelation 6:5, 6 6:5
  21. 21. Black symbol of Famine, Desolation, Sorrow (because of idolatry) ( y)Lamentations 5:10; Jeremiah 4: 25-28;Jeremiah 8:19-22
  22. 22. “…A black horse th very opposite of white! A period“ A bl k h the it f hit ! i dof great darkness and moral corruption in the churchmust be denoted by this symbol. By the events of thesecond seal the way was fully opened for that state ofthings to be brought about which is here presented.The time that intervened between the reign ofConstantine and the establishment of the papacy inAD 538 may be justly noted as the ti b j tl t d th time when th h thedarkest errors and the grossest superstitions sprangup in the church Of a period immediately succeeding church.the days of Constantine…” (Smith, 1885, p. 414)
  23. 23. “An enormous train of different superstitions weregradually substituted in place of true religion andgenuine piety…” there was a “desire of imitatingthe pagan rites, and of blending them with theChristian worship…” “…true religion was almostentirely superseded by horrid superstition.”(Mosheim, 1810(M h i 1810, p. 355, 358) 355
  24. 24. “This “Thi compromise b t i between paganism and i dChristianity resulted in the development of the ‘manof sin’ foretold in prophecy as opposing and exalting sinhimself above God. That gigantic system of falsereligion is a masterpiece of Satans p g p power,—a ,monument of his efforts to seat himself upon thethrone to rule the earth according to his will.” (TheGreat Controversy 1888, p. 50)
  25. 25. “And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the thirdbeastb t say, CCome and see. A d I b h ld and l a bl k h d And beheld, d lo black horse;and he that sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand.And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A y,measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley fora penny; and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine.”Revelation 6:5, 6 6:5
  26. 26. Balances indicate the character of the holder & timeof threatened persecution or oppression, and famine:Job 31:6; Daniel 5:26; Proverbs 11:1; Hosea 12:7;Micah 6:11, 12; Leviticus 26:24-26; Ezekiel 4:16, 17
  27. 27. The cost of the wheat & barley indicate unjust y jbalances, and a great famine..“The black horse typifies a period of famine, whenfood would become so scarce that a quart of wheat,the standard daily ration for one person would person,increase to twelve times its normal price. The costof even …barley meal would similarly advance to adenarius [or penny], which was the daily wage ofthe workingman…” (Case, 1919, p. 263)
  28. 28. The same spirit is seen today that is represented inRevelation 6:6-8. History is to be reenacted. That which hasbeen will be again. This spirit works to confuse and toperplex.perplex Dissension will be seen in every nation, kindred nation kindred,tongue and people, and those who have not had a spirit tofollow the light that God has given through His living oracles,through His appointed agencies, will become confused. Theirjudgment will reveal weakness. Disorder and strife andconfusion will be seen in the church. (4MR, p. 152)
  29. 29. And I looked, and behold a pale horse: pand his name that sat on him was Death,and Hell followed with him. And powerwas given unto them over the fourth partof the earth to kill with sword and with earth, sword,hunger, and with death, and with thebeasts f theb t of th earth. th
  30. 30. Pale = color of death“…This horse was of a li id cadaverous h“ Thi h f livid, d hue, ddenoting tian agent of ghastly, terrible nature...It is fitting that wenotice particularly the agents of destruction employedby this rider. He possesses a sword with which to kill—the same instrument wielded by the rider of the red yhorse—but it is evident that he uses it with moreterrific energy, by reason of which he receives thename Death, or The Destroyer” (Smith, 2006, p. 84, 86)
  31. 31. “And I looked, and behold a pale horse: pand his name that sat on him was Death,and Hell followed with him. And powerwas given unto them over the fourth partof the earth to kill with sword and with earth, sword,hunger, and with death, and with thebeasts f theb t of th earth.” R l ti 6 8 th ” Revelation 6:8
  32. 32. Pale = color of death“…The period during which this seal applies can hardlybe mistaken. It must refer to the time in which the papacybore it unrebuked, unrestrained, and persecuting rule,b its b k d t i d d ti lbeginning about AD 538, and extending to the time whenthe Reformers began their work of exposing thecorruptions of the papal system” (Smith, 1845, p. 17)
  33. 33. “And when he had opened the fifth seal, I sawunder the altar the souls of them that wereslain for the word of God, and for thetestimony which they held: And they criedwith a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord,holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge trueour blood on them that dwell on the earth?And white robes were given unto every one ofthem; and it was said unto them, that theyshould rest yet for a little season, until their seasonfellowservants also and their brethren, thatshould be killed as they were should be were,fulfilled.” Revelation 6:9-11
  34. 34. “It seems consistent that this seal, like all the others,should cover a period of time, and that the date of itsapplication cannot be mistaken if the preceding sealshave rightly located. Following the period of papalpersecution, the time covered by this seal would beginwhen the Reformation began to undermine the papalfabrication, and restrain the persecuting power of thef b i ti d t i th ti f thRoman Catholic Church.” (Smith, 1885, p. 418)
  35. 35. “And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw underthe altar the souls of them that were slain for theword of God, and for the testimony which they held:And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, OLord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avengeour blood on them that dwell on the earth? Andwhite robes were given unto every one of th hit b i t f them; and it dwas said unto them, that they should rest yet for alittle season, until their fellowservants also and theirbrethren, that should be killed as they were, should befulfilled.” Revelation 6:9-11
  36. 36. “By the decree enforcing the institution of the papacy in violationof the law of God, our nation will disconnect herself fully fromrighteousness. When Protestantism shall stretch her hand acrossthe gulf to grasp the hand of the Roman power, when she shallreach over the abyss to clasp hands with spiritualism, when,under the influence of this threefold union, our country shallrepudiate every principle of its Constitution as a Protestant andrepublican government, and shall make provision for thepropagation of papal falsehoods and delusions, then we mayknow that the time has come for the marvelous working of Satanand that the end is near near.
  37. 37. “As the approach of the Roman armies was a sign to the disciplesof the impending destruction of Jerusalem, so may this apostasybe a sign to us that the limit of Gods forbearance is reached, thatthe measure of our nations iniquity is full, and that the angel ofmercy is about to take her flight, never to return…” (5T, p. 451) The people of God will then be plunged into those scenes ofaffliction and distress which prophets have described as the timeof Jacobs trouble. The cries of the faithful, persecuted ones Jacob sascend to heaven. And as the blood of Abel cried from theground, there are voices also crying to God from martyrs graves,from the sepulchers of the sea, from mountain caverns, from sea cavernsconvent vaults: ‘How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost Thou notjudge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?’ The L d i d i Hi Th Lord is doing His work. All h k heaven i astir. Th J d of is ti The Judge fall the earth is soon to arise and vindicate His insulted authority.The mark of deliverance will be set upon the men who keep Godscommandments, who revere His law, and who refuse the mark ofthe beast or of his image.” (5T 451, 452)
  38. 38. “But in th“B t i those ddays, after th t t ib l ti ft that tribulation, th sun shall the h llbe darkened, and the moon shall not give her light,And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that fallare in heaven shall be shaken.” (Mark 13:24, 25)
  39. 39. “And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal,and, l th d lo, there was a great earthquake; and th sun th k d thebecame black as sackcloth of hair, and the moonbecame as blood; And the stars of heaven fell untothe earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimelyfigs,figs when she is shaken of a mighty wind ” wind.Revelation 6:12, 13
  40. 40. There was a great earthquake.
  41. 41. November 1, 1755“…the tremor produced by the greatLisbon earthquake of 1755 shook a region earthq akefour times as big as all Europe puttogether” (Littell & Littell 1884 p 310) Littell, 1884,p.“The great Lisbon earthquake of 1755, which Thedestroyed over 100,000 lives disturbed anarea of 12,000,000 or 14,000,000 squaremiles. It extended entirely across the AtlanticOcean, and was felt in New England” England(Brewer & Warren, 1890, p. 24)
  42. 42. The sun became black
  43. 43. The sun became black“May 19, 1790. At midday near-totaldarkness unaccountably dd k bl descended d dupon much of New England. Candleswere lit, fowls went to roost and manyfearful persons believed that doomsday p yhad arrived….No scientific verifiablecause for this widespread phenomenonwas ever discovered.” (Editors ofChase’s, 2009Ch ’ 2009, p. 275)
  44. 44. The sun became black“On the 19th of May, 1780, an uncommon darkness tookplace all over New England, and extended to Canada. Itcontinued about fourteen hours or from ten o’clock in hours, o clockthe morning till midnight. The darkness was so great,that people were unable to read common p p p print, or tell the ,time of the day by their watches, or to dine, or transacttheir ordinary without the light of candles. They becamedull d ld ll and gloomy, and some were excessively frightened. d i l f i ht dThe fowls retired to their roosts. Objects could not bedistinguished but at a very little distance and everything distance,bore the appearance of gloom and night…The causes ofthese phenomena are unknown..” (Sears, 1844, p. 428)
  45. 45. The moon became blood
  46. 46. The moon became bloodSpeaking of th D k d of M 19S ki f the Dark day f May 19,1780, the Independent Chronicle (May25, 1780) and Pennsylvania Evening Post((June 6, 1780) reported: “ In connection , ) pwith this extraordinary phenomenonthe moon was reported to appear red ” red.(p. 2 & p. 62)
  47. 47. The moon became blood“Though the moon that night rose t th“Th h th th t i ht to thefull, ‘it had not the least effect to dispelthe death-like shadows.’ After midnightthe darkness disappeared, and the pp ,moon, when first visible, had theappearance of blood.” (GC88 p 307) blood (GC88, p.
  48. 48. The stars of heaven fell
  49. 49. The stars of heaven fell“On the morning of November 13, 1833, there occurred oneof the most wonderful displays of celestial pyrotechnics thatwas probably ever witnessed. As observed in the EasternUnited States, it commenced about midnight and continuedfor some hours increasing in magnificence until it was lost in hours,the light of the rising sun. It was visible probably over thegreater part of North America, and was actually observed atvarious points from the West India Islands to Greenland,and westwardly to the one-hundredth degree of longitude…the journals of the day were crowded, it seems to havepresented the appearance of a literal shower of fire…”(Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, December 1875-May1876,1876 p. 94)
  50. 50. The stars of heaven fellSpeaking of the meteor showerdisplay November 13, 1833, Ryerson,Hodgins C k (1866), thenH d i & Crooks (1866) theditors of the Journal of Education,stated that: “the number of meteorswas variously estimated at from10,000 to 30,000 per hour” (p. 169)
  51. 51. “And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled t th and every mountain and i l d ll d together; d t i d islandwere moved out of their places….” Revelation 6:14
  52. 52. “Thus was displayed the last of those signsof his coming, concerning which Jesus badehis disciples, ‘When ye shall see all these disciples Whenthings, know that it is near, even at thedoors.doors ’ (Matthew 24:33.) After these signs, 24:33 ) signsJohn beheld, as the great event nextimpending,impending the heavens departing as a scroll scroll,while the earth quaked, mountains andislands removed out of their places, and the placeswicked in terror sought to flee from thepresence of the Son of man.” (GC88 p. 334) man (GC88, p
  53. 53. “…For the great day of His wrath is come; …Forand who shall be able to stand?” Revelation 6:17
  54. 54. “Then we all cried out: ‘Who shall be able tostand? Is my robe spotless?’ Then the angels y p gceased to sing, and there was some time ofawful silence..” (Christian Experience andTeachings of Ellen G. White, p. 58)
  55. 55. “And after these things I saw four angels g gstanding on the four corners of the earth,holding the four winds of the earth that earth,the wind should not blow on the earth, noron the sea nor on any tree And I saw sea, tree.another angel ascending from the east,having the seal of the living God: and hecried with a loud voice to the four angels,to whom it was given to hurt the earth andthe sea, Saying... Saying...”
  56. 56. “Hurt not Hurtthe earth… tillwe have sealedthe servantsof our God intheirforeheads.”foreheads ”Revelation 7 1-3
  57. 57. “I saw four angels who had a work to do on theearth, and were on th i way t accomplish it Jesus th d their to li h it. Jwas clothed with priestly garments. He gazed in pityon the remnant then raised His hands, and with a remnant, handsvoice of deep pity cried, "My blood, Father, Myblood, My blood, My blood!" Then I saw an y yexceeding bright light come from God, who sat uponthe great white throne, and was shed all about Jesus.Then I saw an angel with a commission from Jesus, i i i fswiftly flying to the four angels who had a work to doon the earth and waving something up and down in earth,his hand, and crying with a loud voice, "Hold! Hold!Hold! Hold! until the servants of God are sealed intheir foreheads…" (Early Writings, p. 38)
  58. 58. “I asked my accompanying angel the meaning of what I Iheard, and what the four angels were about to do. He saidto me that it was God that restrained the powers, and thatHe gave His angels charge over things on the earth; thatthe four angels had power from God to hold the fourwinds,winds and that they were about to let them go; but whiletheir hands were loosening, and the four winds wereabout to blow, the merciful eye of Jesus gazed on theremnant that were not sealed, and He raised His hands tothe Father and pleaded with Him that He had spilled Hisblood for them Then another angel was commissioned to them.fly swiftly to the four angels and bid them hold, until theservants of God were sealed with the seal of the living gGod in their foreheads.” (Early Writings, p. 38)
  59. 59. Everything in our world is in agitation. Comingevents cast their shadows before The signs of before.the times are ominous, indeed. There isassurance in nothing that is human or earthly. earthlyThe winds are held by the four angels; amoment of respite has been graciously given usof God. Every power lent us of God, whetherphysical, mental, moralphysical mental or moral, is to be sacredlycherished to do the work assigned us for ourfellow men who are perishing in their ignorance. ignoranceThe warning is to go forth to all parts of theworld.world There must be no delay (Special delay.Testimonies for Ministers and Workers -- No. 9, p. 21)
  60. 60. My dear brethren and sisters, let thecommandments of God and the testimony ofJesus Christ be in your minds continually andlet them crowd out worldly thoughts and cares.When you lie down and when you rise up, letthem be your meditation. Live and act wholly inreference to the coming of the Son of man. Thesealing time is very short, and will soon be over.Now is the time, while the four angels areholding the four winds, to make our calling andelection sure. (Early Writings, p. 58)
  61. 61. There was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour.
  62. 62. “Soon our eyes were drawn to the east, for a ysmall black cloud had appeared, about half aslarge as a mans hand, which we all knew wasthe sign of the Son of man. We all in solemnsilence gazed on the cloud as it drew nearer,and became lighter, glorious, and still moreglorious, till it was a great white cloud. Thebottom appeared like fire; a rainbow was overthe cloud, while around it were ten thousandangels, singing a most lovely song; and upon itsat the Son of man. His hair was white andcurly, and lay on His shoulders; and upon His
  63. 63. head were many crowns. His feet had the appearanceof fire; in His right hand was a sharp sickle; in Hisleft, a silver trumpet. His eyes were a flame of fire,which searched His children through and through.Then all faces gathered paleness, and those that Godhad rejected gathered blackness. Then we all criedout: "Who shall be able to stand? Is my robespotless?" Then the angels ceased to sing, and therewas some ti time of awful silence, when J f f l il h Jesus spoke:k"Those who have clean hands and pure hearts shallbe able to stand; My grace is sufficient for you." At youthis our faces lighted up, and joy filled every heart.And the angels struck a note higher and sung again, g g g gwhile the cloud drew still nearer the earth. (ChristianExperience and Teachings of Ellen G. White, p. 58)

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