Occupational safety in nepal


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Occupational safety in nepal

  1. 1.  To formulate acts, laws, code of practice, guides, instructions and standards for the promotion of safety and health at work and workplace. To facilitate regular and organized workplace inspection and monitoring for effective implementation of the legal provisions of workplace improvement To get established as training center equipped with necessary training resources To facilitate regular and organized workplace monitoring and advisory services on options for potential workplace improvement for protection and promotion of the safety and health of the workers. To get established as an information center processing all the information for the protection and promotion of the safety and health of the workers and to establish appropriate mechanism for the dissemination of the information
  2. 2.  To develop the culture of Promotion and protection of the physical, mental and social health and well being and physical safety of the workers in any occupation and for which to develop the project as a center capable with resources and equipment to enable the industries to utilize all possible options for potential improvement of their workplace. Further, to develop the project as a full fledged autonomous institution by the end of tenth five year plan.
  3. 3.  To develop policy, institutional tripartite mechanism and operational infrastructure for the protection and promotion of safety and health of the workers and prevention, control and / or minimization of two main workplace issues – occupational accidents and diseases adversely affecting production and productivity, directly as well as indirectly and to establish tripartite cooperation for the protection and promotion, Control and minimization of occupational accidents and diseases
  4. 4.  Conducting training has been one of the effective tools in imparting basic and practical knowledge on occupational safety and health that the project has been carrying out. These programs have been framed out as gateway to occupational safety and health and workplace improvement for the industries in Nepal. The two major target groups of such training programs are: Workers / employees and Managers
  5. 5.  1.Labor act 2048 (1992) Section 5 of Chapter II of the Labor Act restricts to employ to work any minor or a woman unless otherwise prescribed during the hours between 6.00 pm and 6.00am. Chapter III of this Act contains sections 16–20 which provide restrictions on the working hours for the worker. It limits the working hours for adults to no more than eight hours a day or forty-eight hours a week. It provides for a weekly holiday with pay and compulsory intervals of rest. It also provides overtime payment and restricts to allow workers for overtime for more than four hours a day but not exceeding twenty hours a week. Chapter V of this Act contains sections 27–36, which entirely pertain to the health and safety of workers in the establishment. They prescribe arrangements for sanitation and cleanliness, modern lavatories, disposal and destruction of waste, adequate ventilation and lighting, and control of temperature, protection from dust, fumes and other impurities, avoidance of overcrowding in any room of the establishment, provisions for drinking water and extinguishing fire.
  6. 6.  .Present 3-year interim plan (2064-2067) Present interim plan has set some strategic programs and visions to make workplace safe, healthy and productive by promoting and developing occupational safety and health as an integral part of all the industrial enterprises and workplaces. Government of Nepal allocates about 20 million rupees annual budget for occupational safety and health project. Occupational Safety and Health Project sets following programs to be implemented as the integral part of the project. • Training program on occupational safety and health for social partners. • Capacity enhancement training program for officers affiliated with occupational safety and health. • Orientation program for employers. • Awareness enhancement programs on industrial accidents. • Educational program on HIV/AIDS and STDs at work places. • Labor education programs
  7. 7.  The promotion towards the sound occupational safety and health environment in Nepalese industries is showing reluctance because of different barriers as follows: •Lack of knowledge and awareness among workers •Lack of awareness and commitment in employers and management •Fear of change and of cost increase (Management) •Poor consultation system •Majority of untrained people both in management and labor •No safety-friendly work culture (both workers & management) •Lack of research and data-base on occupational diseases and health hazards. There are some provisions related to OSH in policy level, but unfortunately, the provisions are not much effective in practice and still need a lot of awareness campaign and effort. Factories have never taken care of minimum OSH standards provisioned in the law. Weak labor administration and ineffective enforcement mechanism of the government needs a boosting improvement in order to build the capacity to control the situation. Though, achieving zero accident situations may not become possible for industrial sector, exemplary safety records can be achieved. The industrial sector can be made better with healthy human resource, more efficient work, fewer fatalities and lower environmental impacts through applying following strategies in every industry: •Developing training modules, formal training and orientation •Formation and mobilization of safety committees in each workplace and enterprises
  8. 8. •Periodic situational survey, hazard analysis and pre-project planning for safety•Safety incentive programs•Minimum employ turnover•Involvement of top management in safety issues•Sound industrial relation•Sincere implementation of collective bargaining agreements•Sound inspection form labor administration. Similarly, the concerned stakeholders such as government, trade unions and NGOs or INGOs concerning to theoccupational safety and health should be active in the following activities:•Partnership among trade unions, employers and government for trainingprograms on OSH.•Research for problem identification•Awareness program for safe and clean workplace and healthy life•Implementing partnership with employers for sound workplace management•Pressurizing for waste and sewage management•Joining hands with international Agencies like ILO for works in cooperation onOSH•Cooperation with genuine NGOs on the issue of OSH and environment
  9. 9.  Prepared by:  Saroj Bhandari  Manish Yakami  Rabin Dahal  Sanjeev Pathak  Bhupendra Basnet