S C I > is damage or trauma to the spinal cord that results in a loss or impaired function causing reduced mobility or feeling and resulting in a change, either temporary or permanent, in its normal motor, sensory, or autonomic function..
Most Common Causes Motor Vehicle Accidents Violence Falls Sports Injuries
Pathophysiology Damages to the Spinal Cord ranges from: Transection of Cord
The vertebral column provides structural support for the trunk and surrounds and protects the spinal cord. The vertebral column also provides attachment points for the muscles of the back and ribs. The vertebral disks serve as shock absorbers during activities such as walking, running, and jumping. They also allow the spine to flex and extend.
Anterior Cord Syndrome - is when the damage is towards the front of the spinal cord, this can leave a person with the loss or impaired ability to sense pain, temperature and touch sensations below their level of injury. Pressure and joint sensation may be preserved. It is possible for some people with this injury to later recover some movement. Central Cord Syndrome - is when the damage is in the centre of the spinal cord. This typically results in the loss of function in the arms, but some leg movement may be preserved. There may also be some control over the bowel and bladder preserved. It is possible for some recovery from this type of injury, usually starting in the legs, gradually progressing upwards Brown-Sequard Syndrome - is when damage is towards one side of the spinal cord. This results in impaired or loss of movement to the injured side, but pain and temperature sensation may be preserved. The opposite side of injury will have normal movement, but pain and temperature sensation will be impaired or lost. Posterior Cord Syndrome - is when the damage is towards the back of the spinal cord. This type of injury may leave the person with good muscle power, pain and temperature sensation, however they may experience difficulty in coordinating movement of their limbs.