PPT Lesson 3.ppt
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PPT Lesson 3.ppt

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    PPT Lesson 3.ppt PPT Lesson 3.ppt Presentation Transcript

    • What happens if we break the law?
      • By the end of the lesson you should be able to…
      • Recognise the basic differences between criminal and civil law
      • Discuss and explain the reasons why we punish.
      • Link types of punishment with their intended outcomes
    • In this picture there are several people who are breaking the law. How many can you see?
    • The answers were……….
      • Parking on zigzag lines near a zebra crossing
      •   Dropping litter
      •   Being drunk and disorderly
      •   Cycling on the pavement
      •   Criminal damage to traffic light pole
      •   Not stopping at a zebra crossing
      •   Breaking into a car and stealing
      •   Drinking and driving
      •   Allowing a dog to mess on the pavement
      • Which of these offences do you think is more serious? And why?
    • This is all about your rights and responsibilities with regards to other people. These include contracts, borrowing and lending money, disputes with neighbours, and marriage .
      • This deals with matters such as stealing, vandalism, misuse of drugs, violence, rape, assault and murder. Criminal offences are regarded as offences against society, not just between individuals.
      Civil law Criminal law
    • Civil and Criminal Law
      • Draw two columns with the headings civil and criminal
      • CIVIL CRIMINAL
    • Is it Criminal or Civil? Work in a pair to sort the following Murder Theft Manslaughter Drink driving Speeding Divorce Wills Fraud Negligence Mortgage Contract Employment Drugs Burglary Rioting Privacy Rape
    • Criminal or Civil- were you right?
      • Criminal
      • Murder
      • Theft
      • Burglary
      • Drink driving
      • Speeding
      • Rape
      • Rioting
      • Manslaughter
      • Drugs
      • Fraud
      • Negligence
      • Civil
      • Contract
      • Wills
      • Divorce
      • Employment
      • Privacy
      • Mortgage
      • Negligence
    • Recognise this picture? Do you recognise this picture?
    • CRIMINAL Magistrate’s Court (youth court) CRIMINAL AND CIVIL Crown Court Serious criminal cases County Court – small claims cases and divorce, custody etc Small Claims Court High Court Claims over £10,000 Court of Appeal Supreme Court How do all the courts fit together? Civil
    • Magistrates – Justice of the Peace
      • Criminal Examples
      • Speeding ticket
      • Refusal to pay
      • parking ticket
      • Parent of truant
      • Drink driving
      • Pub licence
      • Casino licence
      • Less serious cases.
      • 95% criminal cases
      • Who decides?
        • 3 lay magistrates – not professional.
        • Part time, unpaid.
        • There are 30,000 magistrates
      • Limited sanctions.
        • 6 months in prison.
        • £5,000 fine.
    • What does a magistrates court look like?
    • WHY DO WE PUNISH?
    • Retribution Reform Reparation Deterrence ‘’ an eye for an eye’’- proportional to the crime - harsher for more serious crimes rehabilitate the wrong doer so they will not recommit the crime - see that their behaviour was wrong dissuade someone from wrong doing repay society for wrong doing -e.g. clean up mess made Protection ensure the safety of the public
    • What punishment fits the crime?
      • Vandalism and Graffiti
      • Drug addict convicted for fifth time after his twentieth burglary
      • 13year old rules estate with gang - thieving, firebombing, smashing windows, racial harassment
      • Noisy neighbours leave music on loud at night
      • Drunken Behaviour on weekends causes complaints
      • Anti Social Behaviour Order (ASBO)
      • Youth Custody for six months
      • Community Service
      • Probation Order
      • Fine
      Take two of the issues on the left and explain which punishment you would choose on the right, and why?
    • Checking aims
      • Recognise the basic differences between criminal and civil law
      • Discuss and explain the reasons why we punish.
      • Link types of punishment with their intended outcomes