Safety and first aid


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safety and first aid the most important thing in our life there is everything you wanna know in this ppt

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Safety and first aid

  1. 1. Safety and first aid SCIENCE
  2. 2. First aid What is first aid? First aid is the first medical help given to an injured person. FIRST AID = first help
  3. 3. For cuts and scratches Veena one day was cutting vegetables and suddenly cut her finger. Do you know how to first aid it?
  4. 4. For cuts and scratches I know it first:- • Wash away all the dirt around the wound. • Clean the affected area with cotton wool soaked with antiseptic lotion. • Place a thick pad of cotton wool on the wound and press it with your thumb and fingers. • Wrap a sterile gauze bandage around the wounded area.
  5. 5. For nose bleeds My nose bleeds frequently when it happens you know what should you do? + Keep the patient upright in a comfortable position with his head held back. + Press the bleeding side of the nose firmly. + Keep an ice-pack on the nose and the head of the patient. + Ask the patient to breathe with his mouth and not to blow with his nose. + If the bleeding is heavy send for a doctor.
  6. 6. For sprains When the tissues around the joint get torn we call it SPRAIN. They cause swelling and sometimes discolouration of the skin. They are very painful. When you have sprain you should:- + Keep on applying ice-packs and ice-cubes on the injured joint till the swelling subsides.
  7. 7. For fractures A crack or a break in a bone is called a FRACTURE. + You should keep the patient calm and comfortable when some one has a fracture. + Apply a splint to give support to the broken bone and try to avoid unnecessary movement. + A sling made from a triangular piece of cloth can be used for support.
  8. 8. For burns One can suffer from hot objects, fire, steam, boiling water, crackers, electric points and chemicals like acids so always be away from them. There are 3 different burns:- Minor burns Severe burns Chemical burns
  9. 9. Minor burns Minor burns can be treated at home but yet are very careful. + Let running cold water flow over the burn till you don’t feel the pain. + Apply an antiseptic lotion or cream to prevent infection. + If you don’t have an antiseptic lotion you can put water too.
  10. 10. Severe burns Some times the skin get severly burnt and blisters form. Never try to prick a blister. An open blister is an open wound .It can catch infection. + Gently cover the burn a clean piece of cloth to protect it from germ and dust + Dip a sterile piece of cloth in a solution of baking soda and use it as a wet compress +Severe burns must be treated by a doctor.
  11. 11. For fire fighting + In case there is a fire in a building inform the nearest building. + In case of the fire caused by petrol don’t throw water, throw SAND. If a persons clothes catch fire + make him roll on the ground + cover him with a thick blanket
  12. 12. For animal bites + Wash the wound with soap and water to remove germs. + Apply and antiseptic lotion to prevent infection. + Bandage the wound wit a sterile gauze. + Rush the victim to a doctor.
  13. 13. For Snake bites • Snakes are very poisonous .If they bite treatment must be given immediately:- + Apply a tourniquet just above the bite to stop the flow of blood to the heart. + Immediately rush the victim to the doctor.
  14. 14. Safety first • Safety is very important especially on roads. you should read and follow the signs carefully • Some of the signs are:- No U turn no parking no honking no entry
  15. 15. More information • The clear gel of aloe vera can heal wounds and burns by forming a protective coating on the affected area • When the skin is cut by a dirty or rusted object germs may enter and cause a dangerous disease called TETANUS. • A tourniquet is a tight bandage that is used for stopping the flow of blood.
  16. 16. New words • Splint:- A piece of wood or cardboard used to hold a broken bone. • Sling:- A bandage passing over the shoulder to support an injured upper limb. • Discolouration:- Change in colour(for sprains the colour turns BLUE) Splint  sling 