Decomposition and enrichment of agricultural waste using


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Decomposition and enrichment of agricultural waste using

  1. 1. Decomposition and Enrichment of Agricultural Waste Using Compost Tumbler Technology’ Project Sanctioned , National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) Under Rural Innovation Fund (RIF) Scheme. By, Koustubh Govind Yadre Shivam,149/3, Ganesh Nagar, Dhayari, Pune-411041 Contact no.=9604046983 email= ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  2. 2. CONSTRAINTS IN ORGANIC FARMING  Production of poor quality inoculants /manures without understanding the basic microbiological techniques  Short shelf life of bio fertilizers.  Lack of essential equipments, power supply, etc.  Space availability for laboratory, production, storage, etc.  Lack of suitable training on the production techniques  Unawareness on the benefits of the technology.  Non availability of right inoculants at the right place in right time. ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES  To provide an user friendly and cheap microbial technique to farmer for self production of bio fertilizer.  Recycling and enriching of agricultural wastes into quality organic manures and related by products within a short period of time.  Producing an opportunities for sustainable and profitable agricultural practises to target population.  Providing an user friendly Compost Models.  Providing an user friendly tools for Organic Farming. ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  5. 5. COMPOST TUMBLER TECHNOLOGY  A tumbler consists of an UV insulated rotomoulded plastic vessel, which has three layered insulation foam.  Due to insulation material compost pile gets hot very quickly and accelerates decomposition of waste.  Drum can be rotated with the help of handle; turning of compost pile will become very easy ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  6. 6. Applications of Compost Tumbler Compost Tumbler Technology On field bio culture production Mixed organic fertilizers Rapid Vermi composting P- enriched compost ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  7. 7. Home made bio fertilizer Production ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  8. 8. Home made bio fertilizer Production Boiling of Millet Addition into tumbler Seed culture addition ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  9. 9. DAY 1 DAY 3 DAY 6 ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  10. 10. Comparison Points Bio fertilizers available in market Bio fertilizer produced from Tumbler technology Formulation methods 5 % culture + 95% Carrier 100 % microbial culture can be produced. No carrier required. Microbial Count 106-107 >109-1011 1 Kg product sufficient for 1 Acre land Min.15-20 Acre Land Price 150-200 Rs./ Kg 100 Rs./ Kg concentrated culture Contamination Up to 104 level Not detected Vigor of microbial strain Cant be determined Always produced fresh inoculums hence more vigor Purity of strain Has to be check in laboratory By using simple physical tests viz. smell, color etc. ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  11. 11. Preparation of Phosho-Compost  Shredder machine= Can cut branches up to 10-12 mm diameter. Also useful to shred dry leaves, green grass, and other agricultural waste. An ideal tool for composting and mulching.  Power= 2 hp single phase motor/ can be attached to Diesel Engine. Capacity is 200 kg waste /hour ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  12. 12. Total Organic Carbon (%) 26.5 C/N Ratio 13.6 N (%) 1.95 P2O5 (%) 4.0 K2O (%) 0.86 Mn (ppm) 540 Zn (ppm) 100 Cu (ppm) 46 P-Enriched compost
  13. 13. PROCEDURE Add agriculture waste along with culture Give 2-3 Rotations once every day Finished Compost (After 20 Days) ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  14. 14. Preparation of Mixed Organic Fertilizers  Conventional farm yard compost contains 1.4% Nitrogen, 1.8% Phosphorous and 0.7% Potassium. By adding certain organic elements this compost can be enriched in nutrient composition.  Compost tumbler enable the farmers to mix the content uniformly, with minimum manpower, and requires very short period of time. ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  15. 15. Preparation of Rapid Vermi compost  As earthworms can’t tolerate heat generated during primary decomposition of waste, heaping process is necessary before inoculating in earth worm bed. In normal conditions heaping required 30-45 days. But by using tumbler technology within 8-10 days this process can be achieved.  Hence cycle time of preparation of vermi compost reduced to 45 days from 90 days Farm Waste Compost Tumbler Vermi Beds ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  16. 16.  Prime objective of this project is to prepare a role model for production of in house bio fertilizers, and P- enriched compost from agricultural wastes. By which people living there got a sustainable and profitable revenue generation scheme. ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  17. 17. Project Plan PERIOD PROJECTED WORK Month 0-4 Establishing compost tumblers, shredder machines and other infrastructure at location. Training of target population for production of bio fertilizer, vermi compost and P-enriched compost. Production of seed cultures of composting organisms Month 4-8 Production of at least 3 batches of Bio fertilizer, vermin compost and P-enriched compost from provided infrastructure. Awareness and Demonstration programmes at nearby villages. Month 8-12 Acquiring of data, results. Evaluation of project. Documentation. ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  18. 18. Details of implementing site Sr. No. District Name of Village Taluka Contact Person 1 Sindhudurg Otawane Sawantwadi Mr. Arun Kudalkar 9423404056 2 Ratnagiri Kamthe Chiplun Mr. Anant Malap 9890237670 ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  19. 19. Benefits to Target Population  By using self prepared compost, vermin compost, bio fertilizer; farmers can achieve a great yield without hampering soil profile. Hence for sustainable agriculture this model is very important.  Farmers can produced quality organic fertilizers from the farm waste which can be sellable in market giving a continuous revenue generation scheme.  There will be no requirement of outside fertilizers; technology is complementary with organic farming.  Farm waste will be taken for process instead of burning. So creating good environmental conditions within village. Also open dumping of waste will be restricted, prohibiting bad odour, and other nuisances.  Together all, waste management within village level can be ideal for clean and green environment. ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  20. 20. Scope of Project As the problem of getting quality organic manure becoming a serious issue, proposed tumbler technology provides an ideal solution. Farmers can develop their own bio fertilizer, compost and vermin compost within a short period of time and using very cheap microbial techniques. Proposed model can be replicated at every village, farm, food processing units, major cities, hotels, and every place where waste is generated! Due to its unique features, this model can be replicated very rapidly in various sectors of society. ©Koustubh Yadre 2011
  21. 21. ©Koustubh Yadre 2011