August 3 rd count and uncount nouns

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August 3 rd count and uncount nouns

  1. 1. WELCOME TO YOUR ENGLISH CLASS. HELLO, GUYS. HOW ARE YOU?
  2. 2. COUNTABLE NOUNS <ul><li>Countable nouns are things that you can count, they have singular and plural forms. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: a computer some computers </li></ul><ul><li>a monitor some monitors </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: This computer is fast. (singular) </li></ul><ul><li> These computers are fast (plural) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: I don’t have a computer (singular) </li></ul><ul><li> I don’t have any computers (plural) </li></ul>
  3. 3. UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS <ul><li>Uncountable nouns are things that you can’t count, they have singular form only. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: some software (singular) </li></ul><ul><li>some memory </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: My speed is slow. (singular) </li></ul><ul><li> The new software is fantastic </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: I have some information (singular) </li></ul><ul><li> I don’t need any information </li></ul>
  4. 4. CHOOSE COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE SPEED PRINTERS COUNT UNCOUNT COUNT UNCOUNT
  5. 5. CHOOSE COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE DISK LIGHT COUNT UNCOUNT COUNT UNCOUNT
  6. 6. CHOOSE COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE DRIVE WINDOWS COUNT UNCOUNT COUNT UNCOUNT
  7. 7. CHOOSE COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE MEMORY INFORMATION COUNT UNCOUNT COUNT UNCOUNT
  8. 8. CHOOSE COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE SOFTWARE HARDWARE COUNT UNCOUNT COUNT UNCOUNT
  9. 9. CHOOSE COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE CAPACITY PRESENTATIONS COUNT UNCOUNT COUNT UNCOUNT
  10. 10. CHOOSE COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE DATA MONITOR COUNT UNCOUNT COUNT UNCOUNT
  11. 11. CHOOSE COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE DEVICE ELECTRICITY COUNT UNCOUNT COUNT UNCOUNT
  12. 12. CHOOSE COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE BUSINESS PAGES COUNT UNCOUNT COUNT UNCOUNT
  13. 13. CHOOSE COUNTABLE or UNCOUNTABLE KEYBOARD ENGINEERING COUNT UNCOUNT COUNT UNCOUNT
  14. 14. WRITE “A / AN / SOME” <ul><li>____ COMPUTER ____ MEMORY </li></ul><ul><li>____ PRESENTATION ____ SPEED </li></ul><ul><li>____ MONITORS ____ DEVICE </li></ul><ul><li>____ SOFTWARE ____ DRIVE </li></ul><ul><li>____ PAGE ____ DISKS </li></ul><ul><li>____ ICON ____ CASE </li></ul><ul><li>____ ERASER ____ ELECTRICITY </li></ul><ul><li>____ HOURGLASS ____ LAPTOP </li></ul><ul><li>____ PRINTERS ____ HARDWARE </li></ul><ul><li>____ LIGHT ____ INFORMATION </li></ul>
  15. 15. COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH “IS / ARE” <ul><li>My computer _____ so slow. </li></ul><ul><li>My computer’s speed _____ really fast. </li></ul><ul><li>Computer vendors ______ very kind. </li></ul><ul><li>The electricity _____ low in the town. </li></ul><ul><li>Some hardware _____ expensive. </li></ul><ul><li>The memory of my computer _____ poor. </li></ul><ul><li>The presentations _____ very creative. </li></ul><ul><li>This printer _____ quite cheap. </li></ul><ul><li>The data _____ damaged. </li></ul><ul><li>The information ______ kept. </li></ul>is is is is is is is is are are
  16. 16. COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH “SOME / ANY” <ul><li>My computer needs _______ memory. </li></ul><ul><li>My computer needs _______ high speed . </li></ul><ul><li>Computer vendors don’t have ________ equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>I need to buy _______ new hardware. </li></ul><ul><li>I couldn’t get _______ new memory. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to prepare _______ presentations. </li></ul><ul><li>The printer has ______ paper stuck. </li></ul><ul><li>The computer can’t store ______ information </li></ul><ul><li>The software contains ______ important information </li></ul><ul><li>We need ______ data to run the program. </li></ul>some some any some any some some some any some
  17. 17. COMPLETE THE PARAGRAPH WITH “A /AN / THE”
  18. 18. Computer and Computer Science: Definition <ul><li>A computer is an electronic device, which can input, process, and output data. </li></ul>1- input processing output <ul><li>A computer Science is the discipline that seeks to build a scientific foundation for such topics as computer design, computer programming, information processing, and algorithmic solutions of problems. </li></ul><ul><li>A computer is a machine that stores data, interact with devices, and execute programs (provides computing capabilities to its users). </li></ul>
  19. 19. Major Components of a Computer System <ul><li>A computer system consists of two main parts: hardware and software. </li></ul>1- <ul><li>Hardware is the electronic and mechanical parts of a computer system. </li></ul><ul><li>Software is the data and the computer programs of a computer system. </li></ul>
  20. 20. 1- Computer Hardware Basic hardware components <ul><li>Computer hardware is divided into three major Components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.  The Central Processing Unit (CPU) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Computer memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Input/Output (I/O) devices    </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. CPU <ul><li>The CPU is the &quot; brain &quot; of the computer system. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It does the fundamental computing within the system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It directly or indirectly controls all the other components </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The CPU has a limited storage capacity . It relies on memory to hold data and programs and to save results. </li></ul><ul><li>The CPU consists of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.       The Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.       The Control Unit (CU). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.       Registers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The CPU components are connected by a group of electrical wires called the CPU bus . </li></ul>1-
  22. 22. Software <ul><li>Software is the programs and data that a computer uses. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs are lists of instructions for the processor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data can be any information that a program needs: character data, numerical data, image data, audio data, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both programs and data are saved in computer memory in the same way. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer software is divided into two main categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Systems software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Applications software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>System software manages computer resources and makes computers easy to use. </li></ul><ul><li>An applications software enables a computer to be used to do a particular task. </li></ul>1-
  23. 23. 1- Computer Software Types of software Software
  24. 24. Software 1- Application Programs Systems Programs <ul><li>Word processors </li></ul><ul><li>Game programs </li></ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets </li></ul><ul><li>Data base systems </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics programs </li></ul><ul><li>Web browsers </li></ul>  Operating system. Networking system. Programming language software. Web site server. Data backup.
  25. 25. Operating Systems <ul><li>The most important systems program is the operating system. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a group of programs that coordinates the operation of all the hardware and software components of the computer system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is responsible for starting application programs running and finding the resources that they need. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples of operating systems are: Unix, Windows NT, Windows XP, MS-DOS, Linux, Solaris, VMS, OS/2 and System 7. </li></ul>1-
  26. 26. 1- Computer Languages Computer language evolution The only language understood by a computer is machine language. Note:
  27. 27. 1- Program Execution Executing programs

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